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Overview

Neck Pain - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

The neck is made up of vertebrae which extend from the upper torso to the skull. The muscles, ligaments and bone allow for motion and also supports your head. Any injury, inflammation and abnormalities can cause neck stiffness or pain. neck stiffness can also be caused due to overuse of the neck muscles or poor postures. Neck pain is more commonly caused due to a whiplash, contact sports or a fall.

What causes neck pain?

Neck stiffness or pain can arise due to a lot of reason such as:

Muscle strain and tension-

  • Poor posture or keeping your neck in an uncomfortable position for a long time.
  • Working on a desk for a prolonged period of time wthou changing our posture.
  • Falling asleep with your neck in an uncomfortable position.
  • Jerking the neck while exercising or performing a strenuous workout.

Injury- Neck pain can also be caused during fatal falls or car accidents. In this case, the ligaments and muscles are forced to move excessively outside their normal boundaries. If the cervical vertebrae or the neck bones are fractured, the spinal cord also tends to be damaged.

Heart attack – In some cases, neck pain can be an underlying cause of a heart attack. if neck pain is caused due to a heart attack, it can be accompanied by other symptoms such as shortness of breath, sweating, nausea, vomiting, jaw and arm pain.

Meningitis- Neck pain can also be caused due to meningitis. This disease is characterized by an infection or an inflammation of the tissue which surrounds the spinal cord and brain. During meningitis, headache and fever is accompanied along with neck pain.

Rheumatoid arthritis- This condition can be characterized by swelling and pain in the bone spurs and swelling of joins. When these signs start to occur along with neck pain, it can be an early sign of rheumatoid arthritis.

Fibromyalgia- Neck pain can be caused due to this disorder which is characterized by muscle pain in the entire body especially in the shoulder and neck region.

Herniated cervical disc- This condition occurs when a disc in the body starts protruding as a result of an injury or trauma. This condition is also known as slipped or ruptured disc.

Other causes- Sometimes neck pain can also be caused due to spinal cancer, tumors, abscesses, infections and congenital abnormalities.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Pain in the neck region of the anatomy. Inflammation of the spine.

Popular Health Tips

Neck And Shoulder Pain - Can It Be A Sign Of Cervical Spondylosis?

Dr. Tariq Tramboo 89% (38 ratings)
Pain Management, MD - Pain Medicine & Anesthesiology
Pain Management Specialist, Srinagar
Neck And Shoulder Pain - Can It Be A Sign Of Cervical Spondylosis?
What does neck and shoulder pain indicate? The stabbing pain that you experience around the neck and shoulder region should never be ignored as they may indicate health problems that require medical attention. There are certain points that you need to keep in mind the if you experience prolonged pain in these areas of the body. 1. Neck injury? your neck and shoulder pain should be seen as a warning sign that you need to take a look at the neck injury you may have sustained during a rear-end automobile accident. More specifically, whiplash injuries that happen when the head experiences a sudden backward and forward jerk, straining the tissues of the neck. 2. Pain in these areas of the body could indicate abnormalities in the vertebrae of your neck such as herniated disc, causing added pressure on the nerves of the spinal cord. 3. Your neck and shoulder pain complaint may also point towards muscle strains. Lifestyle factors like working long hours in front of laptops or desktops leave you with no time and zero energy to exercise, resulting in serious neck and shoulder pains. 4. Your neck and shoulder pain may also indicate the problem of cervical spondylosis. This is a degenerative disc disease, which is characterised by severe pain that originates from the neck and radiates till the shoulders. 5. Even heart problems, such as a heart attack can cause pain in the shoulder and the neck. When this happens, the condition is known as referred pain. 6. Adopting an improper body posture during lifting of heavy materials can induce pain in your body parts, with neck and shoulders being the most vulnerable areas. 7. You may be suffering from a condition known as rotator cuff injury in which the group of ligaments and muscles that support the shoulder get injured during lifting or playing any sport. To avoid aggravating the pain from becoming more severe, you shouldn't ignore any ache that arises from these areas. If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'. Related Tip: 6 Effective Ways to Keep Away Body Pains, esp. When Temperatures Dip

Know More About Neck Pain

Dr. Rajesh Pal 88% (55 ratings)
BPTH/BPT, MPTH/MPT-Orthopedic Physiotherapy, Post Graduate Diploma In Ergonomics (PGDHSC - Ergonomics)
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
Play video
Hello, I am Dr Rajesh Pal. I am a physiotherapist and I have 17 years of clinical experience. I have been graduated from Utkal University and I have masters degree in Orthopaedics and physiotherapy. Today we are going to talk about very common problem which people are facing because of technology which is Neck pain. India is a youth population and youth is technologically driven. So, they use more of laptops, spending more time on phones. So, because of the neck postures get affected and the muscles which control the posture of neck are under tremendous stress and gradually they develop some or other kind of problem which result into Neck pain. Today, I am going to give some tips that how to prevent all such problems. There are different causes of Neck pain:- Posture- One has to beware of their posture. If you keep your neck bent for a long time, then the neck muscles are in acute pressure that creates some kind of knots in that muscle which is called trigger point. So, here is my trick to prevent this that whenever you use your phone, keep the phone in eye level in order to keep your neck in neutral position. This will reduce the stress of trapezius muscle. The second commonest cause is stress. We should adapt some technologies and modicfication in our lifestyle to take care of the stress. Under stress, these postural muscle remain in tightened state for a long period of time and that eventually leads to these kind of problems. Try to relax yourself. Go with the time and nature and keep yourself happy. One should not worry about what is happening and what should be the best way because nothing best is available in this world. Go with what is happening. The third factor which contribute to these kind of problem is Sleep. Nowadays the sleeping schedule has changd because of work. In some MNCs, there is a culture in which people have to work in the night and sleep during the day. The sleeping pattern has changed and it is causing such kind of problems. So, try to maintain good sleep. Fix a time of sleeping. Keep the environment of the room in such a manner to induce better and relaxing sleep. The another important factor is diet. The food we eat, plays an important role. Having a packed or preserved food can lead to muscle injury. This kind of food contains some chemicals which induce such problems. Avoid having these packed food and start having home made fresh food which is more healthy. The last thing I want ot share is that spending more time on computer is harmful. Gadgets emit radiations which absorb water from our muscles. AS we know that our body is made up of 80% of the water. If the water quantity get reduced then the muscle problems starts developing. So, keep yourself hydrated. Make sure that you drink one glass of water in every 2 hours. Do stretching exercises of neck muscles and shoulders. If you indulge in such habits, you can easily prevent these problems. If you want to contact me, I am available on Lybrate and book an appointment there for consulting me. Thank you for watching this video.

Impact Of Using Cellphones On Your Back!

Dr. Nikita Paprunia 90% (181 ratings)
Physiotherapist, Latur
Impact Of Using Cellphones On Your Back!
Is your cell phone killing your back? Millions of people do it throughout the day and are totally unaware that cell phone use can be detrimental to the back. Did you know that cell phone use can double or triple the weight of your head and can strain your neck? if you are reading this article on a cell phone or tablet, you are probably doing it right now: tilting your head forward and down in order to look at your device. Cell phones and tablets are changing the way we access information and entertainment. The use of these devices influences our posture and body mechanics in unhealthy ways that contribute to neck, upper back, shoulder, and arm pain. Furthermore, poor posture while sitting, standing, walking, or in a static position can lead to more than upper body pain and stiffness poor posture affects other parts of the spine, such as the middle and low back. How much does a human head weigh? Typically, an adult human head weighs between 10 and 12 pounds. As the head tilts or angles forward, the cervical spine s (neck) muscles, tendons, and ligaments support the head during movement and when static; such as holding the head in a forward tilted position. Even the neck s intervertebral discs are involved and help absorb and distribute the forces exerted on the neck. How much heavier is the human head when tilted forward? In an article published in surgical technology international, he reported that this model showed that the strain on your neck rises as the forward angle of your head increases. At 15 degrees of forward tilt may equate to a head weighing 27 pounds. At 30 degrees forward, the strain on the neck equals a 40 pound head. The greater the angle, the greater the strain: 45 degrees forward equals 49 pounds of strain, and 60 degrees forward equals 60 pounds. Now consider the fact that the average person is holding his or her head forward to look at a phone or read a tablet for 2 to 4 hours a day, as you tilt your head, you also move your shoulders forward into a rounded position, which is another aspect of poor posture. All this excess strain creates extra wear and tear on the structures of the neck, upper spine and back, and contributes to/can lead to spinal degeneration that may require surgery. Postural awareness a positive first step Making good posture a habit can help prevent neck or back pain from developing, along with related posture and biomechanical problems. Good posture means that your head is upright, your ears are in line with your shoulders, and your shoulder blades are down and retracted. in proper alignment, spinal stress is diminished. It is the most efficient position for the spine, good posture is not only good for the health of your spine; it is good for your over-all health and mood as well as, other researchers have found that standing straight elevates testosterone and serotonin levels and decreases cortisol levels, hormones that affect your mood, he reported. However, modern life still requires you to check your phone or use your tablet many times a day. How do you do that and safeguard your neck? First, don t use your cell phone or your tablet for extended computer work, according to stanford university s environmental health and safety department. Use your desktop or laptop computer for extended work and make sure these devices are arranged ergonomically. When you use a cell phone, instead of bending your head to look down at it, raise your phone. When you are reading the screen, bring the phone up level or just a little below your face.
2 people found this helpful

Causes Behind Neck Pain!

Dr. Ravi Akbari 91% (40 ratings)
mpt
Physiotherapist, Ahmedabad
Causes Behind Neck Pain!
Neck pain is a common medical condition which can be easily treated if proper care and medications are taken. It usually occurs due to strained neck muscles due to a bad posture, though there might be other causes as well. Rarely, neck pain can be a symptom of a more serious problem as the condition is relatively mild in nature. The symptoms of a neck pain are very obvious which refers to any kind of discomfort in moving your neck on a daily basis. Along with this you might also have headache, stiffness of the head and muscle tightness. Some of the most common causative factors of neck pain are listed below. Muscle strains A muscle strain generally happen when you exert too much pressure on your neck continuously for long periods. It also happens when you have your neck fixed in the same position for long hours of the day. Muscle strains in the neck may occur when you keep your neck bent in the wrong way while doing activities like reading a book, looking at your mobile phone or working over your laptop for extended hours. Worn joints Just like all the other bodily joints, the neck joint also tends to wither and degrade with age. This phenomena is known as the wearing/wear and tear of the joints. The bones of the neck joint tend to wither with time, thereby making your joint frail and exposing it to various pains and medical conditions. Nerve compression Nerve compression is a medical symptom whereby there is excessive pressure put on one particular nerve in the body. Herniated discs or bone spurs in the vertebrae of your neck can press on the nerves branching out from the spinal cord, hence causing a long lasting neck pain. Damage caused from a nerve compression may be minor or severe depending on the pressure applied. It may cause temporary or long-lasting problems depending on the degree of damage caused. The earlier you get a diagnosis and treatment for nerve compression, the more quickly you will find relief. Whiplash Neck related injuries are common phases of pain and discomfort caused due to an external damage to the neck as a result of a tragic sports related or vehicular accident. A neck injury is also known as a whiplash and it refers to an injury due to forceful, rapid back-and-forth movement of the neck, like the cracking of a whip. Whiplash mostly occurs during accidents, physical abuse or other trauma.
2 people found this helpful

Neck Pain

Dr. Dimple H Modi 89% (13 ratings)
Physiotherapist,
Neck Pain
What is that unsightly bump at the base of neck? It is an enlarged prominence that is formed at the lower region of the neck. Implications of having a dowager's hump Aesthetics. Let s be honest. It s not the most appealing thing to have. But hey, at least now we can start to do something about it. It can give the appearance of having a squashed neck (or lack of neck). It might even make you shorter! Neck pain: as the head is in a sub - optimal position, there is more stress placed on the muscles and joints of the neck. Higher risk to conditions like arthritis, disc bulges, nerve impingement, muscle spasm and headaches. To fix your dowager s hump, you will need to: 1. Release the tight muscles 2. Stretch the tight muscles 3. Loosen up stiff joints 4. Strengthen the weak muscles 5. Address other areas Get rid of this hump at svasti health.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi I am 30 year old lady. I am suffering from cervical pain since 2 years. Initially I felt pain on my upper back and neck only but gradually pain increase and now a days I feel pain on my knees, my lower back, and my tail bone as well. I can't sit more than 2 min. What should I do pls suggest me.

Ayurveda,
The complaints you have mentioned are of Vatvyadhi according to Ayurveda .1.Start applying Luke warm oil named Mahanarayan taila on the paining parts of body Followed by Hot water bag fomentation 2.Take Mahayograj guggulu tablet-2 tablet 3 times a day 3.Start taking cows milk in your routine diet Continue for next 2 months and let me know the progress.

Hi, I am suffering Frozen shoulder, cervical spondylosis, thoracic shoulder blade and lower back l5-s1 and sacroiliac problem. Numbness, pinching, radiating pain weakness in neck shoulders hands elbow to fingers. Lower back to hip to toes radiating pain numbness, some times vertigo feeling. Stiff neck. What are the tests to be done and x-ray to be taken. Medicines and treatment to taken. Exercise r physiotherapy to be taken. I eat lots of spicy food, no proper time maintaining. Sometime skip food, eat heavy food at night. No exercise, late night sleeping getting late in the morning. Daily going outside on bike for long distances to n rough roads. Some times pinching pain left r right side abdomen. And left testicles. Standing/sitting some times for long hours, looking up/down continuously for some time due to job requirements. Please guide what to change myself, what tests and treatment to be taken and which doctor to consult orthopedic r neurologist r ayurvedic massage to be taken. In the meantime kindly suggest some medicine and exercise to be taken. Up to now no medicines r treatment taken. When taking rest and having proper food pain and other problems are vanishing. Now only neck and thoracic pain is there due to poor posture sleeping r sitting and due to poor mattress. Some times I forget completely pain as it goes off and comes back all of the sudden.

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (14958 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Hot Fomentation. Gentle Shoulder Stretching. Core Strengthening Exercises. Gentle Neck Exercises. Avoid sleeping on affected side.. Warm up and cool down is a must.

I am having chronic neck pain last one year. Also this pain radiates into my hand. The neck gets stiff. I had an MRI last month. Doctor told I am having cervical disc problem. Also I am taking pain killers and doing physiotherapy last nine month. But still no improvement. What should I do now?

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (14958 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Hot fomentation x twice daily. Neck Exercises. Neck Stretching. Postural Correction. Shoulder Shrugs. Take frequent Breaks at work Use cervical pillow. Use Back Support.Self Massage the back of neck.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Neck Pain - Causes and Treatment

Dr. Sidharth Verma 91% (29 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology, DNB Anaesthesiology, PDCC - Pain Management
Pain Management Specialist, Mumbai
Your bra and proper posture could actually be the reason for your neck pain. True and false? Take this quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

Managing Neck Pain

Dr. Jatin Soni 93% (25150 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Running is the best exercise for neck pain? Take this quiz and find out!
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