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HealthBenefits of Sesame Seed, Uses And Its Side Effects

Last Updated: Aug 10, 2020

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The benefit of consuming sesame seeds can be seen in the multitude of long-term and short-term advantages it offers. Sesame Seed contains some unique compounds that positively impact health, which is a property that cannot be found in many other seeds. Overall, Sesame Seed facilitates digestion and improves skin health and sesame seed oil can be used for hair growth. If you face stress, headache, and hypertension you can also use sesame seed oil to reduce it. Sesame seed oil reduces inflammation, prevents cancer and bone diseases, controls diabetes, improves oral health, and improves metabolism.

What is Sesame Seed?

Sesame seeds are derived from the sesame plant, which is one of the oldest oilseed plants in the world. It is extremely resilient and can be grown in a variety of climatic conditions. The Sesame seeds are very small in size, about 2 mm wide and 3-4 mm long. They are ensconced within small pods that line the plant’s axes.

Originally, they were native to India and parts of Africa, although many other countries are now cultivating them as well. Although it is an oily seed, the fat content in Sesame seeds it is largely the healthy variety, which is why it is one of the healthier cooking oils used across the globe. Sesame seeds can be purchased unshelled or shelled.

Nutritional Value of Sesame Seed per 100 Gm

Sesame seeds are highly nutritional as only 100 grams of these seeds can contain up to 573 kcal of energy. Additionally, they also contain almost 50 grams of fat, of which approximately 85% are healthy fats. These Sesame seeds also contain an abundance of vitamin B6, thiamine, and niacin among vitamins, and calcium, copper, magnesium, iron, and phosphorus among minerals.

Nutritional facts Per 100 Grams in Sesame seeds

50 g
Total Fat
11 mg
468 mg
23 g
Total Carbohydrate
18 g

Vitamins and Minerals Value in Sesame seeds

81 %
40 %
Vitamin B-6
87 %

Health Benefits of Sesame Seed

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Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Sesame Seed. Here we discuss how nutritional content of sesame seeds helpful in treating different health issue either it is diabetes or realted to bone health.

Benefits of sesame seeds in digestion

It’s hard to comprehend, but these little Sesame seeds contain an impressive amount of fiber. Fiber is crucial to healthy digestion as it bulks up waste matter and then helps it move smoothly through the large intestine. In this way, fiber prevents the chances of a bowel obstruction. Moreover, it stimulates the peristaltic movement, which is characteristic of the small intestine as it is processing food.

Consuming sesame seeds have been directly related to the reduction of gastrointestinal problems like constipation or diarrhea. It also keeps the colon healthy and reduces the chances of developing serious gastrointestinal issues and cancer.

Sesame seeds Boosts Metabolic Function

Optimum metabolism is key for overall health. It keeps the body strong and gives high levels of energy that can be used externally to perform work and internally for cellular function. In addition, it increases mobility and activity, and promotes cellular growth. Sesame seeds enable as they are high in fiber. Further, they are also rich in proteins which are broken down inside the body, and the components are reused in multiple bodily functions.

Sesame seed keeps your heart healthy

The high fiber content of sesame seeds is also good for the heart. It works to reduce levels of bad cholesterol in arteries and blood vessels. Therefore,Sesame seed prevents conditions like heart attacks, stroke, and atherosclerosis.

Sesame Seeds Manages and Controls the Effect of Diabetes

Many studies have shown that magnesium can have a positive effect in controlling the symptoms of diabetes. As diabetes is a lifestyle, patients who deal with it form a healthier dietary routine to help them combat the disease. A moderate intake of sesame seeds on a day-to-day basis can go a long way in helping diabetics, without having to do too much.

The fatty acids present in the Sesame seed, and the extract of the seed, can facilitate better functioning of the medication prescribed to diabetics, including glibenclamide. This is specifically true for those who suffer from type 2 diabetes. It makes the drug more effective in the body, and it also regulates insulin and glucose in the blood.

Sesame Seeds Reduces Inflammation

Copper rich sesame seeds are a wonder food in combatting a number of diseases with symptoms of inflammation, for instance arthritis. Moreover, the copper content of sesame seeds is also essential for strengthening the walls of the blood vessels, as thinner walls have a higher chance of rupturing. It strengthens bones and joints as well.

Another benefit of consuming the copper in sesame seeds is that it increases the uptake of iron, which is not an easy mineral to consume. As iron is the main component in hemoglobin and a lack of iron in the body can cause anemia, copper is essential to keeping anemia and other related conditions at bay. It ensures that the body’s circulation is working at its optimum and all organs receive optimum amounts of oxygen.

Sesame Seeds Improves Bone Health

Sesame seeds contain an impressive amount of essential minerals such as phosphorous, zinc, and calcium. While it is commonly known that calcium is essential for bone growth and for maintaining bone density, the effects of zinc and phosphorous are not to be ignored in this matter. Consuming moderate amounts of sesame seeds every day can prevent the body from developing deficiencies that impact bone health.

Furthermore, sesame seeds are a dietary recommendation for people who are already suffering from bone diseases. These Sesame seeds repair bones that could have been weakened by the onset of debilitating conditions such as osteoporosis or by bone injury. In addition, they also strengthen the bone and can facilitate the creation of new bone matter. Overall, it is the perfect antidote to weak bones.

Sesame Seeds Reduces Hypertension

Hypertension is one of the biggest symptoms of ill-health in today’s day. The number of cases of hypertension have increased over the last two decades, and this growth has been attributed to the lifestyle we now lead, which includes a huge change in the way we consume food. Consuming sesame seeds are an organic way to combat hypertension.

The natural oils and fatty acids in the Sesame seeds prevent the development of several cardiac conditions. In addition, these seeds are rich in magnesium, which is a known vasodilator, which means that it reduces blood pressure. In one moderate serving, sesame seeds can provide up to 25% of the recommended intake of magnesium.

Sesame Seeds Prevents Cancer

Sesame seeds have been closely linked to a reduction in the risk of developing cancer because this seed is rich in a wide variety of vitamins and minerals. As mentioned earlier, sesame seeds are rich in magnesium, and therefore have strong anti-carcinogenic properties.

Further, these Sesame seeds also contain phytate. This compound is rare but powerful, in that it acts as an antioxidant. It minimizes the effects of free radicals, i.e. the unhealthy and potentially dangerous byproducts of metabolism, in the body. Higher amounts of free radicals not only cause cancers like leukemia, colon, prostate, breast, lung, and pancreatic cancer, they also cause premature aging, heart conditions, and cognitive dysfunction. Therefore, consuming sesame seeds can prevent these conditions from developing and affecting the body.

Sesame Seed Protects from Radiation

One of the more unique benefits of consuming sesame seeds regularly is that it protects the organs from the harmful effects of radiation, as it contains a compound called sesamol. Sources of radiation are many, including but not limited to, exposure to radiation in chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Radiation can result in cell mutation, which can cause many degenerative diseases. The sesamol seeds content protects the DNA, provides strength to the body, and prevents the development of other forms of cancer due to cell mutation.

Sesame Seeds Facilitates Hair Growth & Skin Care

Zinc is a crucial component in the formation of collagen, a compound that strengthens and vitalizes skin, hair, and muscle tissue. What better way to incorporate zinc in your diet than to eat a zinc-rich food like sesame seeds.

In fact, the effects of zinc in sesame seeds is so acute that it has been known to reduce the appearance of marks such as burns, on the skin. It also keeps the skin looking young and fresh, and prevents premature signs of aging showing on visible parts of the body, such as the face.

Black sesame seeds used for grey hair problem and white sesame seeds can be used for hair regrowth and prevent hair fall loss.

Sesame seeds Improves Oral Health

One of the most notable effects of consuming sesame seeds is the betterment of oral health. Although sesame oil is better, sesame seeds can do the trick too.

The fatty acids present in sesame seeds, when broken down and released in the mouth through chewing, can have impressive astringent and antibacterial effects. One of the most common bacteria that can negatively impact oral health is known as streptococcus. Consuming sesame seeds has been directly associated with reducing the presence of that bacteria in the mouth.

Uses of Sesame Seed

The sesame seed is so versatile that its presence is prominent in culinary experiences across the globe, right from the United States to Japan on the far side of the world. They have a mild, nutty flavor and are used to add taste and texture in many recipes. They can be consumed raw, but the wider application is to roast it and add it as garnishing.More often than not, they are used in salads and as toppings on bread. However, there are many seafood recipes, especially in Southeast Asian cooking, where the sesame seed is used prominently.


Side-Effects & Allergies of Sesame Seed

Like everything else, sesame seeds should also be consumed in moderation. Excessive consumption can cause bowel and colon irritation, which is in fact the opposite of what sesame seeds are ideally supposed to do for the human body. Further, due to the presence of THC, they can also show up in drug tests. However, this too is dependent on the amount that is consumed. Moderate consumption can prevent both these things from happening.

Cultivation of Sesame Seed

Sesame plants were originally grown in India and some parts of Africa, where their seeds were primarily used for extracting oil. This oil was then used in cooking, and is still one of the healthiest oil variants in the world. Archaeological evidence shows that sesame seeds were a traded commodity between the Indian sub-continent and Mesopotamia even as far back in history as 2000 BC.


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    Written ByDrx Hina FirdousPhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child CarePharmacology
    Reviewed By
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    Reviewed ByDt. Ms. Shilpa MarwahB.Sc (Home Science), Post Graduation Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health NutritionDietitian/Nutritionist

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