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Last Updated: Aug 08, 2020
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Health Benefits of Capsicum And Its Side Effects

What is Capsicum? Nutritional Value of Capsicum per 100gm Health Benefits of Capsicum Vegetable Uses of Capsicum Capsicum Side-Effects & Allergies Cultivation of Capsicum
Health Benefits of Capsicum And Its Side Effects

Earlier mostly used as a spicing and aromatic ingredient, Capsicum has now become a larger focus of research due to its naturally inducing health benefits. Capsicum helps relieve stomach aches, prevents skin-aging, muscle spasms, and aches is beneficial for women undergoing menopause and people with arthritis. In addition to these, Capsicum prevents psoriasis, peptic ulcer, and lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases due to its analgesic properties.

What is Capsicum?

Capsicum is an evergreen plant that grows in tropical climates. The plant comes in variants of yellow, green, orange and red colours. In addition to being an ancestral culinary spice, Capsicum provides with an array of health benefits when consumed; essentially cancer and arthritis. It is a highly aromatic plant with an acrid taste. Capsicum has its origin in South America with wide plantations in Australia, Asia, North America, South America and Europe currently. Other common names used for capsicum are cayenne pepper, bell pepper, Mexican chilies, Tobasco Pepper, Paprika, etc.

Nutritional Value of Capsicum per 100gm

Capsicum is used as a spicing agent owing to the high level of capsaicin present. Capsaicin is a phytochemical responsible for producing the spice heat and is tasteless and odorless. Different variants of the pepper contain capsaicin in different ratios thus making them more or less hot/sweet depending on the capsaicin level present. Let check out nutritional value of capsicum, Capsicum contains high levels of vitamin A and vitamin C. Capsicum also contains bioactive components like tannins, flavonoids and Alkaloids - responsible for its analgesic properties.

Nutritional facts Per 100 Grams of Capsicum

40 Calories
0.2 g Total Fat
7 mg Sodium
340 mg Potassium
9 g Total Carbohydrate
2 g Protein

Vitamins and Minerals in Capsicum

23 % Vitamin A
0.01 Calcium
404 % Vitamin C
6 % Iron
15 % Vitamin B-6
6 % Magnesium

Health Benefits of Capsicum Vegetable

Health Benefits of Capsicum Vegetable
Mentioned below are the best health benefits of capsicum. Since differnt type of capsicum are availble such as green capsicum, red capsicum, yellow capsicum are available.

Capsicum benefits for cancer patients

Owing to the presence of tannin in capsicum, it is also known to prevent cancers caused by malignant tumors; specifically gastric cancers. Research continues to prove the capsicum vegetable is beneficial in treating and preventing prostate cancer and other hormone related cancers.

Capsicum helps alleviate Crohn’s disease

Capsicum with its anti-inflammatory properties due to the presence of potential phytochemical constituents helps lessen pain in patients suffering from Crohn’s disease which is a disease of the bowel causing extreme inflation.

Capsicum good for heart patients

The warming properties of capsicum enable it to alleviate hypotension and an abnormal heart rate. Capsicum has a vasodilative effect on the body when consumed which helps in enhanced oxygenation of organ tissues and improves blood flow.

Capsicum for immune system and digestive health

Stimulating the production of gastric juices, capsicum improves the appetite, lowers triglyceride levels and cholesterol, boosts metabolism, strengthens the immune system and enhances resistance to sinus, cold and sore throat. Capsicum vegetable also helps in weight loss, regulating blood pressure and enhancing athletic performance.

Capsicum cures yellow fever

Capsicum acts as an analgesic and relieves pain/soreness in the throat and improves resisting capabilities of the body. When consumed in a soup, it helps alleviate the symptoms and strengthens the immune system of a patient suffering from yellow fever.

Capsicum helps eradicate gastrointestinal disorders

The tannins present in capsicum perform the role of an astringent and benefit inflammation and other problems of the gastrointestinal track such as dysentery, diarrhea and other microbial disorders. It also acts as an agent of gastric mucus formation ensuring peptic ulcers do not develop.

Capsicum alleviates menopausal symptoms

Owing to the presence of flavonoid in them, capsicums have been instrumental in reducing symptoms associated with menopause in women.

Benefits of eating capsicum for skin

Capsicums have been forever known for their anti-aging properties. However, the vitamins present in them act as an antioxidant on cell tissues leaving you with improved skin appearance and feel.

Capsicum for arthritis pain

The anti-inflammatory properties of capsicum are believed to relieve pain arising due to arthritis. The phytochemicals present in the capsicum act upon the peripheral nerve endings deadening them and thus relieving the pain.

Capsicum good for gestational diabetes

Research suggests that red and green capsicum enables insulin production thus, leveling the blood-glucose level in the body. This would mean that capsicum is highly efficient in preventing type II diabetes. Green capsicum in particular have rich hypoglycemic benefits.

Capsicum Cures food poisonin

Capsicum has analgesic and antiseptic properties which help in treating food poisoning. It reduces cramps and alleviates stomach spasms and pain. It also helps repair the damaged tissues in the stomach and the gastro-intestinal tract.

Uses of Capsicum

Capsicum’s beneficial uses are numerous. It is used to prevent cancer, alleviate - muscle cramps, sore throat, diabetes, hypotension, heart problems, gastro-intestinal problems, food poisoning, asthma etc. It also is a very efficient plant to use for enhancing metabolism, immune system skin health and treat menopausal symptoms. It can be used as an edible ingredient dried or fresh in salads, soups, gravies, in powder form as chilli/paprika powder and as analgesics in the form of ointment.

Capsicum Side-Effects & Allergies

Though there are no fatal or chronic side-effects associated with the use of capsicum it is advisable to use the plant on the advice of a trained medical practitioner pertaining to your condition. It is advisable for children, pregnant women and breast feeding mothers to keep their regular consumption of capsicum to a bare minimum. Known side-effects due to unguided consumption are diarrhea, heartburn and upset stomach.

Cultivation of Capsicum

Capsicum is a plant that requires a cool sunny climate and moist soil for growth. It is planted in rows in a zig-zag manner. The highest producers of Capsicum are China, India, Mexico, Turkey, Indonesia and Spain with China recording the highest cultivation consistently.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 32 years I am diabetic. Currently I am taking glimepiride 2 mg after breakfast, jalra od 100 mg (vildagliptin) after lunch and again glimpride 2 mg before dinner and gabaneuron 100 after dinner. I was feeling much better but from few days I am feeling more thirst and feeling current in my tongue. Recently I checked fasting sugar level it was 136. Currently I am in maldives working. Can you suggest me what vegetables and fruits I have to eat because I am confused now because different people say different things.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
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Hello, Thanks for the query. I have seen the details mentioned. You have mentioned about medicines being taken to control blood glucose as well as Gabapentine for controlling neuropathy related symptoms. However, necessary information like after f...
1 person found this helpful

Which food is not health for typhoid patient which food can taken to thyroid patient.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
Progressive diet plan: a progressive diet from a liquid diet to a normal diet depending on the level of tolerance would help the person’s appetite. •fluids in the form of tender coconut water, barley water, electrolyte fortified water, fresh f...

I want to do weight loss as I have my weight of 69 kg and I am not able to conceive due to layer of fat on my stomach.

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Follow this 1. Don't take tea empty stomach. Eat something like a banana (if you are not diabetic) or any seasonal fruit or soaked almonds and a glass of water first thing in the morning (within 10 mins of waking up). No only biscuits or rusk will...

I am having a wild stage of typhoid what diet is suitable for me .can you please suggest.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
Progressive diet plan: a progressive diet from a liquid diet to a normal diet depending on the level of tolerance would help the person’s appetite. •fluids in the form of tender coconut water, barley water, electrolyte fortified water, fresh f...

Hello Dr. I am 26 years old I am having high wbc around 15000 I am taking medicine since last 10 days but has no effects its still increasing I am taking lupin vitamin c pls suggest me why my wbc increasing and suggest me medicine to decrease wbc also advice for controlling wbc diet.

MBA (Hospital & Healthcare Management), B.Sc Food & Nutrition, Diploma in Sports Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Chennai
Hi yes incase of infections, allergies or stress wbc count can be higher. Include fruits and vegetables like orange, pineapple, cauliflower, brocoli, capsicum, kiwi, papaya as they are rich in vitamin c. Have omega 3 rich foods like fish, nuts, fl...

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Written By
PhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child Care
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B.Sc (Home Science), Post Graduation Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health Nutrition
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