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Yellow Fever - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Yellow Fever? Symptoms : Diagnosis Treatment Here are some instances where you shouldn’t get vaccinated for yellow fever:

What is Yellow Fever?

Infected mosquitoes generally spread yellow fever to humans. Contaminated syringes are the only way humans can transmit the infection to each other. It can’t be transmitted directly from one person to another. Sevearl mosquito species can transmit the virus responsible for causing yellow fever. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes in urban areas as well as jungles. Monkeys can also get infected by this virus. The skin becomes yellow due to liver damage.

Symptoms :

The initial symptoms may not appear in few people while others may get the symptoms within six days of being bit. There are three phases in yellow fever. The first one lasts up to four days and has symptoms of flu like headache, vomiting, chills, fever and muscle aches. Remission is the next phase and lasts up to 48 hours. Most people recover during this phase. However a toxic third phase might be there for few people. Viral hemorrhagic fever may develop and internal bleeding, high fever and kidney and liver damage may take place. It may cause multiple organs to stop functioning due to shock and may cause death.

Diagnosis

Blood tests and checking the symptoms should suffice to detect yellow fever. It may have overlapping symptoms with other tropical diseases like typhoid and malaria.

Treatment

As it has no cure, treating the symptoms can bring relief. Hospitalization may be required and drugs like aspirin (which is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) shouldn’t be taken as it may worsen internal bleeding. You should get vaccinated before travelling to places where the incidences of yellow fever are high. Tropical areas like Latin America and Africa have mandatory vaccinations before you enter the country.

Vaccination

The vaccine for yellow fever isn’t suitable for everyone. It may result in serious complications in some people. Attempts to make a safer killed vaccine for yellow fever are under way.

Here are some instances where you shouldn’t get vaccinated for yellow fever:

  • If your immune system is compromised, in instances like HIV
  • If you have thymus gland issues or cancer
  • If your treatment for other conditions can affect the immunity, like steroids
  • If you are above 65 years.
  • If you are breastfeeding or pregnant
  • If your child is under one year of age.
  • If you have had severe allergic reactions to chicken, gelatin, eggs or a previous yellow fever vaccine.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 31 year old female having little white dot on right tonsil and my throat is itching from ear inside, had body ache mild, started cefixime and combiflam from yesterday, little redness in throat, nose is not running but feeling like fatigue not fresh or awaken like normally I am. Please suggest something, and dryness in throat, I gargled with salt water twice.

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1. Do saline gargles daily. 2. Whenever possible do steam inhalation also. 3. Cover your nose and mouth with hanky for at least 30 sec when you go in dusty areas also when you go in and out of ac. As our nose is the most sensitive part of our body...

I am 32 week pregnant. I tested covid positive. High fever. Cough.and pain .taking azithromycin 500 mg. Zinc and vitamin c.what else to do. Today high coughing. please advice.

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High fever is to be controlled by paracetamol infusion after hospitalization. Your oxygen saturation and pulse rate to closely monitored by pulse oxymeter.
1 person found this helpful

I have swelling in upper eye lid and also pain in left eye. Sulpha allergy /norflox/ciproflax allergy patient. Please prescribe any eye drops.

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
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Hello sir. Swelling in the lids can be benign like chalazion, stye, cyst or in rare cases, can be cancerous too. An eye doctor will like to further examine you in details for the diagnosing your swelling. Benign swellings can be treated by medicat...

I am 6 months pregnant. I came to know that I have urine infection through tests but I don't have any fever nor pain during urinating. My doctor advice me to drink more water. Can I eat cranberries in pregnancy for infection?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
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Yes you can. Depending on how many pus cells observed in urine routine further management - report and then treatment is decided so ask your obstetrician.

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