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Overview

Yellow Fever - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Yellow Fever?

Infected mosquitoes generally spread yellow fever to humans. Contaminated syringes are the only way humans can transmit the infection to each other. It can’t be transmitted directly from one person to another. Sevearl mosquito species can transmit the virus responsible for causing yellow fever. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes in urban areas as well as jungles. Monkeys can also get infected by this virus. The skin becomes yellow due to liver damage.

Symptoms :

The initial symptoms may not appear in few people while others may get the symptoms within six days of being bit. There are three phases in yellow fever. The first one lasts up to four days and has symptoms of flu like headache, vomiting, chills, fever and muscle aches. Remission is the next phase and lasts up to 48 hours. Most people recover during this phase. However a toxic third phase might be there for few people. Viral hemorrhagic fever may develop and internal bleeding, high fever and kidney and liver damage may take place. It may cause multiple organs to stop functioning due to shock and may cause death.

Diagnosis

Blood tests and checking the symptoms should suffice to detect yellow fever. It may have overlapping symptoms with other tropical diseases like typhoid and malaria.

Treatment

As it has no cure, treating the symptoms can bring relief. Hospitalization may be required and drugs like aspirin (which is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) shouldn’t be taken as it may worsen internal bleeding. You should get vaccinated before travelling to places where the incidences of yellow fever are high. Tropical areas like Latin America and Africa have mandatory vaccinations before you enter the country.

Vaccination

The vaccine for yellow fever isn’t suitable for everyone. It may result in serious complications in some people. Attempts to make a safer killed vaccine for yellow fever are under way.

Here are some instances where you shouldn’t get vaccinated for yellow fever:

  • If your immune system is compromised, in instances like HIV
  • If you have thymus gland issues or cancer
  • If your treatment for other conditions can affect the immunity, like steroids
  • If you are above 65 years.
  • If you are breastfeeding or pregnant
  • If your child is under one year of age.
  • If you have had severe allergic reactions to chicken, gelatin, eggs or a previous yellow fever vaccine.
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Fever with skin becoming yellow Muscular pain along with headache Vomiting

Popular Health Tips

Zika Virus - How You Can Prevent Yourself?

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Gurgaon
Zika Virus - How You Can Prevent Yourself?

Zika virus causes a deadly disease called Zika fever or Zika virus disease that spreads by the bite of the Aedes mosquito. The Zika virus is a member of the virus family FLAVIVIRIDAE and is closely related to the dengue, yellow fever, Japanese Encephalitis, and West Nile viruses. It was isolated in the Zika forest of Uganda in 1947 and is known to be prevalent in continents like Africa and Asia primarily, though it’s slowly making headway in the developed world and has spawned the deadly 2015-2016 Zika virus epidemic.

What are symptoms of Zika fever?
People with Zika virus disease can have symptoms which are similar to Dengue, like-

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Red Eye 
  • Muscle Pain
  • Skin Rash
  • Headache

These symptoms usually last for 2-7 days.

Complications of Zika virus disease
According to WHO, Zika virus infection during pregnancy causes congenital brain abnormalities like microcephaly. And the infection can also trigger the Guillain-Barré syndrome. Microcephaly is a condition where a child is born with a small head or the head stops growing after birth and the Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare condition in which a person’s immune system attacks the peripheral nerves which control muscle movement and sensation.

Even as we read this, intense efforts are being expended to investigate the link between Zika virus and a number of other neurological disorders.

How does Zika spread?
The causes of Zika are:

  1. The bite of the Aedes mosquito that is infected with the Zika virus. This mosquito is the same that spreads dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever. It bites primarily in the daytime.
  2. Unprotected sexual intercourse
  3. Zika’s transmission through blood transfusion is being investigated.

How can you prevent Zika infection?
Protection against mosquito bites is the most foolproof ways to prevent a Zika virus infection. Other ways to prevent Zika infection via mosquito bites are:

  1. Just like Dengue prevention, you must cover your body properly, especially during daytime
  2. Use physical barriers such as window screens or closing doors and windows against the mosquitoes
  3. Sleep under mosquito nets
  4. Using insect repellents containing DEET, IR3535 or icaridin
  5. Take extra care of young children, sick and  elderly people
  6. Cover, empty or clean mosquito breeding sites in and around your house or colony like empty buckets, drums, flower pots and used tyres that can fill-up with water and breed mosquitoes
  7. Encourage your family and community to support local government efforts to reduce mosquitoes in their localities
  8. Insist on regular spraying of insecticide for mosquito control in your locality.

For stemming sexual transmission of Zika, the WHO recommends that sexually active men and women be counselled to practice safe sex using condoms. WHO also recommends that people who have come back after travelling from Zika virus zones should be extremely careful in practising safe sex or abstinence for the first 6 months at least, for preventing a pregnancy.

If affected, what is the treatment?
Zika virus disease is usually mild and requires no specific treatment as such.
Infected people are advised plenty of rest, asked to drink enough fluids, and treat pain and fever with common medicines like Ibuprofen. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.

 

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Popular Questions & Answers

My ear discharges some foul smelling yellow-coloured puss everyday. What could be the reason? Please suggest some medicines or precautions and help me.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
It may be because of Chronic Otitis media. And it is completely treated by homoeopathic medicines. But proper consultation is advisable. You may take pulsatilla 30 tds for 3 days. Report after 1 week.

I have tried last three days and I have fever my body last two day and my urin is yellow and my eyes is yellow.

BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Please take rhus tox 200 - thrice daily for next 3-4 days. Also -- soak a washcloth in cool tap water, wring out the excess water and then sponge areas like your armpits, feet, hands and groin to reduce the temperature. Also, you can place cold, damp washcloths on your forehead and the back of your neck. The cloth pieces should be changed regularly after a few minutes. This remedy is beneficial when dealing with a high fever as it helps keep temperature under control. You can also take a bath in lukewarm water to relax your body. Taking a shower, however, may not be a good idea. Plus, needless to say, take as much rest as possible as it helps the body fight the illness. Note: do not use very cold water as it may cause the internal body temperature to increase.
5 people found this helpful

My friend is having fever from 2 days with little headache cough and khaasi Her nails of legs are bit yellow now whereas hands nails are still white Is it symptoms of jaundice?

M.D.(A.M.), BAMS
General Physician, Gurgaon
No. This is not th key symptom of jaundice. First take care of th fever n cough cold. If possible go for th blood tests.
1 person found this helpful

My eyes have became yellow and I am also having sliced fever and from My eyes water is coming all the time. What should I do?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
For fever take tablet paracetamol 650 mg and Get your blood checked for cbc, mp , widal , sgpt and urine r/m and revert back to us with reports

Table of Content

What is Yellow Fever?

Symptoms :

Diagnosis

Treatment

Here are some instances where you shouldn’t get vaccinated for yellow fever:

Play video
Know More About Viral Fever
Symptoms and treatments of Viral fever
Symptoms and treatments of Viral fever

Good Morning all of you my name is Dr. Anil Kr Mehta consultant physician attached to Akash Hospital. Today's topic of discussion is viral fever. As you know viral fever attacks every human being in his/her life. It refers to wide range of viral infections characterized by body ache, increase in body temperature, headache, rash, restlessness, reduced activity of the human being and leads to various kinds of illnesses. You can broadly classify it as viral illness. You can control the viral fever symptomatically with various medications available over the counter at the chemist shop.

Now how can we diagnose viral fever? It can only be diagnosed by symptoms and the descriptions given by the person that whether he is suffering from body ache, rashes, red eyes, cough and cold. These are the basic symptoms of viral fever. Diagnosis is basically done by symptoms and by complete blood count to rule out other infectious diseases like typhoid, hepatitis. Therefore we have to check basic blood parameters like complete blood count, ESR, peripheral smear for malaria antigen.

How can one treat viral fever? It can be treated symptomatically by paracetamol to reduce body temperature. Also you can do cold sponging, and take well nourished diet. If you add Vitamin you may consume Limcee in your diet. When there is deficiency in the body, it reduces immunity which fights and controls various infections in your body. If you take Vitamin C regularly you can fight viral fever.
And there are various home remedies, like coriander tea, herbal tea, fenugreek seeds, tulsi leaves, rice starch, dry ginger lime mixture.
For more information you can contact me at lybrate.
Play video
Dengue Fever
My name is Dr Tarun Jhamb and I m an MD Medince. I am practising for last fifteen years. I am connected to Lybrate. I m also practising at Columbia Asia Hospital and we will discuss the health topic one of which is Dengue Fever. We know for the next three months, there is a possibility of Dengue Fever in the rainy season. Dengue is a mosquito borne viral fever and it just spreads from the bite of the mosquito and spreads person to person. Most of the times it is self-treatable and it s a preventable disease but there are a few cases which have gone into complications which are known as Dengue Shock Syndrome or Dengue haemorrhaging Fever.

Common symptoms of the Dengue Fever is the high-grade fever, 104- 105 temperature with body ache, joint pain, muscle pain, rashes all over the body, and severe weakness. A person becomes very dilapidated within one or two days and feels very uncomfortable and he becomes sick. It is a treatable disease. Lots of liquids and electrolytes are required.

What are the dos and don ts for this disease?

Do is, we have to take care of not getting stagnant water in coolers or in and around the home. We should take care of using the mosquito repellent, material or the jellies. We can use the net to avoid the mosquito bite. We should intake a lot of water and electrolyte supplements. We should take bed rest for few days. We need to see the doctor as soon as we see the symptoms of dengue fever.

Things we don t have to do, do not use disprin or the voveran tablet during the fever because these are the blood thinners. Do not avoid or delay the treatment. As we see the symptoms like bleeding from anywhere on the sight and black stool, continuous vomiting and severe weakness and continuous fever which leads to fainting.

These are the serious symptoms which should be immediately taken care of and we should seek the help of the doctor. It is a preventable disease. We should take care of the blood testing where we find the dengue test at initial four to five days, likely to be positive and antibody test after four to five days, is likely to be positive. Platelets are falling after four to five days and remain for the next three to four days and then it automatically starts. Some people require hospitalization as well as the platelet transfusion. The upper limit of the platelet is up to ten to fifteen thousand where we can prevent or avoid the platelet transfusion. But if it is going down lower or there is any sign of bleeding up to forty thousand then we have to give the platelet transfusion request.

If you need any of my help, I am available at Lybrate. My home clinic is Naman Medicare at Gurgaon, Sector IV.

Thank you
Play video
Dengue Fever
Symptoms and Treatment for Dengue Fever
Play video
Dengue Fever
Symptoms and prevention of Dengue fever
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Chikungunya Management
Ayurveda management of chikungunya and other viral fever.
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