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Last Updated: June 10, 2019
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Abortion - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

When a pregnancy is deliberately eliminated at an early stage it is known an abortion. On occasion an abortion may take pace by itself, that is, naturally. In this case, it is called a miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion. Abortion is a type of service offered to women who do not want to go ahead with their pregnancy. In this case, they may end their pregnancy either through medication or surgery.

If you think you are pregnant or have confirmed your pregnancy through a home test, make sure to consult a doctor immediately. If you want to eliminate the pregnancy, it is best to do it during the early stages of pregnancy. Thus, make sure to discuss all your options with a doctor. Early termination of pregnancy also reduces the risks involved.

Terminating a pregnancy is a big decision and one that is very difficult to make. Thus, it should be carefully considered. In the case of any type of confusion, counselling may be opted for. One can either speak to their doctor about the implications of an abortion or discuss it with a close family member or friend. Only after serious thought should an abortion be considered.

How is the treatment done?

There are ideally two ways to terminate a pregnancy. The first method is known as a medical abortion and the second method is known as a surgical abortion.

  • Medical Abortion- A medical abortion generally involves the consumption of medicines to terminate a pregnancy. This type of abortion can only be done if the pregnancy is less than 9 weeks. In a medical abortion, two ‘abortion pills’ are taken orally within a gap of 24-48 hours, which induces a miscarriage.
  • Surgical abortion- Generally done after 9 weeks of pregnancy, it is a short procedure in which the fetus is removed. There are two types of surgical abortion procedures. These include vacuum aspiration and dilation and evacuation (D&E).

Vacuum aspiration involves the use of a vacuum device or suction device which effectively eliminates the uterine contents via the cervix. Apart from eliminating pregnancy, this procedure is also done in the case of endometrial biopsy.

Dilation and evacuation- In this type of surgical abortion, the cervix is first dilated after which the uterine contents are surgically removed with the help of forceps. Dilation and evacuation are generally done if the pregnancy is at 12 weeks.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Abortion eligibility generally depends on the stage of a woman's pregnancy. A medical abortion can be opted for before the pregnancy reaches 9 weeks, after which a woman can only undergo a surgical abortion.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A number of countries do not allow abortion after a woman has reached 24 weeks. While women who are under 18 need parents’ consent before they can get an abortion.

Are there any side effects?

While both the medical and surgical abortion procedures are quite safe, every procedure and treatment do involve some risks. Abortion risks include-

  • Development of infection in the womb.
  • Excessive bleeding may result after termination
  • The cervix may be damaged
  • The womb may be damaged

Abortion is safest if it is done at the earliest. In the case of any complications, a doctor should be consulted immediately and relevant treatment should be opted for. Opting for an abortion does not reduce the chance of a future pregnancy.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post the abortion complete recovery is important. The guidelines are -

  • Have sex only 2 weeks after post the procedure to avoid the onset of an infection.
  • Take a pregnancy test to confirm if the procedure has been a success. The test should be taken about 4 weeks post the procedure.
  • Contraception should be used immediately after the procedure.
  • Wait a day post the treatment and then take a bath, primarily because you may still be a bit dizzy and weak from the medicine that was given to you for the procedure.
  • Tampons should be used only 4 weeks post the procedure.

How long does it take to recover?

The abortion procedure takes about two days to complete and the recovery period may take about 2 weeks depending on complications.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In India, an abortion may cost from Rs 5000- to Rs 30,000 depending on the kind of procedure that is undergone.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Yes, the results of the treatment are permanent

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

An alternative way of abortion includes the use of herbs to trigger a miscarriage. This is known as herbal abortion.

Although not entirely an alternative to abortion, having the baby and giving it up for adoption may also be considered.

Popular Questions & Answers

I got unwanted pregnancy, my daughter is 12 month old. So I can not continue wid dis pregnancy. My last date was 26th june. Monday I visited to dr, she has given me a abortion medicine, cleankit. But she told me to take first medicine on friday n rest of all on sunday. Is it okay or late to take medicine?

Normally if first taken on friday next is given on saturday drugs for termination of pregnancy can be taken only under the supervision of doctors licensed for termination, so meet gynecologist.
2 people found this helpful

I got my abortion done on 19-july'19 because my miscarriage happens at 07 week 02 days and after 01 day of d&c me and my husband have intercourse is there any problem and can I try to conceive again in next moth. Will I miscarry again if I try after 01 month of miscarriage.

First it is not advisable to have intercourse after 1 day of d & c. Should be avoided for 1 week and after 1 week gynecologist after examination will advise whether coitus is permitted or not. Before planing next pregnancy some reports are require...

I want to conceive but m not y wt is the reason tell me my first abortion made before 10 month but still m not conceiving y.

Pregnancy can occur only one day of the cycle that is ovulation day so unprotected sex around that day only important. As only one day in month nature should be given 12-24 trials (12 to 24 months) before couple need any active management by gynec...
1 person found this helpful

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