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Last Updated: Aug 05, 2020
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Abortion - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

About Types Procedure Side effects Recovery Cost Results Alternatives

What is Abortion?

When a pregnancy is deliberately eliminated at an early stage it is known an abortion. On occasion an abortion may take pace by itself, that is, naturally. In this case, it is called a miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion. Abortion is a type of service offered to women who do not want to go ahead with their pregnancy. In this case, they may end their pregnancy either through medication or surgery.

If you think you are pregnant or have confirmed your pregnancy through a home test, make sure to consult a doctor immediately. If you want to eliminate the pregnancy, it is best to do it during the early stages of pregnancy. Thus, make sure to discuss all your options with a doctor. Early termination of pregnancy also reduces the risks involved.

Terminating a pregnancy is a big decision and one that is very difficult to make. Thus, it should be carefully considered. In the case of any type of confusion, counselling may be opted for. One can either speak to their doctor about the implications of an abortion or discuss it with a close family member or friend. Only after serious thought should an abortion be considered.

What Are the Types of Abortion Procedures?

These are the types of abortion procedure:

  1. Early non-surgical abortion (medical): Time 2-10 weeks of pregnancy.
  2. Vacuum aspiration: Time 2-12 weeks of pregnancy.
  3. Dilation and Evacuation: Time 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy.
  4. Induction Abortion: Time 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy.
  5. Labor induction: Time 22 to 29 weeks of pregnancy.
  6. Hysterotomy (similar to C-section) Abortion: Time 22 to 38 weeks of pregnancy.

How is Abortion done?

Here is the process of abortion and how it is done:

  • Early non-surgical abortion:

    This abortion is performed in the 2-10 weeks of pregnancy and is based on the medical process. In this process, the drug is prescribed so as to stop the process of pregnancy. With the consumption of this drug, there may be crampings, bleeding or pelvic pain, clotting and often women pass the unborn child within a few hours.

  • Vacuum aspiration:

    This abortion is performed in 2-12 weeks of pregnancy. In this near or in the cervix local anesthetic is injected thus helping in stretching over of the cervix to insert a tube into it. After this, the unborn child and the placenta is suctioned out through the tube. Though the process gets completed here sometimes after this procedure the walls of the uterus are scraped to make sure that the unborn child and placenta are washed out.

  • Dilation and evacuation:

    This Abortion process is performed in the 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. In this, a sponge-like material is placed in the cervix of the woman thus helping to open the cervix slowly. She is given medication in order to cure the pain and prevent infection. The mother and the child are given general anesthesia. After which with the help of suction curettage and forceps, the unborn child and placenta are removed from the womb. At times dismembering the child is necessary.

  • Induction abortion:

    This Abortion procedure is performed in 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. During this process, you may require to go to the hospital and the mother is given drugs in order to terminate the pregnancy thus beginning the labor which usually starts in 2-4 hours. In this procedure, the placenta cannot be removed completely during the labor and the cervix is kept open for the doctor to perform suction curettage.

  • Labor induction:

    This Abortion procedure is performed in 22-29 weeks of pregnancy. During this process, you may require to go to the hospital and the mother is given drugs in order to terminate the pregnancy thus beginning the labor which usually starts in 2-4 hours. In this Abortion procedure, the placenta cannot be removed completely during the labor and the cervix is kept open for the doctor to perform suction curettage. But in this abortion, it is possible that the child is delivered alive and if this happens then the baby will be taken care of by the doctors.

  • Hysterotomy (similar to C-section):

    This Abortion procedure is performed in the 22-38 weeks of pregnancy and needs clinical setting. Mostly it is done when there are no possibilities left or labor induction or it is failed. In this Abortion process, the unborn child is removed by cutting the abdomen and uterus and after the removal, the unborn child is killed.

How late can you have an abortion?

The time for the abortion mostly is the first 3 months of pregnancy and it is the safest time. In rare cases, abortion is done in the second trimester that is in the 4-6 months of pregnancy. In the third trimester abortion is rarely done as it not safe and is only done at the time of emergency or life-threatening reasons. Therefore one must opt for earlier options as it is safe and cheaper.

How to get a safe abortion?

To get a safe abortion the first trimester that is the first 3 months are the safest time because at this time drugs can be used for getting an abortion done and these drugs generally do not have side effects. Vacuum aspiration procedures can also be used which are also safe. After the first trimester, it is tough to get a safe abortion and one should not go if it unless there is an emergency.

Any side effects of Abortion procedure?

While both the medical and surgical abortion procedures are quite safe, every procedure and treatment does involve some risks. Abortion risks include -

  • Development of infection in the womb.
  • Excessive bleeding may result after termination
  • The cervix may be damaged
  • The womb may be damaged

Abortion is safest if it is done at the earliest. In the case of any complications, a doctor should be consulted immediately and relevant treatment should be opted for. Opting for an abortion does not reduce the chance of a future pregnancy.

What are the post-treatment Abortion guidelines?

Post the abortion complete recovery is important. The guidelines are -

  • Have sex only 2 weeks after post the procedure to avoid the onset of an infection.
  • Take a pregnancy test to confirm if the procedure has been a success. The test should be taken about 4 weeks post the procedure.
  • Contraception should be used immediately after the procedure.
  • Wait a day post the treatment and then take a bath, primarily because you may still be a bit dizzy and weak from the medicine that was given to you for the procedure.
  • Tampons should be used only 4 weeks post the procedure.

How long does it take to recover after Abortion procedure?

The abortion procedure takes about two days to complete and the recovery period may take about 2 weeks depending on complications.

What is the price of the Abortion procedure treatment in India?

In India, an abortion may cost from Rs 5000- to Rs 30,000 depending on the kind of procedure that is undergone.

Are the results of the Abortion treatment permanent?

Yes, the results of the treatment are permanent

What are the alternatives of Abortion procedure?

An alternative way of abortion includes the use of herbs to trigger a miscarriage. This is known as herbal abortion. Although not entirely an alternative to abortion, having the baby and giving it up for adoption may also be considered.

Popular Questions & Answers

My wife has 6 weeks pregnant. I have given mifegest kit to her 2 days before. After 48 hours give 2 tab misoprostol then she feel bleeding and cramp within 1 hour and pass some clots and some round shape structure of size 12 to 15 mm. After 12 hour I have also given 2 nd dose of 2 misoprostol tablet orally. She has also feeling cramp and bleeding. Till now total 3 pad changes within 15 hours of after given misoprostol. Now can I continue any antibiotic or not if yes please provide details of any medicine to be use. Now wat to do. Is complete abortion done or not. Wat to care I have to do now. Or I have to continue any medicine further .pls suggest me in details.

MBBS, M.S Obstetrics & Gynaecology, F.MAS FELLOWSHIP IN MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, D. MAS Dipolma in MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, FICRS, Fellowship in COSMETIC GYNAECOLOGY, Diploma in advanced Laparoscopy for Urogynaecology & Gynaec oncology, Basic training course in minimal invasive surgery in Gynaecology, Basics of Colposcopy, Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology, Certificate course in diagnostic ultrasound imaging, Certificate of hands on training in hysteroscopy, Certificate course in diabetes, Fellowship in assisted reproductive technology, Certificate program in aesthetic Medicine, Certificate of operative Hysteroscopy, Certificate course in clinical embryology
Gynaecologist, Chennai
you can do when ultrasound scan to find out if it is incomplete abortion it is emphasized that medical termination of pregnancy is strictly done under direct doctors supervison

Had intercourse with my bf on 9 march and had my periods on 23 march but I didn't get my periods in april so I took a test with I can pregnancy testing kit and it was negative m wondering if m pregnant or not. So please do tell me as soon as possible as m tensed.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, Fellowship in Assisted Reproductive technology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Burhanpur
Hello, if you had your menses and opt is negative then pregnancy is unlikely and the delay is likely to be stress induced.

My wife she is first time 2.5 months pregnant and she is having lower back pain can anyone please give me the solution for this and any exercise required to get cure?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, Fellowship in Assisted Reproductive technology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Burhanpur
Hello, the backspin could be sue to urinary tract infection. Please get a urine culture and routine microscopy test done to rule out urinary infection.

Sir I want infomation for periods for my wife she late every month late coming 3 or 4 months late that's why have problems for pregnancy 8 months ago I married but still not pregnant if you understand please help me send me the name for good medicine I will take any pharmacy thanks.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Most of the medical problems need personally taking detailed medical history and examination with the need for reports so meet concerned doctor- gynecologist. Any couple desirous of pregnancy and not getting same naturally must meet gynecologist o...
1 person found this helpful

Hi sir/mam, me and my girlfriend had a unprotected sex not intercourse, in the middle of the month of april. Her last period date was 27.03.2020 however she missed her period on the month of april which used to be 26.04.2021 to 29.04.2021. We have a pregnancy test at home and the result is negative. What should we do now. Is she pregnant?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, Fellowship in Assisted Reproductive technology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Burhanpur
Hello, please wait for a week to allow menses to start naturally and if no menses then can opt for a withdrawal bleed with progesterones.

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Written By
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecolog,PG Diploma in IVF & Reproductive Medicine,Advanced Infertility & ART trainin,MBBS,Diploma in Minimal Access Surgery
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