When a pregnancy is deliberately eliminated at an early stage it is known an abortion. On occasion an abortion may take pace by itself, that is, naturally. In this case, it is called a miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion. Abortion is a type of service offered to women who do not want to go ahead with their pregnancy. In this case, they may end their pregnancy either through medication or surgery.
If you think you are pregnant or have confirmed your pregnancy through a home test, make sure to consult a doctor immediately. If you want to eliminate the pregnancy, it is best to do it during the early stages of pregnancy. Thus, make sure to discuss all your options with a doctor. Early termination of pregnancy also reduces the risks involved.
Terminating a pregnancy is a big decision and one that is very difficult to make. Thus, it should be carefully considered. In the case of any type of confusion, counselling may be opted for. One can either speak to their doctor about the implications of an abortion or discuss it with a close family member or friend. Only after serious thought should an abortion be considered.
There are ideally two ways to terminate a pregnancy. The first method is known as a medical abortion and the second method is known as a surgical abortion.
Vacuum aspiration involves the use of a vacuum device or suction device which effectively eliminates the uterine contents via the cervix. Apart from eliminating pregnancy, this procedure is also done in the case of endometrial biopsy.
Dilation and evacuation- In this type of surgical abortion, the cervix is first dilated after which the uterine contents are surgically removed with the help of forceps. Dilation and evacuation are generally done if the pregnancy is at 12 weeks.
Abortion eligibility generally depends on the stage of a woman's pregnancy. A medical abortion can be opted for before the pregnancy reaches 9 weeks, after which a woman can only undergo a surgical abortion.
A number of countries do not allow abortion after a woman has reached 24 weeks. While women who are under 18 need parents’ consent before they can get an abortion.
While both the medical and surgical abortion procedures are quite safe, every procedure and treatment do involve some risks. Abortion risks include-
Abortion is safest if it is done at the earliest. In the case of any complications, a doctor should be consulted immediately and relevant treatment should be opted for. Opting for an abortion does not reduce the chance of a future pregnancy.
Post the abortion complete recovery is important. The guidelines are -
The abortion procedure takes about two days to complete and the recovery period may take about 2 weeks depending on complications.
In India, an abortion may cost from Rs 5000- to Rs 30,000 depending on the kind of procedure that is undergone.
Yes, the results of the treatment are permanent
An alternative way of abortion includes the use of herbs to trigger a miscarriage. This is known as herbal abortion.
Although not entirely an alternative to abortion, having the baby and giving it up for adoption may also be considered.
An ectopic pregnancy takes place in the case when the completely fertilized egg attaches itself to a place outside the inner side of the uterus. Ectopic pregnancy is also called tubal pregnancy because in most cases, it takes place in the Fallopian tube. Usually, the Fallopian tubes are not responsible for holding an embryo, which keeps on growing. Hence, the egg has no scope to develop in the Fallopian tube. This problem must be treated as soon as possible to avoid further complications. Here are several ways of treating ectopic pregnancy.
Abortion is the expulsion of products of conception either fully or partially.
The causes of abortion vary from hormonal disturbances any trauma or injury, a severe shock, infectious and foetal abnormalities. It is a nature's way of rejecting a malformed baby.
Other reasons can be:
Uterine weakness or displacement.
Cervical canal weakness.
Bleeding from vagina either profuse or in spots.
Pain is usually the dull type of pain in abdomen and back.
DO'S and DONT'S:
If you have a bad obstetric history like repeated abortions, malformed foetuses, consult a gynaecologist as soon as pregnancy is suspected.
Do not over strain, carry weights, or do laborious jobs during pregnancy.
Take plenty of rest but do take some light exercise. Exercises should be done only under the medical guidance or expert opinion.
Take doctor's advice on diet and medicate.
Do not self-medicate.