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Last Updated: Mar 14, 2022
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Abortion - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

About Types Procedure Is abortion painful? Side effects Recovery Cost Results Alternatives

What is Abortion?

When a pregnancy is deliberately eliminated at an early stage it is known an abortion. On occasion an abortion may take pace by itself, that is, naturally. In this case, it is called a miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion. Abortion is a type of service offered to women who do not want to go ahead with their pregnancy. In this case, they may end their pregnancy either through medication or surgery.

If you think you are pregnant or have confirmed your pregnancy through a home test, make sure to consult a doctor immediately. If you want to eliminate the pregnancy, it is best to do it during the early stages of pregnancy. Thus, make sure to discuss all your options with a doctor. Early termination of pregnancy also reduces the risks involved.

Terminating a pregnancy is a big decision and one that is very difficult to make. Thus, it should be carefully considered. In the case of any type of confusion, counselling may be opted for. One can either speak to their doctor about the implications of an abortion or discuss it with a close family member or friend. Only after serious thought should an abortion be considered.

What Are the Types of Abortion Procedures?

These are the types of abortion procedure:

  1. Early non-surgical abortion (medical): Time 2-10 weeks of pregnancy.
  2. Vacuum aspiration: Time 2-12 weeks of pregnancy.
  3. Dilation and Evacuation: Time 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy.
  4. Induction Abortion: Time 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy.
  5. Labor induction: Time 22 to 29 weeks of pregnancy.
  6. Hysterotomy (similar to C-section) Abortion: Time 22 to 38 weeks of pregnancy.

How is Abortion done?

Here is the process of abortion and how it is done:

  • Early non-surgical abortion:

    This abortion is performed in the 2-10 weeks of pregnancy and is based on the medical process. In this process, the drug is prescribed so as to stop the process of pregnancy. With the consumption of this drug, there may be crampings, bleeding or pelvic pain, clotting and often women pass the unborn child within a few hours.

  • Vacuum aspiration:

    This abortion is performed in 2-12 weeks of pregnancy. In this near or in the cervix local anesthetic is injected thus helping in stretching over of the cervix to insert a tube into it. After this, the unborn child and the placenta is suctioned out through the tube. Though the process gets completed here sometimes after this procedure the walls of the uterus are scraped to make sure that the unborn child and placenta are washed out.

  • Dilation and evacuation:

    This Abortion process is performed in the 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. In this, a sponge-like material is placed in the cervix of the woman thus helping to open the cervix slowly. She is given medication in order to cure the pain and prevent infection. The mother and the child are given general anesthesia. After which with the help of suction curettage and forceps, the unborn child and placenta are removed from the womb. At times dismembering the child is necessary.

  • Induction abortion:

    This Abortion procedure is performed in 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. During this process, you may require to go to the hospital and the mother is given drugs in order to terminate the pregnancy thus beginning the labor which usually starts in 2-4 hours. In this procedure, the placenta cannot be removed completely during the labor and the cervix is kept open for the doctor to perform suction curettage.

  • Labor induction:

    This Abortion procedure is performed in 22-29 weeks of pregnancy. During this process, you may require to go to the hospital and the mother is given drugs in order to terminate the pregnancy thus beginning the labor which usually starts in 2-4 hours. In this Abortion procedure, the placenta cannot be removed completely during the labor and the cervix is kept open for the doctor to perform suction curettage. But in this abortion, it is possible that the child is delivered alive and if this happens then the baby will be taken care of by the doctors.

  • Hysterotomy (similar to C-section):

    This Abortion procedure is performed in the 22-38 weeks of pregnancy and needs clinical setting. Mostly it is done when there are no possibilities left or labor induction or it is failed. In this Abortion process, the unborn child is removed by cutting the abdomen and uterus and after the removal, the unborn child is killed.

How late can you have an abortion?

The time for the abortion mostly is the first 3 months of pregnancy and it is the safest time. In rare cases, abortion is done in the second trimester that is in the 4-6 months of pregnancy. In the third trimester abortion is rarely done as it not safe and is only done at the time of emergency or life-threatening reasons. Therefore one must opt for earlier options as it is safe and cheaper.

How to get a safe abortion?

To get a safe abortion the first trimester that is the first 3 months are the safest time because at this time drugs can be used for getting an abortion done and these drugs generally do not have side effects. Vacuum aspiration procedures can also be used which are also safe. After the first trimester, it is tough to get a safe abortion and one should not go if it unless there is an emergency.

Is abortion painful?

Abortion is a method of terminating the pregnancy through medical ways. It may be painful but the extent of the pain varies depending upon the type of abortion a woman undergoes. Basically, there are three types of abortion procedures:

  • Medical abortions
  • Vacuum aspiration
  • Dilation and evacuation

In the case of medical abortions, abortion pills are prescribed to terminate the pregnancy. Some women face heavy periods or cramps during this while some may experience intense cramping. The second one i.e vacuum aspiration method involves surgical removal of fetal mass using gentle suction.

Pain relief medications are used in this procedure, hence it does not hurt. Mild to moderate cramping for a few days may be experienced in such an abortion method. The last one i.e Dilation and evacuation method is recommended to be used in cases where the woman has crossed thirteen weeks of pregnancy.

This is done under general anesthesia, hence no pain is felt during the procedure. However, after that, the woman may feel some cramps or bleed for one to two days.

Summary: The amount of pain that a woman may experience during abortion mainly depends upon the type of abortion procedure. The pain may be mild to moderate in some cases while it may also be severe in certain cases.

How long will I feel pain after abortion?

Pain after abortion mainly depends upon some factors including duration of pregnancy, the type of abortion procedure, and medications that are prescribed after the procedures. The pain or cramps may vary from being mild or moderate to severe.

In the case of medical abortion, the woman experience moderate to severe pain for a few weeks, accompanied by a heavy menstrual flow. The vacuum aspiration method is related to mild to moderate form of pain, which is continued for one to two days after the procedure.

In case of dilation and evacuation, mild cramps are felt by the women, for one to two days only.

Summary: Duration of pain after abortion basically depends on the factors like duration of pregnancy, type of abortion procedure, and prescribed medications. The pain may vary from being moderate to severe, continuing for one to two days or for a few weeks also.

Can I get abortion pills at CVS?

It is generally not possible to get abortion pills at CVS. This is because these are categorized as prescription medicines that are only available at abortion clinics, doctor’s offices, and Planned Parenthood health centers. Hence, anybody cannot get it over-the-counter and needs it to be prescribed by some recognized practitioner.

Summary: Abortion pills are prescription medicines and can only be purchased from well-recognized abortion clinics or health centers. It is not possible to get it over-the-counter or without any prescription.

Any side effects of Abortion procedure?

While both the medical and surgical abortion procedures are quite safe, every procedure and treatment does involve some risks. Abortion risks include -

  • Development of infection in the womb.
  • Excessive bleeding may result after termination
  • The cervix may be damaged
  • The womb may be damaged

Abortion is safest if it is done at the earliest. In the case of any complications, a doctor should be consulted immediately and relevant treatment should be opted for. Opting for an abortion does not reduce the chance of a future pregnancy.

What are the post-treatment Abortion guidelines?

Post the abortion complete recovery is important. The guidelines are -

  • Have sex only 2 weeks after post the procedure to avoid the onset of an infection.
  • Take a pregnancy test to confirm if the procedure has been a success. The test should be taken about 4 weeks post the procedure.
  • Contraception should be used immediately after the procedure.
  • Wait a day post the treatment and then take a bath, primarily because you may still be a bit dizzy and weak from the medicine that was given to you for the procedure.
  • Tampons should be used only 4 weeks post the procedure.

How long does it take to recover after Abortion procedure?

The abortion procedure takes about two days to complete and the recovery period may take about 2 weeks depending on complications.

What is the price of the Abortion procedure treatment in India?

In India, an abortion may cost from Rs 5000- to Rs 30,000 depending on the kind of procedure that is undergone.

Are the results of the Abortion treatment permanent?

Yes, the results of the treatment are permanent

What are the alternatives of Abortion procedure?

An alternative way of abortion includes the use of herbs to trigger a miscarriage. This is known as herbal abortion. Although not entirely an alternative to abortion, having the baby and giving it up for adoption may also be considered.

Popular Questions & Answers

Mam I am 33 years old now I am pregnant 20 days test so iss pregnancy ko kaise roke. Meri tabiyat bhi kharab ho raha hai.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Pregnancy agar hai to rok kaise shakte? Nikal shakte ho. Pregnancy nikalne ki dava khan eke baad 15 din pe sonography karvana jaruri hai jisme barabar asar hui hai ki nahi vo malum padta hai.

M suffering frm yeast infection and I am 15 week pregnant my Dr. give me clingen forte vaginal tablet and azithromycin, 500 mg is this safe for my baby.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Vijayawada
Vaginal tablets can be safely taken in pregnancy do not use applicator as the cervix is soft in pregnancy. Finger is a better guide.

My next period date is 3rd june 2022. My boyfriend and I had sex on 17th may and after he pulled out we saw that the condom broke. He didn't finish inside me. I took unwanted 72 immediately after that. Is there a chance that I might be pregnant?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Only extremely low chance from your description. After taking the high hormonal emergency pill like unwanted 72 one gets withdrawal bleeding 5 to 10 days later, and then a new cycle starts. If this does not happen as well as period is missed then ...
1 person found this helpful

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