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Sexually Transmitted Disease (Std): Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that are commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex, or oral sex. More than thirty different types of bacteria, viruses and parasites can cause STI. Sexually transmitted diseases include chlamydia, chancroid, genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis B, HIV (human immunodeficiency) and AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), HPV (human papillomavirus), trichomoniasis, syphilis, gonorrhoea, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Some of these diseases can be treated with antibiotics like azithromycin, cefixime and metronidazole. Treatments can reduce the symptoms and progression of most of these infections.

How is the treatment done?

Chlamydia and gonorrhoea can be treated with antibiotics. Persons with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days after the single dose of antibiotics or until the completion of a seven day course of antibiotics. Genital herpes cannot be cured but can be controlled with medications, HPV cannot be cured but can be prevented with vaccines and controlled with medications. Regular screening with a Pap smear Test can prevent or detect most cases of early stage HPV caused cervical cancer. Syphilis can be treated with a single injection of antibiotic if recognized during the early stages, usually within one year of infection. If not it could not be recognized during early stages, then syphilis may need longer period treatment with antibiotics. Trichomoniasis can be treated with a single dose of antibiotics, usually either metronidazole or tinidazole, taken by mouth. Hepatitis B can be treated with antiviral medications and can be prevented with vaccination. Persons who may have a higher risk of HIV infection can obtain HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis or PrEP which consist of HIV medication known as Truvada from their doctors and should take this consistently to prevent HIV. AIDS can be prevented in those who are suffering from HIV by early initiation of antiretroviral therapy.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

All STDs do not show symptoms so treatments can sometimes get delayed. But some infections come with some symptoms. Persons who are suffering from symptoms like poor apetite, vomiting, dark urine, yellowing of eyes and skin, small red bumps which turn into blister like sores on genitals, rear ends, thighs, fingers, abnormal vaginal bleeding, whitish vaginal or penile discharge, painful inter course, burning sensation during urination, frequent urination, painless sore around vagina or penis, heavy greenish discharge with a foul odour, abdominal pain, vaginal itching or burning, warts on the genital and anal area should seek a doctor’s help. There is a chance of them getting infected with one of the STDs.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Before starting any treatment it is always recommended to consult a doctor because effectiveness of a treatment depends on the health condition of the patient and the stage of the infection. As most of the medicines have one or the other side effects so it is healthy to seek a doctor’s suggestion whether he/she is eligible for the treatment. Non-eligibility will vary from person to person.

Are there any side effects?

Medicines for the treatment or control of sexually transmitted diseases may cause some side effects such as an allergic reaction, have itching, redness and swelling in the skin. Some kind of germs may even cause development of cancer. Some viral infections like hepatitis B and HIV can cause serious illness and may result in death. Medications for chlamydia can cause nausea and vomiting, belly pain or cramps, vaginal itching or discharge. After the treatment with antibiotics, patient who was suffering from syphilis can experience fever, headaches, joint or muscle pain and nausea and chills. Side effects of HIV medication are- hypersensitivity reaction, anemia, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, neuropathy, rash, insomnia, fatigue, loss of appetite etc. like this many other medications for other STDs may have side effects.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Even if the symptoms go away during the treatment patients must continue their course of medication. Doctors will generally prescribe blood tests to ensure that the patients are responding to the medications given. Sex partners must be get tested too if they need. It is suggested to avoid unsafe sex and to use condoms while having sexual intercourse as the person has a chance of getting re-infected with the disease. For some infections, it is suggested to get tested regularly for sexually transmitted diseases.

How long does it take to recover?

HIV is not curable but the treatment can prolong a patient’s life. Medications should be continued as per the health condition of the patient. Hepatitis B is curable. It does not take long to get treated. Genital herpes is not curable. Medications can reduce pain and frequency and lengths of herpes. If the treatment is early it can be effective otherwise it would take a long time of treatment, chlamydia is curable and requires some time to get cured, syphilis and gonorrhoea can also be cured and will not require much time. Recovery time depends on the stage of the infection and health condition of the patients and their response to the medications given.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Cost of treatment will be determined by fees of doctor and the type of STD a patient is affected with, stage of the disease and medications chosen for a particular patient. Many low cost STD checking packages are also available. Cost of treatment will vary.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Permanency cannot be guaranteed in many cases because infections can return or the symptoms or infection may not have disappeared with the treatment. But there have been many cases where the curable diseases have been effectively cured.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Amongst many home remedies, Echinacea is highly appreciated as this herb is used to treat many infections including STDs as it boosts immune system and stimulate hormone secretion in the body, garlic can prevent the risks of STDs as garlics contain antiviral and germ killing power that may effectively purify the whole system,. Yogurt is very well known for its natural probiotics which make it ideal for fighting with the infections throughout the body. Probiotics can help in the growth of good bacteria in the body. Other herbs which can be proved to be beneficial for STD treatment are- lemon juice which can reduce the pain associated with the STDs through its astringent properties, lemon balm, aloe vera gel, neem leaves, milk thistle, cranberry juice, tea tree oil etc.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range: Rs.500-Rs.7000

Popular Health Tips

STD Testing - Why You Should Never Delay?

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
STD Testing - Why You Should Never Delay?

In most diseases, early detection of the disease is the key to control the symptoms, cure, reduce progression and improve prognosis. This holds true for sexually transmitted diseases too. As soon as there is a mild degree of suspicious of having contracted a sexually transmitted disease, it is advisable to go for a test. Most of the STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) can develop into serious complications over a period of time, ranging from infertility to even death.

Complications: Why early diagnosis is important: When left undiagnosed and untreated, most STDs progress to cause severe damage from sterility to cancer to even death. Listed below are some complications associated with each of the common STDs.

  1. Chlamydia: If left untreated, can lead to epididymitis and testicles shrinking and infertility in males. This is a condition where there is pus formation in the scrotum. In women, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease which is deep-seated and unable to cure completely. This brings with it symptoms ranging from abdominal pain to uterine infections to sterility.
  2. Syphillis: Undiagnosed syphilis can lead to blindness and deafness. It can also be passed onto the newborn and lead to severe disabilities.
  3. Gonorrhea: If diagnosed early, it can be cured completely with antibiotics. However, if left untreated, it can lead to infertility.
  4. HIV/AIDS: Early diagnosis can help in curtailing the disease. If detected late, then the damage is quite extensive and treatment is both expensive and cannot help restore a lot of functions. 

Symptoms of Sexually transmitted diseases: If there is a doubt of having contracted an STD, then it is very important to get tested for the same. Some of the most common symptoms are listed below.

  1. Women: The most common symptoms in women including painful urination, burning sensation, abnormal vaginal discharge (sometimes bleeding), warts, and abdominal pain.
  2. Men: Testicular pain, urethral pain, painful urination, pain and inflammation in the prostate, sores, fever, and abdominal pain.

Prevention: Always practice safe sexual practices. When in doubt, refrain from sex until diagnosis and treatment is complete.

Testing for STDs: Some of the standard tests include:

  1. 1. Herpes- HSV I & II - 
    2. Testing HIV-- Kits and ELISA available for testing 
    3. Blood test for syphilis antibodies 
    4. Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea - from urine as well as swabs for culture

It is understandable that getting tested for STDs is an embarrassing situation. However, there are options available where anonymity can be maintained when getting tested for STDs. This is a wise choice to make as the risk is not just for the person affected but for the partner and in some cases even for the fetus. Early testing can help prevent complications like infertility and cancer. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

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Treating Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad

Treatment for STDs varies depending on what STD you have. It’s very important that both you and your sexual partner be successfully treated for STDs before resuming your sexual relationship. Otherwise you can pass an infection back and forth between you.

Bacterial STDs

Bacterial infections can usually be treated fairly easily with antibiotics. It’s important to take all your antibiotics as prescribed. You should continue taking them even if you feel better before they are finished. You should also return to your doctor if your symptoms do not go away with treatment or if they return.

Viral STDs

Viral infections usually have no cure. However, treatment is available for many of these viral infections. Treatment can be very effective at stopping the progression of HIV. Medications are also available to reduce the frequency and severity of herpes outbreaks. Furthermore, antiviral drugs may reduce the risk of transmitting an STD to your partner.

Other STDs

Some STDs are caused by neither viruses nor bacteria. Instead they’re caused by other small organisms. Examples of such STDs include:

These STDs are usually easily treatable with appropriate oral or topical medications.

1 person found this helpful

Diagnosing Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad

Most STDs cannot be diagnosed simply by the presence of symptoms. Tests are needed to determine if you have an STD and what STD you might have.

These days, most STDs can be diagnosed using a urine or blood test. In addition, swabs may be taken of sores to check for viruses. Urethral and vaginal swabs can also be used to diagnose STDs.

You can get tested for STD at your regular doctor’s office or at a clinic. Although home testing kits are available, they may not always be reliable. Use them with caution, and check to see if the FDA has approved them.

Internet STD testing is also an option. Like home kits, the quality of such testing varies.

It’s important to know that a Pap smear is not an STD test. A Pap smear checks for the presence of precancerous cells on the cervix. It may also be combined with an HPV test for some women. However, a negative Pap smear does not mean you don’t have other STDs. You must be tested for each STD separately.

1 person found this helpful

What Is a Sexually Transmitted Infection?

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad

The term sexually transmitted disease (STD) is used to refer to any illness that is passed from one person to another through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. An STD may also be referred to as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or venereal disease (VD). This does not mean that sex is the only way that STDs can be transmitted. Depending on the STD, infection may also be transmitted through:

  • shared needles
  • breastfeeding
  • non-sexual skin-to-skin contact
  • shared bedding or towels




1 person found this helpful

6 Ways To Prevent STDs

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
6 Ways To Prevent STDs

STDs are nothing but those diseases that are usually invited by sexual intimacy or intercourse. Some of these diseases are even life threatening at times, and if you want to prevent them, then you have to adopt a few preventive measures.

Best preventive measures for preventing STDs:
- Using latex condoms: Latex condoms need to be used during sex every time, and these condoms are the safest of all condom varieties available in the market. Both pregnancy and STDs can be easily and efficiently prevented by means of these condoms, and this is the reason everybody is using the same. But you should have the knowledge of correct usage of these condoms. 

- Keeping intimate areas clean: Do not ever forget to wash your genitals after or before making intercourse with your partner and this is needed for preventing sexual diseases. Sometimes, excessive lubrication during sexual intercourse brings infectious diseases, and thus your genitals get exposed to sexual diseases. 

- Stop sharing items: Sharing under-garments or towels with your friends or close mates can be very much dangerous as you might develop STDs. Even if you have allowed somebody using these personal items of yours, you have to wash them carefully before using the same. 

- Avoid multiple sex-partners: Both the sex partners should be loyal to each other and should not make sex with multiple partners as that will invite STDs. Having sex with more than one partner can be quite dangerous as a result of which your genital organs get infected and this infection later on turns into serious sexual diseases that cannot be easily treated. 

- Avoiding unhealthy lifestyle: If you are exposed to excessive smoking, drugs and alcohol, then you might develop different kinds of STDs. Therefore, you are highly recommended to lead a completely healthy lifestyle so that a healthy sexual life can be enjoyed. You will never be able to have safe sex if you are so very addicted to alcohol, smoking and drugs. 

- Have vaccination: Vaccination is now considered as one of the safest methods for preventing STDs. HPV vaccines are the popular, and the most recommended ones and thus teenagers can take them before getting sexually active. Hepatitis-B vaccinations are also required for getting increased protection against serious sexual diseases, especially AIDS and others. HIV testing is also very much essential in this regard, and you should not avoid the same.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Popular Questions & Answers

My gf wants me to lick in her vaginal opening. I am just worried will I have any infection.Please suggest.

Ayurveda, Jhajjar
Advice her to wash her vagina with 1 glass lukwwarm water add 1/2spoon baking soda in it. Before you go in contact.
1 person found this helpful

Hello Dr, yesterday I had sex with my girlfriend when she was in her periods and I didn't use condom while having sex is there any risk of getting infection can you please tell what be the solution if anything happens.

Sexologist, Delhi
Yes. There is a risk for you to get infected. You should consult with a good dermatologist. For more suggestions you can concern with us on Lybrate personally.

I had unprotected sex with prostitute without condom. After 26 days I had tested vdrl, hsv, hiv rna pcr tests all are negative. After 150 days (5 months) vdrl, HBV, HIV 1&2- --the results are negative After 190 days (6 and half months) HSV (1gG, 1gM), western blot test, vdrl, urine tests the results are negative. Small bumps on my penis am safe or not Is there any chances the results are positive in future. I am so embracing Roof of the mouth small sores are occurred.

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
You are negative for HIV, HBV, Syphilis and Hsv. However there are other 16 STDs. What you have on penis may be one of the STDs. Please take private consult with audio video chat and then I can guide you properly and then you can send pics. Then I can send you prescription.

Hello, I had unprotected sex few times and noticed white formation over penis head (not the actual skin colour) and few pimples or tiny eruptions over the head. Also last time (3 weeks back) when I had sex, my skin on the penis head got ruptured and had pain after unprotected sex. I would like to check for any sexually transmitted disease and get rid of abnormal skin texture on penis head.

Sexologist, Delhi
You should consult with a good and experienced dermatologist. Don't ignore this problem. It may cause sexual disorder in the future. Maybe it's your initial stage so you shouldn't ignore this problem otherwise it will badly effect on your sexual life. We provide ayurvedic treatment of this problem you can contact us at We will concern and later on, we can deliver medicines.
1 person found this helpful

Hi sir, I have smaller moles on my Penis head. What is the reason for having them?

M.D.(Ayu.) Basic Principles, B.A.M.S., I.P.G.T.& R.A., GAU
Ayurveda, Ajmer
Hi Lybrate user First of all go for VDRL test to rul out the underlying pathology of the your problem. Tc thanks Regards.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Sexual Life
Briefing on masturbation, semen and sex education
Briefing on masturbation, semen and sex education

Hello everyone I am Dr. Vikash Deshmukh, neuro-psychiatrist and sexologist practicing Washi. Today I am here to discuss about some myths about sex and sexual life.

1st myth is about masturbation, most of the patients ask me that, 'Is masturbation wrong?' Or is it hazardous to health? Masturbation se weakness aata hai kya? My answer to that is NO. Masturbation is a healthy way to release your sexual tensions, provided that you do it in a hygienic way, you should not harm your sexual parts during masturbation, and it should not be the only way to sexual satisfaction or you should not prefer masturbation over sexual act.

The second most common myth is, 'does sex cause weakness or decrease your physical stamina'. Most of my patients ask that agar kuch performance hai, sports performance hai toh use pehle sex nahin karna chahiye kya? Aur kuch din sex nahin karengey ussey pehle toh hamara performance badh jayega kya taqat zyada rehgi kya? Answer to this is no, sex does not decrease your physical stamina or performance on the contrary like exercise it can increase your physical stamina, and mental health as well as physical health.

Some patients also ask that, 'What if you feel weak or tired after sex?' I say, After exercise also you feel some weakness or some tiredness, but that only increases your further stamina but does not make you weak as a person. So like exercise after sex you can feel weakness, but that is a healthy weakness.

The next most common myth my patients come with is 'whether you should not lose your semen at all?' or semen is very precious thing and 'should you preserve your semen?'. They say doctor please give me some medicines to preserve my semen. My answer is semen is a fluid like any other body fluid, majorly 2/3 glands secret semen by vesicles and prostrate glands. So these glands work continuously 24/7 to produce semen and this produced semen should go out of body within 2/3 or 4/5 days. So its not that semen is very precious and you shouldn t lose it. There are many misconceptions like ek boond dhat ka aur sau boond khoon ka which is a completely false thing. Semen is like any other body secretion, who banta hai toh body ke bahar nikalni chahiye. So nothing wrong in losing it.

Other misconceptions patient come with is the size of penis, most patient ask me ki normal size kya chahiye? Mujhe size badhane ka kuch dawa do so that I can give pleasure to my wife, keep one thing in mind that only upper one third that is 3 cm of vagina is sensitive after that there are no sensation in vagina. 3 cm ke upar agar apka penis raha toh usse vagina se senses nahin aatey hai, matlab 3 cm ka aagey jo part hai who apke female partner ko feel nahin hota hai sex ke dauran. So there is no truth in more size gives more pleasure, and this is proven by many experiments.

Last myth I will talk about is 'whether sex education can ruin a child s behavior?', or the child can be ruined by early sexual education. First of all I want to clear that sexual education of child doesn t mean teaching him act of sex. Sex education to children under 5 years means teaching the child what a bad touch is and what a good touch is, and how to differentiate between a bad touch and a good touch because most common sexual abusers are near ones or relatives of that child. So child should be aware about what is good touch, what is bad touch and how to prevent bad touch. Secondly when they are in pre-teen age the children should be aware of puberty changes in body. Like breast changes in female, menstrual cycle initiation in female, or in males the pubic hairs or increase in penis size. Because if he or she is not aware about these changes there can be certain trauma in them. Like if there is some 13 year old girl, she is not aware about menstrual cycle and she suddenly starts bleeding she will be very much fearful that she is bleeding from her private parts and that will be traumatic for her, so sexual education is very important for teenage. Also post teenage or teenage practices about safe sex preventing self sex methods as well as use of condoms and very important to avoid sexually transmitted diseases as well as unwanted pregnancy.

For further consultation and queries please contact me through
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Sexual Disorders
I am Dr A.S. Reddy. I am a gynecologist and an infertility specialist. Practicing for more than 30 years and now a professor in gynaecology in medical college. I am a psychologist and a qualified sexual medicine specialist, a certified sexologist the by American college of Sexologist.I am one of the operators in indian doctors who specialize in sexual medicine from Oxford. Lure institute of sexual and medicine is an exclusive sexual medicine clinic at Hyderabad.

At our clinic we do, we manage the sexual problems of man, woman, couples. In the men , the problems we deal with are erection problems are somebody who are not able to do sex for a good length of time , early ejaculation, somebody not able to ejaculate even after good length of time doing sex and a man not having sex addition to this routine sexual problems, which everybody deals with we specialize in assessment/ counselling of homosexuality and assessing/treating prone erection sexual problems.In woman, the lack of sexual desire and lack of response of woman at sex and woman infertility.

In addition to this things, I am a gynecologist, so in a woman, having laxity of her private parts after delivery we make it tight. A girl, unmarried, lost her virginity by whatever reason we do a recreation of the hymen to make her look like a virgin at the time of marriage. And for couples who are having psychological problems, we do psychological problems, we do psychological counseling and psychological education of the sexual processes.

But sexual problems in couples, without any disease which is of psychological origin we do a course called sex therapy. In our institute, we deal with sexual problems in a pure and professional way. Suppose somebody comes with an erection problem, we test everything. This is a machine for diagnosing erection problems. We test the narrow conduction of the penis, the blood flows into the penis and Doppler study of the penis. This is a machine for diagnosing erection problems. We deal with infertility problems, particularly specializing in male infertility problems. The computed semen analysis machines when automatically we do an exhaust to do semen study of the sample. We do with a valid report. Suppose somebody is not able to produce a sample of semen for whatever reason, they are having an artificial insemination done and are not able to give semen for examination, we use a machine called asterbater. This is helpful in people who are in treatment for infertility and for people who wanted to get a treatment for ejaculation problem.

You can contact me over lybrate or you can visit my private clinic at Hyderabad.
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Sexual Dysfunction
Here are symptom, cause, and treatment of Sexual Dysfunction

Hi. I am Dr. Vinod Raina. I am a sexologist based in South Delhi. Today we are going to talk about Sexual Dysfunction.

What is sexual dysfunction? It is a disease in which a patient is not able to perform sex properly.

What is the meaning of proper sex? The meaning is that a person should have proper sexual intercourse for more than 45 minutes which should not include the time of foreplay. If we include the time of foreplay, then the duration of one sexual intercourse should be a minimum of 90 to 100 minutes. If a patient is not able to perform for more than 5 to 10 minutes that means that the patient is suffering from sexual dysfunction, he is suffering from premature ejaculation or early ejaculation.

What can be the causes? Nowadays the people are working from morning to evening. They do not have time for walking or to do exercise. They are smoking, drinking and their lifestyle is also not good. They do not sleep for more than 7 hours. These things create anxiety and stress upon the human beings which lead to severe sexual dysfunction.

So how can we prevent it? We have to walk properly for 45 minutes every day. You have to Brisk walk in 45 minutes and you have to complete a minimum of 5 to 6 kilometers. You have to stop smoking and drinking or you can take only 60 to 120 ml of alcohol per day. You have to take proper diet. Increase the quantity of almonds, walnuts in your daily diet. You should take 10 to 15 almonds, 1 to 2 walnuts daily. You can take flex seed, broccoli twice in a week. You can take fish if you are a non-vegetarian and if you are a vegetarian you can take Kali urad ki daal two to three times a week and you have to take 300 to 400 grams of fruits daily. If you are doing these things, then definitely your sexual desire and sexual time will increase and moreover you have to see less television because watching television for long creates problems.

So guys, remember, in order to have a very good sex life walk for 45 minutes, take good diet including walnuts, almonds, and fish and have a normal stress less life. Then definitely your life will be cool and you will have a longer sexual intercourse time. Even if the problem persists then definitely you have to go to a sexologist doctor. Go to a genuine sexologist doctor who should prescribe you medicines. Start medication and then definitely your problem will be solved.

You can talk to me on Vinod Raina or you can meet me in my clinic in Saket, Delhi or you can just have an online consultation on the forum of Lybrate. Thank you. Here are symptom,cause and treatment of Sexual Dysfunction
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Sexual Problems and Treatment
Sexual problems and treatment
Play video
Treatments for Pilonodal Disease
Hi, I m Dr Ashok Gupta. I m a general surgeon gastroenterologist. I m practicing since last 35 years. Today we will discuss pilonidal disease.

First, let s know what this disease is?

This is the first fistula formation on the back side of the body. Where there is the lower portion of the human body, where the pus starts coming from the fistula and quite often it is not being treated by the repeated treatment of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs and the person feel very much annoyed by this. This can be a pilonidal disease.

What pilonidal disease is?

When the hair enters in the skin and it goes in and creates an infection there, until and unless that track is being exercised or being operated that remains a permanent fissure. This is called a pilonidal disease. The surgery is very simple for it. only the thing is if it is being done by an experienced person and one day you have to stay in the hospital and it can even be done under local anaesthesia. The foreign body is being removed from the wound and the wound is remained open for a long time only the dressing is required for two three weeks and another if it is the primary closure is being done then it can be cured in seven to ten days.

You can connect me at if you have question, query or any clarification you are most welcome to contact on to me. Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice