Cervical cancer starts in the cervix, the lower end of uterus contacting upper vagina. Almost all cervical cancers are caused by human papillomavirus. Symptoms and signs of cervical cancer include vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain that is not related to menstrual cycle, unusually heavy discharge, pain during urination and pain during sexual intercourse. Hysterectomy, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the possible methods of treatment.
HOW IS CERVICAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
HPV infection can be prevented by two vaccines, Gardasil and cervarix