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Last Updated: Feb 29, 2020
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Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD): Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Cure

About Types Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Side effects Post-treatment guidelines Can STD be cured? Which STD is not curable? STDs from oral sex: Risk factors Prevention Cost Results Home Remedies

What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)?

STD full form is sexually transmitted diseases. These are infections that are commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex, or oral sex. More than thirty different types of bacteria, viruses and parasites can cause STI.

Types of STDs:

Sexually transmitted diseases include:

What are the symptoms of STD?

All STDs do not show symptoms so treatments can sometimes get delayed. But some infections come with some symptoms:

Symptoms of STDs in Men:

  • Penile discharge
  • Painful inter course
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Painless sore around penis

Symptoms of STDs in Women:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Whitish vaginal or painful inter course
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Painless sore around vagina
  • Heavy greenish discharge with a foul odour
  • Vaginal itching or burning around the vagina

How to diagnose STDs?

Many home testing kits are available to check your hunch if you experience any of the symptoms regarding STD's. Don't solely rely on them as they may not always reliable.

Regular screening with a Pap smear Test can prevent or detect most cases of early-stage HPV caused cervical cancer. Always remember to get tested for STDs at the doctor’s clinic or in a hospital. Don't just rely on home testing kits.

How treatment of STDs are done?

  • Chlamydia: Persons with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days after the single dose of antibiotics or until the completion of a seven day course of antibiotics.
  • Genital herpes: It cannot be cured but can be controlled with medications.
  • HPV: It cannot be cured but can be prevented with vaccines and controlled with medications.
  • Syphilis: It can be treated with a single injection of antibiotic if recognized during the early stages, usually within one year of infection. If not it could not be recognized during early stages, then syphilis may need longer period treatment with antibiotics.
  • Trichomoniasis: It can be treated with a single dose of antibiotics, usually either metronidazole or tinidazole, taken by mouth.
  • Hepatitis B: It can be treated with antiviral medications and can be prevented with vaccination.
  • Gonorrhoea: It can be treated with antibiotics.
  • HIV/ Aids: Persons who may have a higher risk of HIV infection can obtain HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis or PrEP which consist of HIV medication known as Truvada from their doctors and should take this consistently to prevent HIV. AIDS can be prevented in those who are suffering from HIV by early initiation of antiretroviral therapy.

Some of these diseases can be treated with antibiotics like azithromycin, cefixime and metronidazole. Treatments can reduce the symptoms and progression of most of these infections.

Are there any side effects of STD treatment?

Medicines for the treatment or control of sexually transmitted diseases may cause some side effects such as an allergic reaction, have itching, redness and swelling in the skin. Some kind of germs may even cause development of cancer. Some viral infections like hepatitis B and HIV can cause serious illness and may result in death. Medications for chlamydia can cause nausea and vomiting, belly pain or cramps, vaginal itching or discharge.

After the treatment with antibiotics, patient who was suffering from syphilis can experience fever, headaches, joint or muscle pain and nausea and chills. Side effects of HIV medication are- hypersensitivity reaction, anemia, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, neuropathy, rash, insomnia, fatigue, loss of appetite etc. like this many other medications for other STDs may have side effects.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Even if the symptoms go away during the treatment patients must continue their course of medication. Doctors will generally prescribe blood tests to ensure that the patients are responding to the medications given. Sex partners must be get tested too if they need.

It is suggested to avoid unsafe sex and to use condoms while having sexual intercourse as the person has a chance of getting re-infected with the disease. For some infections, it is suggested to get tested regularly for sexually transmitted diseases.

Can STD be cured?

Many STDs can be cured with antibiotics or other treatments:

  • Trichomoniasis
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Chlamydia

Which STD is not curable?

Few STDs can’t be cured but can still be managed with treatments

  • HPV
  • Genital herpes
  • HIV

STDs from oral sex:

Oral sex is a form of sexual activity that involves the use of mouth, lips, or tongue to arouse the sex organ (penis or vagina) or anus of a sex partner. Although the risk of contracting STDs from oral sex is far lower than other forms of sex, it is still significant. In fact, exposing yourself to unprotected oral sex multiple times can increase your risk of getting infected with STDs.

Therefore, you should take the following measures to reduce your risk of getting STDs from oral sex:

  • For mouth-to-penis oral sex: Envelope the penis with a non-lubricated latex condom.
  • For mouth-to-vagina contact or mouth to anus contact: Use a dental dam

Risk factors of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

There are certain factors that can affect your likelihood of contracting or developing Sexually Transmitted Disease. Those are:

  • Having unprotected sex
  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Drug abuse
  • Sharing needles

Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention

There are certain measures you can take in order to reduce your risk of contracting STDs. Some of those ways are:

  • Practice safe sex
  • Avoid multiple sex partners
  • Get yourself vaccinated
  • Avoid alcohol or drug abuse

What is the cost of STD treatment in India?

Cost of treatment will be determined by fees of doctor and the type of STD a patient is affected with, stage of the disease and medications chosen for a particular patient. Many low cost STD checking packages are also available. Cost of treatment will vary.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Permanency cannot be guaranteed in many cases because infections can return or the symptoms or infection may not have disappeared with the treatment. But there have been many cases where the curable diseases have been effectively cured.

What are the home remedies to the treat STD's?

Amongst many home remedies:

  • Echinacea is highly appreciated as this herb is used to treat many infections including STDs as it boosts immune system and stimulate hormone secretion in the body
  • Garlic can prevent the risks of STDs as garlics contain antiviral and germ killing power that may effectively purify the whole system.
  • Yogurt is very well known for its natural probiotics which make it ideal for fighting with the infections throughout the body.
  • Probiotics can help in the growth of good bacteria in the body.
  • Lemon juice which can reduce the pain associated with the STDs through its astringent properties, lemon balm, aloe vera gel, neem leaves, milk thistle, cranberry juice, tea tree oil etc.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir I am 24 years old I am facing penis itching problem during the location period I can not go nay hospital so give me a treatment.

M.B.B.S, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Andrology
Andrologist, Jaipur
Hello, most common cause of itching in genital area now days is sweat because its summer. I would suggest you to keep the genital area clean and dry by using talcum powder. If there is redness or pain or any uncontrollable itching then you should ...

45 year male. Last week of august 2019 did oral sex (kissed lips and sucked the vagina) without any protection n also vaginal sex with condom. From mid-october ‘19 health is not well like redness in eyes, pain in eyes, fatigue, loss of appetite, always sleepiness, mild fever (never crossed 98.5 degrees), little pain under the feet, burning sensation in the stomach. Consulted doctor in january 2020. 19.1.20 – vijaya diagnostics, hyderabad – chlamydia igg – 0.4 & igm -0.56 -----rpr-vdrl – non reactive, cbc/cbp-normal, esr-normal, immunoglobulin e (ige)- 23.21 (<100 normal iu/ml), immunoglobulin g (igg)- 1570 (700-1600 mg/dl -ref range) (1) rubella igg - reactive [> 500.0] – cmia, reactive:=/> 10.0 iu/ml anti rubella -igm antibodies nonreactive [0.24] – cmia, =/> 1.60 index (2) anti cmv - igg antibodies: reactive [241.7] – cmia, reactive:=/> 6.0 au/ml anti cmv-igm antibodies: nonreactive [0.20] – cmia, reactive:> 1.0 index (3) anti hsv ii - igg antibodies: positive (28.39)-elisa, positive:>/= 22 ru/ml anti hsv ii - igm antibodies: negative (0.15)- elisa, positive:>/= 1.1 ratio hsv 1 igg - negative (2.0), positive:>/= 22 ru/ml, - elisa hsv 1 igm – negative (0.14) positive:>/= 1.1 ratio - elisa esr – 4 (range 0-15 mm/hr), cbc/cbp – total normal hiv I & ii – western blot - negative 02.01.2020- Dr. lal path labs, hyderabad hsv 1 & ii igg – 1.24, & hsv 1 & ii igm – 0.49 07.01.2020 – thyrocare, bombay rubella - igg e.l.i.s.a - 4.48, rubella - igm e.l.i.s.a - 0.63 cytomegalo virus (cmv) - igg e.l.i.s.a - 3.6, cytomegalo virus (cmv) - igm e.l.i.s.a - 0.34 herpes simplex virus I (hsv)-igm e.l.i.s.a - 0.49, herpes simplex virus I (hsv)-igg e.l.i.s.a - 0.17 herpes simplex virus ii (hsv)-igg e.l.i.s.a - 0.4, herpes simplex virus ii (hsv)-igm e.l.i.s.a - 0.53 range: negative:< 0.80,equivocal: 0.80 - 1.20, positive:> 1.20 hiv I & ii – elisa, hbsag & hepatitis c – all 3 are negative doctor advised immune boosters along with acyclovir 800 mg two times a day medicines used for 22 days (20.01.20 to 13.2.2020) and then stopped completely and again went for the following tests 15.2.20 – aarthi scans and labs, chennai hsv ii igg – 0.34 ((>1.2 positive), hsv ii igm – 0.42 (>1.2 positive) - elisa hbsag, hepatitis c – negative 19.02.20 – apollo diagnostics, hyderabad hsv ii igg – 0.41 (>1.2 positive) 20.3.20 – nabl reputed laboratory rubella - negative, cmv – negative, hsv I – negative, hsv – ii – negative (method: immunoblot) please advise about my condition. I am better now but still sometimes often mild fever, pain in eyes, sleepiness, fatigue and mild fever. Am I cleared or free from hsv ii, cmv, rubella viruses. Any chance of viruses may be dormant in the nerve cells like hsv ii. Am I need to take medicines now like acyclovir etc. Please advise. What is my present and future condition.

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
You have done tests like mad, it's hiv phobia, part of ocd. It will be much better if you can please take private consult with audio video chat and then I can guide you properly and explain you what is to be done. Ideally you need a good personal ...

I am 21 years old. I am having itching in penis and a pimple has come on my bladder area. I applied mupirocin ointment i.p. But no good results.

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
That won't help. Please take a teleconsultation, private consult with audio video chat and then I can guide you properly and explain you what is to be done.

I'm suffering from inner thighs, scrotum,penis skin itching problems & issue. It get very itchy & scratchy sometimes. This problem is from many years it comes & go. I have been using zole f, propyderm, propyzenta, tyza creams & ointments. Kindly suggest cream without steroids. I need permanent solution from this.

Dermatologist, Chennai
it's fungus infection...Fungus or yeast infection....common around skin folds like thighs and genitals.. avoid sweating, sharing clothes,towels and soap.. specific medicine required depends on the severity.. for detailed prescription do direct onl...
1 person found this helpful

Few days back I felt itching in my penis, that time I didn't notice much, next day I saw my penis tip is bit swollen, and since then it is just like that, as I try to retract back my foreskin it pains and it got teared at some parts .what should I do to get rid of swelling. As I understand it is problem balanitis (balanoposthitis) kindly help me.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. Penile itching could be due to many factors. Men who are uncircumcised (who have the foreskin remaining around the penis) are prone to balanitis, an inflammation of the foreskin that is often caused by poor hygiene, irritation, or infec...

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