STD full form is sexually transmitted diseases. These are infections that are commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex, or oral sex. More than thirty different types of bacteria, viruses and parasites can cause STI.
Sexually transmitted diseases include:
All STDs do not show symptoms so treatments can sometimes get delayed. But some infections come with some symptoms:
Many home testing kits are available to check your hunch if you experience any of the symptoms regarding STD's. Don't solely rely on them as they may not always reliable.
Regular screening with a Pap smear Test can prevent or detect most cases of early-stage HPV caused cervical cancer. Always remember to get tested for STDs at the doctor’s clinic or in a hospital. Don't just rely on home testing kits.
STDs are usually transmitted during sexual activities. It can be transmitted during oral, vaginal, anal sex and close skin-to-skin contact. The possibility of transmission of STDs in absence of sexual activities is bleak. However, the transmission may occur theoretically.
Medicines for the treatment or control of sexually transmitted diseases may cause some side effects such as an allergic reaction, have itching, redness and swelling in the skin. Some kind of germs may even cause development of cancer. Some viral infections like hepatitis B and HIV can cause serious illness and may result in death. Medications for chlamydia can cause nausea and vomiting, belly pain or cramps, vaginal itching or discharge.
After the treatment with antibiotics, patient who was suffering from syphilis can experience fever, headaches, joint or muscle pain and nausea and chills. Side effects of HIV medication are- hypersensitivity reaction, anemia, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, neuropathy, rash, insomnia, fatigue, loss of appetite etc. like this many other medications for other STDs may have side effects.
Even if the symptoms go away during the treatment patients must continue their course of medication. Doctors will generally prescribe blood tests to ensure that the patients are responding to the medications given. Sex partners must be get tested too if they need.
It is suggested to avoid unsafe sex and to use condoms while having sexual intercourse as the person has a chance of getting re-infected with the disease. For some infections, it is suggested to get tested regularly for sexually transmitted diseases.
Many STDs can be cured with antibiotics or other treatments:
Few STDs can’t be cured but can still be managed with treatments
Oral sex is a form of sexual activity that involves the use of mouth, lips, or tongue to arouse the sex organ (penis or vagina) or anus of a sex partner. Although the risk of contracting STDs from oral sex is far lower than other forms of sex, it is still significant. In fact, exposing yourself to unprotected oral sex multiple times can increase your risk of getting infected with STDs.
Therefore, you should take the following measures to reduce your risk of getting STDs from oral sex:
There are certain factors that can affect your likelihood of contracting or developing Sexually Transmitted Disease. Those are:
There are certain measures you can take in order to reduce your risk of contracting STDs. Some of those ways are:
Cost of treatment will be determined by fees of doctor and the type of STD a patient is affected with, stage of the disease and medications chosen for a particular patient. Many low cost STD checking packages are also available. Cost of treatment will vary.
Permanency cannot be guaranteed in many cases because infections can return or the symptoms or infection may not have disappeared with the treatment. But there have been many cases where the curable diseases have been effectively cured.
STDs caused by bacteria like chlamydia usually require two weeks of treatment if the treatment is initiated early in the course of Illness. STDs caused by viruses like HIV, Hepatitis, Herpes, Human papillomavirus, and cytomegaloviruses can only be managed symptomatically, though they will remain for a lifetime.
Amongst many home remedies:
Summary: Sexually Transmitted Diseases may be due to bacterial, fungal, or viral infections. The common STDs are syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, Mycoplasma genitalium, Neisseria meningitides, Shigella flexneri, and Lymphogranuloma venereum which are seeing an upsurge in cases and an increased incidence of antibiotic resistance. They can be treated by the application of some of the antibiotics such as in the case of gonorrhea, third-generation antibiotics like ceftriaxone are preferred, while in the case of chlamydia, antibiotics like azithromycin are suitable for treating the disease.