Hydrocele basically refers to a type of swelling that occurs specifically in the scrotum. It happens when there is too much fluid buildup between the thin sheath that surrounds the testicles. This condition is actually very common in newborns and gets treated on its own. However, it can also appear in adult males due to an injury in the testicles or an inflammation.
In men, however, the condition can indicate underlying problems or can even lead to further problems like infections in the area or testicular cancer. Therefore, it is important to get a check-up as soon as possible. The more the inflammation in the area increases, the more the chances of it becoming painful. Surgery is usually the recommended course of treatment.
There are two types of hydroceles:
In boys, the only symptom can be swelling of one or both testicles. In adult men, it might cause heaviness of a swollen scrotum. Due to which the pain increases with the size of inflammation.
Non communicating hydrocele does not change the size while communicating hydrocele gets bigger day by day. Fluid also oozes out of it when the scrotum is squeezed gently and the fluid moves out from the scrotum to belly.
It is a painless buildup of watery fluid around one or both testicles. This causes the scrotum or groin area to swell. A sac of fluid crashes with each testicle.
For diagnosing hydrocele, the doctor will perform some physical tests:
The treatment for hydrocele or hernia begins with an initial diagnosis which is followed by surgical treatments such as aspiration and hydrocelectomy.
A hydrocele is one of the most prevalent diseases in infants. This persists up to a year but goes away eventually. But it can come back at any age later in life. If it does not heal on its own, you may need to get surgery. Apart from surgery, these things can be done to get rid of it:
Any person with swelling in the scrotum is eligible for the treatment as long as they have been diagnosed with hydrocele.
Swelling in the scrotum can be caused by testicular issues or inflammation are not eligible for the treatment. The doctors prefer to treat the patients who are above 12 months.
The side effects include bruising, swelling in the scrotum and groin area is completely normal after a hydroelectric. It normally goes away within 1 to 2 weeks on its own.
As your incisions heal, you may experience a little bit of itching as well. There will be slight pain in your scrotum and groin area immediately after the surgery. All of these are normal for someone who has just been through surgery. Sometimes, the stress of surgery also leads to a slight rise in body temperature. You can ask your doctor to monitor this in case it is a sign of an infection.
Once the surgery is over, there are certain guidelines to be followed. The first is not to strain too much when you are having a bowel movement. This is because it can put unnecessary pressure on your groin and cause more pain. Irregular bowel movements after surgery are normal so be sure to include fibre in your diet to combat this. You will have to avoid strenuous physical activity for at least 48 hours after the surgery.
This is mainly because of the fact that you have had general anaesthesia. Thus, you should not be driving or operating any type of heavy machinery. Do not lift anything that is heavy for at least two weeks. You cannot ride a bike or bicycle. You also cannot have sex for at least 2 weeks and this includes all sexual activities.
The recovery time from the surgery is usually around two weeks on an average, though it may take slightly more or less than that. This is because everyone responds differently to surgeries and medicines and some people tend to heal faster than others. The recovery from the condition is almost instantaneous. Of course, that may not be apparent as the surgery itself will leave its own fair share of swelling and pain.
The price of getting the treatment in India varies from hospital to hospital. On average, it can range from anywhere between Rs. 20,000 to Rs 1,00,000. Metropolitan cities are more expensive than smaller towns, which is why there is a fair bit of difference in the price range that you can expect.
The results of the treatment of Hydrocele are permanent. When the condition occurs in infants, it normally goes away on its own and you can expect it to never return again. In adults, the condition is usually caused due to a specific reason like an injury and once it is treated, it does not return (unless you injure yourself in the groin again).
There are no alternative home remedies to treat hydrocele. The only way to get rid of it is to see a professional doctor and follow the treatment plan laid out for you.