Niger plant seeds are smaller in size and black colored. It bears a fairly thick, adherent seed coat and can be stored for up to a year without deterioration. Niger seed contains proteins, oil and soluble sugars.
Niger seed is highly rich in protein and fatty acids. It is a good source of linoleic acid and consists of essential nutrients like niacin, oleic acid, carbohydrates, protein, fibers, stearic acid, riboflavin and ascorbic acids. Niger seed oil is also very rich in important minerals like sodium, magnesium, zinc, calcium, copper and potassium.
This oil has a high level of Omega 3 fatty acid and lineloic acid. It balances cholesterol level in the body. Niger seed oil helps to prevent heart diseases and protects from heart stroke and heart attacks.
Magnesium, potassium and zinc are some of the key minerals that are found in niger seed oil. These can also affect the hormonal levels in the body. These minerals help to stabilize Circadian rhythms and also induces the release of certain neurotransmitters that the body needs for proper rest, particularly magnesium. Niger oil and its minerals are beneficial for curing insomnia or chronic restlessness while sleeping,
The antioxidants found in niger oil helps to stimulate the healing processes and soothes inflammation. They can also prevent infections in the skin by improving the immune reactivity at the site of wounds or lacerations. Antioxidants also neutralize free radicals, which can lower the appearance of wrinkles and age spots. on the skin.
Protein, fiber, riboflavin, vitamin C and other carbohydrates present in niger oil play important role in the healing processes. Niger seed oil gives instant relief from irritation caused due to wounds with the help of niacin, oleic acidstearic acid,ascorbic acid etc.
The antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds found in niger seed oil help to treat patiens with arthritis, gout, rheumatism, fever, or high blood pressure. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals, which can cause oxidative stress and result in inflammation.
Niger seed oil can soothe gastrointestinal problems, including constipation, bloating, cramping, hemorrhoids and general stomach upset. The oil can help to coat the stomach and lowers bad bacteria in the gut.
Niger seed oil is a rich source of proteins, carbohydrates and other essential nutrients. These constituents of niger oil are responsible for enhancing and regulating metabolism function. Niger seeds oil can neutralize the body pH level thereby keeping our body hydrated all the time.
Niger seeds oil is a good pain reliever. Its beneficial therapeutic properties, give effective relief from aches and pains and application of niger seed oil as massage or consumption can cause relief to the person.
Use of niger seed oil can add weight in a healthy way. It helps to regain weight after some illness or during recovery.
Niger oil is also used to protect the body against cold and flu,cure rheumatism, remove insomnia,improve blood ccirculation. It also safeguards the skin against allergies, curbs morning sickness, etc.
Niger seed oil overuse can cause bleeding disorders by slowing blood clotting process and increasing the risk of bleeding. Also, it is not advised to pregnant women.
Niger plant was originally cultivated in the Ethiopian highlands.It is also cultivated in other countries including Africa, Mexico, Germany, Brazil, Nepal, India as well as other parts of Southeast Asia. Nijer seed requires moderate rainfall between 1000–1250 mm annually and moist soil to grow properly. Niger should be grown in light black soils or brownish loam with sufficient depth. It can also be grown on well drained heavy soils or rocky laterite soils.Nijer plants can grow in semi-shade or without shade.