In healthy people, the acid remains in the stomach with the help of the diaphragm. A hiatal hernia causes the condition of acid reflux or acidity. During an acid reflux, the acid can move up to the esophagus.
The factors that can cause acid reflux are pregnancy, sleeping directly after eating a meal, eating spicy food, drinking coffee or soda and obesity. This can lead to symptoms such as heartburn, nausea, an acidic taste in the mouth and a few other symptoms. In some cases, acidity can be a symptom of a serious condition called gastroesophageal reflux disease. In rare cases, this condition might even require surgery. However like in most cases of acid reflux, it can be treated with medicines and dietary changes as well as lifestyle changes.
In general acidity or acid reflux can be treated with the help of medication along with alterations in your diet and lifestyle. A general physician may recommend treatment with the help of antacids. These antacids neutralize the effect of the acid in the stomach. But if antacids are taken in excess they can cause side effects such as constipation or even diarrhea. In case if the symptoms turn severe then there are H2 blocker medicines that can help treat acid reflux. They help heal the esophagus and inhibit the production of acid in the stomach.
The best method to treat acidity is with changes in diet and lifestyle. Most cases of acidity are treated using these methods along with medications.
There are various medicines that are available for the treatment of acidity. The doctor will prescribe medication on the basis of the severity of the acid reflux condition. Antacids like Gelusil, Alka-Seltzers, Rantac and Zantac are prescribed to treat acidity. This medication should be taken according to the doctor’s prescription for around 2 to 4 weeks. Different types of medication like antacids or even H2 receptor blockers such as famotidine and ranitidine work efficiently in treating acid reflux.
In rare cases when medications do not have much effect, a surgery called Fundoplication is used to treat acid reflux. General anesthesia will be administered before the fundoplication surgery begins so that the patient is unconscious during the surgery. The surgeon will then make an incision in the chest or the abdomen and insert a small tube through the abdomen. He/she will then make an artificial valve using the top part of the stomach. The procedure will help fix a hiatal hernia and prevent the occurrence of acid reflux in the future.
You are eligible for this treatment:
Most people who experience acid reflux are eligible for this treatment with medications. The doctor might not recommend treatment in the following cases:
There are certain side effects of the medications as well as the surgery used in the treatment of acidity. The side effects include:
It is advisable to make certain alterations in your lifestyle in order to treat and prevent the condition of acid reflux. The following are the steps you should take after post acid reflux treatment:
In a fundoplication surgery, the tube inserted during surgery will be removed a week later. The patient will be discharged a few days after the surgery. Recovery from the procedure might require three to four weeks.
With a course of antacids, the treatment should take effect in two to three weeks.
The price of fundoplication surgery in India ranges from Rs 20,000 to Rs 80,000. Whereas, the price for medicines to treat acidity range from Rs 35 to Rs 100.
In most cases the results of a fundoplication surgery are permanent. However, sometimes acid reflux can reoccur. It treats the condition and the symptoms are alleviated. Treatment for acidity with medications is also efficient but the symptoms can recur.