Gynecomastia is the swelling of breast tissue in men. Imbalance of hormones estrogen and testosterone causes gynecomastia affecting one or both breasts unevenly. Underlying conditions like malnutrition, hypogonadism and cirrhosis may also be its cause. This condition can affect all age groups- newborns, boys going through puberty as well as older men. Gynecomastia is generally a harmless problem but it may be uncomfortable and embarrassing for the person who is going through it. It take on the self esteem of the person and decreases the self confidence. You must consult a doctor if you feel pain, swelling, tenderness or nipple discharge in one or both breasts. In some cases, it may go away on its own. If the problem persists, you may have to go undergo medications or surgery to get rid of it.
You will have to undergo blood tests and mammograms to determine the cause of gynecomastia. If your condition is detected at an early stage, the doctor may prescribe you with medications like tamoxifen, raloxifene and aromatase inhibitors. In most cases, this problem can get solved by these medications. If medications do not work, there are surgeries that can be done remove the male breast. Liposuction is a surgery that is a popular preference. It will remove fat and not the breast gland tissue making the appearance of your body much better. Mastectomy is a surgery that will remove the breast gland tissue itself. Small incisions are used to do this surgery. It is done when there is a high chance that the problem may increase in the future.
If you are a male, who is facing uncomfortable and painful male breasts, you may consult a doctor and go for any of these treatments.
Slight increase in the size of breasts may heal on its own. Do not panic. Give it some time before going for a treatment.
The medications may cause temporary nausea, itchiness or redness in skin, headache and fatigue. Do not worry; these effects go away after some time. Surgeries may leave you with scars or spots on your body.
You should stay away from alcohol and drugs. Consume a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Follow the instructions provided by your doctor.
The time period of recovery depends on the severity of your condition. It may take one to six months to recover completely.
Liposuction may cost between ₹50000 and ₹250000. The cost of mastectomy may be between ₹100000 and ₹150000.
The results of the treatment are mostly permanent.
Gynecomastia goes away on its own in about two years, if left untreated.
Rs 50,000 - Rs 2,50,000