A healthy kidney has the function of filtering around 1500 liters of blood every day. If the kidneys fail to work properly, waste can accumulate in the blood. This can lead to serious health issues, resulting in coma and even death.
When the kidneys cannot function properly, a person needs to undergo dialysis to keep his/her body in balance. Dialysis performs the of your kidneys until they are functional. The process of dialysis removes waste, salt as well as the extra water, thus preventing them from accumulating in your body. It also ensures to keep certain chemicals in the blood like sodium, bicarbonate, and potassium within optimal levels. Lastly, dialysis also helps in controlling the blood pressure.
Dialysis is mainly of two types; hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In hemodialysis, a hemodialyzer (artificial kidney) is used for removing the waste and extra chemicals from the blood. The peritoneal dialysis involves a surgery where a catheter is implanted in the stomach area, and a fluid named dialysate flows into the abdomen. This fluid draws out the waste from your abdomen after which it is drained out.
A dialysis can be done in the dialysis unit of the hospital or at your home. The doctor decides on the location based on your preferences and the status of your condition.
There are mainly two types of dialysis treatment that a patient can undergo:
You may need to undergo dialysis in the following conditions:
Dialysis is usually not recommended for the following people:
Dialysis can have the following side effects:
Listed below are some of the post treatment guidelines of a dialysis patient:
The recovery time after undergoing a dialysis varies from person to person. For some it can be 2 hours, for some it is 4 to 6 hours and for few, it takes almost 12 hours to recover completely after the treatment.
The cost of getting a hemodialysis can vary from Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 15,000 per month. A peritoneal dialysis can cost between Rs. 18,000 to Rs. 20,000 per month.
Dialysis can improve the condition of your kidneys and the quality of your life if the damage is in the initial stages. After a few sessions, you can stop the treatment. In the case of a chronic disorder, there is a possibility that you may need to undergo dialysis for the rest of your life.
There are no alternatives to the treatment of dialysis.