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Health Benefits of Red Wine, Uses And Its Side Effects

Last Updated: Sep 01, 2020

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A glass of red wine is loaded with antioxidants that have infinite health benefits to human body. The primary function of antioxidants present in red wine is to counter free radicals that strengthen the immunity.

Furthermore, the presence of resveratrol in red wine improves cholesterol that helps manage diabetes and fight obesity. And the flavonoids present in red wine inhibits the ROS (reactive oxygen species) thus protecting us from the harmful UV rays.

Red Wine

Red wine is made from black or red grapes using the must (pulp) of the grapes, however the fermentation process is carried out together with the grape skin which gives colour to the wine. During the fermentation alchohol, sugar and yeast are added to it . The quality, taste, colour, aroma and alchohol content may vary depending upon the wine maker.

Nutritional Value of Red Wine

Again the nutritional value of red wine may also vary from place to place depending on the amount of sugar and alcohol content. No matter what the content, red wine is full of antioxidants, especially flavonoids and Resveratrol.

The average calorie per 100ml of red wine may range from 50 to 85. Other minerals found in red wine are fluoride, manganese, potassium, iron, vitamin B6 and B12, phosphorus and choline.

Nutritional facts Per 1 Glass/125ml


Health Benefits of Red Wine

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Drink red wine in the limit to get all these health benefits mentioned below. But the consumption of red wine in excess can lead to various side effects as well as health issues. So try to drink in the limit. We also share cultivation and processing details of red wine with you to understand, how red wine offers all these health benefits to you.

Red Wine boost heart health

The presence of antioxidant in red wine makes it beneficial for cardiovascular health. It increases the good cholesterol (HDL) and prevents the build up of cholesterol boosting the heart health. Revestrol protects the linings of blood vessels and reduce blood clots.

Red Wine is also responsible for keeping the fat cells from maturing. And by activating a protein called sirtuin 1, it also protects the heart from inflammation.

Red wine good for diabetic patients

Moderate consumption of red wine has shown a decrease in cardiometabolic risks in people suffering from type 2 diabetes. Ethanol present in wine plays a vital role in metabolizing body glucose. As revesterol keeps in check the spikes and drop in blood pressure levels, people who consume red wine moderately are 30% safer from inflammation.

Red wine raise omega 3 fatty acid

Consumption of red wine can increase level of omega 3 fatty acids. High levels of omega 3 fatty acids acts as a shield against coronary heart diseases. Red wine is a major source of raising omega 3 fatty acids in plasma and red blood cells. Omega 3 fatty acids are also responsible for the overall cardiovascular health.

Anti aging properties of red wine

One of the most common known facts is that red wine helps in anti ageing. Yes, that’s true. Since red wine has high amount of antioxidants like flavonoids, resveratrol and tannin which restore collagen and elastic fiber to fight ageing. Moreover, the polyphenols help transform a dull complexion to give you a radiant glow.

Red wine for breast cancer prevention

High estrogen (women hormone) levels encourage the growth of cancer cells which is further increased by alchohol consumption. However, the AIs (aromatase inhibitors) present in red wine reduces estrogen levels and increases testosterone in woman approaching menopause.

Red wine prevents obesity

Revesterol present in red wine acts as a catalyst in converting the bad fat into calorie-burning brown fat (also called bige fat). It further enhances the oxidation of dietary fats and prevents the body from being overloaded.

The total process of conversion of white fat into brown fat that finally burns of as heat, thus preventing obesity and metabolic dysfunction.

Red wine prevents sunburn

Red wine reduces the harmful effects of the UV rays and can protect us from severe sunburn. UV rays activates ROS ( reactive oxygen species) , which oxidize fats, DNA and other molecule. As a result of which other enzymes are stimulated that harm skin cells. Flavonoids restricts the ROS in skin cells that are exposed to UV rays.

Red wine benefits for brain health

The red wine molecules are tasteless and flavorless, yet they stimulate the brain to create that sensation, in return making the gray matter of your brain work harder thus boosting your brain health.

Resveratrol present in red wine stimulates a stress response gene, which helps protect our DNA during times of stress.

Red wine for skin whitening & beauty

Red wine are filled with antioxidants such as flavonoids, resveratrol and tannin it is used as face pack to treat acne, wrinkles and blemishes. The anti inflammatory and antiseptic quality of red wine repairs skin damage and wrinkles and helps in anti ageing.

Uses of Red Wine

Its one of the most exquisite and fancy beverage used across the globe. Also Red Wine used as an appetizer with dinner in many parts of the globe. Since Red Wine has an excess amount of anti oxidants used as face packs and face massages to treat skin problems. Also used as a flavouring agent in preparation of cuisines.


Allergies and Side-Effects of Red Wine

The great point of worry, while consuming red wine is the alcohol content. Alchohol may interact with metronidazole causing severe health issues such as vomiting, stomach upset, sweating headache and increased heartbeat. Excessive consumption of red wine may cause your blood to dilute and even cancer.

Cultivation of Red Wine

Red wine originated somewhere in the Caucasus region ( between Europe and asia) most probably in Georgia or iran dating back to as early as 6000 B.C. Red wine has a very distorted history because of the varities of red grapes cultivated in different parts of the world. Fermentation is the process used for making red wines which may vary from place to place in terms of method, time, pressing and aging resulting in different aroma, colour and alchohol content.


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    Written ByDrx Hina FirdousPhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child CarePharmacology
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    Reviewed ByDt. Ms. Shilpa MarwahB.Sc (Home Science), Post Graduation Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health NutritionDietitian/Nutritionist

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