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Overview

Hoarseness: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hoarseness is also known as hoarse voice.

How is the treatment done?

Hoarseness of voice is extremely common; and it's actually a symptom of some of the other disease rather than a disease in itself. A hoarse voice typically sounds raspy, breathy or even strained and is characterized by a change in the pitch or volume when the person speaks. Hoarseness is generally caused by disorders that affect the vocal folds, which are basically that part of the voice box or larynx that produce sound. Common conditions that can cause hoarseness include a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, common cold, voice abuse, smoking, gastroesophageal reflux, allergies, trauma to the voice box, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid problems and neurological disorders. The diagnosis of hoarseness is carried out by examining the voice box of the affected individual with the help of a laryngoscope. In certain cases, X-rays and other lab tests may also be performed. There's no fixed treatment for hoarseness as it is dependent upon what caused it in the first place. However, all the methods of the treatment employed ensure success so patients have nothing to worry about. Hoarseness can also be prevented by drinking plenty of water and avoiding alcohol, caffeine and smoking.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

As mentioned before the treatment of hoarseness is entirely dependent on the cause. So for example, if the hoarseness is the result of cold, cough drops and syrups can be used to fix it. In other cases, where hoarseness is caused by smoking for example, quitting smoking helps in treating this symptom. Medical experts also recommend resting the voice as much as possible as treatment option. Where resting is not possible, modification of the voice is suggested. Patients may also be advised to stay away from second-hand smoke in order to treat themselves as well as drink plenty of fluids. Only in the worst cases, where the voice box develops polyps or nodules, is when surgery is recommended. The surgery that is carried out is known as vocal cord surgery. In this surgery, general anesthesia is administered to the patient. The surgery is carried out with the help of a microscope and micro-instruments, which are inserted through the patient's mouth. The surgery is then either performed with the help of a laryngoscope or a lasers.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Anyone who suffers from a hoarse voice is eligible for treatment methods such as behavioral and dietary modifications as well as medication. Surgery is only reserved for severe cases.

Are there any side effects?

For those whom hoarseness is caused by cancer of the larynx, they may not be eligible to the treatment options mentioned here.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

One can expect zero side effects from the behavioral and dietary modifications adopted as treatments for hoarseness. Surgery, however, has some side effects, which are bruising of the lips, soft palate or the tongue, vocal cord bruising, infections and tooth chipping.

How long does it take to recover?

After recovering from hoarseness, patients are suggested to stay away from alcohol, coffee and cigarettes as well as drink plenty of water. Post-surgery, patients are asked to rest their voice completely for 48 hours. Whispering is not allowed either. Patients are also asked to take some time off from work and not drive at least till 48 hours after the surgery. Moreover, they may have to take painkillers every few hours to reduce the pain.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

For non-surgical treatment methods of hoarseness, recovery is instant. In the case of surgery, it takes about 2 weeks to recover completely.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Cough drops are sold for Re 1 per piece and cough syrup can cost around Rs 60. The surgery can cost around Rs 60,000.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The results of non-surgical are permanent as long as patients do not resume smoking or alcohol or strain their voices excessively again. Surgery offers permanent results.

Safety: Symptom Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Re 1 - Rs 60,000

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Popular Questions & Answers

I have screamed during a fight. Its been almost 5 months. From then I have been going through pitch problems during talking. There is always a feeling of hoarseness and breathless in my voice.

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Speech Therapist, Delhi
Screaming can cause damage in your vocal cords and result in voice change. Visit an ENT Doctor to rule out any damage in your vocal cords. Voice change can be cured by voice therapy by a speech pathologist. Take voice rest for sometime.
1 person found this helpful

Hi. My voice has become hoarse and not able to sing. Feels heavy throat. Sometime feels tightness in neck. Lot of mucus feels on one side of neck. Tongue is being pulled back when facing upwards. please help me resume my singing.

MS - Counselling & Psychotherapy, Master of Arts In Clinical Psychology, Bachelor of Arts - Psychology & English Literature
Psychologist, Coimbatore
Hi lybrate-user, you feel that your voice has changed. Okay, many reasons may be, it may be due to maturity or due to overuse. Do not worry. Relax. Give some rest to your voice as well. In the meantime check with ENT specialist, if everything is n...

I notices sudden change in my voice sound. My voice is like hoarse and vibrates when I speaks. When I clear my throat I found mucus coming out often. When I speaks people barely understand me. Am I suffering from any disease. If so what can I do to treat it, if it's curable. I really need to get rid of it. Because it effects my day to day activities since I experience it.

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You need to go for thyroid testing, as this is the main organ which deals in the small muscles of larynx, secondly this may be due to the dryness in the mouth as this can be improved by taking iron diet properly, and milk products.
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I'm 21 years old male, I have high pitch voice problem, my voice is like girls. Please suggest me some exercise or something like that.

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Exercises cannot help your voice and it seems to be genetic and you can consult a plastic surgeon to see if anything can be done.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
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Problems that create difficulty in speaking- I m an ENT specialist. I served in the army for 15 years, following which I am now in private practice in Vasant Vihar, South Delhi. Today, we will discuss hoarsness, or cracking of the voice or difficu...
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