Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Change Language

Anaphylaxis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency. It is a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that requires immediate recognition and intervention. It can be defined as any acute onset illness or hypotension or bronchospasm or upper airway obstruction with typical skin features like urticarial rash or erythema or flushing, and/or angioedema. It also involves respiratory, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal symptoms. Anaphylaxis is caused when a person is exposed to something they are allergic to and the body a reaction as a result of which, chemical substances are released by the body’s immune system. These substances flood the body and cause a critical condition called anaphylactic shock.

Anaphylaxis symptoms occur suddenly and can progress at a rapid pace. The early symptoms of anaphylaxis are mild, such as a runny nose, a skin rash or a sudden strange feeling. These symptoms can worsen and quickly lead to more serious problems. These include Trouble breathing, swelling or hives, tightness of the throat which causes hoarse voice, a feeling of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea. People also experience symptoms like fainting and dizziness. Their blood pressure falls suddenly and heart beat rate goes higher. Because of this, sometimes due to severity, people also face cardiac arrest.

Anaphylaxis is an emergency condition and patients should be given immediate treatment. Patient should be laid flat or made to sit. The first step for treating anaphylactic shock will be injecting epinephrine (adrenaline) immediately. This can reduce the severity of the allergic reaction and also remove the allergen to some extent. Doctors may give steroids and cortisone and antihistamines intravenously if allergens are high and symptoms do not fade away after epinephrine injection. These additional drugs help to reduce the inflammation in the air passages, improving the ability to breathe. Apart from this, use of beta-agonists such as albuterol also make breathing easier.

How is the treatment done?

In order to diagnose anaphylaxis, doctors first inquire about the personal medical history of the patient. He/she will find out the allergens and other causes the patient is allergic to. These will include food, drugs, insects or animals, dust etc. Blood test can also be done to measure the amount of a certain enzyme (tryptase) that can be elevated up to three hours after anaphylaxis.

Treatment needs to be prompt and appropriate for anaphylaxis. This is solely because this is a severe and life threatening disorder. The patient is given an injection of epinephrine or adrenaline that helps to reduce symptoms of allergy and control the allergen present in the body from reacting. This provides temporary relief to the patient. In case of breathing disturbances, that is slowing down of breathing or heart beat issues, patients are given CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This includes 18 beats per 30 minutes to reactivate proper beats. Other medicines like intravenous (IV) antihistamines and cortisone is provided to reduce inflammation of the air passages and improve breathing. Also, a beta-agonist (such as albuterol) can help to relieve breathing symptoms. If insect stings trigger the anaphylactic reaction, the treatment is long term. A series of allergy shots (immunotherapy) may reduce the body's allergic response and prevent a severe reaction in the future. It is always best to be cautious and avoid the allergen.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Anaphylaxis is a severe condition and often poses life threat, which is why people should seek immediate medical assistance and care even for any mild signs or symptoms of allergy. People prone to allergies, like peanut, shell fish, tree nuts etc. should always carry with them at least one dose of epinephrine. Even if the symptoms lower after injecting, people should visit a doctor to seek assistance.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?


Are there any side effects?

The first immediate treatment for anaphylaxis is injecting a dose of epinephrine or adrenaline. Unfortunately, use of adrenaline poses side effects on individuals. These side effects include anxiety, nervousness, headache, fear, palpitations, sweating, nausea and vomiting, pale skin, etc. Patients may face severe adverse conditions like dangerously high blood pressure with blurred vision and uneven heartbeat.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Anaphylaxis is severe and thus, people who have already suffered once, should be extra cautious not to let it occur again. Symptoms of second anaphylactic shock can be more severe than the first one and can stop heartbeat and breathing. The best post treatment guideline is to take measures to prevent it from recurring. People should wear masks or fully covered clothes to prevent allergens. Being allergic to food substances will require the person to be cautious about the ingredients before eating anything. They should avoid the cause of the allergic reaction as best as possible to avoid triggering reaction and secretion of chemical substances in the body. Carrying medical kit with adrenaline injection is a must for people once detected and treated with anaphylaxis.

How long does it take to recover?

Most people will take two or three days to recover from anaphylactic shock after treatment. The White blood cell count usually remain low and patients feel quite unwell and drained for up to a week.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Treatment of anaphylaxis can cost around Rs. 100- Rs. 1000. Epinephrine injections along with other medicines like antihistamines and steroids incur the cost for the treatment of anaphylaxis.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Results of each individual treatment is permanent. That is, anaphylaxis can be treated and cured with proper medicinal drugs. These drugs can restrict the allergens from causing further reactions in the body. They also act to kill the allergens and regulate proper heartbeat and respiratory rhythms. But, if the patient is again exposed to allergens, then reactions can be triggered in the body once again and anaphylactic shock can occur. So, in order to maintain the treatment for a long time, people need to be cautious enough to avoid triggering reactions in the body again.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Although alternative treatments or home remedies are not recommended for anaphylactic shock, it can help prevent further anaphylaxis in the patient. The risk of recurrence can be lowered to a great extent by the use of quercetin supplements daily. It is a type of plant product that helps to protect a person from severe allergic reactions. Also, vitamin C rich foods help to cope up faster with allergic reactions.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir/madam Are you given the painless vaccination for new born child and what is the package or per vaccination cost.

Fellowship In PCCM, Fellow-Pediatric Flexible Bronchoscopy, Fellowship In Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care, D.C.H., M.B.B.S
Pediatrician, Ahmedabad
6 weeks vaccine list. Painless - hexaxim around 3800 Rota - 800 approx PCV7 - 1600 approx depends which molecule your doc choose.
1 person found this helpful

My daughter is 14 years she suffering from allergic rhinitis. Often she has sneezing and cough problem. Advice which special doctor should I consult like chest specialist or ent specialist or any other.

Homeopathy Doctor, Chennai
In Allopathy, anti-histaminics or immunosuppressant medicines like steroids are used which only give temporary relief, with the problem returning once the medicine is stopped. On the other hand, during Homeopathy treatment of allergy is cured by s...
1 person found this helpful

I am Suffering From a Throat Infection. I Believe That It was caused Due To Usage Of colgate Plax (Mouthwash. Also I Have Broken Voice, Its Hurts and Provides a burning sensation when I Swallow My Own Spit. Its Hard To eat Something. I think I am Noticing Ulcers In the back Of My Throat.

MS otorhinolaryngology and head and neck surgery
ENT Specialist, Jaipur
Yes it seems you are having actue pharyngitis. But I don't think plax can cause it, it actually prevent it. You may have used high concentrate of plax repeatedly. Well get it checked up by an near by Dr. and take treatment. Mostly you will get hea...

Dr. I have swollen lymph nodes under my jaw and throat bleeding when cleaning my tongue ear pain also occurred. Sometimes headache over the right year. Of one month.

ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
Hi lybrate-user, Lymph node of recent origin are mostly due to mild infections. Lower jaw once usually comes with tongue ulcers, tonsilitis or pharyngitis. You can examine yourself infront of the mirror for the above and using saline gargle daily ...
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Symptoms Of Gastrointestinal Problems!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Advanced endoscopy, Fellowship in Endoscopic Ultrasound(EUS), Observer fellowship in NBI and ESD, Fellowship in Hepatology
Gastroenterologist, Bhopal
Symptoms Of Gastrointestinal Problems!
Gastrointestinal Disorders Symptoms - a. Dysphagia: It means difficulty in swallowing. Dysphagia is due to problems in the brain or food pipe. The causes of dysphagia are a stroke, oesophagal web or stricture, oesophagal growth or cancer, motility...
1505 people found this helpful

In Detail About Colorectal Disorders!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Advanced endoscopy, Fellowship in Endoscopic Ultrasound(EUS), Observer fellowship in NBI and ESD, Fellowship in Hepatology
Gastroenterologist, Bhopal
In Detail About Colorectal Disorders!
Problems of the large intestine are very common and patients should usually consult gastroenterologists for the proper diagnosis and treatment 1. Bleeding per rectum: Bleeding through the anal canal or rectum is usually the most common problem of ...
1298 people found this helpful

Flatulence - How Can It Be Managed?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Flatulence - How Can It Be Managed?
Flatulence, known as farting, is a medical term for releasing gas from the digestive system through the anus. It occurs when gas collects inside the digestive system; however, one should not worry because it is a normal process. Flatulence is due ...
2615 people found this helpful

5 Common Stomach Disorders!

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, DNB (Medical), MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
5 Common Stomach Disorders!
A healthy digestive system is a boon for any person, but very few people in the world have immaculate digestion. Disorders related to digestion can create serious issues, which may, in the future, lead to severe and chronic diseases. Here is a loo...
2742 people found this helpful

HIV - How It Can Impact The Overall Health?

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
HIV - How It Can Impact The Overall Health?
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a genus of Retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over a period leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), if left neglected and untreated. HIV infected person over the months to ...
3559 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
ACLS,POST GRADUATE COURSE IN RHEUMATOLOGY,Fellowship in Diabetes,MBBS,Post Graduate Course In Rheumatology,MD - Medicine,Masters in Psychotherapy and Counselling
Internal Medicine
Play video
Vaccinations - How Do They Help Prevent Diseases?
Hi, I am Dr. Suresh Keshan, Pediatrician. Today I will be talking on vaccinations as a modality of prevention for childhood diseases. I will address the common concerns the parents have regarding the vaccinations. One of the things parents ask, ar...
Play video
Causes And Treatment Of Hearing Loss
Hi, I am Dr. J M Hans, ENT Specialist. I am specialized in ENT, hearing handicap, cochlear implants, vertigo, tinnitus. Today I am going to tell you about the causes and treatment of hearing loss and deafness in our country. There is about 10% of ...
Play video
Childcare - Know Facts About It!
Hi, I am Dr. Suresh Keshan, Pediatrician. Today I will be speaking on general childcare and the things which parents mostly have questions about while they visit our clinic. It will not be a technical medical session but informative session which ...
Play video
Preconception Care
Hello friends, I am Dr. Jayanti Kamat, director of Srishti Fertility Care Centre and Women's Clinic I am an IVF Consultant, an obstetrician and gynecologist practicing for the last 20 years. So today I will be talking about preconception care, the...
Play video
Diabetes In Children
Hello, I am Dr. Jagruti Parikh practicing Endocrinologist, concentrating on diabetes and thyroid in Mulund and Thane at Om Diabetes Research Centres. Today I am going to talk on diabetes in childhood, there are two types of childhood diabetes in c...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice