Sertraline is used for treating obsessive compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (feeling of depression and irritability before menstruation). Belonging to the drug group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the medication helps to increase the serotonin amount (a natural substance) in the brain that maintains the mental health. This improves the symptoms of anxiety and depression.
The dosage of Sertraline will depend on your age, your health condition, the problem you are suffering from, and the way your body reacts to the first dose. It is available both in tablet and liquid form. You can take the medicine as prescribed by your doctor, with or without food. Generally, the capsule form of this medicine is taken along with food after breakfast or the evening meal.
Your doctor must be informed if you have a medical history of bleeding, liver problems, thyroid disease, seizure disorder or a family medical history of glaucoma (eye disorder). Also if you are pregnant, planning for pregnancy or a breastfeeding mother, your doctor must have prior knowledge about the same before prescribing the medication as it may affect the baby.
Sertraline can have some common side effects like drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, upset stomach, trouble sleeping, loss of appetite and excessive sweating. You can consult your doctor if these conditions persist or even get worse. However, you must inform your doctor immediately if you face any of the following serious side effects:
As Sertraline can make you feel drowsy or dizzy, it is better to avoid activities that require your concentration like driving until you are sure how your body reacts to the initial doses. Try to avoid alcohol as it can increase your sleepiness and affect your ability to think and perform clearly.
Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Psychiatrist before using this medicine.
Premature ejaculation (pe) refers to the persistent or recurrent discharge of semen with minimal sexual stimulation before, on, or shortly after penetration, before the person wishes it, and earlier than he expects it. In making the diagnosis of pe, the clinician must take into account factors that affect the length of time that the man feels sexually excited. These factors include the age of the patient and his partner, the newness of the sexual partner, and the location and recent frequency of sexual activity.
Premature ejaculation (pe) is a common complaint. The available evidence supports the notion that control and modulation of sexual excitement is learned behavior. If someone has learned it incorrectly or inadequately, they can relearn it. Pe is only rarely caused by a physical or structural problem; in these cases it is usually associated with other physical symptoms, usually pain. In rare cases, pe may be associated with a neurological condition; infection of the prostate gland; or urethritis (inflammation of the duct that carries urine and semen to the outside of the body). With the rising prevalence of substance abuse, an increasing number of cases of pe are being diagnosed in patients withdrawing from drugs, especially opioids.
Pe may be of lifelong duration or develop in later life, especially if a difficult interpersonal relationship is one of its causes. Although pe is commonly associated with psychological symptoms, especially performance anxiety and guilt, these symptoms are its consequences rather than its causes. Once pe is firmly established, however, the accompanying psychological factors, especially in combination with sexual overstimulation, may form a self-perpetuating cycle that makes the disorder worse.
Premature ejaculation is common in adolescents where it may be made worse by feelings of sinfulness concerning sexual activity, fear of discovery, fear of making the partner pregnant, or fear of contracting a sexually transmitted disease (std). All of these may be made worse by performance anxiety. Adults may have similar concerns as well as interpersonal factors related to the sexual partner.
In pe, ejaculation occurs earlier than the patient and/or the couple would like, thus preventing full satisfaction from intercourse, especially on the part of the sexual partner, who frequently fails to attain orgasm. Pe is almost invariably accompanied by marked emotional upset and interpersonal difficulties that may add frustration to an already tense situation, which makes the loss of sexual fulfillment even worse. It is also important to differentiate male orgasm from ejaculation. Some men are able to distinguish between the two events and enjoy the pleasurable sensations associated with orgasm apart from the emission of semen, which usually ends the moment of orgasm. In these cases, the partner is capable of achieving orgasm and sexual satisfaction.
The physical examination of a patient who is having problems with pe usually results in normal findings. Abnormal findings are unusual. The best source of information for diagnosing the nature of the problem is the patient's sexual history. On taking the patient's history, the clinician should concentrate on the sexual history, making sure that both partners have adequate and accurate sexual information. Ideally, the sexual partner should participate in the history and is often able to contribute valuable information that the patient himself may be unaware of or unwilling to relate. The female partner should also be examined by a gynecologist in order to ascertain her sexual capabilities and to eliminate the possibility that the size or structure of her genitals is part of the reason for the male's premature ejaculation.
Premature ejaculation that takes place before the man's penis enters the woman's vagina will interfere with conception, if the couple is planning a pregnancy. Continued lack of ejaculatory control may lead to sexual dissatisfaction for either or both members of the couple. It may become a source of marital tension, disturbed interpersonal relationships, and eventual separation or divorce.
Memory slips are aggravating, frustrating, and sometimes worrisome. When they happen more than they should, they can trigger fears of looming dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. there are many mundane—and treatable—causes of forgetfulness. Here are seven common ones and how can homeopathic treatment can help you.To know more about homeopathy and homeopathic treatment read more.....
Lack of sleep.
Not getting enough sleep is perhaps the greatest unappreciated cause of memory slips. Too little restful sleep can also lead to mood changes and anxiety, which in turn contribute to problems with memory.
Tranquilizers, antidepressants, some blood pressure drugs, and other medications can affect memory, usually by causing sedation or confusion. That can make it difficult to pay close attention to new things. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you suspect that a new medication is taking the edge off your memory. As shown in the table below, alternatives are usually available.
*Medications* that may affect memory and possible substitutes
If you take these drug, ask about switching to one of these drugs:
1.paroxetine (Paxil) another antidepressant such as fluoxetine (Prozac) or sertraline (Zoloft), or a different type of antidepressant such as duloxetine (Cymbalta) or venlafaxine (Effexor)
2.cimetidine (Tagamet) a different type of heartburn drug, such as lansoprazole (Prevacid), omeprazole (Prilosec), or esomeprazole (Nexium)
3.oxybutynin (Ditropan) or tolterodine (Detrol, Detrusitol) other medications for an overactive bladder, such as trospium (Sanctura), solifenacin (Vesicare), or darifenacin (Enablex)
4.amitriptyline (Elavil), desipramine (Norpramin), or nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor) another type of medication, depending on why your doctor has prescribed a tricyclic antidepressant (neuropathic pain, depression, etc.)
5.*captopril (Capoten)* a different type of ACE inhibitor, such as enalapril, lisinopril, or ramipril
cold or allergy medication containing brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine, or diphenhydramine loratadine (Claritin) or other non-sedating antihistamine
(Adapted from Improving Memory: Understanding age-related memory loss, a Harvard Medical School Special Health Report)
A faltering thyroid can affect memory (as well as disturb sleep and cause depression, both of which contribute to memory slips). A simple blood test can tell if your thyroid is doing its job properly.
Drinking too much alcohol can interfere with short-term memory, even after the effects of alcohol have worn off. Although “too much” varies from person to person, it’s best to stick with the recommendation of no more than two drinks per day for men and no more than one a day for women. One drink is generally defined as 1.5 ounces (1 shot glass) of 80-proof spirits, 5 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer.
Stress and anxiety.
Anything that makes it harder to concentrate and lock in new information and skills can lead to memory problems. Stress and anxiety fill the bill. Both can interfere with attention and block the formation of new memories or the retrieval of old ones.
Common signs of depression include a stifling sadness, lack of drive, and lessening of pleasure in things you ordinarily enjoy. Forgetfulness can also be a sign of depression—or a consequence of it.
If memory lapses are bugging you, it’s worth a conversation with your doctor to see if any reversible causes are at the root of the problem. Something like getting more sleep, switching a medication, or a stress reduction program could get your memory back on track.
TREATMENT PROTOCOLS FOR POOR MEMORY
Spleen Kidney and heart are the 3 organs which provides memory
●Following are the three patterns of poor memory :
1) spleen deficiency causes poor memory, inability to concentrate and study.
2) deficiency of kidney essence causes poor everyday memory.
3) heart deficiency causes poor memory of past events , forgetting names.
1) Spleen deficiency causes
poor memory inability to concentrate
Main symptoms :
1) poor memory
3) poor appetite
4) *pale tongue*
5) *weak pulse*
Treatment principle :
1) tone the spleen
2) strengthen intellect. Spleen houses intellect , which controls memorisation, study and concentration.
2) Kidney essence deficiency
causes poor memory everyday.
Main symptoms :
1) poor everyday memory
2) can not remember names , faces, roads etc.
6) if kidney yang is deficient , tongue will be
7) if kidney yin is deficient the tongue will be
Treatment principles :
1) tone the kidney
2) nourish essence and marrow
3) Heart deficiency causes
Main symptoms :
1) poor memory of past events
2) forgetting names
3) absent mindedness
5) slight breathlessness
6) if there is heart yang deficiency the tongue will be pale with heart cracking
7) if there is heart yin deficiency the tongue will be red with heart crack
Treatment principle :
1) *tone the heart*
2) strengthen the mind and memory
There are many remedies in homeopathy to treat this condition. It requires a detailed study of the patient to know his/her lifestyle and life circumstances to be able to diagnose at the correct cause/causes so as to administer the right remedy. Since homeopathic medicines do not have sideeffects this is a very great advantage.
The condition of premature ejaculation (PE) is a far more common male sexual dysfunction of middle age people. Generally, premature ejaculation is a male orgasmic disorder that causes an orgasm or "climaxing" faster than both partners' desire. The most couple found this condition irritating and undesirable while some considered it pleasing to them. If the problem of (PE) persists, it can have an adverse effect on the sexual satisfaction of the couple and disrupt the peace in their marital life.
It's difficult to define specific time duration for PE because the length of ejaculation varies from one individual to another. Researchers have revealed that individuals who complain of (PE) reach their climax and ejaculate within 1-2 minutes of penile penetration compare to 7-10 minutes of other individuals who don't complain of the same condition. We can conclude that if a man comes in less than 90 seconds of penile penetration, it's likely that he's suffering from premature ejaculation.
Causes of premature ejaculation:
Several factors contribute to the condition of PE ranging from biological, psychological to social and cultural contributions. Although the exact cause of (PE) is not well known the latest researches have shown that factors that cause sexual dysfunction will cause premature ejaculation.
Some physicians argued that serotonin, a neurotransmitter found in the gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system and platelet is very important in monitoring premature ejaculation. Other biological factors such as infection of the prostate, abnormal level of hormone, diabetes, drug abuse, inheritance can contribute to PE.
Symptom of premature ejaculation:
The major premature ejaculation symptom is the inability to delay ejaculation. When an individual sees that he cannot control or delay his ejaculation, it's likely to be suffering from PE.
Remedies for premature ejaculation:
A number of treatments have been described to counter premature ejaculation. These are psychological therapies, behavioral therapies, and medical therapies.
In psychological therapies, the clinical psychologist tries to use psychological procedures to evaluate the cause of the man's (PE) problem and proffers a reasonable psychological advice or solution based on the identified cause of the PE. To carry out psychological therapy, a man with premature ejaculation is advised to be confident about his sexual performances and to be less anxious about it. This treatment is usually coupled with medical therapies in order to provide a lasting solution to the problem.
Some of the questions which are often asked by the clinical psychologist from a sufferer include:
What can you say about your present interest in sex?
Do you experience pain during sexual intercourse?
Do you usually engage in mutual romance before intercourse?
Have you ever had a problem reaching climax?
In behavioral therapies, the mutual cooperation of the partners is very important. There's a popular method of "squeezing". In this method, the wife stimulates her man by holding his penis until he's in the state of climax or orgasm. Prior to ejaculation, the wife squeezes the penis hard until he partially loses an erection. This purpose of this is to allow the man to be aware of when he's about to come in each sexual intercourse and begins to delay his ejaculation.
In medical therapy, some pills used as depressant and anesthetic creams have been proved to be effective in slowing down ejaculation time in men although those pills are never approved for use by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These drugs include Prozac, Sarafen, Paroxetine, Clomipramine (Anafranil), Sertraline (Zoloft), and some other drugs capable of increasing the level of serotonin production. It's important to note that these drugs might have side effects if used as a treatment for (PE).
Ayurveda treatment for premature ejaculation
The cause of premature ejaculation with respect to ayurvedic perspective is the provocation of Vata (air) and Pitta Dosha at the commencement of the sexual intercourse. Dosha is known to be aggravated by anxiety and nervousness while Vata is known for its quality of swiftness and heightened sensitivity to the sense of touch.
What is ejaculation?
It is the release of semen from the penis at orgasm. Semen is made up of sperm and fluid from testes (singular testis), seminal vesicles and prostate gland.
When a man is sexually stimulated, the brain sends signals to the genital area through nerves in spinal cord that causes contraction of pelvic muscles. Waves of pelvic muscle contractions transport the semen from the testes to tip of penis through vas deferens. This is called ejaculation or orgasm (colloquially to cum, shoot, blast or bust).
What is premature ejaculation (PE)?
PE means 'cumming too soon', that is, a man ejaculates before he is ready for it and he has no control over it.
Studies have shown that most men ejaculate between 2-5 minutes after penetration. This time frame is again arbitrary since it can differ from men to men, couple to couple, between cultures and other factors. So, for practical reason, if ejaculation occurs within 1 minute of penis entering into a vagina, it is called premature ejaculation. It is the commonest sexual problem in men and affects all ages.
What are the causes?
How is it diagnosed?
There are no tests or scans to diagnose PE. If you have premature ejaculation, you need to see your local doctor and a diagnosis is made based on your history.
What treatments are there for premature ejaculation?
Treatment for PE may involve sex therapy, behavioural techniques, medications, local gels and creams, and treatment of other conditions like erectile dysfunction.
Sex therapy is administered by a person called sex therapist. This is particularly important if the cause of premature ejaculation is psychological like relationship issues and anxiety. Sex therapist provides counselling to address these issues.
There are mainly two behavioural techniques that can be used for treating premature ejaculation:
Seman's 'stop start' technique and Masters and Johnson's 'squeeze' technique.
How to perform Seman's 'stop start' technique
Once you are fully aroused and feel you are close to ejaculation, squeeze the tip of the penis between your thumb and index finger (or your partner can squeeze it for you) for several seconds until the feeling of ejaculation passes away. Repeat this squeeze and release technique for as long as you can until you finally ejaculate.
What medications are used to treat PE?
Premature ejaculation is a very common sexual problem in men and affects all ages. It can cause embarrassment and anxiety and affects a man's self-esteem. It can affect both partners emotionally and sexually. There are many treatments available including sex therapy, behavioural techniques and medications but you need to seek help early. It is very important for partners to discuss this openly and get help from a doctor or other health care professionals.
Priapism is a condition of the penis where the erection persists long after the sexual stimulation. It is a painful condition and is extremely common among patients suffering from sickle cell anaemia. Medical treatment is necessary at the earliest in order to prevent any damage to the tissue. This condition is mostly observed in people in the age segment of 30-40.
Symptoms of priapism:
The symptoms of priapism vary according to the type of priapism a person is affected with. Two of the most common types of priapism are non-ischemic and ischemic priapism. While the latter is more common to those with a family history of the same disease, the former can occur to any person. Some of the common symptoms of both the condition include the following:
What are the causes of priapism?
What are the possible complications?
Priapism can lead to serious consequences, especially the ischemic type. The trapped blood inside the penis that is devoid of oxygen can start damaging the tissue of the penis. If this disease is not treated on time, it can lead to erectile dysfunction.
How is priapism diagnosed?
A doctor starts from a physical exam and goes through the medical history in order to get first-hand knowledge of the condition. This is followed by the prescription of tests such as blood gas measurement, ultrasound, count of red blood cells and platelets and other toxicology tests.
What are the treatment options?
There could be various approaches that are taken by a doctor. Excess blood can be drained out with the help of a syringe and the penis can be flushed with saline in order to get rid of the oxygen-devoid blood out of the penis. Certain medications can be injected into the pen that helps the blood to flow normally without accumulating inside the penis. If all else fails, a surgeon can perform a procedure in order to drain the blood from a different route. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!