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Last Updated: Aug 27, 2019

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

How is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder treatment done? Who is eligible for the PTSD treatment Who is not eligible for the PTSD treatment? Are there any side effects of PTSD treatment? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

How is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder treatment done?

Post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD refers to a mental health condition which is triggered due to a terrifying life event either by witnessing it or experiencing it. Symptoms of Post traumatic stress disorder include severe anxiety, nightmares and flashbacks. People who undergo traumatic events can have difficulty coping or adjusting, but with self care and time, the symptoms generally get better. If these symptoms become worse, interfere with your day to day activities or lasts for months, then you might have PTSD. The symptoms of PTSD can start within a month of an extremely traumatic event, but in some cases, the symptoms might not appear until many years after the event. These symptoms might cause problems in your relationships, work situation or social life. These memories can also make you unable to do your routine or daily tasks.

Post traumatic stress disorder can be caused by a variety of factors such as stressful experiences, trauma in your life, mental health issues, inherited features such as your temperament, chemical and hormones released by your brain. Having a family history of mental health problems, having depression or anxiety and facing childhood abuse can double the risk of Post traumatic stress disorder in an individual. Post traumatic stress disorder can be treated by cognitive therapy, exposure therapy or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). The EMDR therapy is extremely effective as it combines guided eye movement along with exposure therapy.

Who is eligible for the PTSD treatment

Firstly, Post traumatic stress disorder has to be diagnosed by your doctor in order to treat it. Your health professional will perform a physical exam to check any medical problems that can trigger PTSD. This is followed by a psychological evaluation which includes discussion of your symptoms, the doctor might ask you about events which may have triggered traumatic events in your life. After diagnosing Post traumatic stress disorder, your doctor can recommend you EMDR or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy. This therapy is a psychotherapy approach which has already been extensively researched and is proven to be very effective for treating PTSD. EMDR contains a lot of standard protocols which incorporates elements from various treatment approaches. This treatment option usually combines a series of eye movements along with exposure therapy, so that your traumatic memories and your reaction to those memories also change. EMDR has a different effect on how the brain processes traumatic information.

After a successful session of EMDR, the patient no longer relives feelings, sounds and images when the traumatic event is brought to mind. The memory of the event is still there, but it becomes less upsetting. EMDR is very similar to what happens during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep or dreaming. EMDR is a physiological therapy which helps a person see traumatic material in their life in a much less distressing way that before. There are 8 phases of this treatment namely, treatment planning, preparation, assessment, desensitization, installation, body scan, closure and re-evaluation. EMDR has helped a million people of all age groups to relieve psychological stress.

Who is not eligible for the PTSD treatment?

EMDR can be useful for people who have had personality disorders, body dysmorphic disorders, sexual abuse, physical abuse, addictions, performance anxiety, pain disorders, phobias, disturbing memories, dissociative disorders, complicated grief and panic attacks.

Are there any side effects of PTSD treatment?

EMDR therapy should only be continued if other forms of therapy such as exposure therapy and cognitive therapy don’t seem to make a difference. Many doctors also prescribe medications for PTSD. However, medications doesn’t work in some cases, in such conditions EMDR is very helpful for complete recovery.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Side effects from EMDR therapy are extremely rare but sometimes it can occur. Certain complications like unprocessed memories can come to the surface and cause stress, patients can have intense emotional reactions and physical sensations during the EMDR session or EMDR might not work to fight symptoms of PTSD.

How long does it take to recover?

Unlike other therapies which focus on altering emotions, responses and thoughts resulting from disturbing experiences, EMDR focuses on your memory and intends to change the way the memory is stored inside the brain. This eliminates problematic symptoms of PTSD. After all the 8 phases are over, you can return back to your routine activities in no time and practise the skills taught in the therapy regularly.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

More than one session can be required for the doctor to understand the true nature of the issue and decide whether EMDR is the correct treatment or not. An EMDR session can last from around 60 to 90 minutes. The problem, life circumstances and the previous trauma will determine how many sessions are required. EMDR can be effective by itself, with an adjunctive therapy or as a talking therapy.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The price of the treatment in India is approximately Rs.9,000 to Rs.13,000 per session.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

EMDR gives results more rapidly than other forms of therapy, speed is not an issue. Before the treatment, it is important to understand that every person is different. Reaction and recovery of each patient is different because everyone has varied needs. Some patients may take a week to establish trust while other patients may proceed quickly through all the phases. Treatment is however not complete until this therapy has successfully focused on the memories that contribute to triggering PSTD. This therapy ends with figuring out which skill the patient might need in the future to combat anxiety.

Safety: Condition

Effectiveness: High

Timeliness: Medium

Relative Risk: Low

Side Effects: Low

Time For Recovery: Medium

Price Range: Rs.9,000 - Rs.13,000 per session

Popular Questions & Answers

Is it possible that someone is showing severe symptoms of a post traumatic stress disorder but that person has no clarity about the trauma at all?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Hello and welcome to Lybrate. Yes. It is possible that someone is showing severe symptoms of a post-traumatic stress disorder but that person has no clarity about the trauma at all. That is called repression defense mechanism. You can contact me f...
2 people found this helpful

Hello doctor. I have panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder and post traumatic stress disorder. But the doctor prescribed me Serta 25. Is my problem cured by homeo medicines? Have been suffering from breathing trouble for a year.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear lybrate-user, Serta 25 is the drug for all the problems that you have. But the dosage matters. Please visit the doctor every 2-3 weeks so that she/he will assess your improvement and side effects and fix an effective dose for you. About homeo...
2 people found this helpful

I am under PTSD and I am taking stalopam 10 mg as per doctor, how much time it will take to cure PTSD? How long it will stay? He suggest me to take this tablet for 45 days.

PGDPC, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Durgapur
Every medicine has their own effect. It also depends on how well you cope with your trauma. After 45 days your psychiatrist will assess your mental condition & adjust the dose accordingly.
1 person found this helpful

I am under PTSD what to do I am taking stalopam plus? When I was taking I was ok right now I again feeling low, does this medicine work? How much time it will take to heal PTSD problem?

MBBS, DNB (PSYCHIATRY), PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC)
Cosmetic Physician, Delhi
Dear PTSD is associated with depressive symptoms luke low mood. You need both medicines and counselling to have complete remission. Dnt stop medications without consulting psychiatrist. Consult psychiatrist for total dose titration and counselling...
3 people found this helpful

Anxiety, panic disorder and post traumatic stress, severe nervous feelings at stomach these affect short-term memory and immediate Recall processes?

PhD - Clinical Psychology, Diploma in Clinical and Community Psychology, MA - Clinical Psychology, BA - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Hello All the above mentioned symptoms are indicative of anxiety disorder along with stress leading to memory deficits. Try consulting a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist for proper diagnosis and treatment.
2 people found this helpful

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Post Graduate Diploma In Counselling Psychology,Masters of Counselling Psychology,CE in Cognitive Behavior Therapy
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