Post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD refers to a mental health condition which is triggered due to a terrifying life event either by witnessing it or experiencing it. Symptoms of Post traumatic stress disorder include severe anxiety, nightmares and flashbacks. People who undergo traumatic events can have difficulty coping or adjusting, but with self care and time, the symptoms generally get better. If these symptoms become worse, interfere with your day to day activities or lasts for months, then you might have PTSD. The symptoms of PTSD can start within a month of an extremely traumatic event, but in some cases, the symptoms might not appear until many years after the event. These symptoms might cause problems in your relationships, work situation or social life. These memories can also make you unable to do your routine or daily tasks.
Post traumatic stress disorder can be caused by a variety of factors such as stressful experiences, trauma in your life, mental health issues, inherited features such as your temperament, chemical and hormones released by your brain. Having a family history of mental health problems, having depression or anxiety and facing childhood abuse can double the risk of Post traumatic stress disorder in an individual. Post traumatic stress disorder can be treated by cognitive therapy, exposure therapy or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). The EMDR therapy is extremely effective as it combines guided eye movement along with exposure therapy.
Firstly, Post traumatic stress disorder has to be diagnosed by your doctor in order to treat it. Your health professional will perform a physical exam to check any medical problems that can trigger PTSD. This is followed by a psychological evaluation which includes discussion of your symptoms, the doctor might ask you about events which may have triggered traumatic events in your life. After diagnosing Post traumatic stress disorder, your doctor can recommend you EMDR or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy. This therapy is a psychotherapy approach which has already been extensively researched and is proven to be very effective for treating PTSD. EMDR contains a lot of standard protocols which incorporates elements from various treatment approaches. This treatment option usually combines a series of eye movements along with exposure therapy, so that your traumatic memories and your reaction to those memories also change. EMDR has a different effect on how the brain processes traumatic information. After a successful session of EMDR, the patient no longer relives feelings, sounds and images when the traumatic event is brought to mind. The memory of the event is still there, but it becomes less upsetting. EMDR is very similar to what happens during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep or dreaming. EMDR is a physiological therapy which helps a person see traumatic material in their life in a much less distressing way that before. There are 8 phases of this treatment namely, treatment planning, preparation, assessment, desensitization, installation, body scan, closure and re-evaluation. EMDR has helped a million people of all age groups to relieve psychological stress.
EMDR can be useful for people who have had personality disorders, body dysmorphic disorders, sexual abuse, physical abuse, addictions, performance anxiety, pain disorders, phobias, disturbing memories, dissociative disorders, complicated grief and panic attacks.
EMDR therapy should only be continued if other forms of therapy such as exposure therapy and cognitive therapy don’t seem to make a difference. Many doctors also prescribe medications for PTSD. However, medications doesn’t work in some cases, in such conditions EMDR is very helpful for complete recovery.
Side effects from EMDR therapy are extremely rare but sometimes it can occur. Certain complications like unprocessed memories can come to the surface and cause stress, patients can have intense emotional reactions and physical sensations during the EMDR session or EMDR might not work to fight symptoms of PTSD.
Unlike other therapies which focus on altering emotions, responses and thoughts resulting from disturbing experiences, EMDR focuses on your memory and intends to change the way the memory is stored inside the brain. This eliminates problematic symptoms of PTSD. After all the 8 phases are over, you can return back to your routine activities in no time and practise the skills taught in the therapy regularly.
More than one session can be required for the doctor to understand the true nature of the issue and decide whether EMDR is the correct treatment or not. An EMDR session can last from around 60 to 90 minutes. The problem, life circumstances and the previous trauma will determine how many sessions are required. EMDR can be effective by itself, with an adjunctive therapy or as a talking therapy.
EMDR gives results more rapidly than other forms of therapy, speed is not an issue. Before the treatment, it is important to understand that every person is different. Reaction and recovery of each patient is different because everyone has varied needs. Some patients may take a week to establish trust while other patients may proceed quickly through all the phases. Treatment is however not complete until this therapy has successfully focused on the memories that contribute to triggering PSTD. This therapy ends with figuring out which skill the patient might need in the future to combat anxiety.
Rs.9,000 - Rs.13,000 per session
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder which develops due to a terrifying traumatic incident. Traumatic events like violent personal assaults, man-made disasters, accidents, military combat etc. can trigger PTSD.
What are the symptoms of PTSD?
People with PTSD mostly re-experience the whole incident repeatedly in the form of flashback episodes and nightmares. This happens more when they are exposed to the events or objects which are reminiscent of the trauma. The other symptoms are emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety and irritability leading to outbursts of anger on others. People with PTSD feel intense guilt mostly. Anniversaries of such an event can also trigger symptoms of PTSD. When these symptoms last for more than a month, the person is diagnosed with PTSD.
Who will most likely develop PTSD?
You do not need to be in the military to suffer from PTSD. People who have suffered child abuse during school, who have had traumatic experiences are more likely to develop the condition. Other factors that may cause PTSD are still under research.
When does PTSD occur?
PTSD can occur at any age, given the intensity and frequency of symptoms. The symptoms typically are seen within 3 months post a traumatic event, although it may not begin until next year. Once the PTSD symptoms appear, the severity and duration of the illness may vary.
What are the treatments available for PTSD?
Cognitive-behavioral therapy, group therapy, and exposure therapy have been very effective in treating PTSD where the patient gradually and repeatedly relives the frightening experience under controlled surroundings which helps him/her work through the trauma. Medicines also help ease associated symptoms such as depression and anxiety.
Do other illnesses accompany PTSD?
PTSD can present with many associated conditions like depression, alcohol or substance abuse, anxiety disorder etc. Certain symptoms like headaches, gastrointestinal ailments, immune system issues, dizziness, chest pain or discomfort in other parts of the body are common. To treat PTSD entirely, it is necessary to take these symptoms into consideration as well.
PTSD is a difficult condition to deal with. If you or someone you know happens to suffer from PTSD, the first thing is to seek help. Having PTSD does not make you weak. All you need is a little help and support from your family and friends, to make you feel better. Happy Mind, Healthy You! In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
This post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental health condition, which gets triggered by a terrifying event. It can happen either through experiencing it or by witnessing it. The symptoms include flashbacks of the events, nightmares leading to severe anxiety and thoughts related to the events, which you are unable to control. Going through traumatic events is quite normal and each and every individual goes through phases, where they encounter events filled with trauma and those who have long-lasting effect on their minds. If the symptoms get worse and go on to last for months and sometimes stretch up to years, then that might be of clear indication a person suffering from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.
Let us discuss about the symptoms in detail
Intrusive Memories: The symptoms are included under intrusive memories are
Avoidance: Symptoms related to avoidance include, trying to avoid thinking or talking about a traumatic event and also avoid going to places or interacting with people, who might remind a person of a particular traumatic event.
Thinking pattern might turn negative: Symptoms of negative thinking patterns may include:You start thinking about yourself and the world in general negatively.There is a sense of hopelessness about the future.You start to get aloof from family and friends.
Physical and emotional reactions change: Symptoms of changes in physical and emotional reactions include
Doctors are not really sure why people suffer from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Like most of the health problems, this disorder is in all probability caused by a mix of:
The treatment for this Post-traumatic Stress Disorder can help people to take control of their lives once again. Psychotherapy is the primary mode of treatment followed for getting rid off this problem. Along with this, medication can also take an active part in the healing process. A combination of these treatments can help in improving the symptoms by:
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Do you know that all the facts you know and have heard regarding post traumatic stress disorder are not true? Post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD is a mental health condition, which occurs because of a certain traumatic past event, witnessed or experienced by an affected patient. As there are several myths about this condition, it is important for you to get your facts right regarding PTSD.
Myth: Post traumatic stress disorder only affects war veterans.
Fact: Even though PTSD is common among war veterans, the condition is capable of affecting any person. It is expected that almost 70% people of the world gets exposed to some kind of traumatic event during their lifetime, and almost 20% of them end up with this mental condition. The victims of physical abuse and sexual harassment are very likely to develop PTSD. Women are more likely to experience this condition on the basis of traumatic experiences such as rape, beatings, and interpersonal violence.
Myth: People should be able to move on in life after facing a traumatic event. Those who cannot get over and cope are weak people.
Fact: Many people who experience a traumatic event of extreme intensity go through periods of adjustment after the situation. Most people become capable of getting back to normal life after some time of therapy and treatment. However, the stress which is caused due to the trauma gravely affects a person’s emotional, mental, and physical well-being. Prolonger trauma is capable of disrupting and altering a person’s brain chemistry. The views, perceptions, and thinking patterns of many people change after a traumatic event. This results in PTSD.
Myth: People develop PTSD right after experiencing a traumatic life event.
Fact: The symptoms of PTSD start developing within three months of experiencing an extremely traumatic situation, but they also might not show or appear before several months, or even years in some cases. The symptoms are likely to be experienced for several years after the traumatic event. In some cases, the symptoms may subside or leave, only to reoccur again at a later stage in life. This is common in the case of victims who have experienced extreme situations of child abuse in the past.
Many people do not recognize that they are suffering from PTSD. This is because they may not relate the current symptoms they experience with the past traumatic event. In cases of domestic violence, a victim may fail to realize that his or her prolonged abuse exposure is harmful.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Chronic nightmares are caused by a lot of internal as well as external factors. It can cause sleep disorders and can affect your overall health. Some of the key reasons that contribute to chronic nightmares are mentioned below:
So basic idea is to learn some relaxation technique and practice those. If the condition persists then it will call for a detailed assessment and may be some medication besides Psychological measures.
How to get rid of nightmares?
Being a victim or witnessing a horrific accident or personal assault can leave you shocked and scarred. Sometimes, these conditions last for months and years with memories of the traumatic incident triggering intense emotional and physical responses. This is known as post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD. It is a fairly common anxiety syndrome and can be treated in a number of ways including drugs, exercise and psychotherapy. However, this treatment aims only to control the disorder and there is no known cure for PTSD as yet.
Exercise not only keeps the body fit, but also helps the body release endorphins. Endorphins help fight stress, fear and pain. Thus, exercising helps focus on the body and its movements instead of your fears. It can also help elevate the mood of a person. Low to moderate intensity exercising is ideal for a PTSD patient. Aerobics, pilates, yoga or martial arts like tai chi are known to be effective ways of reducing stress and anxiety in PTSD patients. Breathing exercises like pranayama can also help calm and relax the mind.
Exercise for a PTSD patient should be planned in repetitive sets. This enables the person to slowly master the type of exercise being done and regain control and confidence in himself. It also needs to be predictable so as to avoid triggering a PTSD emotional or physical response. Non competitive exercises are better than competitive exercises as it does not create an opportunity for the person to feel stressed. Exercising and practicing breathing techniques can also help a person analyze himself and his response to stressful situations. By understanding their reactions, a person can slowly bring about changes to handle stress in a better way.