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Overview

Vaginal Infection - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Vaginal Infection?

Vaginal infection is a condition when there is excessive yeast growth in the vagina. There will be intense itching, swelling and irritation in women who get this infection. Vaginal infection is bothersome for the women who experience it.

Causes :

Candida Albicans is the type of yeast that causes the vaginal infection. Yeast is generally present in the vagina and the growth of yeast is kept in check by lactobacillus bacteria. If there is an imbalance in the body, the bacteria cannot work and leads to overgrowth of the yeast. This condition causes itching and burning in the vagina. In some women, recurrent yeast infections will happen. If recurrent yeast infections occur, then the cause of the vaginal infection is another type of Candida yeast.

Imbalance in the body is caused due to many factors like pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, excessive antibiotics, weak immune system, hormonal imbalance, stress and lack of sleep.

Symptoms :

Anyone who is experiencing symptoms of vaginal infection should visit a gynaecologist. Gynaecologist will check whether the person had episodes of sexually transmitted disease. Pelvic exam is carried out to thoroughly check the vaginal walls and cervix. Vaginal sample test is prescribed for women who have recurrent episodes of vaginal infection.

Treatment for vaginal infection includes vaginal creams to remove the infection. Vaginal creams contain oil and hence have the ability to effect the latex of condom and other birth controls. It is best to avoid these birth control at the time of infection.

Simple yeast infections can be treated by a three-day regimen of ointments, anti fungal creams or suppository. The vaginal infection will cure on use of these medicines. A follow up to the doctor is required to check for recurrent episodes.

Complications :

Complicated vaginal infections can be caused due to a number of reasons like uncontrolled diabetes, pregnancy or HIV. These cause recurrent episodes of vaginal infections and hence need a more aggressive treatment. Here the women are given a 14-day cream or ointment and medications like antibiotics to treat the infections. Use of condoms during sex is also prescribed by the doctor to avoid further infection.

Vaginal infections can be prevented by following some simple precautions. Avoid wearing tight underwear, feminine deodorant or pads, eating a well balanced diet, avoid wearing wet underwear, wearing natural fibres like silk and cotton, avoiding use of hot tubs frequently, avoiding hot douches.

Prevention and precautions taken properly can avoid vaginal infections and lead to a good hygiene in women.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Vaginal discharge Vaginal inflammation Vaginal itching

Popular Health Tips

Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!

DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!

In a healthy individual, there are millions of microorganisms in different parts of the body which are essential for normal functioning of that particular organ. Be it the mouth or the gut or the reproductive tract, there are normally organisms. These form part of the normal flora of that body part. It is when there is an imbalance between the good and bad bacteria, where the bad ones take over, then there is a problem. This results in an infection, which manifests with symptoms and requires treatment.

Vaginal yeast infection is one of the most common such conditions and almost 75% of the women would have had it at least once in their lifetime. It is most commonly caused by the yeast Candida albicans, which is normally present in the vagina. Though it can be sexually transmitted, it is not a usual STD.

Causes: The vagina also contains the bacteria Lactobacillus, which produces acid and is essential for maintaining an acidic environment. This acidic environment ensures there is no overgrowth of the yeast. For various reasons, this balance is lost and there is an overgrowth of yeast leading to vaginal yeast infections. Some of the common causes are listed below.

  • Antibiotic usage, which kills the Lactobacillus count and increases vaginal pH
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Weakened immunity due to various reasons
  • Pregnancy
  • Increased levels of oestrogen due to use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy

Symptoms: The symptoms would depend on the severity of the infection.

  • Vaginal itching, burning, and irritation
  • Vulvar swelling, irritation, and redness
  • Burning sensation with urination or intercourse
  • Vaginal rash
  • Vaginal soreness and pain
  • Vaginal discharge that can be thick or thin, white or clear, odor-free or foul-smelling

In cases of recurrent vaginal yeast infections, there could be more than 4 infections per year along with extensive burning and itching and swelling that could even lead to cracks and fissures.

Diagnosis: Though the symptoms can be helpful in diagnosis, sometimes a pelvic exam and swab of the vaginal discharge might be required to confirm the diagnosis. This is especially required in cases of repeated infections.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4952 people found this helpful

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding - Reasons Behind It!

FRCOG (LONDON) (Fellow of Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists), Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) - Nephrology, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB, MBBS
IVF Specialist, Chennai
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding - Reasons Behind It!

Monthly menstrual cycles become a part of woman’s life after a certain stage. They get accustomed to it and adapt their lifestyle too. However, there could be abnormal vaginal bleeding, which is defined as:
Bleeding that is outside of the menstrual cycle (bleeding outside of the expected dates). This is also known as intermenstrual bleeding or metrorrhagia.

  • Menstrual bleeding that is abnormally low or high as compared to your regular flow
  • Before menarche (before 9 years of age), during pregnancy, or after menopause

Causes: It is important to realise that abnormal vaginal bleeding is only a symptom and not the disease per se. In most women, there are underlying reasons that lead to abnormal bleeding, some of them are listed below.
In some women, ovulation can cause a mid-cycle bleeding, which becomes a pattern for most women, and they know it is nothing to worry about.

  1. Miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy: Vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom of miscarriage and requires immediate medical attention.
  2. Hormonal imbalances: This can be caused due to starting and stopping of birth control pills, thyroid abnormalities, or ovarian malfunctions. This requires investigation and management based on the underlying cause.
  3. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): This presence of multiple cysts in the ovaries also has hormonal changes and can cause bleeding in affected women.
  4. Infections: Infections along the gynecologic tract including the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries can cause bleeding. Sexually transmitted infections including gonorrhoea and chlamydia are also causes for bleeding
  5. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): It can cause inflammation of the entire gynecologic tract and induce bleeding
  6. An abnormally placed intrauterine device (IUD): It can also alter the regular menstrual flow.
  7. Other reasons: Fibroids, endometriosis, cancers of the uterine cavity are other reasons for abnormal vaginal bleeding.

Prevention/Management of vaginal bleeding: Abnormal bleeding requires investigation to find out the underlying cause and needs to be treated accordingly.

  1. Birth control: When using birth control measures, be it pills or patches, expect some bleeding during the first 3 months before things settle down. Similarly, intrauterine devices can cause some bleeding (foreign body effect).
  2. Pregnancy complications: Bleeding during pregnancy requires immediate medical attention. In most cases, it indicates a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy (where the embryo is planted in the fallopian tubes and not the uterus).
  3. Infections: While STDs can be prevented, once acquired, like other infections, they also require antibiotics and supportive care.
  4. Medical conditions: Be it polycystic ovaries, fibroids, endometriosis, cancer, or PID, all these require detailed investigation and management on a case-to-case basis.

If you experience abnormal vaginal bleeding, do not ignore it and reach out for medical help.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2625 people found this helpful

Vaginal Fungal Infection - The Best Way You Can Deal With It!

MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship in Fetal Medicine
Gynaecologist, Amritsar
Vaginal Fungal Infection - The Best Way You Can Deal With It!

Vaginal fungal infection, otherwise called candidiasis, is a typical female condition. Fungal infections are brought on by the growth Candida. This growth is connected with extreme itching, swelling, and irritation. Every fungal infection is distinctive. Therefore, your doctor will recommend a treatment that is best for you. Medicines are by and large decided depending upon the seriousness of the infection.

A particular type of yeast called Candida albicans brings about most of the fungal infections. These fungal infections are effectively treatable. In case you are having repeating infections or issues disposing of an infection with ordinary treatment, then an alternate form of Candida may be the cause. A lab test can tell your doctor which sort of Candida you have. Here are a few ways with which you can deal with vaginal fungal infections:

Simple infections
For simple fungal infections, your specialist will mostly recommend the following treatment(s):

  1. A one to three-day application of an antifungal cream, balm or tablet Normal antifungal medicines is butoconazole (Gynazole), miconazole (Lotrimin), Monistat, and terconazole (Terazol). These medicines can be either prescribed or available over-the-counter.
  2. A solitary intake of oral medicine, for example, fluconazole (Diflucan).
  3. Women with simple fungal infections need to follow up with their specialist to make sure whether the medicine worked. A follow-up will likewise be important if your symptoms return within two months.

Complicated infections
Certain types of Candida will not react to simple treatment and will require a more forceful strategy. In case you meet one of the following criteria, your specialist will more likely tell you that your fungal infection is an extreme one.

Conceivable medications for extreme or complicated vaginal fungal infections include:

  1. 14-day cream, balm, tablet, or suppository vaginal treatment
  2. A few measures of fluconazole (Diflucan)
  3. Long-term medicine of fluconazole (Diflucan) that is taken once a week for six weeks.
  4. Treatment of your sexual partner or use of condoms while having intercourse.

You can treat vaginal fungal infections with regular cures in case that you might want to abstain from taking physician-recommended medicine. These are some mainstream normal cures:

  1. Tea tree oil cream
  2. Garlic or boric acid vaginal balms
  3. Plain yoghurt taken orally or applied into the vagina

Here are some normal strategies for counteractive action:

  1. Abstain from wearing tight jeans, underwear, tights, or stockings
  2. Abstain from utilising female antiperspirant or antiperspirant tampons or cushions
  3. Try not to roam around in wet clothes, particularly swimsuits
  4. Eat an all around adjusted diet
  5. Eat yoghurt or eat foods with lactobacillus
  6. Wear soft clothing, for example, cotton, cloth, or silk
  7. Abstain from sitting in hot tubs
  8. Wash clothes in warm water
  9. Abstain from using hot water bags
  10. Throw away old underwear as often as possible

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2606 people found this helpful

Frequent Urination & Burning Sensation In Women - Why Does It Happen?

DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Frequent Urination & Burning Sensation In Women - Why Does It Happen?

Burning urination or painful urination is also called dysuria, and it is one of the most common complaints amongst women. Another common problem is frequent urination. What are the causes of these two conditions? Are they in fact related? 

Frequent urination, in simple terms, is also sometimes called overactive bladder and it is the need to urinate more than you normally would. This can cause loss of bladder control too. You may feel extremely full even after using the toilet and the feeling is extremely uncomfortable. Medical practitioners bracket urinating every two hours or more as frequent urination.

Some of the underlying causes are

  1. A urinary tract infection or UTI is the most common cause of frequent urination. UTIs happen when bacteria enters your urinary bladder through the urethra. Men also get UTIs, but it is less common than women as the ladies have shorter urethras. This means that bacteria have less distance to travel before they can infect the urinary tract causing UTIs. UTIs in women can be prevented by proper wiping after using the toilet, which will protect the urethra from E.coli bacteria. Proper hygiene also is a deterrent, especially after intercourse.
  2. Medical conditions affecting muscles, nerves, and tissues. Weakening of nerves due to hernias in the lower back etc. can also cause an overactive bladder.
  3. Oestrogen deficiency caused due to menopause can cause an overactive bladder and a woman finds it difficult to hold the urine for long.
  4. Obesity can also place extra pressure on the bladder.

Burning sensation while urinating 

Common reasons behind it

  1. Frequent urination does not point to any gynaecological issues but burning urination is a common symptom of sexually transmitted diseases or STDs like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea which cause symptoms like pain when urinating and vaginal discharge. Burning urination usually occurs after intercourse when sexually transmitted infections are present.
  2. Burning while urination can also be caused due to UTIs and it is often accompanied by other symptoms of UTIs like painful urination or dysuria or blood in the urine.
  3. Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalized calcium or other materials that start in the kidneys but can pass through the urinary tract causing pain and discomfort.
  4. Urethral stricture is a condition when the urethra narrows and this causes burning and pain during urination in women.
  5. Urethritis is the inflammation of the urethra in women can cause burning on urination.
  6. Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the reproductive organs in women and causes abdominal pain especially during urination or sex.
  7. Bladder cancer
  8. Vulvovaginitis is a common infection of the vulva and vagina, both, and it causes burning and itching while urinating and increased vaginal discharge.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4483 people found this helpful

Vaginal Yeast Infection - Signs You are Suffering from it

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Vaginal Yeast Infection - Signs You are Suffering from it

A yeast infection in the vagina is characterized by itchiness, irritation in the vulva and vaginal discharge. Inflammation occurs in the tissues of the vagina, leading to constant itching. Though this is not a sexually transmitted infection, the fungus may spread via oral sex where the mouth and genitals come in contact.

The symptoms of vaginal yeast infection are:

1. You may experience a painful sensation during sexual intercourse

2. An itching sensation in the vaginal opening

3. A sore and painful vagina

4. Rashes may develop in the vagina

5. You may have a thick and whitish discharge from your vagina

Apart from this, the symptoms may turn severe under certain circumstances. The risk factors are:

1. If you are a diabetic, then you are at a high risk of contracting this infection

2. Pregnancy

3. If you are taking medications or have infections such as HIV then it may cause your immune system to malfunction. This increases your risk of vaginal yeast infections.

4. Multiple episodes of yeast infections (about 4 or more).

Causes behind it

The vaginal yeast infection is caused by a fungus known as candida. This fungus naturally exists in the vagina along with a bacterium called ‘lactobacillus’. This bacteria produces a substance that controls the over growth of the yeast. Yeast infection occurs when the balance is disturbed due to various factors such as:

1. If you are pregnant

2. Taking antibiotics may modify the pH balance of your vagina, leading to yeast infection

3. Any therapy or medication that increases estrogen levels in the body

4. If you have diabetes or an impaired immune system

Treatment

Medications such as ointments, tablets and creams are administered to get rid of the yeast infection. It is recommended to not use latex condoms as birth control measures; as the oily nature of the lotions and ointment can weaken the latex thus, increasing the risks of unplanned pregnancies.

There are certain preventive measures which you may adopt to prevent these infections, them being:

1. Do not wear tight fitting undergarments

2. The material of your clothes should preferably be cotton based

3. Do not use hot water for your bath

4. Don’t stay in your wet clothes for long hours

11 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

While doing sex in my vagina forming red bumps if we do not do sex then it will disappear. Is it dangerous for pregnancy. What will the causes for those bumps.

M.B.B.S., F.I.C.A. (USA), P.G.D.I.H, F.C.G.P., D.C.A.H
Psychiatrist, Vadodara
This is not a normal thing to happen. If you have problem you need to vist an expert for checkup of your private parts and treatment if needed. This could be fungal infection. consult at the earliest.

I am suffering from sudden pelvic and vagina pain today. It is Started while going to urine and I am feeling to go urine many times. Much pain while urinating. I do not understand the reason. I (pain in lower abdomen, other body parts) feeling like I will get periods but I have completed my period 15 days back only. Kindly suggest something.

MBBS, DGO - Preventive & Social Medicine
Gynaecologist, Sri Ganganagar
You are most likely suffering from urinary tract infection. Take tab nitrofurantoin 100 mg twice a day. Syp oricitral 2tsf TDS and plenty of water Get your urinalysis done.

I am 22 years old. And I had sex with my boyfriend every month. But my problem is am shaving my vagina hair with razor and shaving karne k 1 din bad mere vagina k skin k upar chote chote Dane aayi hai avi v hai par Mai avi blade use nahi Karti cream hi use Karti hu par avi tak v wo chote chote Dane hai. Now what can I do for my vagina.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from irritant contact dermatitis. Medicine available for good improvement. As the treatment varies depending on the severity. Send photos of the affected area, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Vaginal Infection?

Causes :

Symptoms :

Complications :

Play video
Female Genital Infections
Myself Dr Ekta Singh, a gynaecologist in Noida. Aj hum baat karenge un infections ki women ki private parts mein hoti hain. Isme bohut ki common hain urinary tract infection, ya hum use UTI ki naam se jante hain. Isme patient ko, baar baar urine jana padh sakta hain, burning ho sakti hain, or pain bhi hota hai genital area me. Yeh kabhi bhi ho sakta hain, kisi bhi age group mein ho sakta hain, aur winter mein kabhi kabhi paani peena kam karte hain to aisa ho jaata hain. Isme hum jab urine test karate hain, routine microscopy and culture, toh isse pata chalta hai ki haan, infection hai. Lekin ye test karana tab bilkul zaruri hota hain jab ye infection recurrent ho, baar baar ho jay. Aise hi agar baar baar hota hain, ya saath mein flank pain ho raha hai, toh humein ek ultrasound jo kidney-bladder ko focus karta hua hota hain, ultrasound ko KUB kehte hain hum, use karana chahiye, aur agar aap ki mother father diabetic hain, ya humein kabhi aisa raha ho, toh blood sugar ka test bhi karna chahiye. Agar paani dher sara piyein, agar apko piyein aap, toh apni gyanecologsit se mile, who apko antibiotic dete hain, aur ____ agent dete hain, aura ap use treat ho sakte ho.

Ab hum baat karenge infections in vaginal tract, jaise vaginitis and vulvitis. Isme patient ko bohut zyada itching hoti hain, redness ho sakta hain, discharge hota hain. Ye alag alag agents ke wajah se ho sakte hain jaise fungal infection apne suna hoga, jisko candida infection bhi kehte hain, yeast infection bhi kehte hain. Isme patient ko bohut thick discharge hota hain, curdy white, chesse ki tarah ka, cheesy white discharge hota hain, and itching is very severe, redness ho sakti hain.

Iske ilawa protozoan infection hota hain, isme frothy yellowish white discharge hota hain aur itching hoti hain, thin discharge hota hain.

Iske alwa bacterial infection bhi ho sakta hain. Iske liye aap apni gynaecologist se treatment lete hain, aur especially agar aap sexually active hain, toh husband and wife ya both partners should take medicines, then results are long term and effective.

Iske alawa apne suna hoga bohut saare sexually transmitted disease hote hain jisme se bohut saare curable hain, jaise gonorrhoea, and chlamydia and syphilis. Inko toh cure kiya ja sakta hain, par kuch hai jinko cure nahi kiya ja sakta hain, treatment ko unka sambhav hain, jaise ki aap jante hain Hepatitis B and HIV, AIDS jisko hum kehte hain, Herpes inko properly cure karna sambhav nahi hain. Aj ke yug mein jo hamare paas therapies hain. Iske liye hum samaj sakte hain ki prevention zyada accha hain. Toh hum sabhi ko apna husband ya partner ki sexual history ke baare main pata hona chahiye. Agar hum monogamous hain, matlab hamare partner ek hain, toh chances of sexually transmitted diseases bohut kam ho jaat hain, jaise ki India mein hum sabhi most of us are monogamous. This is good practice actually. And then we should use a barrier method. Barrier methods humein ek doosre se infection transmission ko kaafi kam kar dete hain. Iske upar agar hum jate hain, toh PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease ho sakti hain patient ko, jisme humein lower abdomen pain hota hain. Ya hum sexually active hain, toh during coitus, humein pain ho sakta hain. Aisa kuch bhi hota hain toh hum gynaecologist se mil sakte hain.

Agar aap mujhse consult karana chahte hain, toh Lybrate ke through aap mujhse appointment le sakte hain, ya online consultation bhi kar sakte hain. Otherwise aap mere clinic pe, jo ki 61 Sector mein hain, Noida mein, C20 is the address, you can come here.

Thank you.
Play video
Know More About Vaginal Infections
Hello, everybody. I am DR Pradnya Aptikar. I am practising gynaecology in Thane from last 17 years. I am treating females having Gynaecological and obstetrical problems. Aaj is video me hum baat karenge Vaginal infections ke baare me jo ki bohot common hai females me. 14 years ki ladkiyo se lekar 70 years ki ladies me bhi hume dikhai deta hai.

Iske bohot types hai, jese ki;

Ek hota hai safed paani jesa jiska appearance thick, white hota hai, kisika yellow hota hai, kisika brownish, kisika greenish ya fir kisika paani jesa bhi hota hai. Iski wajah se bohot sare symptoms hote hai, jese ki lower abdomen me pain hona, lower back pain, vaginal itching. In symptoms ki wajah se females ki day to day life bohot he difficult hojati hai. Bohot problems hoti hai

Baar-baar in infections ke hone ki wajah se kuch females me infertility dikhai deti hai. So, this is a very common factor.

Iske liye hum jaankaari lete hai ki ise ayurveda se kese treat kiya jaae? Aur ye kyu hota hai?

Reproductive age groups me vaginal infections normally nahi hona chaie. Vagina ka jo pH rehta hai, that is acidic pH. So, normally we have all the resisting power against all the infections. But koi cheezein aisi hoti hai, jese ki unhygienic conditions, ya fir menstrual period me proper hygiene nahi rakhne se, ya fir during delivery period, ya fir delivery ke baad ke 3-4 months ke time duration me proper hygiene na ho, ya fir apki immunity power kam ho. Aisi cases me infections ho sakte hai, ya fir apko frequent urinary track infections ho sakte hai. Iske lie Ayurvedic treatment, jise hum kehte hai Yonidhavan.

Iske liye hum herbal medicines are decoction karte hai, uska kadah bana ke hum baginal track wash kardete hai. Ye sitting me kiya jata hai, iske liye 7-15 sittings lagte hai. Aur kabhi kabhi cervix, uterus ka mhu pe swelling hoti hai, jese chronic erosion rehti hai, jiski wajah se white discharge ki complaint bar bar rehti hai.

Iske liye hum Pap smear test karte hai jisse ki hume inflammation, infection, cancer etc rule out kiye ja sakte hai. Ise test karne ke baad he hum vaginal treatment dete hai. Isme 7-15 sittings hote hai. Ise hum Ayurvedic herbs ke zariye theek karte hai jisse ki ye poora theek hojata hai. Humare treatment se yeh infection bar-bar nahi hota hai aur apki immunity badhane ke liye hum apko oral herbal medicines bhi dete hai.

Iske ilawa apko koi jankaari chaie ho to aap mujhe lybrate.com ke through contact kar sakte hai.

Thank you.

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice