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Last Updated: Jan 30, 2020
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Vaginal Infection - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

About Causes : Symptoms : Complications :

What is Vaginal Infection?

Vaginal infection is a condition when there is excessive yeast growth in the vagina. There will be intense itching, swelling and irritation in women who get this infection. Vaginal infection is bothersome for the women who experience it.

Causes :

Candida Albicans is the type of yeast that causes the vaginal infection. Yeast is generally present in the vagina and the growth of yeast is kept in check by lactobacillus bacteria. If there is an imbalance in the body, the bacteria cannot work and leads to overgrowth of the yeast. This condition causes itching and burning in the vagina. In some women, recurrent yeast infections will happen. If recurrent yeast infections occur, then the cause of the vaginal infection is another type of Candida yeast.

Imbalance in the body is caused due to many factors like pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, excessive antibiotics, weak immune system, hormonal imbalance, stress and lack of sleep.

Symptoms :

Anyone who is experiencing symptoms of vaginal infection should visit a gynaecologist. Gynaecologist will check whether the person had episodes of sexually transmitted disease. Pelvic exam is carried out to thoroughly check the vaginal walls and cervix. Vaginal sample test is prescribed for women who have recurrent episodes of vaginal infection.

Treatment for vaginal infection includes vaginal creams to remove the infection. Vaginal creams contain oil and hence have the ability to effect the latex of condom and other birth controls. It is best to avoid these birth control at the time of infection.

Simple yeast infections can be treated by a three-day regimen of ointments, anti fungal creams or suppository. The vaginal infection will cure on use of these medicines. A follow up to the doctor is required to check for recurrent episodes.

Complications :

Complicated vaginal infections can be caused due to a number of reasons like uncontrolled diabetes, pregnancy or HIV. These cause recurrent episodes of vaginal infections and hence need a more aggressive treatment. Here the women are given a 14-day cream or ointment and medications like antibiotics to treat the infections. Use of condoms during sex is also prescribed by the doctor to avoid further infection.

Vaginal infections can be prevented by following some simple precautions. Avoid wearing tight underwear, feminine deodorant or pads, eating a well balanced diet, avoid wearing wet underwear, wearing natural fibres like silk and cotton, avoiding use of hot tubs frequently, avoiding hot douches.

Prevention and precautions taken properly can avoid vaginal infections and lead to a good hygiene in women.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have taken fluconazole once yesterday for chronic persistent yeast infection. I have uncontrolled pcos. Today, I didn't get frequently urine as usual, and discharge and itching is decreased but I still get sharp pain while urinating. Is it normal? My next dose is after a week.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Continue taking tab fluconazole as advised by your doctor, fluconazole will relief you of vaginal discharge and vaginal itching but not of urinary symptoms. You seem to be having urinary infection also. Get your urine routine and culture examinati...

Is it possible that someone has chronic persistent yeast infection, due to pcos and prone to get yeast infection, but they don't have pid? Woman is young and not sexually active.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
You seem to be paranoid about yeast infection. I must have answered at least 20 times to you in last 3-4 days. If you can not get rid of thoughts about yeast infection meet clinical psychologist. Pcos does not lead to yeast infection but abnormal ...

I get pain while pressing all the parts of vulva and vag. Also I get warm urine, itching and discharge. Does it all indicate an yeast infection?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Most of the medical problems need personally taking detailed medical history and examination with the need for reports sometimes so meet concerned doctor- gynecologist.

I have vaginal yeast infection, and probably vaginitis too because I get frequent urination. I started changing undergarments and reduced moisture, also I have taken azithromycin for vaginitis yesterday. I feel comfortable, and frequent urination are better than before, what is actually working in. Hygiene or antibiotic? What should I continue? Because I have yeast infection too for which I was prescribed homeopathic medicine and said to take it and continue to take even after completing antibiotic course.

MBBS, M.S Obstetrics & Gynaecology, F.MAS FELLOWSHIP IN MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, D. MAS Dipolma in MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, FICRS, Fellowship in COSMETIC GYNAECOLOGY, Diploma in advanced Laparoscopy for Urogynaecology & Gynaec oncology, Basic training course in minimal invasive surgery in Gynaecology, Basics of Colposcopy, Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology, Certificate course in diagnostic ultrasound imaging, Certificate of hands on training in hysteroscopy, Certificate course in diabetes, Fellowship in assisted reproductive technology, Certificate program in aesthetic Medicine, Certificate of operative Hysteroscopy, Certificate course in clinical embryology
Gynaecologist, Chennai
There is a combination of vaginal infection with urinary tract infection the ideal way to treat this in actually a urine culture test which will tell us what particular organism is growing in the urine based on which we can get into treatment. The...

Do "vaginal yeast infection" leads to urethritis or ultimately uti? How long does it take, if left untreated? Will symptoms change?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Yeast infection of vagina does not lead to urethritis butt there are some factors common giving rise to both in a patient. In medicine one never thinks of how long can be left untreated. It is always thought how quick should be treated

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