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Vaginal Infection - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Vaginal infection is a condition when there is excessive yeast growth in the vagina. There will be intense itching, swelling and irritation in women who get this infection. Vaginal infection is bothersome for the women who experience it.

Candida Albicans is the type of yeast that causes the vaginal infection. Yeast is generally present in the vagina and the growth of yeast is kept in check by lactobacillus bacteria. If there is an imbalance in the body, the bacteria cannot work and leads to overgrowth of the yeast. This condition causes itching and burning in the vagina. In some women, recurrent yeast infections will happen. If recurrent yeast infections occur, then the cause of the vaginal infection is another type of Candida yeast.

Imbalance in the body is caused due to many factors like pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, excessive antibiotics, weak immune system, hormonal imbalance, stress and lack of sleep.

Anyone who is experiencing symptoms of vaginal infection should visit a gynaecologist. Gynaecologist will check whether the person had episodes of sexually transmitted disease. Pelvic exam is carried out to thoroughly check the vaginal walls and cervix. Vaginal sample test is prescribed for women who have recurrent episodes of vaginal infection.

Treatment for vaginal infection includes vaginal creams to remove the infection. Vaginal creams contain oil and hence have the ability to effect the latex of condom and other birth controls. It is best to avoid these birth control at the time of infection.

Simple yeast infections can be treated by a three-day regimen of ointments, anti fungal creams or suppository. The vaginal infection will cure on use of these medicines. A follow up to the doctor is required to check for recurrent episodes.

Complicated vaginal infections can be caused due to a number of reasons like uncontrolled diabetes, pregnancy or HIV. These cause recurrent episodes of vaginal infections and hence need a more aggressive treatment. Here the women are given a 14-day cream or ointment and medications like antibiotics to treat the infections. Use of condoms during sex is also prescribed by the doctor to avoid further infection.

Vaginal infections can be prevented by following some simple precautions. Avoid wearing tight underwear, feminine deodorant or pads, eating a well balanced diet, avoid wearing wet underwear, wearing natural fibres like silk and cotton, avoiding use of hot tubs frequently, avoiding hot douches.

Prevention and precautions taken properly can avoid vaginal infections and lead to a good hygiene in women.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Vaginal discharge Vaginal inflammation Vaginal itching

Popular Health Tips

Women's Health

Dr. Richa Sharma 95% (153 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Women's Health
Wiping your vagina from front to back is a healthy way of doing it because wiping from back to front increases the risk of developing urinary tract infections and yeast infections, the cause of which is exposing the vagina to harmful anal bacteria. Try to keep your vaginal and anal wiping separate.
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Treatment Methods & Symptoms Of Vaginismus

Dr. Duraisamy 89% (308 ratings)
MD - Physician
Sexologist, Coimbatore
Treatment Methods & Symptoms Of Vaginismus
Vaginismus is a condition characterized by significant pain in the vagina generally during sexual intercourses. This pain occurs on penetration due to the contraction of the vaginal muscles. Causes- The exact causes of Vaginismus are not exactly known to the doctors. But some researchers suggests that the pain might result from severe anxiety or illogical fears before sex. Vaginismus can be primary or secondary depending on the concerned woman s previous sexual experiences. Vaginismus can be linked to an earlier sexually painful experience, sexual trauma or psychological factors. In some cases, the pain tends to exist without any direct physical cause. The causes of the pain might vary from women to women and might occur in some cases with only one specific partner and not with others. Sometimes the pain might stem from underlying infections or any other underlying complications. Symptoms- The symptoms of Vaginismus are as follows: Severe pain during intercourse. Severe pain during insertion of tampons or during any medical check-ups. Treatment- The following treatments can be useful to treat Vaginismus: If the pain arises due to anxiety or fear, counselling sessions can help you to a remedy. If the pain arises whenever something penetrates the vaginal walls, progressive desensitization can be useful to treat the pain. The process aims to loosen the vaginal muscles so that you don t experience any pain during sexual intercourse. Kegel exercises (at least 20 of them) can help in the initial stage to relax the vaginal muscles. After you exercise for a few days, you should try inserting one finger inside your vagina while doing the exercises. Try doing it gently and if it still hurts, try doing it with a lubricating jelly. This continuous procedure will help in the contraction of the vaginal muscles which eventually relax.
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Vaginal Fungal Infection - The Best Way You Can Deal With It!

Dr. Aradhana Aggarwal 88% (47 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship in Fetal Medicine
Gynaecologist, Amritsar
Vaginal Fungal Infection - The Best Way You Can Deal With It!
Vaginal fungal infection, otherwise called candidiasis, is a typical female condition. Fungal infections are brought on by the growth Candida. This growth is connected with extreme itching, swelling, and irritation. Every fungal infection is distinctive. Therefore, your doctor will recommend a treatment that is best for you. Medicines are by and large decided depending upon the seriousness of the infection. A particular type of yeast called Candida albicans brings about most of the fungal infections. These fungal infections are effectively treatable. In case you are having repeating infections or issues disposing of an infection with ordinary treatment, then an alternate form of Candida may be the cause. A lab test can tell your doctor which sort of Candida you have. Here are a few ways with which you can deal with vaginal fungal infections: Simple infections For simple fungal infections, your specialist will mostly recommend the following treatment(s): A one to three-day application of an antifungal cream, balm or tablet Normal antifungal medicines is butoconazole (Gynazole), miconazole (Lotrimin), Monistat, and terconazole (Terazol). These medicines can be either prescribed or available over-the-counter. A solitary intake of oral medicine, for example, fluconazole (Diflucan). Women with simple fungal infections need to follow up with their specialist to make sure whether the medicine worked. A follow-up will likewise be important if your symptoms return within two months. Complicated infections Certain types of Candida will not react to simple treatment and will require a more forceful strategy. In case you meet one of the following criteria, your specialist will more likely tell you that your fungal infection is an extreme one. Conceivable medications for extreme or complicated vaginal fungal infections include: 14-day cream, balm, tablet, or suppository vaginal treatment A few measures of fluconazole (Diflucan) Long-term medicine of fluconazole (Diflucan) that is taken once a week for six weeks. Treatment of your sexual partner or use of condoms while having intercourse. You can treat vaginal fungal infections with regular cures in case that you might want to abstain from taking physician-recommended medicine. These are some mainstream normal cures: Tea tree oil cream Garlic or boric acid vaginal balms Plain yoghurt taken orally or applied into the vagina Here are some normal strategies for counteractive action: Abstain from wearing tight jeans, underwear, tights, or stockings Abstain from utilising female antiperspirant or antiperspirant tampons or cushions Try not to roam around in wet clothes, particularly swimsuits Eat an all around adjusted diet Eat yoghurt or eat foods with lactobacillus Wear soft clothing, for example, cotton, cloth, or silk Abstain from sitting in hot tubs Wash clothes in warm water Abstain from using hot water bags Throw away old underwear as often as possible
15 people found this helpful

Frequent Urination & Burning Sensation In Women - Why Does It Happen?

Dr. Sagar Bumb 86% (16 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Pune
Frequent Urination & Burning Sensation In Women - Why Does It Happen?
Burning urination or painful urination is also called dysuria, and it is one of the most common complaints amongst women. Another common problem is frequent urination. What are the causes of these two conditions? Are they in fact related? Frequent urination, in simple terms, is also sometimes called overactive bladder and it is the need to urinate more than you normally would. This can cause loss of bladder control too. You may feel extremely full even after using the toilet and the feeling is extremely uncomfortable. Medical practitioners bracket urinating every two hours or more as frequent urination. Some of the underlying causes are A urinary tract infection or UTI is the most common cause of frequent urination. UTIs happen when bacteria enters your urinary bladder through the urethra. Men also get UTIs, but it is less common than women as the ladies have shorter urethras. This means that bacteria have less distance to travel before they can infect the urinary tract causing UTIs. UTIs in women can be prevented by proper wiping after using the toilet, which will protect the urethra from E.coli bacteria. Proper hygiene also is a deterrent, especially after intercourse. Medical conditions affecting muscles, nerves, and tissues. Weakening of nerves due to hernias in the lower back etc. can also cause an overactive bladder. Oestrogen deficiency caused due to menopause can cause an overactive bladder and a woman finds it difficult to hold the urine for long. Obesity can also place extra pressure on the bladder. Burning sensation while urinating Common reasons behind it Frequent urination does not point to any gynaecological issues but burning urination is a common symptom of sexually transmitted diseases or STDs like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea which cause symptoms like pain when urinating and vaginal discharge. Burning urination usually occurs after intercourse when sexually transmitted infections are present. Burning while urination can also be caused due to UTIs and it is often accompanied by other symptoms of UTIs like painful urination or dysuria or blood in the urine. Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalized calcium or other materials that start in the kidneys but can pass through the urinary tract causing pain and discomfort. Urethral stricture is a condition when the urethra narrows and this causes burning and pain during urination in women. Urethritis is the inflammation of the urethra in women can cause burning on urination. Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the reproductive organs in women and causes abdominal pain especially during urination or sex. Bladder cancer Vulvovaginitis is a common infection of the vulva and vagina, both, and it causes burning and itching while urinating and increased vaginal discharge.
9 people found this helpful

Ayurvedic Treatment For Sexual Problem in Men and Women!

Dr. Tanuj Veerbhan 87% (176 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
Ayurvedic Treatment For Sexual Problem in Men and Women!
Making love brings an intimacy between the couple that connects them in all ways, not just physical. Couples who do not have a great love life usually do not have a very fulfilling relationship. Though not openly admitted to, sexual problems are very common. Given the private nature of the issue, not many frankly talk about it though. However, sexual problems are quite common and can be attributed to a combination of physical and emotional reasons. Sexual problems can be threatening to the health of the relationship and can break relationships too. Read on to know some of the most common sexual problems in men and women and simple but sure ways to deal with them. Common Sexual Problems in Men Impotence: This is defined as the inability to attain and/or sustain an erection long enough for a satisfying intercourse. Quite a common problem, it can be due to relationship issues, hormonal problems, or performance anxiety. A frank talk with the partner and if required a counseling session can help identify the cause, and the problem seems to disappear. Loss of Libido: This is a loss of arousal or reduced sex drive. This again has a strong physical and psychological component to it. Hypertension, diabetes, stress, hormonal issues, performance anxiety, and relationship issues are some of the reasons for loss of drive. Ejaculation Disorders: Premature ejaculation is the early release of sperm. Retrograde ejaculation is when the sperms are released in the reverse direction back into the bladder. Delayed ejaculation is where there is delayed the release of sperms. There is often an underlying physical reason for this, which if corrected, helps in correcting the issue. Treatment: For most sexual problems, acknowledging is the first step towards effective treatment. There are medications and hormonal supplements which are quite effective. Sex education, frank communication with the partner, and if required counselling is quite effective. Other therapies include hormone replacements, vacuum devices and penile implants. Common Sexual Problems In Women: Decreased Libido: Reduced sexual drive is more common in women than men. This could be due to hormonal issues (menopausal), strained relationships, vaginal and gynecologic infections, pelvic pain, painful sex, uterine disorders, etc. Dyspareunia: Painful sexual intercourse is very common in females, and as much as 75% of women have experienced this during their sex life. Very commonly caused by vaginal dryness, vaginal infections, uterine disorders, UTIs and menopause. This again contributes to reduced libido. Lubricants, topical antibiotics and hormonal supplements can be used in addition to treating the underlying condition. Treatment: For most sexual problems, as noted already, acknowledging and admitting is the first step. Treatment involves addressing underlying physical issues like hormonal imbalance, antibiotics, topical lubricants, etc. Counselling and involving the partner are most effective.
5576 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir, I have got swelling to the left side lip of vagina after sexual intercourse. The pain was very severe so have taken combiflam one at 3 p.m yesterday and another right now due to pain. Is the timing of dose fine and medication too?

Dr. Nash Kamdin 96% (3328 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
Dear lybrateuser, - You can take tablet combiflam twice a day( morning - evening) after food - get checkup done if pain & swelling do not subside in 2-3 days.

Dr. Mujhe 3 months pehle delivery hua hai. Pregnancy k 7th month se mujhe vagina k aas paas wali bone mai pain feel hota tha mujhe laga baby pressure karta hai isliye hai. But 3 Months hone k baad mai walk par gyi to fir se mujhe wahi same pain hai. Pls suggest.

Dr. Shailee Agrawal 92% (114 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Sirohi
Due to relaxin hormone there is pain in most of the cases. Do stretching and strengthening exercises. Take calcium supplements. Walking is also good. Contact if any query.

I am 31 years old suffering from recurrent vaginal infection want yo get permanent cure. Married about 1.8 years also trying and taking pregnancy inducing medicines. Pls suggest.

Dr. Gitanjali 93% (904 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
For complete cure of vaginal infectio you need to take medicines for prolonged time ,both partners should be treated simultaneously, if only one is treated you keep getting reinfected proper hygiene should be maintained get your bld sugar levels done.
1 person found this helpful

My wife having infection in vagina. She is getting too much irritation (Jalan) after urine. Please tell me what should we do.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2480 ratings)
Homeopath, Hooghly
Tell her to take plenty of water​,give her alkasol 2 spoon in a glass of water and tell her to take whole water, with this she need proper homoeopathic treatment to cure her problem permanently.

Severe pain in vagina after putting 2 fingers inside. What to do? How to reduce the pain.

Dr. Shobhit Tandon 91% (127 ratings)
MBBS, PG-Diploma In Clinical Pathology
Orthopedist, Sri Ganganagar
If you have access to a doc, go see one, just to make sure nothing is wrong. It could be an infection, and women get them all the time, some infections for no reason at all. U could also be so nervous about it that you tighten up, causing some pain. Try lubricating jelly and see if extra lub helps, if not, go see a doc just to be on the safe side. Good luck.

Health Quizzes

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding - What Can Cause It?

Dr. Anju Sharma 86% (57 ratings)
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The treatment for abnormal vaginal bleeding is the same regardless of symptoms. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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Vaginal infection - Could it be Vaginitis?

Dr. Ashwini Talpe 95% (3264 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
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Sometimes the stinging sensation, itching and even discharge happen without an infection. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Dr. Ashwini Talpe 95% (3264 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
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The diagnosis of abnormal vaginal bleeding depends on the age group you fall. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Dr. Inderjeet Singh Gautam 90% (3249 ratings)
D.E.H.M, B.E.M.S, M.D.(E.H)
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Trimming your pubic hair is necessary. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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