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Overview

Vaginal Infection - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Vaginal infection is a condition when there is excessive yeast growth in the vagina. There will be intense itching, swelling and irritation in women who get this infection. Vaginal infection is bothersome for the women who experience it.

Candida Albicans is the type of yeast that causes the vaginal infection. Yeast is generally present in the vagina and the growth of yeast is kept in check by lactobacillus bacteria. If there is an imbalance in the body, the bacteria cannot work and leads to overgrowth of the yeast. This condition causes itching and burning in the vagina. In some women, recurrent yeast infections will happen. If recurrent yeast infections occur, then the cause of the vaginal infection is another type of Candida yeast.

Imbalance in the body is caused due to many factors like pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, excessive antibiotics, weak immune system, hormonal imbalance, stress and lack of sleep.

Anyone who is experiencing symptoms of vaginal infection should visit a gynaecologist. Gynaecologist will check whether the person had episodes of sexually transmitted disease. Pelvic exam is carried out to thoroughly check the vaginal walls and cervix. Vaginal sample test is prescribed for women who have recurrent episodes of vaginal infection.

Treatment for vaginal infection includes vaginal creams to remove the infection. Vaginal creams contain oil and hence have the ability to effect the latex of condom and other birth controls. It is best to avoid these birth control at the time of infection.

Simple yeast infections can be treated by a three-day regimen of ointments, anti fungal creams or suppository. The vaginal infection will cure on use of these medicines. A follow up to the doctor is required to check for recurrent episodes.

Complicated vaginal infections can be caused due to a number of reasons like uncontrolled diabetes, pregnancy or HIV. These cause recurrent episodes of vaginal infections and hence need a more aggressive treatment. Here the women are given a 14-day cream or ointment and medications like antibiotics to treat the infections. Use of condoms during sex is also prescribed by the doctor to avoid further infection.

Vaginal infections can be prevented by following some simple precautions. Avoid wearing tight underwear, feminine deodorant or pads, eating a well balanced diet, avoid wearing wet underwear, wearing natural fibres like silk and cotton, avoiding use of hot tubs frequently, avoiding hot douches.

Prevention and precautions taken properly can avoid vaginal infections and lead to a good hygiene in women.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Vaginal discharge Vaginal inflammation Vaginal itching

Popular Health Tips

Vaginal Infections - Know Its Harmful Affects!

Dr. Kanu Rajput 89% (175 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Diploma in Diet and Nutrition - CIBTAC, England, United Kingdom, 2015, Award in Healthy Eating and Nutrition, Sexologist
Sexologist, Delhi
Vaginal Infections - Know Its Harmful Affects!
Burning and itching, along with an unpleasant odor, are common symptoms which indicate a vaginal infection. Vaginal infections, also known as vaginitis are common in women. All women experience some form of it during their lifetime. A vaginal infection may occur when the normal vaginal balance is affected. The balance may be disturbed by factors such as douches, changes in hormone level, certain antibiotic medicines, pregnancy and vaginal intercourse. There are several different types of vaginal infections, which commonly occur in women. The most common of them are as follows: Yeast infections: This is the most common form of vaginitis. It is caused by a species of the Candida fungus. This fungis dwells in the body naturally in small numbers. They thrive in a moist, warm and airless environment, and commonly cause a vaginal infection if they grow in numbers in the vagina. A thick, white discharge is indicated in some women as a symptom of yeast infection. The discharge may resemble cottage cheese. Vaginal itching and redness of the vulva and vagina are also likely. Bacterial vaginosis: Along with yeast, bacteria known as lactobacilli naturally thrive in the vagina. When the count of this bacteria reduces too much, bacterial vaginosis or BV is triggered. The normal lactobacilli gets replaced by other harmful infection-causing bacteria. A common bacteria associated with this condition is gardnerella. A woman may experience a thick, whitish discharge or a clear and slippery discharge. A fishy odor during sexual intercourse may also be noticed. Trichomonas: This condition is the only vaginal infection, which is considered to be a true sexually transmitted infection. It is commonly called trich and is caused by a one-celled parasite known as trichomonas vaginalis. It is commonly transmitted during sexual intercourse. The symptoms of the condition are similar to other vaginal infections like burning, swelling of the vulva, vaginal discharge of yellow gray and green color. Pain during urination and the presence of a fishy odor during sexual intercourse are also indicated. Chlamydia vaginitis: This is an STD which leads to the inflammation of the vagina. A discharge with Chlamydia is also likely in some women. Bleeding after sexual intercourse is another common symptom of this condition, which occurs from vaginal infection. Women above the age of 26 who are sexually active should undertake tests for this condition as in many cases it strikes without showing any symptoms. It is also capable of damaging a woman s fertility. It is recommended for you to consult a doctor upon experiencing the symptoms of any kind of vaginal infection. This will ensure proper and early diagnosis so that the condition does not deteriorate further.

Common Sexual Problems In Men And Women!!

Dr. Vp Trivedi 87% (416 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
Common Sexual Problems In Men And Women!!
Making love brings an intimacy between the couple that connects them in all ways, not just physical. Couples who do not have a great love life usually do not have a very fulfilling relationship. Though not openly admitted to, sexual problems are very common. Given the private nature of the issue, not many frankly talk about it though. However, sexual problems are quite common and can be attributed to a combination of physical and emotional reasons. Sexual problems can be threatening to the health of the relationship and can break relationships too. Read on to know some of the most common sexual problems in men and women and simple but sure ways to deal with them. Common Sexual Problems in Men Impotence: This is defined as the inability to attain and/or sustain an erection long enough for a satisfying intercourse. Quite a common problem, it can be due to relationship issues, hormonal problems, or performance anxiety. A frank talk with the partner and if required a counseling session can help identify the cause, and the problem seems to disappear. Loss of Libido: This is a loss of arousal or reduced sex drive. This again has a strong physical and psychological component to it. Hypertension, diabetes, stress, hormonal issues, performance anxiety, and relationship issues are some of the reasons for loss of drive. Ejaculation Disorders: Premature ejaculation is the early release of sperm. Retrograde ejaculation is when the sperms are released in the reverse direction back into the bladder. Delayed ejaculation is where there is delayed the release of sperms. There is often an underlying physical reason for this, which if corrected, helps in correcting the issue. Treatment: For most sexual problems, acknowledging is the first step towards effective treatment. There are medications and hormonal supplements which are quite effective. Sex education, frank communication with the partner, and if required counselling is quite effective. Other therapies include hormone replacements, vacuum devices and penile implants. Common Sexual Problems In Women: Decreased Libido: Reduced sexual drive is more common in women than men. This could be due to hormonal issues (menopausal), strained relationships, vaginal and gynecologic infections, pelvic pain, painful sex, uterine disorders, etc. Dyspareunia: Painful sexual intercourse is very common in females, and as much as 75% of women have experienced this during their sex life. Very commonly caused by vaginal dryness, vaginal infections, uterine disorders, UTIs and menopause. This again contributes to reduced libido. Lubricants, topical antibiotics and hormonal supplements can be used in addition to treating the underlying condition. Treatment: For most sexual problems, as noted already, acknowledging and admitting is the first step. Treatment involves addressing underlying physical issues like hormonal imbalance, antibiotics, topical lubricants, etc. Counselling and involving the partner are most effective.
7 people found this helpful

Vaginal Yeast Infection - 6 Signs You Must Not Ignore!

Dr. Jayanti Kamat 89% (522 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Vaginal Yeast Infection - 6 Signs You Must Not Ignore!
The female reproductive organ is an area of the human body where many microbial organisms inhabit together and it is a necessary requirement for its health. These organisms may include fungi and bacteria and play important roles individually in maintaining the pH levels (the acidic and alkaline balance) levels of the vagina. However, when one of these, especially the fungi go out of balance and begin to propagate, it results in a vaginal yeast infection. Symptoms A yeast infection or vaginal candidiasis is a fungal infection that causes extreme itchiness of the vulva (which is the opening of the vagina) and the further insides of the vagina as well. It may result in a white discharge from time to time and causes vaginal inflammation. Some of the other symptoms are: Pain in the vagina akin to a burning sensation while urinating or when having sex Rashes in the vagina General soreness and pain White odorless discharge, which is thick in consistency Colorless watery discharges can occur as well Swelling and redness near the vulva or the vagina in general Causes The type of fungi that causes vaginal yeast infections is the candida fungus . Usually, this fungus is present within the vagina, but is kept in check by the Lactobacillus bacteria. These are bacteria naturally present within the vagina and secrete acids, which keep the fungi in check. However, when the levels of bacteria are reduced, it will cause the levels of fungi to increase causing a yeast infection. Risk Factors The below mentioned factors can aggravate the risks of this disease: Problems brought on by diabetes A compromised immune system Pregnancy may also disturb the balance Starting to use or stopping the use of oral contraceptive pills Hormone therapy Usage of antibiotics that may kill off lactobacillus bacteria within the vagina Generally, yeast infections are not considered to be sexually transmitted, although yeast infection could be spread through sexual contact as well. The primary treatment includes a course of anti fungal oral medication to lessen the levels of the fungi within your vagina. It could be supplemented with vaginal creams, which may reduce the itching and the inflammation. If you have recurrent infection multiple times within a year, then you may have to go for a longer course of treatment and correct the underlying conditions that may be causing it.
2702 people found this helpful

Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. Sagar 88% (28 ratings)
DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!
In a healthy individual, there are millions of microorganisms in different parts of the body which are essential for normal functioning of that particular organ. Be it the mouth or the gut or the reproductive tract, there are normally organisms. These form part of the normal flora of that body part. It is when there is an imbalance between the good and bad bacteria, where the bad ones take over, then there is a problem. This results in an infection, which manifests with symptoms and requires treatment. Vaginal yeast infection is one of the most common such conditions and almost 75% of the women would have had it at least once in their lifetime. It is most commonly caused by the yeast Candida albicans, which is normally present in the vagina. Though it can be sexually transmitted, it is not a usual STD. Causes: The vagina also contains the bacteria Lactobacillus, which produces acid and is essential for maintaining an acidic environment. This acidic environment ensures there is no overgrowth of the yeast. For various reasons, this balance is lost and there is an overgrowth of yeast leading to vaginal yeast infections. Some of the common causes are listed below. Antibiotic usage, which kills the Lactobacillus count and increases vaginal pH Uncontrolled diabetes Weakened immunity due to various reasons Pregnancy Increased levels of oestrogen due to use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy Symptoms: The symptoms would depend on the severity of the infection. Vaginal itching, burning, and irritation Vulvar swelling, irritation, and redness Burning sensation with urination or intercourse Vaginal rash Vaginal soreness and pain Vaginal discharge that can be thick or thin, white or clear, odor-free or foul-smelling In cases of recurrent vaginal yeast infections, there could be more than 4 infections per year along with extensive burning and itching and swelling that could even lead to cracks and fissures. Diagnosis: Though the symptoms can be helpful in diagnosis, sometimes a pelvic exam and swab of the vaginal discharge might be required to confirm the diagnosis. This is especially required in cases of repeated infections.
4949 people found this helpful

When Sex Hurts: Tips and Tricks to Overcome Discomfort

Dr. Ajaypal Singh 91% (3238 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Delhi
When Sex Hurts: Tips and Tricks to Overcome Discomfort
Sexual intercourse for humans is not only a reproductive act, but is also considered to be an emotional and pleasurable act. However, statistics report that almost 30% of the women experience pain during intercourse. This not only hampers the pleasure, but is also an unhealthy sign since it is indicative of a problem. Painful intercourse could be a regular occurrence, or a sporadic one. There could be numerous reasons that cause the discomfort and pain. Though it might be an early manifestation of grave diseases such as endometriosis or fibroids, but more often, it is triggered due to conditions such as vaginal dryness, yeast infection, bacterial vaginiosis, which can be easily treated. It is pertinent to understand that it is not the physical infirmity of the entire female anatomy that causes such pain/ discomfort, but the existence of certain conditions that can be treated by a medical practitioner. Certain such causal factors associated with painful intercourse and the efficient ways to deal with them are discussed below: Vaginal dryness- Vaginal dryness is one of the most commonly cited causes for painful intercourse. There are various causal factors of vaginal dryness. These include, but are not limited to, consumption of certain drugs, bathing with hot water, health conditions or even lack of foreplay. Vaginal dryness due to the aforementioned causes is a short-lived condition that can be treated well with the help of a medical practitioner. Usage of lubricants that is suitable for you, as advised by a medical practitioner, could go a long way in aiding the ease of sexual intercourse. The lubricants act as an effective substitute, if the body is unable to naturally secrete vaginal fluids to ease intercourse, thereby greatly reducing the pain that is experienced. Improper vaginal expansion- The female anatomy is designed in such a way that it expands normally during intercourse. Proper foreplay enables the woman to get excited, which results in the release of vaginal fluids that aids in sexual intercourse. However, in the event that the female is not excited enough prior to the act, sexual intercourse can become a painful act, since the vagina is unable to expand in the absence of vaginal fluids. In such cases, take things slow and give your body time to comfortably go with the flow. Vaginal itching caused by infection- Vaginal infections can be caused by antibiotics, prior sexual activity that has resulted in contraction of Sexually Transmitted Diseases etc. This results in an itching or burning sensation while having sex. It is essential to rest your body instead of forcing things, and to consult your doctor as soon as possible. The doctor can correctly diagnose the causal factors behind the infection, and prescribe the necessary medicines for it. However, if your symptoms vary from the common ones mentioned above, or in case you have a different query, it is always advisable to consult the doctor.
19 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi Dr, I got some rashes near my vagina, area near it got reddish. Some cuts are also there at the end of it. Currently I am using ointment called candid cl, so for few days it’s a relief but after few days it again occurs.

Dr. Narasimhalu C.R.V. 93% (38905 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Use kz cream twice daily. Fungal infection. Also called jock itch, when occurs in groin. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema, bacterial and viral infection, doctor need to see to confirm the diagnosis. So, meet me in my clinic or do direct online consultation by sending photos for detailed information and medicine for treatment.

I feel itchy and burning sensation at my clitoris hood whenever I apply a hair removal cream for hair removal at my vagina. I have changed and tried all the brand of hair removal cream but still the itchiness n burning sensation after removing the cream is still same. Can anyone suggest me some solution for it.

Dr. Pavan Murdeshwar 92% (557 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. The laser hair removal is one of the efficient method to get the body hair removed. It requires 5-6 sessions after which once in 6 months maintainence is enough. It doesn't have any such kind of side effects. U can contact me for more details.
1 person found this helpful

I have pain in stomach and legs and I am heaving problem of pimples to my Virginia and I am having pain there also please help me for that.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2990 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Hooghly
Stomach pain may be due to acute gastritis, or gastric problem, leg pain may be due to increase uric acid, or it may be due to some other causes, now all this are curable only by proper homoeopathic treatment only, soo you can contact me through Lybrate in private.

I am 22 years old girl. I am having rashes beside my vagina. 2 sides of my vagina is full of red rashes. Very much itching. And some smell occurs also. What can I do?

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2990 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Hooghly
Apply only coconut oil,, maintain hygiene ,,with this u need proper homoeopathic treatment to cure ur problem permanently

Health Quizzes

Vaginal Douching - What is It?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, FICS, FICOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Douching can help prevent pregnancy if you had sex without protection. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz
184 people took this quiz

Vaginal Douching - Healthy Or Harmful For Your Vagina?

Dr. Sandhya Mishra 91% (135 ratings)
MBBS, MS -Gynaecologist
IVF Specialist, Varanasi
Douching is associated with a higher risk of developing ectopic pregnancy. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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125 people took this quiz

How Yeast Infection Of Vagina Can Be Treated?

Dr. Radhakrishnan Nair 90% (214 ratings)
MBBS .DGO.DA.(Trained in Andrology)
Sexologist, Ernakulam
Yogurt helps prevent a yeast infection. True or false? Take the quiz to know now.
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68 people took this quiz

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding - What Can Cause It?

Dr. Anju Sharma 85% (57 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Agra
The treatment for abnormal vaginal bleeding is the same regardless of symptoms. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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116 people took this quiz

Vaginal infection - Could it be Vaginitis?

Dr. Ashwini Talpe 93% (3372 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
Sometimes the stinging sensation, itching and even discharge happen without an infection. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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205 people took this quiz

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