Overview

Last Updated: Feb 03, 2023

Trichomoniasis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is Trichomoniasis? Causes Symptoms How it's spreads Risk How it diagnosed Reduce the risk complications Treatments How is the treatment done? Who is eligible Who is not eligible side effects post-treatment guidelines Recovery price Are the results of the treatment permanent? alternatives Conclusion

What is Trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis refers to a sexually transmitted infection. It results due to parasite infection. It affects both men and women but symptoms are slightly different. It leads to a foul smell, pain, discomfort, itching, etc. It requires proper treatment to get treated.

Causes of Trichomoniasis

Some foremost causes of Trichomoniasis include-

  • Genital touch
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Sexual activities
  • Sex without physical barriers
  • Trichomoniasis history

Symptoms of Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis leads to some common symptoms, such as-

  • Itching
  • Pain with urination
  • Foul smell
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Burning sensation
  • Redness
  • Discharge from penis
  • Pain during sex

Summary- These symptoms are often experienced by Trichomoniasis patients.

How Trichomoniasis is spread?

The transfer of trichomoniasis occurs through genital contact. Sexual activities with infected persons spread trichomoniasis rapidly. It usually affects the lower genital tract including the vulva, cervix, urethra, penis, etc.

Summary- Trichomoniasis transfers from an infected person to others.

Risk factors for contracting Trichomoniasis

Risk factors for contracting trichomoniasis involve-

  • Unprotected sex
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • History of other STIs
  • Trichomoniasis history

Summary- These are some prominent risk factors of trichomoniasis.

How Trichomoniasis is diagnosed

Diagnosis of trichomoniasis can be completed by these processes-

  • Complete physical examination
  • Lab tests
  • Nucleic acid amplification test
  • Genital exam
  • Rapid antigen test

Summary- These tests are useful in diagnosing trichomoniasis symptoms.

How to reduce the risk of contracting Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis risks can be reduced by following some simple steps like-

  • Avoid unprotected sex
  • Use condoms
  • Avoid multiple sexual partners
  • Avoid sex with an infected person

Summary- These steps are extremely helpful in preventing trichomoniasis.

Possible complications of Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis possesses some possible complications, such as-

  • Premature delivery
  • Delivering an infected baby
  • Painful urination
  • Baby with low birth weight

Summary- These complications are often accompanied by trichomoniasis.

Treatments for Trichomoniasis

What is the treatment?

Since trichomoniasis is an STI so it needs to be treated carefully. The most effective course of treatment for trichomoniasis is medication. Antibiotics are often given to the patient in specific doses. Some commonly prescribed medicines include-

  • Metronidazole
  • Scenidazole
  • Tinidazole

Summary- Medications work efficiently in the treatment of trichomoniasis.

How is the treatment done?

Treatment is done by administering antibiotics to the patients. These antibiotics are metronidazole, tinidazole and scenidazole. They can be taken in variable doses including megadose and multiple doses. A complete course of antibiotics must be taken to prevent the reinfection of trichomoniasis.

Summary- Antibiotics are taken orally to treat trichomoniasis.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People who experience trichomoniasis symptoms like itching, burning, pain, and discomfort in the genital area, must go for treatment. Treatment for trichomoniasis requires immediate medical attention. People suffering from these symptoms are eligible for trichomoniasis treatment.

Summary- People having trichomoniasis symptoms must seek medical care.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People not affected by trichomoniasis symptoms need not to be treated. They ought to focus on living a healthy lifestyle.

Are there any side effects?

Some side effects often accompanied by trichomoniasis include-

  • Feeling sick
  • Fatigue
  • A little metallic aftertaste
  • Nausea

Summary- Trichomoniasis treatment may cause some side effects but can be tackled.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Some relevant post-treatment guidelines include-

  • Abstain from sexual activities
  • After therapy, refrain from drinking alcohol for the following 24 hours
  • Have a nutritious meal
  • Be regular on follow-ups
  • Get your partner checked too.

Summary- Following some post-treatment guidelines helps to soothe the recovery phase.

How long does it take to recover?

It would be best for individuals affected by Trichomoniasis to not undergo any sexual activities for two weeks. Instant sexual interaction can again cause trichomoniasis to occur.

Also, it is recommended to not consume any alcohol for the next 24 hours after the treatment. If the individual's sex partners can be checked and treated for the same, it would help prevent the recurrence of trichomoniasis after the treatment.

Summary- Trichomoniasis treatment may take 7-10 days to recover completely.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The trichomoniasis treatment procedure is not high-priced in India. Since the treatment includes oral administration of antibiotics so it may cost up to 2,000 rupees.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The treatment of trichomoniasis is considered permanent but the patient still possesses the risk of having it back. It requires a detailed treatment procedure. People must be careful about their treatment and be confirmed with the doctor about their current situation.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The treatment for trichomoniasis does eradicate it from the body, however, the results are not permanent as this is a sexually transmitted disease and can reoccur if the individual comes in contact with an infected partner.

Summary- Alternative supports the treatment but cannot cure the disorder completely.

Conclusion

Trichomoniasis is a well-known STI affecting both men and women. Early detection is extremely important for the complete eradication of trichomoniasis. One must seek medical care after experiencing trichomoniasis symptoms.

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Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexology
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