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Overview

Trichomoniasis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Trichomoniasis is also known as 'trich' or 'trichomonas vaginalis'.

How is the treatment done?

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease and is considered to be the most common of the lot. It can be characterised by vaginal irritation in women, followed by excessive discharge or a foul odor. In men, trichomoniasis can be detected by discharge from the penis, accompanied with irritation. During sexual intercouse, both partners can face excess difficulties in going forward with the act.

Trichomoniasis is more common in women than in men, and is caused by the parasite called trichomonas vaginalis from a vagina to a penis, or a penis to a vagina or from a vagina to another. More often people infected with trichomoniasis fail to recognise the disease in the first place. Also, it is more likely to happen to older women than younger women.

This disease mostly forms a part of the woman’s vaginal tract as the parasite is most likely to affect that area during sex, from a penis to a vagina. It can also spread from one vagina to another, and does not infect any other body part. There are also many factors which decide why some people infected with trichomoniasis face the symptoms while others do not. 70% of the global population gets infected with it daily but fails to detect it, solely for the fact that the symptoms are not prevalent for everybody.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Trichomoniasis does not require the need for any kind of surgery. It can be easily cured with medication like metronidazole or tinidazole. The pills or tablets can be orally consumed.

This cure relieves the individual of the symptom then and there. However, it can occur again because of an infected partner. A checkup is required in case the symptoms come back. Generally, it takes about two or three months before trichomoniasis is likely to occur again.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Men or women infected with Trichomoniasis can use tablets prescribed to them for treatment. Even pregnant women can consume the medication prescribed.

Are there any side effects?

Individuals with a drinking or smoking habit should not take medication for Trichomoniasis. The habit should be stopped for a long period, till the alcohol or nicotine exits the system, in order for the medication to work.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Trichomoniasis makes men or women more susceptible in catching other sexually transmitted diseases like HIV. However, for the treatment of the same, there are no side effects as the medication is consumed orally.

How long does it take to recover?

It would be best for individuals affected by Trichomoniasis to not undergo any sexual activities for two weeks. Instant sexual interaction can again cause trichomoniasis to occur. Also it is recommended to not consume any alcohol for the next 24 hours after the treatment. If the individual's sex partners can be checked and treated for the same, it would help prevent the recurrence of trichomoniasis after the treatment.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Trichomoniasis takes less than a week to be treated.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Trichomoniasis can be treated within a price range of Rs. 1500 to Rs. 2000 as oral pills are enough to cure this sexually transmitted disease.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The treatment for trichomoniasis does eradicate it from the body, however the results are not permanent as this is a sexually transmitted disease and can reoccur if the individual comes in contact with an infected partner.

Safety: Disease Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: High Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 1500 - Rs. 2000.

Popular Health Tips

Trichomoniasis: How Can You Prevent On your Own?

PG in Assisted Reproductive Technology, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Trichomoniasis: How Can You Prevent On your Own?

Trichomoniasis is one of the most commonly occurring sexually transmitted infections. It generally happens on account of having multiple sexual partners or not using condoms and other protective measures during sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal).

Trichomoniasis leads to a foul smelling vaginal discharge and other symptoms that include spotting/bleeding, painful urination, itching in the vaginal region, all of them resulting in painful sexual intercourse. The single- celled protozoa (pathogen) causing this infection is Trichomonas vaginalis.

Symptoms-

The most common symptoms among women are:

  1. vaginal discharge, which can be white, gray, yellow, or green, and usually frothy with an unpleasant smell
  2. vaginal spotting or bleeding
  3. genital burning or itching
  4. genital redness or swelling
  5. frequent urge to urinate
  6. pain during urination or sexual intercourse

The most common symptoms in men are:

  1. discharge from the urethra
  2. burning during urination or after ejaculation
  3. an urge to urinate frequently

Treatment Options for Trichomoniasis-

The treatment options for Trichomoniasis can be categorized as follows:

  1. Antibiotics such as ‘Tinidazole’ or metronidazole can be administered.

  2. It is advisable not to consume alcohol within the first 24 hours of being administered ‘metronidazole’ and the first 72 hours of being administered tinidazole as it can lead to severe vomiting and nausea.

  3. Metronidazole is strictly advised against during pregnancy as it can harm the baby.

How to Prevent Trichomoniasis?

The preventive measures include:

  1. Indulging in safe sex is the best way to prevent Trichomoniasis.

  2. Condoms should be used by both the male and the female partners during a sexual intercourse (anal or vaginal).

  3. Sharing sex toys is another big ‘NO’ as the carriers of various STDs may spread through their common usage.

  4. If a person has already been infected by Trichomoniasis then abstaining from sex is the safest option to prevent it from spreading.

1 person found this helpful

Trichomonas Vaginalis - Ways You Can Prevent Yourself!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gynae-Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Trichomonas Vaginalis - Ways You Can Prevent Yourself!

Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is sometimes referred to as trichomonas or trichomoniasis, or shortened to TV. The term trichomonas is used here. 

If you are suffering from trichomonas vaginalis, it is important for you to know about protecting yourself against this condition. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by an organism known as trichomonas vaginalis. This disease is more common in women than in men. Men too can get infected and pass on the infection to their sexual partners.

Signs & Symptoms-

Up to half of infected men and women will not have any signs or symptoms at all. Signs and symptoms usually show up within a month of coming into contact with trichomonas. You might notice:

Women

  1. Soreness, inflammation and itching in and around the vagina. This can cause discomfort when having sex.
  2. A change in vaginal discharge – there may be a small amount or a lot, and it may be thick or thin, or frothy and yellow. You may also notice a strong smell that may be unpleasant.
  3. Pain when passing urine.

Men

  1. A discharge from the penis, which may be thin and whitish.
  2. Pain, or a burning sensation, when passing urine.
  3. Inflammation of the foreskin (this is uncommon).

Diagnosis
A physical examination and certain laboratory tests are carried out for the diagnosis of trichomonas’s. Tests are carried out on a sample of the vaginal fluid to find out disease-causing parasites. It is harder to detect the parasite in men, than in women.

Treatment
Commonly, a certain oral antibiotic is prescribed for treating trichomonas’s. It is the only medicine used for this purpose, but should be avoided by pregnant women. If you are infected, your partner should also be treated at the same time for the prevention of reinfection and further spreading. If you are undergoing treatment for trichomonas’s, it is advised that you avoid having sex until the treatment gets over and all symptoms get eliminated. You should take your medicine even if you improve and after the symptoms are gone. A retest should be carried out after three months to know about the infection’s status.

Prevention
You can prevent or protect yourself from trichomonas’s vaginalis by taking the following steps:

  • Have protected sex by using condoms every time.
  • Sexual abstinence or limiting your sexual contact to one partner is recommended.
  • Avoid sexual contact if you think you are affected.

You should consult a doctor on experiencing any genital symptoms such as burning urination, discharge, and the development of sores or rashes. Also, you must stop having sex with anyone after experiencing these symptoms. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3588 people found this helpful

6 Symptoms Of Trichomoniasis!

MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
6 Symptoms Of Trichomoniasis!

Trichomoniasis is an infection that is caused by a parasite and is transmitted sexually. This disorder is characterized by symptoms of itching in the genitalia, smelly discharge from the vagina and pain while urinating. This disorder may also result in premature birth in case of pregnant women.

The symptoms of this disorder are:

1. Redness around the genitals, which may cause intense itching

2. You may experience pain during sexual intercourse and urination

3. A smelly colored vaginal discharge

4. You may experience discharge from the penis

5. A burning sensation during ejaculation and urination

6. A constant feeling of irritation in the penis

Causes behind it

The disorder is caused by a parasite known as Trichomonas vaginalis. Certain factors increase your chances of contracting this disorder; them being:

1. Engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse

2. If you have had an episode of Trichomoniasis

3. If you have been affected by STI/STDs before

4. Having multiple sex partners can certainly augment its chances

Prevention

There are certain preventive measures that you can adopt to prevent this infection.

  1. Avoid engaging in sexual activities once the condition is diagnosed.

  2. If you are, it is always advised to use latex condoms during intercourse to decrease your chances of contracting this disease.

  3. Avoid engaging in sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners. If this disorder is not treated, then it may increase your chances of getting affected by HIV as well.

  4. It also tends to cause an early rupture of the membranes in pregnant women; resulting in premature delivery

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5446 people found this helpful

Trichomoniasis - How it Can Be Prevented?

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Trichomoniasis - How it Can Be Prevented?

Trichomoniasis is an infection that is caused by a parasite and is transmitted sexually. This disorder is characterized by symptoms of itching in the genitalia, smelly discharge from the vagina and pain while urinating. This disorder may also result in premature birth in case of pregnant women.

The symptoms of this disorder are:

1. Redness around the genitals, which may cause intense itching

2. You may experience pain during sexual intercourse and urination

3. A smelly colored vaginal discharge

4. You may experience discharge from the penis

5. A burning sensation during ejaculation and urination

6. A constant feeling of irritation in the penis

Causes behind it

The disorder is caused by a parasite known as Trichomonas vaginalis. Certain factors increase your chances of contracting this disorder; them being:

1. Engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse

2. If you have had an episode of Trichomoniasis

3. If you have been affected by STI/STDs before

4. Having multiple sex partners can certainly augment its chances

Prevention

There are certain preventive measures that you can adopt to prevent this infection.

  1. Avoid engaging in sexual activities once the condition is diagnosed.

  2. If you are, it is always advised to use latex condoms during intercourse to decrease your chances of contracting this disease.

  3. Avoid engaging in sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners. If this disorder is not treated, then it may increase your chances of getting affected by HIV as well.

  4. It also tends to cause an early rupture of the membranes in pregnant women; resulting in premature delivery. 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

2758 people found this helpful

Female Dyspareunia - How To Treat It?

Ph.D - Ayurveda
Sexologist, Coimbatore
Female Dyspareunia - How To Treat It?

Female dyspareunia refers to painful intercourse. It is estimated that 8 to 21% of women experience this at some point in their lives. Pain during or after intercourse is disturbing and restricts partners need for intimacy. It leaves the partners with an unpleasant experience and may lead to frustrations, anxiety and fear of sex. There is little awareness among couples about dyspareunia and thus a painful experience is sometimes confusing for the other partner and often invites fights and arguments rather than support and understanding.

Women with dyspareunia suffer pain in genitalia or deeper in the pelvis, vulva or vagina. It is more common among women after menopause; however, many women experience pain right from their first sexual attempt or just after initiation while some at deeper penetration.

Causes of Dyspareunia could be medical, psychosocial or both. Medical conditions can be cured but often there are underlying personal and psychological factors which need to be addressed usually by counsellors or sexologists.

Diagnosis of the problem begins with a physical examination of the vulva. Apart from this an internal pelvic examination may also be required. A doctor takes into account the nature, extent and duration of pain in determining possible causes and deciding the mode of treatment. During interaction with the patient, various other psychosocial factors are also revealed that must be addressed for holistic treatment.

Medical conditions that could cause pain during or after intercourse are many including lesions, thin skin, scar tissues or ulcers. Infections like UTI, herpes, yeast infections, Chlamydia, trichomoniasis can also cause pain.

Treatment of infections is through drugs and creams.

  • Apart from this, infections of the fallopian tubes or conditions like ovarian cysts, fibroids, tumours or endometriosis could be a reason for deeper and intense pain. In most of the cases, surgery is the option.
  • Lack of oestrogen is another major cause for this type of pain. Oestrogen deficiency can cause lack of lubrication making vaginal area dry. This can cause painful friction during intercourse. Along with lubricants, an oestrogen treatment is given.

Apart from medical causes, fears or anxieties associated with sex can sometimes lead to pain. Lack of harmony in relationships can lead to loss of desire for sex leading to vaginal dryness and discomfort. A traumatic sexual experience of the past may also inhibit a partner to be at peace in the act and may invite psychosomatic problems. It is important for the partner to be sensitive and lend a hand of support. Understanding how a partner wishes to be caressed and touched and making efforts towards providing a sexually exciting experience can go a long way in removing partner’s inhibitions/fears and introducing positive sparks in the relationship. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a sexologist.

3447 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 25 years female .i am suffering from smelly vagina and something yellow discharge from last one month I have taken medicine too but no relief from it plzz suggest.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Faridabad
Bacterial vaginosis — an overgrowth of normally occurring vaginal bacteria — is the most common vaginal infection that causes a vaginal odor. Trichomoniasis — a sexually transmitted infection — also can lead to vaginal odor. Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections usually don't cause vaginal odors.

Which kind of std we can get from receiving unprotected oral sex from sex worker.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis, Trichomoniasis, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Genital Warts, Herpes, Syphilis, Molluscum Contagiosum,
1 person found this helpful

Hello everyone ,recently a wall lizard pissing urine on my skin its burning and itching how can I treat this? Pls help me.

BHMS
Sexologist, Noida
Vaginitis, an infection or inflammation of the vagina and vulva, can cause vaginal redness, itching, and more. The specific symptoms of yeast infections, or candidiasis, depend on the site of the infection. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease that can cause vaginal itching and discharge and pain.
1 person found this helpful

I am 20 years old women and I am suffering from UTI. It's already been almost 2 months. I have been taking antibiotics still it didn't get cured till now. I had sex in between for like 2-3 times. And I used tampons too. Since 2 weeks I am getting a ticklish sensation in my vaginal opening. I don't know what it is! It doesn't itch it just feels weird and sore. It feels as if something is inside I don't know what to do. It's pretty uncomfortable.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Bacterial vaginosis — an overgrowth of normally occurring vaginal bacteria — is the most common vaginal infection that causes a VAGINAL ODOR. Trichomoniasis — a sexually transmitted infection — also can lead to vaginal odor. Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections usually don't cause vaginal odors. Do consult a gynecologist for physical investigation and treatment. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, Please suggest me I have developed a boil on vagina. How to treat vaginal boils.Please suggest me something.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Bacterial vaginosis — an overgrowth of normally occurring vaginal bacteria — is the most common vaginal infection that causes a VAGINAL ODOR. Trichomoniasis — a sexually transmitted infection — also can lead to vaginal odor. Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections usually don't cause vaginal odors. Do consult a gynecologist for physical investigation and treatment. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?