Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Trichomoniasis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Trichomoniasis is also known as 'trich' or 'trichomonas vaginalis'.

How is the treatment done?

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease and is considered to be the most common of the lot. It can be characterised by vaginal irritation in women, followed by excessive discharge or a foul odor. In men, trichomoniasis can be detected by discharge from the penis, accompanied with irritation. During sexual intercouse, both partners can face excess difficulties in going forward with the act.

Trichomoniasis is more common in women than in men, and is caused by the parasite called trichomonas vaginalis from a vagina to a penis, or a penis to a vagina or from a vagina to another. More often people infected with trichomoniasis fail to recognise the disease in the first place. Also, it is more likely to happen to older women than younger women.

This disease mostly forms a part of the woman’s vaginal tract as the parasite is most likely to affect that area during sex, from a penis to a vagina. It can also spread from one vagina to another, and does not infect any other body part. There are also many factors which decide why some people infected with trichomoniasis face the symptoms while others do not. 70% of the global population gets infected with it daily but fails to detect it, solely for the fact that the symptoms are not prevalent for everybody.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Trichomoniasis does not require the need for any kind of surgery. It can be easily cured with medication like metronidazole or tinidazole. The pills or tablets can be orally consumed.

This cure relieves the individual of the symptom then and there. However, it can occur again because of an infected partner. A checkup is required in case the symptoms come back. Generally, it takes about two or three months before trichomoniasis is likely to occur again.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Men or women infected with Trichomoniasis can use tablets prescribed to them for treatment. Even pregnant women can consume the medication prescribed.

Are there any side effects?

Individuals with a drinking or smoking habit should not take medication for Trichomoniasis. The habit should be stopped for a long period, till the alcohol or nicotine exits the system, in order for the medication to work.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Trichomoniasis makes men or women more susceptible in catching other sexually transmitted diseases like HIV. However, for the treatment of the same, there are no side effects as the medication is consumed orally.

How long does it take to recover?

It would be best for individuals affected by Trichomoniasis to not undergo any sexual activities for two weeks. Instant sexual interaction can again cause trichomoniasis to occur. Also it is recommended to not consume any alcohol for the next 24 hours after the treatment. If the individual's sex partners can be checked and treated for the same, it would help prevent the recurrence of trichomoniasis after the treatment.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Trichomoniasis takes less than a week to be treated.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Trichomoniasis can be treated within a price range of Rs. 1500 to Rs. 2000 as oral pills are enough to cure this sexually transmitted disease.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The treatment for trichomoniasis does eradicate it from the body, however the results are not permanent as this is a sexually transmitted disease and can reoccur if the individual comes in contact with an infected partner.

Safety: Disease Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: High Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 1500 - Rs. 2000.

Popular Health Tips

Trichomonas Vaginalis - Ways You Can Prevent Yourself!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gynae-Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Trichomonas Vaginalis - Ways You Can Prevent Yourself!

Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is sometimes referred to as trichomonas or trichomoniasis, or shortened to TV. The term trichomonas is used here. 

If you are suffering from trichomonas vaginalis, it is important for you to know about protecting yourself against this condition. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by an organism known as trichomonas vaginalis. This disease is more common in women than in men. Men too can get infected and pass on the infection to their sexual partners.

Signs & Symptoms-

Up to half of infected men and women will not have any signs or symptoms at all. Signs and symptoms usually show up within a month of coming into contact with trichomonas. You might notice:

Women

  1. Soreness, inflammation and itching in and around the vagina. This can cause discomfort when having sex.
  2. A change in vaginal discharge – there may be a small amount or a lot, and it may be thick or thin, or frothy and yellow. You may also notice a strong smell that may be unpleasant.
  3. Pain when passing urine.

Men

  1. A discharge from the penis, which may be thin and whitish.
  2. Pain, or a burning sensation, when passing urine.
  3. Inflammation of the foreskin (this is uncommon).

Diagnosis
A physical examination and certain laboratory tests are carried out for the diagnosis of trichomonas’s. Tests are carried out on a sample of the vaginal fluid to find out disease-causing parasites. It is harder to detect the parasite in men, than in women.

Treatment
Commonly, a certain oral antibiotic is prescribed for treating trichomonas’s. It is the only medicine used for this purpose, but should be avoided by pregnant women. If you are infected, your partner should also be treated at the same time for the prevention of reinfection and further spreading. If you are undergoing treatment for trichomonas’s, it is advised that you avoid having sex until the treatment gets over and all symptoms get eliminated. You should take your medicine even if you improve and after the symptoms are gone. A retest should be carried out after three months to know about the infection’s status.

Prevention
You can prevent or protect yourself from trichomonas’s vaginalis by taking the following steps:

  • Have protected sex by using condoms every time.
  • Sexual abstinence or limiting your sexual contact to one partner is recommended.
  • Avoid sexual contact if you think you are affected.

You should consult a doctor on experiencing any genital symptoms such as burning urination, discharge, and the development of sores or rashes. Also, you must stop having sex with anyone after experiencing these symptoms. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3588 people found this helpful

Trichomoniasis - How it Can Be Prevented?

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Trichomoniasis - How it Can Be Prevented?

Trichomoniasis is an infection that is caused by a parasite and is transmitted sexually. This disorder is characterized by symptoms of itching in the genitalia, smelly discharge from the vagina and pain while urinating. This disorder may also result in premature birth in case of pregnant women.

The symptoms of this disorder are:

1. Redness around the genitals, which may cause intense itching

2. You may experience pain during sexual intercourse and urination

3. A smelly colored vaginal discharge

4. You may experience discharge from the penis

5. A burning sensation during ejaculation and urination

6. A constant feeling of irritation in the penis

Causes behind it

The disorder is caused by a parasite known as Trichomonas vaginalis. Certain factors increase your chances of contracting this disorder; them being:

1. Engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse

2. If you have had an episode of Trichomoniasis

3. If you have been affected by STI/STDs before

4. Having multiple sex partners can certainly augment its chances

Prevention

There are certain preventive measures that you can adopt to prevent this infection.

  1. Avoid engaging in sexual activities once the condition is diagnosed.

  2. If you are, it is always advised to use latex condoms during intercourse to decrease your chances of contracting this disease.

  3. Avoid engaging in sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners. If this disorder is not treated, then it may increase your chances of getting affected by HIV as well.

  4. It also tends to cause an early rupture of the membranes in pregnant women; resulting in premature delivery. 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

2758 people found this helpful

Vaginal Discharge - Complications and Risks Associated with it

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Vaginal Discharge -  Complications and Risks Associated with it

Vaginal discharge is a normal physiological phenomenon, in which the consistency of vaginal discharge varies throughout the cycle. Healthy vaginal discharge is clear or white in colour, with normal and non-offensive odour. Sometimes right before menstruation, your vaginal discharge may hold a brownish tinge.

The consistency of the discharge varies mostly on the hormonal changes in the body. When the levels of oestrogen are low, the cervical mucus that is liberated as discharge may be perceived as sticky and thick. When the oestrogen levels rise up, the discharge becomes wetter, more stretchy and clearer. Also, after ovulation, the consistency becomes thicker again.

When should you worry about the vaginal discharge?

  1. Greenish, greyish or absurdly brownish in colour

  2. When the discharge appears thicker than normal

  3. When the discharge is more than normal

  4. When it smells absurd like fishy or rotten meat like smell

  5. Pus like discharge

  6. White with cottage cheese like discharge

  7. When the discharge is associated with bloody discharge and burning sensation, rash or soreness.

Diseases caused by vaginal discharge

  1. Yeast Infection: The vaginal discharge is cottage cheese like and may be associated with itching of the vulva. This is also called as thrush. It can be treated easily with antifungal medications such as Fluconazole or Cotrimoxazole.

  2. Vaginitis: Yellowish offensive discharge, which may be profuse, associated with itching and abdominal pain.

  3. Trichomoniasis: This disease is asymptomatic in most cases and you may notice purulent discharge. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

4378 people found this helpful

Trichomycosis Axillaris - Know The Right Way It Can Be Treated!

MD, DNB, FIDP, FIL
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Trichomycosis Axillaris - Know The Right Way It Can Be Treated!

As we work around the clock and rush to meet targets and achieve goals, we may be forgetting an important aspect of life. The health, hygiene and well-being of ourselves are completely lost when we are busy taking care of other things. This is the reason why we fall prey to health issues and disorders.

The health issues may vary from deeply embedded internal viruses to superficial bacterial infections. One such superficial infection is Trichomycosis Axillaris. This is an infection that affects the hair shafts in regions that are highly prone to sweating, such as the underarm areas. The hair in the underarms may at times appear like they have matter stuck to them, in such cases; the bacterial infection may seem to be present.

The infection that affects the shafts of hair is known to be completely painless. The infection, in fact, appears only when the hair in moist areas grow long and get coated by dirt like particles that may appear yellow, red or white. The infection causes smelly areas and may be a hindrance in regular life because of the smell that it may cause in regular situations.

Treatment of the infection:
There are a number of ways in which the infection of Trichomycosis Axillaris can be treated or kept at bay. Most importantly, when you start to experience a change in the appearance of hair in moist regions, you should check with a dermatologist to know about the actual root or cause of the problem. When it is established that the infection is indeed Trichomycosis Axillaris, the doctor may suggest the following precautions and medications:

  1. You may be asked to take medicines for the bacterial infection in the form of antibiotics that are topically applied to the infected area.
  2. The use of medicated soaps that help in keeping the skin free of bacteria may also be recommended by the dermatologists.
  3. You may also be asked to apply powders that keep the area dry to avoid the formation of sweat or moisture which makes for an easy breeding ground for bacteria.
  4. One of the most effective methods may be to shave the hair off so that the bacteria may be removed, but it should also be accompanied by a medical treatment so that the infection does not recur.
  5. The use of deodorants that help in keeping moisture out may also help in keeping a check on the infection.

Choosing the specialist:
Though the Trichomycosis Axillaris infection may not be very threatening in nature, it is important to keep the body healthy in all manners, which is why you should seek for a doctor that specialises in skin care and may be able to help in eliminating the infection altogether. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4908 people found this helpful

Trichomoniasis: How Can You Prevent It From Affecting You?

PG in Assisted Reproductive Technology, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Trichomoniasis: How Can You Prevent It From Affecting You?

Trichomoniasis is one of the most commonly occurring sexually transmitted infections. It generally happens on account of having multiple sexual partners or not using condoms and other protective measures during sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal).

Trichomoniasis leads to a foul smelling vaginal discharge and other symptoms that include spotting/bleeding, painful urination, itching in the vaginal region, all of them resulting in painful sexual intercourse. The single- celled protozoa (pathogen) causing this infection is Trichomonas vaginalis.

Symptoms-

The most common symptoms among women are:

  1. vaginal discharge, which can be white, gray, yellow, or green, and usually frothy with an unpleasant smell
  2. vaginal spotting or bleeding
  3. genital burning or itching
  4. genital redness or swelling
  5. frequent urge to urinate
  6. pain during urination or sexual intercourse

The most common symptoms in men are:

  1. discharge from the urethra
  2. burning during urination or after ejaculation
  3. an urge to urinate frequently

Treatment Options for Trichomoniasis-

The treatment options for Trichomoniasis can be categorized as follows:

  1. Antibiotics such as ‘Tinidazole’ or metronidazole can be administered.

  2. It is advisable not to consume alcohol within the first 24 hours of being administered ‘metronidazole’ and the first 72 hours of being administered tinidazole as it can lead to severe vomiting and nausea.

  3. Metronidazole is strictly advised against during pregnancy as it can harm the baby.

How to Prevent Trichomoniasis?

The preventive measures include:

  1. Indulging in safe sex is the best way to prevent Trichomoniasis.

  2. Condoms should be used by both the male and the female partners during a sexual intercourse (anal or vaginal).

  3. Sharing sex toys is another big ‘NO’ as the carriers of various STDs may spread through their common usage.

  4. If a person has already been infected by Trichomoniasis then abstaining from sex is the safest option to prevent it from spreading.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

26 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 25 years female .i am suffering from smelly vagina and something yellow discharge from last one month I have taken medicine too but no relief from it plzz suggest.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Faridabad
Bacterial vaginosis — an overgrowth of normally occurring vaginal bacteria — is the most common vaginal infection that causes a vaginal odor. Trichomoniasis — a sexually transmitted infection — also can lead to vaginal odor. Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections usually don't cause vaginal odors.

Which kind of std we can get from receiving unprotected oral sex from sex worker.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis, Trichomoniasis, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Genital Warts, Herpes, Syphilis, Molluscum Contagiosum,
1 person found this helpful

Hello everyone ,recently a wall lizard pissing urine on my skin its burning and itching how can I treat this? Pls help me.

BHMS
Sexologist, Noida
Vaginitis, an infection or inflammation of the vagina and vulva, can cause vaginal redness, itching, and more. The specific symptoms of yeast infections, or candidiasis, depend on the site of the infection. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease that can cause vaginal itching and discharge and pain.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, Please suggest me I have developed a boil on vagina. How to treat vaginal boils.Please suggest me something.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Bacterial vaginosis — an overgrowth of normally occurring vaginal bacteria — is the most common vaginal infection that causes a VAGINAL ODOR. Trichomoniasis — a sexually transmitted infection — also can lead to vaginal odor. Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections usually don't cause vaginal odors. Do consult a gynecologist for physical investigation and treatment. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

I am 20 years old women and I am suffering from UTI. It's already been almost 2 months. I have been taking antibiotics still it didn't get cured till now. I had sex in between for like 2-3 times. And I used tampons too. Since 2 weeks I am getting a ticklish sensation in my vaginal opening. I don't know what it is! It doesn't itch it just feels weird and sore. It feels as if something is inside I don't know what to do. It's pretty uncomfortable.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Bacterial vaginosis — an overgrowth of normally occurring vaginal bacteria — is the most common vaginal infection that causes a VAGINAL ODOR. Trichomoniasis — a sexually transmitted infection — also can lead to vaginal odor. Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections usually don't cause vaginal odors. Do consult a gynecologist for physical investigation and treatment. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Vaginal Discharge
I m Dr Meera Sethi, I ll be telling you something very important topic which is the most common factor in women of all age group that is vaginal discharge.

Vaginal discharge serves an important housekeeping function in the female reproductive system. From where the fluid comes, where the discharge comes, the fluid is made by the glands inside the vagina and cervix, and this carries dead cells and bacteria. This keeps the vagina clean and helps to prevent infection. Most of the time, vaginal discharge is perfectly normal. Girls complain I am having the discharge, I am having the discharge, this discharge may be normal, this can vary in odour as well as hue, colour, depending on the time of your menstrual cycle. For example, there will be more discharge if you are ovulating, breastfeeding or sexually aroused. It will be different if you are pregnant or if you are not keeping your personal hygiene properly. However, the colour, smell, consistency seems significantly different and if it is associated with vaginal itching or burning, there can be some infection.

What causes abnormal discharge?

Any change in the vaginal balance of vaginal flora affects the smell, colour or consistency of the discharge. There are few things that can upset the balance like a fungal infection, bacterial vaginosis which is common in pregnancy or in women who have multiple sexual partners. Trichomoniasis, which is typically contracted after unprotected sex, pelvic inflammatory diseases, diabetes, sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhoea or Chlamydia, can be by the use of antibiotics. If the girl or woman is taking antibiotics for a throat infection, or urinary infection, she might have added symptoms of vaginal itching, because of the change in the vaginal flora, the fungal infection can be there. By use of douches, scented soaps, bubble bath, there can be an infection. During the menopausal period, vaginal atrophy leads to infection.


What are the types of abnormal discharges and their possible causes?

Cloudy or yellow discharges seen in gonorrhoea, frothy yellow or greenish discharge with a bad smell is seen in trichomoniasis. There can be symptoms associated such as pain and itching while urinating. Thick, white cheesy discharges are seen in fungal infection with symptoms like swelling and itching around the vulva. There will be painful sexual contact also. A white, grey or yellow discharge with vicious odour is seen in bacterial vaginosis with symptoms like itching and swelling of the vagina and vulva. Bloody or brown discharge is seen in irregular menses, cervical erosion, or there can be a polyp.

How to make a diagnosis of abnormal discharges?

You will be asked by the doctor of the abnormality of the discharge, that when does the abnormal discharge begin, what is the colour of the discharge, what is the smell if there is any if you have any itching, pain or burning in and around the vagina.

Do you have any sexual partner? Do you douche?

And the doctor may take a sample of the vaginal discharge for testing. So it is mandatory not to take any self-medication because the type of the discharge varies from person to person, and from time to time, and the treatment will depend on the type of infection you are having.

So how is abnormal discharge is treated?

Your treatment will depend on your causative problem. Like if there a is fungal infection, you will be treated with oral anti fungals, vaginal pessaries into the vagina and cream outside the vagina and your vulva. Bacterial vaginosis is treated with anti biotics orally and vaginal creams to be applied inside the vagina. Trichomoniacal infection is treated with oral metranedazole or tinidazole and vaginal pessaries are supplemented with it. If the patient is diabetic, it is very important to control the blood sugar levels, otherwise the patient will not be cured of the symptoms. In menopausal ladies, we give estrogen creams for local application to make the atrophic vagina very healthy.

Now, I ll be giving you some important tips to prevent the vaginal infection, which is a very common problem. So you have to keep your vagina clean by washing regularly with mild, gentle soap and warm water or hygienic washes. You should not use scented soaps and feminine douches. Do not use bubble bath or feminine sprays. It is important while going to washroom, always wipe from front to back to prevent bacteria from getting into your vagina and causing any infection. Wear 100% cotton undergarments and avoid overly tight clothing. It is very important to keep your perineal area or private parts dry.

I think this talk will help you in the prevention of a major problem that is vaginal discharge.

Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice