Vaginitis is a condition that occurs due to an inflammation or infection in the vagina. It often leads to itching and pain in the vagina, discharge and odor, even pain during urination and sexual intercourse. The common causes of vaginitis include bacterial infection, yeast and Trichomonas. Bacterial vaginosis is considered the most common bacterial infection which is caused due to an imbalance in the bacteria present in your vagina. Vaginitis may also result from non-infectious physical or chemical inflammation.
Diagnosis of vaginitis usually involves the following steps: the doctor may want to review your medical history to look for any vaginal or sexually transmitted infection; the doctor would perform a pelvic exam to detect any sort of inflammation or discharge from the vagina; a sample of vaginal discharge is collected for lab testing in order to confirm the condition. Very often a pH paper or stick is placed on the wall of your vagina to examine the vaginal pH. Treatment of vaginitis depends on its causes and symptoms.
Depending on the causes and symptoms of vaginitis, treatment procedures may be as follows: use of antibacterial or antifungal creams and medications to prevent yeast infection. For those who experience inflammation due to low levels of estrogen, a tropical estrogen cream is recommended. Estrogen creams are effective in curing Genitourinary syndrome of menopause. Trichomonas vaginitis is treated with oral doses of metronidazole or tinidazole.
The treatment for this condition depends on the causes and types of vaginitis. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV), the most common bacteria present in your vagina, can be treated with antibacterial and antifungal medicines and drugs like metronidazole or clindamycin. The doctor usually prescribes these to women who show symptoms of BV. During the course of this treatment women are advised not to make sexual intercourse.
Medicines and gels like tropical creams, fluconazole, miconazole etc are exclusively made to treat yeast infections. Sexually transmitted infections such as Trichomoniasis can be cured with a single dose of antibiotic medicine. In order to stop the infection from spreading and keep it away, both the partners (male and female) need to undergo this treatment. Estrogen is very effective in curing vaginal atrophy.
Other ways of treating this condition includes: cortisone cream to cure irritation in the vagina; if the inflammation results from an allergic reaction antihistamines are used.
People showing signs and symptoms of pain, irritation or inflammation in the vagina during urination or sexual intercourse, discharge and odor, burning or itching sensation in the vagina, should consult the doctor for proper medication and treatment.
People showing no sign or symptoms of vaginitis are not eligible for the treatment. Intake of antibacterial or antifungal drugs may otherwise lead to health problems.
There are no known side effects of vaginitis treatment. However, if a person is diagnosed at the time of pregnancy, certain medications or drugs may not be suitable for her and may lead to serious complications. Use of certain medicines or gels may cause sensitivity issues or allergy.
Post treatment guidelines include: following a good hygiene, washing and cleaning your vagina and the surrounding region with a mild soap in order to prevent infections, wearing clean and loose clothing, using necessary antibiotics as prescribed, practicing safe sex, and consumption of antioxidant food and drinks.
Although the complete course for the treatment may take 7days, bacterial vaginosis normally takes 2-3 days to cure with the help of antibiotic medicines. During this period the patient is advised to carry on with the prescribed medication even if the condition shows signs of improvement.
There is no permanent treatment for vaginitis. It either goes away on its own, or the condition may be treated with antibiotics which result in temporary relief from the irritation and inflammation.
Vaginitis is the term which is used to refer to the inflammation of the vagina. In most of the cases vaginitis occurs as a result of an infection of the vagina. The infection caused by vaginitis can result in discharge, pain and itching. Vaginitis can also be caused by non-infectious causes. Vaginitis is often caused because of an infection caused by yeast or bacteria. But it can also happen due to chemical or physical irritation. Some STDs cause vaginitis but not all the causes for vaginitis are related to STDs.
A reduction in the levels of estrogen after menopause can also cause vaginitis. The most common types of vaginitis are known as Bacterial vaginosis, Yeast infections and Trichomoniasis. Vaginitis is common in women who are in their reproductive years. It usually happens if there is a change in the balance of yeast or bacteria that are usually found in the vagina. If left untreated then it can cause complications. The risk of complications is greater in pregnant women. In severe cases it can also cause premature delivery, postpartum infections, increased vulnerability to HIV infection and even infertility.
There are many symptoms of vaginitis.
Diagnosis of vaginitis is based on the symptoms of the woman.
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Vaginitis is a vaginal disorder, which is characterized by pain, itching and inflammation. It is usually caused due to an imbalance of the bacteria in the vagina. It may also occur because of low estrogen levels after menopause.
Vaginitis is classified into four types:
The symptoms of this disorder are:
Note: The cause of the disorder depends on the type of vaginitis you have; bacterial vaginitis results from an imbalance of the bacteria in the vagina. Yeast infections result from an overgrowth of fungi in the vagina. Trichomoniasis is caused by a single celled parasite 'Trichomonas vaginalis'. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an IVF Specialist.
Vaginitis is the inflammation of one’s vagina accompanied by pain during intercourse, mild vaginal bleeding, painful urination, vaginal itching or a considerable change in the amount, odor and color of the vaginal discharge.
1. A certain level of bacteria is normally found in one’s vagina (lactobacilli). Now if this count is outnumbered by the other bacteria (anaerobes), the balance in the vagina gets disrupted giving rise to bacterial vaginosis. Such kind of vaginitis usually stems from sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners.
2. Yeast infection occurs due to an overgrowth of fungal organisms in one’s vagina, especially Candida Albicans.
3. Trichomoniasis caused by the one celled microscopic parasite ‘Trichomonas Vaginalis’ generally spreads through sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The condition also makes one vulnerable to various sexually transmitted infections.
4. Spermicidal products, scented detergents, perfumed soaps, douches, vaginal sprays or foreign objects such as tampons that were not taken out or tissue paper might trigger allergic reactions or irritation in the vaginal tissues.
One of the common complaints associated with sexual intercourse, is vaginal bleeding. This bleeding can occur during the course of intimacy or after it. Post intercourse bleeding is also termed as post-coitus bleeding. This is known as post costal bleeding. Doctor should be consulted immediately as it may be a sign of hidden cervical cancer.
Reasons behind vaginal bleeding
1. In most cases, the bleeding is risk free. It could be due to extreme friction, causing damage to superficial blood vessels in the cervix. It is important to use adequate lubrication; otherwise the consequences could be annoyingly painful.
2. If your period dates are nearby, the source of the blood could be from your uterus.
3. Benign growths, cysts, polyps on the cervix can cause bleeding. They are small fragile growths that rupture easily.
4. There can also be bleeding due to inflammations that occur as a reaction to a condom or a diaphragm.
When can vaginal bleeding be difficult?
Most of the time, the reasons for post coitus bleeding is harmless. However, if it persists, you must pay a visit to your gynaecologist as soon as possible and get a thorough evaluation done. This could save the condition from worsening and also diagnose any other underlying medical condition at an early, curable stage.
Vaginal discharge is a normal physiological phenomenon, in which the consistency of vaginal discharge varies throughout the cycle. Healthy vaginal discharge is clear or white in colour, with normal and non-offensive odour. Sometimes right before menstruation, your vaginal discharge may hold a brownish tinge.
The consistency of the discharge varies mostly on the hormonal changes in the body. When the levels of oestrogen are low, the cervical mucus that is liberated as discharge may be perceived as sticky and thick. When the oestrogen levels rise up, the discharge becomes wetter, more stretchy and clearer. Also, after ovulation, the consistency becomes thicker again.
When should you worry about the vaginal discharge?
Greenish, greyish or absurdly brownish in colour
When the discharge appears thicker than normal
When the discharge is more than normal
When it smells absurd like fishy or rotten meat like smell
Pus like discharge
White with cottage cheese like discharge
When the discharge is associated with bloody discharge and burning sensation, rash or soreness.
Diseases caused by vaginal discharge
Yeast Infection: The vaginal discharge is cottage cheese like and may be associated with itching of the vulva. This is also called as thrush. It can be treated easily with antifungal medications such as Fluconazole or Cotrimoxazole.