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Vaginitis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?


How is the treatment done?

Vaginitis is a condition that occurs due to an inflammation or infection in the vagina. It often leads to itching and pain in the vagina, discharge and odor, even pain during urination and sexual intercourse. The common causes of vaginitis include bacterial infection, yeast and Trichomonas. Bacterial vaginosis is considered the most common bacterial infection which is caused due to an imbalance in the bacteria present in your vagina. Vaginitis may also result from non-infectious physical or chemical inflammation.

Diagnosis of vaginitis usually involves the following steps: the doctor may want to review your medical history to look for any vaginal or sexually transmitted infection; the doctor would perform a pelvic exam to detect any sort of inflammation or discharge from the vagina; a sample of vaginal discharge is collected for lab testing in order to confirm the condition. Very often a pH paper or stick is placed on the wall of your vagina to examine the vaginal pH. Treatment of vaginitis depends on its causes and symptoms.

Depending on the causes and symptoms of vaginitis, treatment procedures may be as follows: use of antibacterial or antifungal creams and medications to prevent yeast infection. For those who experience inflammation due to low levels of estrogen, a tropical estrogen cream is recommended. Estrogen creams are effective in curing Genitourinary syndrome of menopause. Trichomonas vaginitis is treated with oral doses of metronidazole or tinidazole.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The treatment for this condition depends on the causes and types of vaginitis. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV), the most common bacteria present in your vagina, can be treated with antibacterial and antifungal medicines and drugs like metronidazole or clindamycin. The doctor usually prescribes these to women who show symptoms of BV. During the course of this treatment women are advised not to make sexual intercourse.

Medicines and gels like tropical creams, fluconazole, miconazole etc are exclusively made to treat yeast infections. Sexually transmitted infections such as Trichomoniasis can be cured with a single dose of antibiotic medicine. In order to stop the infection from spreading and keep it away, both the partners (male and female) need to undergo this treatment. Estrogen is very effective in curing vaginal atrophy.

Other ways of treating this condition includes: cortisone cream to cure irritation in the vagina; if the inflammation results from an allergic reaction antihistamines are used.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People showing signs and symptoms of pain, irritation or inflammation in the vagina during urination or sexual intercourse, discharge and odor, burning or itching sensation in the vagina, should consult the doctor for proper medication and treatment.

Are there any side effects?

People showing no sign or symptoms of vaginitis are not eligible for the treatment. Intake of antibacterial or antifungal drugs may otherwise lead to health problems.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are no known side effects of vaginitis treatment. However, if a person is diagnosed at the time of pregnancy, certain medications or drugs may not be suitable for her and may lead to serious complications. Use of certain medicines or gels may cause sensitivity issues or allergy.

How long does it take to recover?

Post treatment guidelines include: following a good hygiene, washing and cleaning your vagina and the surrounding region with a mild soap in order to prevent infections, wearing clean and loose clothing, using necessary antibiotics as prescribed, practicing safe sex, and consumption of antioxidant food and drinks.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Although the complete course for the treatment may take 7days, bacterial vaginosis normally takes 2-3 days to cure with the help of antibiotic medicines. During this period the patient is advised to carry on with the prescribed medication even if the condition shows signs of improvement.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There is no permanent treatment for vaginitis. It either goes away on its own, or the condition may be treated with antibiotics which result in temporary relief from the irritation and inflammation.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Popular Health Tips

Vaginitis - 9 Most Common Signs That Can Indicate It!

MBBS, DGO, Fellowship in Minimally Invasive Gynaecology and Endoscopy
Gynaecologist, Noida
Vaginitis - 9 Most Common Signs That Can Indicate It!

Vaginitis is the term which is used to refer to the inflammation of the vagina. In most of the cases vaginitis occurs as a result of an infection of the vagina. The infection caused by vaginitis can result in discharge, pain and itching. Vaginitis can also be caused by non-infectious causes. Vaginitis is often caused because of an infection caused by yeast or bacteria. But it can also happen due to chemical or physical irritation. Some STDs cause vaginitis but not all the causes for vaginitis are related to STDs.

A reduction in the levels of estrogen after menopause can also cause vaginitis. The most common types of vaginitis are known as Bacterial vaginosis, Yeast infections and Trichomoniasis. Vaginitis is common in women who are in their reproductive years. It usually happens if there is a change in the balance of yeast or bacteria that are usually found in the vagina. If left untreated then it can cause complications. The risk of complications is greater in pregnant women. In severe cases it can also cause premature delivery, postpartum infections, increased vulnerability to HIV infection and even infertility.

There are many symptoms of vaginitis.

  1. Some of the most common symptoms of vaginitis is irritation or itching of the genital area.
  2. The itching can also lead to skin infections. The labia majora, labia minora and the perineal area can become inflamed.
  3. There is vaginal discharge also.
  4. Another common symptom is foul odor from the vagina. During sexual intercourse there can also be pain or irritation in the vagina.
  5. Another very painful symptom of vaginitis is painful urination as the woman may suffer pain while passing out urine.
  6. There can also be light vaginal bleeding or even spotting.
  7. If the cause of vaginitis is yeast infection then there will be a thick, white discharge from the vagina.
  8. This discharge can be watery and in most cases have no smell.
  9. Yeast infections will usually cause itchiness and make the vagina and vulva red.

Diagnosis of vaginitis is based on the symptoms of the woman.

  1. Diagnosis is made after a microscopy and culture of the discharge after a careful physical examination takes place.
  2. Oral antibiotics, injections and antibiotics are used to treat vaginitis.
  3. Creams are also prescribed which are put inside the vagina.
  4. Estrogen creams are also prescribed for the treatment of this infection by medical practitioners.
  5. If the infection is caused by an allergy then the product causing the allergy has to be figured and its use has to be stopped immediately.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2654 people found this helpful

Vaginitis - 4 Common Types

Advanced Infertility, Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Vaginitis - 4 Common Types

Vaginitis is a vaginal disorder, which is characterized by pain, itching and inflammation. It is usually caused due to an imbalance of the bacteria in the vagina. It may also occur because of low estrogen levels after menopause.

Vaginitis is classified into four types:

  1. Yeast Infections: These infections are caused by a fungus known as candida albicans.
  2. Bacterial Vaginosis: This disease results from an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina.
  3. Vaginal Atrophy: Vaginal atrophy (vaginal inflammation resulting from tissue shrinking and thinning) occurs due to low estrogen levels in the body.
  4. Trichomoniasis: This disease is caused by a parasite and is usually transmitted through sexual intercourse.

The symptoms of this disorder are:

  1. Itching in the vagina
  2. Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
  3. Intense pain while having sexual intercourse
  4. Vaginal discharge that changes in color and amount
  5. Intense pain while urinating

Note: The cause of the disorder depends on the type of vaginitis you have; bacterial vaginitis results from an imbalance of the bacteria in the vagina. Yeast infections result from an overgrowth of fungi in the vagina. Trichomoniasis is caused by a single celled parasite 'Trichomonas vaginalis'. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an IVF Specialist.

3340 people found this helpful

Inflammation of The Vagina - Could it be Vaginitis?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Inflammation of The Vagina - Could it be Vaginitis?

Vaginitis is the inflammation of one’s vagina accompanied by pain during intercourse, mild vaginal bleeding, painful urination, vaginal itching or a considerable change in the amount, odor and color of the vaginal discharge.
1. A certain level of bacteria is normally found in one’s vagina (lactobacilli). Now if this count is outnumbered by the other bacteria (anaerobes), the balance in the vagina gets disrupted giving rise to bacterial vaginosis. Such kind of vaginitis usually stems from sexual intercourse with multiple sex partners.
2. Yeast infection occurs due to an overgrowth of fungal organisms in one’s vagina, especially Candida Albicans.
3. Trichomoniasis caused by the one celled microscopic parasite ‘Trichomonas Vaginalis’ generally spreads through sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The condition also makes one vulnerable to various sexually transmitted infections.
4. Spermicidal products, scented detergents, perfumed soaps, douches, vaginal sprays or foreign objects such as tampons that were not taken out or tissue paper might trigger allergic reactions or irritation in the vaginal tissues.

5. Surgical removal of the ovaries or reduced estrogen count after menopause might cause thinning of the vaginal lining, thereby resulting in vaginal burning, dryness or irritation.

1. For Bacterial vaginosis, your doctor might advise the application of clindamycin cream or metronidazole gel as well as metronidazole tablets which are to be taken orally.
2. Yeast infections might be treated with an anti-fungal suppository or cream, for instance, tioconazole, butoconazole, clotrimazole or miconazole. Oral medication, such as fluconazole is also administered to treat the same.
3. Metronidazole or tinidazole tablets are prescribed for Trichomoniasis.
4. Estrogen in the form of rings, tablets or vaginal creams is effective in treating low estrogen level after menopause.
5. For non-infectious vaginitis primarily caused by objects, such as tampons, sanitary napkins, laundry detergent or new soap, it is essential to pinpoint the source of the irritation and avoid them. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

4803 people found this helpful

Intercourse and Vaginal Bleeding - When is it Serious?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Intercourse and Vaginal Bleeding - When is it Serious?

One of the common complaints associated with sexual intercourse, is vaginal bleeding. This bleeding can occur during the course of intimacy or after it. Post intercourse bleeding is also termed as post-coitus bleeding. This is known as post costal bleeding. Doctor should be consulted immediately as it may be a sign of hidden cervical cancer.

Reasons behind vaginal bleeding
1. In most cases, the bleeding is risk free. It could be due to extreme friction, causing damage to superficial blood vessels in the cervix. It is important to use adequate lubrication; otherwise the consequences could be annoyingly painful.
2. If your period dates are nearby, the source of the blood could be from your uterus.
3. Benign growths, cysts, polyps on the cervix can cause bleeding. They are small fragile growths that rupture easily.
4. There can also be bleeding due to inflammations that occur as a reaction to a condom or a diaphragm.

When can vaginal bleeding be difficult?

  1. Vaginal bleeding after sex can often be a warning sign of ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is when implantation of an embryo takes place outside the uterus, commonly inside the fallopian tubes.
  2. Bleeding every time after intercourse is also a common symptom of endometriosis. It occurs when the inner lining of the uterus, called the endometrial tissue, appears outside it. Endometrial tissue can attach itself to other surrounding organs in the pelvic region, generally, the abdomen, causing searing pain. It is also a major cause of infertility.
  3. Another cause of vaginal bleeding is atrophic vaginitis, a health condition mostly affecting older women, especially those who have reached menopausal age. This is due to the massive decline in the levels of estrogen that causes vaginal dryness and irritation.
  4. Sexually transmitted diseases could be a serious cause of vaginal bleeding. It is generally accompanied by several other symptoms such as vaginal odour, discharge, pelvic pain, inflammations. It should receive immediate medical attention.
  5. Vaginal bleeding could be a sign of cancer. It could be vaginal, ovarian, uterine or cervical cancer. It requires medical attention without any delay.

Most of the time, the reasons for post coitus bleeding is harmless. However, if it persists, you must pay a visit to your gynaecologist as soon as possible and get a thorough evaluation done. This could save the condition from worsening and also diagnose any other underlying medical condition at an early, curable stage. 

2349 people found this helpful

Vaginal Discharge - Complications and Risks Associated with it

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Vaginal Discharge -  Complications and Risks Associated with it

Vaginal discharge is a normal physiological phenomenon, in which the consistency of vaginal discharge varies throughout the cycle. Healthy vaginal discharge is clear or white in colour, with normal and non-offensive odour. Sometimes right before menstruation, your vaginal discharge may hold a brownish tinge.

The consistency of the discharge varies mostly on the hormonal changes in the body. When the levels of oestrogen are low, the cervical mucus that is liberated as discharge may be perceived as sticky and thick. When the oestrogen levels rise up, the discharge becomes wetter, more stretchy and clearer. Also, after ovulation, the consistency becomes thicker again.

When should you worry about the vaginal discharge?

  1. Greenish, greyish or absurdly brownish in colour

  2. When the discharge appears thicker than normal

  3. When the discharge is more than normal

  4. When it smells absurd like fishy or rotten meat like smell

  5. Pus like discharge

  6. White with cottage cheese like discharge

  7. When the discharge is associated with bloody discharge and burning sensation, rash or soreness.

Diseases caused by vaginal discharge

  1. Yeast Infection: The vaginal discharge is cottage cheese like and may be associated with itching of the vulva. This is also called as thrush. It can be treated easily with antifungal medications such as Fluconazole or Cotrimoxazole.

  2. Vaginitis: Yellowish offensive discharge, which may be profuse, associated with itching and abdominal pain.

  3. Trichomoniasis: This disease is asymptomatic in most cases and you may notice purulent discharge. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

4381 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Naturalistic Drugs to treat vulvovaginitis. recurrent infections. Prescribed me treatment with how to take them and diet plan.

M. Ch. (Urology), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
If you are diabetic, it happens more. Some extra efforts on cleanliness and keeping the area dry will help. Diet will not affect.
2 people found this helpful

I was diagnosed with vulvovaginitis. My doctor prescribed me zenflox uti for 7 days. The infection was 90% gone but now I see it coming back. What should I do?

Homeopath, Noida
I will suggest, you maintain high grade of personal hygiene. Do change your underclothes at least 2 times a day Wear cotton under garments Stay hydrated Keep the area dry For this homeopathic treatment is very effective For more details you can consult me.

Hi Sir, Dear doctors I am asking this question on behalf of my wife, She need rubber penis medical grade ,to insert vagina due to vaginismus problem, as she having fear about anal dilator. Is rubber penis (sex toy) available in market or medical Shop. Is vagina getting to loosen with that for proper intercourse, as we are planed for baby And also hope no any infection in that to vagina. Please suggest.

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Hello- Vaginal Spasm (Vaginismus) is a condition which affects a woman's ability to engage in any form of vaginal penetration, including sexual penetration, insertion of tampons, and gynecological examinations. This is the result of a conditioned reflex of the pubococcygeus (PC) muscle, causing muscles in the vagina to tense suddenly and making any kind of vaginal penetration either painful or impossible. Rubber penis /dildo is available online but it alone wont help as it can not make the stiff vaginal muscles go soft. You need to start some good female aphrodisiac supplements and pelvic floor exercises to make your wife's vagina flexible.
1 person found this helpful

I've been experiencing extreme inflammation inside my Vagina, which increases and gets accompanied by pain after I urinate. I have no itching, just inflammation and irritation. Please recommend some medicines. I'm 20 year old.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Hellp Lybrate User! this is mostly due to infection. If you are not sexually active then its not from any sexual transmitted diseases. If you are sexual active then it needed to have diagnose for the same. In short its required to have a check up by lady doctor. If you are not sexually active you can start these medicines till you get time to consult a doctor. 1. Punanravashtak Ghan tab 2 tabs twice a day 2. Aluretic Tablet 2 tabs twice a day. 3. Trifla gugal 1 tab twice a day.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?