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Thyroid Cancer: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Thyroid cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from the tissues of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland present at the base of our neck produces hormones that regulate our heart beat, blood pressure, body weight and temperature. In this, the cells of the thyroid gland grow abnormally and become cancerous with the possibility of spreading to other parts of the body. It is known to occur more in women than in men. Thyroid cancer is be treated by removing the entire thyroid. If thyroid cancer is diagnosed well in time or is small in size, it can be cured by just removing a portion of the thyroid (one lobe). Radioactive iodine treatment is often used to remove microscopic areas of thyroid cancer that are not removed during surgery. Injecting alcohol into thyroid cancers is another way of destroying them. It is mainly used to destroy the remaining thyroid cancers that could not be removed during the surgery.

How is the treatment done?

An incision is made at the base of one’s neck to get access to the thyroid cancer in order to remove it. Large doses of a form of iodine, that is radioactive, are used in radioactive iodine treatment. It is generally used to remove small thyroid cancers that are not removed during surgery due to any reason. It is also used to remove thyroid cancer that spreads to other regions of the body or recurs after the treatment. Radioactive iodine treatment is taken as a liquid or capsule that is supposed to be swallowed by the patient. Ablation using alcohol involves the usage of imaging like ultrasound to ascertain the exact position of the abnormal cells and then, injecting alcohol exactly into the thyroid cancers.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you feel constant pain in your throat and neck or experience difficulty in swallowing, you must get it checked by a doctor. The biggest symptom is the existence of a lump in your neck area that can be felt through your skin. You may also experience hoarseness in your voice and swelling of lymph nodes. One must never take all these signs lightly and must get a thorough examination done.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Problems in the thyroid can be caused by other issues in the body as well. If you do not have thyroid cancer, you are not eligible to seek treatment for it.

Are there any side effects?

Side effects may include nausea and fatigue. One may also go through temporary or permanent hoarseness in voice. Sense of smell and taste may change. Proper and regular follow up with the doctor is recommended to keep all these in check.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Radioactive treatment can be harsh for your body. You may be advised to make minimum physical contact with other people to protect them from the harmful radiations. There is nothing to be concerned about if you follow the instructions provided by the doctor.

How long does it take to recover?

One may be able to walk and do other routine activities in a day or two. However, more vigorous activities should resume only after 1-2 weeks after you are well rested.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Thyroid surgery in India may cost between ₹900000 to ₹1200000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

No treatment of cancer is permanent. One is still at the risk of facing this disease again in his/ her life. You must always look after yourselves even after the surgery is done. Eat a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables, get enough sleep and keep your body active by exercising regularly. These are some simple ways in which you can protect yourself.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Consumption of sea food, citrus fruits and coconut oil is known to cure thyroid nodules. It is wise to treat the nodules naturally before they turn into anything harmful.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello, I have found your thyropace tablets useful. Appreciate if you could clarify the following query. I am diagnosed with hypothyroid for the last 12 years. I am suffering from brain fog and daytime drowsiness due to disturbed sleep. Is thyropace advisable instead of thyronorm tablets (thyroxine sodium) for hypothyroid and brainfog? If so, what is the dosage of l-tyrosine for thyroxine sodium 75 mcg? Thanks.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, thanks for the query. I have seen the details mentioned. It appears that some other doctor must have answered you earlier. As I do not recommend thyropace in the treatment of hypothyroidism. This has absolutely no role to play. T...
1 person found this helpful

Hi doctor I am having hypothyroidism my tsh - 9.started taking thyroxine (thyronorm) 50 mg .age 27 my hemoglobin- 7.can I take beetroot and carrot juice.

M.D. Consultant Pathologist, CCEBDM Diabetes, PGDS Sexology USA, CCMTD Thyroid, ACDMC Heart Disease, CCMH Hypertension, ECG, CCCS ( CARDIOLOGY & STROKE), CCIGC ( GERIATRIC CARE )
General Physician, Sri Ganganagar
Yes you can take beetroot and carrot juice. Take tab. Thyronorm 50 empty stomach and tea and milk one hour after. Use tata iodised salt in salad and fruits. For more contact me on line by paid audio consultation.

When and how often should I take vitamin c 500 tablets if I have hypothyroidism and I take thyronorm daily in empty stomach?

MBBS, MD Internal Medicine, PhD (Endocrinology), FRCP(Edin)
Endocrinologist, Vellore
Dear lybrate-user, if your thyroid function results are normal on your present dose of thyronorm or eltroxine 25 ug daily on empty stomach, please continue the same dose. If you include citrus fruits (orange, lemon, gooseberry) in your usual diet ...
1 person found this helpful

Hi I am 25 year old. I having hypothyroid since 2 year. I am taking 50 mcg thyrox .still I am not reducing weight. Having period problems also. My tsh level is 3.32 .weight 80 kg. Height 5" 5 inch.will I increase my lt4 to 100 mcg. For reducing weight. I have tried diet and all. Nothing works. Help me.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hdello, thanks for the query. Madam your tsh now is with in the specified limit with current dosage of levothyroxine (50 mcg). The recommended range is 0.5 to 4.5 or 5 mu/l. Usually at 3 to 4 mu/l level all the symptoms are in check and even effor...
1 person found this helpful

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MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery,MD - Medicine,DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinology
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