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Thyroid Cancer: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Thyroid cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from the tissues of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland present at the base of our neck produces hormones that regulate our heart beat, blood pressure, body weight and temperature. In this, the cells of the thyroid gland grow abnormally and become cancerous with the possibility of spreading to other parts of the body. It is known to occur more in women than in men. Thyroid cancer is be treated by removing the entire thyroid. If thyroid cancer is diagnosed well in time or is small in size, it can be cured by just removing a portion of the thyroid (one lobe). Radioactive iodine treatment is often used to remove microscopic areas of thyroid cancer that are not removed during surgery. Injecting alcohol into thyroid cancers is another way of destroying them. It is mainly used to destroy the remaining thyroid cancers that could not be removed during the surgery.

How is the treatment done?

An incision is made at the base of one’s neck to get access to the thyroid cancer in order to remove it. Large doses of a form of iodine, that is radioactive, are used in radioactive iodine treatment. It is generally used to remove small thyroid cancers that are not removed during surgery due to any reason. It is also used to remove thyroid cancer that spreads to other regions of the body or recurs after the treatment. Radioactive iodine treatment is taken as a liquid or capsule that is supposed to be swallowed by the patient. Ablation using alcohol involves the usage of imaging like ultrasound to ascertain the exact position of the abnormal cells and then, injecting alcohol exactly into the thyroid cancers.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you feel constant pain in your throat and neck or experience difficulty in swallowing, you must get it checked by a doctor. The biggest symptom is the existence of a lump in your neck area that can be felt through your skin. You may also experience hoarseness in your voice and swelling of lymph nodes. One must never take all these signs lightly and must get a thorough examination done.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Problems in the thyroid can be caused by other issues in the body as well. If you do not have thyroid cancer, you are not eligible to seek treatment for it.

Are there any side effects?

Side effects may include nausea and fatigue. One may also go through temporary or permanent hoarseness in voice. Sense of smell and taste may change. Proper and regular follow up with the doctor is recommended to keep all these in check.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Radioactive treatment can be harsh for your body. You may be advised to make minimum physical contact with other people to protect them from the harmful radiations. There is nothing to be concerned about if you follow the instructions provided by the doctor.

How long does it take to recover?

One may be able to walk and do other routine activities in a day or two. However, more vigorous activities should resume only after 1-2 weeks after you are well rested.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Thyroid surgery in India may cost between ₹900000 to ₹1200000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

No treatment of cancer is permanent. One is still at the risk of facing this disease again in his/ her life. You must always look after yourselves even after the surgery is done. Eat a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables, get enough sleep and keep your body active by exercising regularly. These are some simple ways in which you can protect yourself.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Consumption of sea food, citrus fruits and coconut oil is known to cure thyroid nodules. It is wise to treat the nodules naturally before they turn into anything harmful.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: High Side Effects: High Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

₹900000 to ₹1200000

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Popular Questions & Answers

I am using thyronorm 12. 5 mg tablets from my 4th month (in PREGNANCY) Delivered on July 1st n went for thyroid test n now report is normal. Can I use thyronorm tablet?

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lybrate-user ji, Thanks for the query. Usually hypothyroidism seen during pregnancy goes away after delivery. Therefore if TSH is normal after few weeks of pregnancy then there is no need to take thyroxine tablets. TSH should be with in the specif...

I might have thyroid cancer in one side of the thyroid, shall I remove the entire gland or just the side affected? Is there any other medication that can cure me without surgery?

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Oncologist, Bangalore
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I am 45 years old male, I have thyroid papillary micro carcinoma, cyst excision has done, is there any other treatment rather than radio-iodine uptake in order to avoid thyroidectomy? Report shows thyroid gland is normal.

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General Physician, Alappuzha
You are on correct treatment for papillary micro carcinoma, and it is correct to take radio-iodine uptake in order to avoid thyroidectomy

My doctor is asking for rs. 45000/- for I-131 treatment after iodine test being done and confirmed presence of cancer nodule near thyroid, after being operated for complete thyroidectomy. Please advise me is it right?

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If indicated I131 should be given. Recently revised rates of radioactive Iodine has come. Treatment cost depends upon the dose of I131 ti be used and it can go up to the level you mentioned in metro cities.
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I have been operated for Papillary thyroid carcinoma and doing good now, I have been on Eltroxin for almost a month and half now. Is it ok to take Eltroxin at different times? I have been taking this at 8 AM or 10 AM or 9 AM on empty stomach due to busy schedules and managing a gap of 1 hour to eat or drink.

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Mr. lybrate-user thanks for the query. Thyroxine hormone is a very sensitive chemical and the quantity is in micro grams. So it is absolutely essential to take it early morning around 6 am or so on empty stomach. Nothing should be taken after that...
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Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
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