Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Thyroid Cancer Tips

Thyroid Gland Removal Surgery - What All Should You Know?

Dr. M K Gupta 88% (135 ratings)
MBBS, MS- General Surgery
General Surgeon, Ambala
Thyroid Gland Removal Surgery - What All Should You Know?

Have you undergone a thyroid removal surgery recently or planning to go for one, then you should know some important things that should be kept in mind. After undergoing the surgery, it is essential that you should allow your body some time to recover. Your health care provider will educate you regarding the activities and exercises that can help in recovering from the surgery faster. It is worthy of mention here that the recovery process is dependent on the extent and type of surgery you have undergone. It would generally take a longer time to recover from traditional surgery than minimally invasive procedure.

What to do right after the surgery?
In the days following the surgery, you are required to take care of the incision area. You may or not be allowed to take a bath depending on the dressing on the wound. You are likely to experience slight swelling around the scar. Even though this is normal, you should report to your doctor without further delay. The scar may start feeling hard three weeks after the surgery, and you may apply an unscented moisturizer to prevent dryness while healing.

When to start daily activities after the thyroid gland removal surgery?
You are free to resume most of the normal activities the day following the surgery. But you should wait for at least 10 days or until your doctor allows you to engage in physically strenuous activities. Your throat is likely to feel sore for a couple of days. You can also take an over-the-counter pain medicine like acetaminophen or ibuprofen for relieving soreness. In case these drugs are not offering desired relief, your doctor may prescribe you to take narcotic pain medicine. It is a common outcome of the thyroid removal surgery to develop hypothyroidism. In case this happens to you, your doctor may recommend you to take some form of levothyroxine for bringing down the hormone levels.

Is there any physical restriction after the thyroid removal surgery?
Most surgeons recommend that patients should limit all sorts of physically strenuous works after the thyroid removal surgery. This is recommended for reducing the risk of postoperative neck hematoma and breaking open of the wound closure. These limitations are temporary and brief and are generally followed by a quick transition to unrestricted activity. You are free to take part in heavy lifting or swimming or other exercises two to three weeks after the surgery.

Is it possible to lead a normal life after the thyroid removal surgery?
Once you have recovered from the effects of thyroid surgery, you can do anything you feel like. Post-surgery your thyroid levels will be monitored through regular follow-ups. If the surgery were carried out for thyroid cancer, your doctor would also check for recurrence of cancer during your visits. It is essential to stick to this schedule and report if you notice any suspicious changes or experience discomfort so that proper care can be given and you can lead a normal life.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2973 people found this helpful

Thyroid Gland Removal Surgery - Things You Must Take Care Of!

Dr. Nitin Jha 86% (15 ratings)
FAIS, FIAGES, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Noida
Thyroid Gland Removal Surgery - Things You Must Take Care Of!

Have you undergone a thyroid removal surgery recently or planning to go for one, then you should know some important things that should be kept in mind. After undergoing the surgery, it is essential that you should allow your body some time to recover. Your health care provider will educate you regarding the activities and exercises that can help in recovering from the surgery faster. It is worthy of mention here that the recovery process is dependent on the extent and type of surgery you have undergone. It would generally take a longer time to recover from traditional surgery than minimally invasive procedure.

What to do right after the surgery?
In the days following the surgery, you are required to take care of the incision area. You may or not be allowed to take a bath depending on the dressing on the wound. You are likely to experience slight swelling around the scar. Even though this is normal, you should report to your doctor without further delay. The scar may start feeling hard three weeks after the surgery, and you may apply an unscented moisturizer to prevent dryness while healing.

When to start daily activities after the thyroid gland removal surgery?
You are free to resume most of the normal activities the day following the surgery. But you should wait for at least 10 days or until your doctor allows you to engage in physically strenuous activities. Your throat is likely to feel sore for a couple of days. You can also take an over-the-counter pain medicine like acetaminophen or ibuprofen for relieving soreness. In case these drugs are not offering desired relief, your doctor may prescribe you to take narcotic pain medicine. It is a common outcome of the thyroid removal surgery to develop hypothyroidism. In case this happens to you, your doctor may recommend you to take some form of levothyroxine for bringing down the hormone levels.

Is there any physical restriction after the thyroid removal surgery?
Most surgeons recommend that patients should limit all sorts of physically strenuous works after the thyroid removal surgery. This is recommended for reducing the risk of postoperative neck hematoma and breaking open of the wound closure. These limitations are temporary and brief and are generally followed by a quick transition to unrestricted activity. You are free to take part in heavy lifting or swimming or other exercises two to three weeks after the surgery.

Is it possible to lead a normal life after the thyroid removal surgery?
Once you have recovered from the effects of thyroid surgery, you can do anything you feel like. Post-surgery your thyroid levels will be monitored through regular follow-ups. If the surgery were carried out for thyroid cancer, your doctor would also check for recurrence of cancer during your visits. It is essential to stick to this schedule and report if you notice any suspicious changes or experience discomfort so that proper care can be given and you can lead a normal life. Consult an Expert & get answers to your questions!

2804 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!

Vedic Gram 91% (810 ratings)
Vedicgram Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Noida
Hypothyroidism - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!

Almost all the metabolic processes in a person's body are influenced by the hormones produced by the thyroid gland. The most common types of thyroid diseases caused due to dysfunctional thyroid glands are Thyroid nodules, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Goiter, Thyroiditis, and Thyroid Cancer

Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland is underactive and the amount of hormones produced is insufficient. Hypothyroidism can be caused due to multiple reasons such as iodine deficiency, radiation or surgery on the thyroid gland, and drugs such as lithium and phenylbutazone. You should note that treating thyroid is not a speedy process and a reoccurrence of symptoms might also take place. However with the appropriate remedies and proper diet control, one can make sure that these symptoms are less pronounced. 

Ayurveda: According to Ayurveda, imbalance or disequilibrium in the doshas is the main cause of hypothyroidism. The Kapha dosha i.e. the dosha responsible for body fluids and lubrication and Pitta dosha i.e. the dosha responsible for fire and water body humors, are vitiated. Lifestyle and diet discrepancies further promote imbalances in the doshas. Hypothyroidism is categorized under the Yapya diseases which recur once you cease to take the treatment. 

Treatments:

  1. It is essential to consume adequate quantities of milk
  2. Apart from that, coconut oil is one of the best remedies for a hypothyroid patient, since it increases slow and sluggish metabolism. Coconut contains MCFAs i.e. medium chain fatty acids and MTCs i.e. Medium chain triglycerides in abundance which help the metabolism be revved up. 
  3. Ayurvedic herbs useful for treating hypothyroidism are kanchnar, Bauhinia variegata i.e. purple mountain ebony, Jatamansi, brahmi, guggulu, shilajit, gokshura, and punarnava

Remedies:

  1. Consume a mixture of Indian gooseberry i.e. amla churna with honey, daily before breakfast. 
  2. One of the main causes of Hypothyroidism is insufficient amount of iodine. Drinking the juice acquired from jalakumbhi i.e. Pistia Stratiotes everyday in doses amounting from 11gm to 22gm increases the iodine content and helps treat hypothyroidism. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
6662 people found this helpful

Thyroid Cancer - What Puts You At Risk?

Dr. Hanish Gupta 92% (1912 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
General Physician, Delhi
Thyroid Cancer - What Puts You At Risk?

Thyroid cancer occurs in the cells of the thyroid gland which is found at the base of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. Your thyroid produces important hormones like TSH that regulate your heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and weight. Thyroid cancer is an uncommon kind of cancer which usually doesn’t cause symptoms in the early stage.

However, symptoms like the following mean that you should see a doctor immediately

  1. A lump on your neck that can be felt
  2. Changes in your voice, including an increase in hoarseness
  3. Difficulty in swallowing
  4. Pain in the neck and throat

Risk factors and causes
The precise cause of thyroid cancer and the risk factors is still unknown, but research is going on to try to find out more. There are, however, a number of factors that may increase your risk of developing thyroid cancer. These are called risk factors. These are a few common ones:

  1. Benign or non-cancerous thyroid disease like:
    • An enlarged thyroid or goitre
    • Thyroid nodules or adenomas
    • Inflammation of the thyroid called thyroiditis
    • Benign thyroid disease is genetic. You are more at risk of getting thyroid cancer if you have family members with this disease. Your risk is even higher if more than one member of your family is affected.
  2. Exposure to radiation:
    • Any type of radiotherapy to the neck area can increase your risk of developing thyroid cancer years later.
    • Exposure to high levels of radiation in the environment can also increase your risk.
  3. Diabetes - A number of studies are pointing to the fact that diabetes may play a big role in thyroid cancer risk. Research is confirming that there is a very strong role in metabolic syndrome, obesity, and diabetes as precipitating factors in thyroid cancer development. Plausible reasons that may link diabetes to higher thyroid cancer risk include:

    • Chronic thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulation: Diabetics are susceptible to disruption in thyroid hormone balance, upping cancer risk. Elevated circulating insulin levels in type 2 diabetics with insulin resistance increase risk too. Anti-diabetic medication is linked to thyroid cancer.
    • Concomitant increased body mass index (BMI): In diabetics is also associated with increased risk for cancer in general, and thyroid cancer in particular.
    • Chronic exposure to glucose: This has been linked recently to increased thyroid cancer risk.
    • Elevated prevalence of vitamin D deficiency: The diabetics in animal studies is linked to increased cancer risk.
  4. Inherited gene: Your risk of developing thyroid cancer goes up if you have inherited an altered gene that causes a bowel condition called familial adenomatous polyposis or FAP. So, you should get yourself tested if anyone in your family has this genetic condition to see if you have the same altered gene.
  5. Sex: Being female Thyroid cancer is more common in women than men.
  6. Weight: People who are overweight may have a higher risk of getting thyroid cancer. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Endocrinologist.
3136 people found this helpful

How Ayurveda Helps Manage Thyroid Cancer?

Dr. Sunil Arya 89% (58 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Gurgaon
How Ayurveda Helps Manage Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer affects the thyroid glands, which are located at the base of the throat. These glands produce thyroid hormones, which help in controlling the blood pressure, heart rate, weight and the body temperature.

Thyroid cancer is primarily of four types:

  1. Anaplastic carcinoma: This is the most severe type of thyroid cancer which is rare, but spreads extremely fast once the person is affected: 
  2. Follicular carcinoma: This type of thyroid cancer can be cured, but it might relapse. Follicular cancer spreads quickly as well.
  3. Papillary carcinoma: This type of cancer is more common. It generally affects women who are still of reproductive age. The spread of papillary cancer is gradual and it is less dangerous than the types.
  4. Medullary carcinoma: This type occurs in the non thyroid cells in the thyroid gland. Medullary cancer is hereditary in nature. 

Thyroid cancer has the following signs and symptoms:

  1. Lumps in the anterior neck, close to the Adam's apple.
  2. Hoarseness
  3. Enlarged glands in the neck
  4. Swallowing difficulties
  5. Complications in breathing
  6. Neck or throat pain
  7. Persistent cough without any signs of a cold.

In Ayurveda, cancer is seen as a hindrance to the life force. The cancer cells lack prana (oxygen) and produce a growth beyond the life force. It is the result of the dominance of any of the three: 'vata', 'kapha' or 'pitta' in the body. Ayurveda is all about balancing the energies in the body. Polluted environment, processed food loaded with preservatives and salts, and certain other factors can greatly affect the 'vata', 'kapha' and 'pitta'. Thyroid is the result of an aberration in the "kapha" dosha in the body.

The endocrine system produces hormones, which help in the overall functioning of the body. The 'kapha' dosha holds the endocrine system together. The thyroid glands are an important part of the body; they are a major endocrine system. Herbs that can help with thyroid cancer:

  1. Echinacea
  2. Cleavers
  3. Black pepper
  4. Ginger
  5. Trikatu
  6. Cayenne
  7. Cardamom

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.

5770 people found this helpful

Endocrine Surgery - Understanding The Types!

Dr. Manish K. Gupta 93% (69 ratings)
F.I.A.G.E.S , MNAMS (Membership of The National Academy) (General Surgery), DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
General Surgeon, Delhi
Endocrine Surgery - Understanding The Types!

Our endocrine glands work overtime to keep us healthy by secreting hormones which reach each and every cell in our body through the blood. These hormones evoke life changing responses in other cells to keep us alive and healthy. Endocrine surgery is a term for an operation in any one or more endocrine glands in your body.

Types of endocrine glands

  1. Thyroid gland: This is the most important endocrine gland in your body and it secretes thyroid hormone, which regulates metabolism.
  2. Parathyroid glands: There are 4 parathyroid glands and these are located behind the thyroid gland in the neck region. These glands secrete the parathyroid hormone which controls calcium levels in the body.
  3. Adrenal glands: These are located over the kidney. There are 2 adrenal glands and these secrete adrenaline, aldosterone and cortisol- the body’s fight or flight hormone. These also maintain salt levels in the blood and the blood pressure.
  4. Neuroendocrine glands of the pancreas: These are located in the pancreas behind the stomach. They work to control glucose levels and glucose metabolism.
  5. Pituitary gland is the master gland of the body: It secretes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and other important hormones that control ovaries, thyroid and other endocrine glands in your body.

Endocrine surgery
Depending on the endocrine gland being operated upon, there are different types of endocrine surgeries. The most important ones are-

  1. HypophysectomyThis is the surgical removal of the pituitary gland. It is a very sophisticated and critical surgery that surgeons resort to, if there is a tumor in the pituitary gland - especially craniopharyngioma tumors. It can cause atrophy of thyroid, adrenal glands and the ovaries as the pituitary secretes hormones to control their function. In addition, it can result in sterility and sometimes results in a non-functional reproductive tract in both men and women.
  2. Thyroidectomy: It is an operation that involves removal of the entire or parts of the thyroid gland in the neck. Trained ENT or endocrine surgeons perform this operation, which is indicated for thyroid cancer or hyperthyroidism, goiter or Graves disease. Sometimes it is done for treating an enlarged thyroid gland or obstructions in the neck region, causing problems in swallowing or breathing. In cases of total thyroidectomy patients will need life long thyroid hormone supplementation. Sometime patient can have change in voice which is usually temporary.
    • Since the thyroid produces several hormones like thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin, you will have to take oral synthetic hormones all your life post surgery. The thyroid is usually removed through an incision in the neck. These days there is the option of minimally invasive surgeries too.
  3. Adrenalectomy: It is the removal of one or both adrenal glands to treat tumors of the adrenal glands. It is done using an open incision or laprascopic technique.
  4. Pinealectomy: It is a surgical procedure in which the pineal gland is removed. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Surgeon.
1978 people found this helpful

Thyroid Cancer - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!

Dr. Suneet V Shende 88% (343 ratings)
BAMS, MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
Thyroid Cancer - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!

Thyroid cancer affects the thyroid glands, which are located at the base of the throat. These glands produce thyroid hormones, which help in controlling the blood pressure, heart rate, weight and the body temperature.

Thyroid cancer is primarily of four types:

  1. Anaplastic carcinoma: This is the most severe type of thyroid cancer which is rare, but spreads extremely fast once the person is affected: 
  2. Follicular carcinoma: This type of thyroid cancer can be cured, but it might relapse. Follicular cancer spreads quickly as well.
  3. Papillary carcinoma: This type of cancer is more common. It generally affects women who are still of reproductive age. The spread of papillary cancer is gradual and it is less dangerous than the types.
  4. Medullary carcinoma: This type occurs in the non thyroid cells in the thyroid gland. Medullary cancer is hereditary in nature. 

Thyroid cancer has the following signs and symptoms:

  1. Lumps in the anterior neck, close to the Adam's apple.
  2. Hoarseness
  3. Enlarged glands in the neck
  4. Swallowing difficulties
  5. Complications in breathing
  6. Neck or throat pain
  7. Persistent cough without any signs of a cold.

In Ayurveda, cancer is seen as a hindrance to the life force. The cancer cells lack prana (oxygen) and produce a growth beyond the life force. It is the result of the dominance of any of the three: 'vata', 'kapha' or 'pitta' in the body. Ayurveda is all about balancing the energies in the body. Polluted environment, processed food loaded with preservatives and salts, and certain other factors can greatly affect the 'vata', 'kapha' and 'pitta'. Thyroid is the result of an aberration in the "kapha" dosha in the body.

The endocrine system produces hormones, which help in the overall functioning of the body. The 'kapha' dosha holds the endocrine system together. The thyroid glands are an important part of the body; they are a major endocrine system. Herbs that can help with thyroid cancer:

  1. Echinacea
  2. Cleavers
  3. Black pepper
  4. Ginger
  5. Trikatu
  6. Cayenne
  7. Cardamom

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.

6596 people found this helpful

Thyroid Surgery And Thyroid Cancer

Dr. Naval Bansal 86% (18 ratings)
MBBS, MS, M.Ch
Oncologist, Chandigarh
Thyroid Surgery And Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located just below the voice box and secrete thyroid hormone which regulates the body’s metabolism. Sometimes, this gland becomes cancerous, underactive or overactive and may require surgical removal.

Situations, when a doctor can recommend you to undergo thyroid surgery (removal of part or whole of thyroid) are: 

  1. Thyroid cancer is present or is suspected. 
  2. A noncancerous (benign) nodule is large enough to cause problems with breathing or swallowing
  3. A fluid-filled (cystic) nodule returns after being drained once or twice. 
  4. Hyperthyroidism cannot be treated with medicines or radioactive iodine

How to detect thyroid cancer at an early stage? 

Simple neck examination in front of the mirror at frequent interval may reflect nodule or fullness in anterior aspect of the neck which is the most common manifestation of thyroid cancer. 

Voice change, difficulty in breathing or difficulty in swallowing are other presentation of thyroid cancer. In case of suspicion of any of these symptoms, neck ultrasound along with needle aspiration from the nodule should be done for confirmation of this disease. 

What is the thyroidectomy and to whom should I consult for this? 

Removal of the thyroid gland is called thyroidectomy and is usually performed while the patient is under general anesthesia. The surgeon will make a 4-6cm incision in the neck crease and part or whole of the gland will be removed. As per literature high volume/ dedicated thyroid surgeon (Endocrine surgeon etc.) can deliver the best results in terms of post-thyroidectomy complications like voice change or low calcium levels. Newer modalities like endoscopic or robotic thyroid surgeries are also been practiced these days. Depending on how much of the thyroid gland is to be removed, the patient may require thyroid hormone replacement post-surgery. 

Is thyroid cancer curable? 

Yes if detected in early stage and appropriate treatment is done, more than 90% can be cured of this disease.

1952 people found this helpful

All About Congenital Hypothyroidism!

Dr. Richa Arora Agarwal 88% (43 ratings)
Visiting Consultant - Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital, Saroj Super Speciality Hospital, D.N.B. PEDIATRICS, MD - Paediatrics, MBBS, Bhagwati Hospital, Rainbow Hospital- Panipat
Pediatrician, Delhi
All About Congenital Hypothyroidism!

What is congenital hypothyroidism?
Newborn babies who are unable to make enough thyroid hormone have congenital hypothyroidism, meaning they are born with an underactive or absent thyroid gland.  If the condition is not found and treated, children can have mental retardation and growth failure. But the good news is that early diagnosis and proper treatment can prevent these problems. In most cases, the condition is permanent and your child will need lifelong treatment. 

What causes congenital hypothyroidism?
 The most common causes are

  1. An underdeveloped thyroid gland
  2. A thyroid gland that’s not located where it should be (in the neck below the voice box or larynx)  
  3. A missing thyroid gland

 Other possible causes include

  1. Defective production of thyroid hormone (an inherited condition)
  2. Problems with the pituitary gland (located at the base of the brain), which tells the thyroid to make thyroid hormone
  3. Less commonly, a mother’s thyroid disease or medicines taken during pregnancy can cause congenital hypothyroidism.

What are the signs and symptoms of congenital hypothyroidism?

Many babies with congenital hypothyroidism appear normal at birth or for several months after birth.  But others may have these signs and symptoms:

  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Constipation
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Sluggishness
  • A hoarse cry
  • They might also have
  • Feeding problems
  • A thick, large tongue
  • A puffy-looking face
  • A swollen abdomen, sometimes with “outpouching” of the belly button
  • Large soft spots of the skull

Thyroid hormone deficiency can also occur in older babies or young children, even if test results at birth were normal.

Treatment
Early diagnosis is very important. Most of the effects of hypothyroidism are easy to reverse. For this reason, doctors always ask to get screening for hypothyroidism of your newborn.

Thyroxine is usually given to treat hypothyroidism. Once the child starts taking this medicine, blood tests are regularly done to make sure thyroid hormone levels are in a normal range.

When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your health care provider if:

  • You feel your infant shows signs or symptoms of hypothyroidism
  • You are pregnant and have been exposed to antithyroid drugs or procedures

Prevention
If a pregnant woman takes radioactive iodine for thyroid cancer, the thyroid gland may be destroyed in the developing fetus. Infants whose mothers have taken such medicines should be observed carefully after birth for signs of hypothyroidism. Also, pregnant women should not avoid iodine-supplemented salt. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist.

2682 people found this helpful
Icon

Book appointment with top doctors for Thyroid Cancer treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews