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Iron Deficiency Anemia: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Mineral deficiency anaemia, Haemolytic disorder

How is the treatment done?

Haemoglobin, which appears to be a vital protein in the human red blood cells (RBCs), is concerned with the transportation of dissolved oxygen to the different body tissues. A fall in the level of haemoglobin in the red blood cells can give rise to the condition commonly referred to as anaemia. Anaemia may be of several types, out of which, iron deficiency anaemia appears to be one of the most common types of anaemia. This condition is found to occur due to the lack of an essential mineral, i.e. iron in the blood of the patient. When such a condition occurs due to the scarcity of iron within the body, the blood fails to carry the necessary amount of oxygen to the concerned body tissues.

In women, throughout their puberty, iron deficiency anaemia is a very common due to loss of haemoglobin in blood, that is caused from heavy flow during menstruation or in case of pregnancy.

Generally in the initial stage of iron deficiency anaemia no such symptoms are notified due to its mild effects. But as the person suffers from iron deficiency, it tends to more severe anaemic conditions. The main symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia involves weakness, pale/ whitish skin colour, drowsiness, poor appetite, chest pain, headache, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, lack of interest in doing work, nausea and others. Pregnant women often suffer from some of the above mentioned symptoms because of lower intake of the mineral iron in their diet.

A proper diagnosis by an experienced physician is a prerequisite for successful treatment for this condition. Test of blood cells as prescribed by the concerned doctor is considered to be helpful. In case of bleeding from any internal organ, it should be taken into medical concern.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The treatment of iron deficiency anaemia involves some tests, i.e. tests for blood cells, tests for haemoglobin count and tests for internal bleeding. Anaemia can be detected normally by a complete blood cell test (CBC tests). If not, then further tests are required. Intake of iron pills can help recovering this anaemia. Healthy diet including mineral iron might be helpful. However it is always recommended for a person suffering from any of these symptoms to consult an experienced doctor to be more precise with the case. Oral iron therapy with oral ferrous iron salts is effective for the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia.

During pregnancy or after child birth women should be under regular routine checkups to avoid any unfavourable conditions regarding iron deficiency. If any woman is under improper nutrition diet then it must be taken into concern so that both the mother and the child get appropriate quantity of vitamins and minerals to avoid iron deficiency anaemia.

However, general treatment of iron deficiency anaemia is not very much costly and can be easily treated simply by the intake of iron in diet, but in case of internal bleeding or peptic ulcer it can be a vital cause for leading to more infectious conditions in the body. Persons suffering from blood loss due to ulcer, piles or internal haemorrhage must be under proper treatment under skilled doctors. Certain tests and medications as prescribed by the doctors might be helpful in such cases. Surgical treatment in certain cases if recommended by a doctor may prove to be helpful.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Iron deficiency anaemia is a common disorder nowadays, and can be treated very easily with the intake of iron pills in normal condition. Individuals suffering from any of the following symptoms mentioned above are eligible for the tests mentioned. Consulting a doctor is highly needed for persons suffering from internal bleeding. In case of pregnancy, if symptoms like nausea, weakness, irregular heartbeat, fatigue if notified, consulting a doctor immediately is very much helpful. Persons suffering from peptic ulcer and any post surgery conditions must be diagnosed to notify iron deficiency anaemia.

Are there any side effects?

Persons who do not have any problem regarding internal bleeding or any blood related problem do not require iron deficiency anaemic treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Iron deficiency anaemia is a common case nowadays. Treatment has become essential for most of the individuals because of their physiological awareness. However, there are no such side effects of this treatment. Rather, if one who is going through the problem and is still not under medical concern, might face severe other problems that may arise from loss of haemoglobin and improper oxygen supply in blood in the near future. In many of the cases, loss of oxygenated blood supply leads to improper functioning of the body tissues which further leads to damage of certain body parts.

In case of some surgical conditions, such as organ damage or loss of organ, various side effects can happen to occur if the case is not taken under medical concern as soon as possible. In such cases, a person may also die due to excessive bleeding. Blood cell transfusion may be recommended, if required.

How long does it take to recover?

The post treatment guidelines include proper medications to maintain the iron level in blood, pills to be taken regularly that helps in stimulating erythropoiesis (a physiological process of formation of red blood cells in our body). A person who has gone through this treatment must be conscious with his/her diet throughout life. In case of infants, regular intake of proper minerals, vitamins, protein is very much required in their diet.

Persons who had gone through any surgical treatment for this condition must follow proper regular medications and diet as recommended by the concerned doctor.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In case of initial condition of iron deficiency anaemia the time of recovery is generally low and may require about two week’s time. But in case of severe disease conditions recovery may not be so quick and may take about four to five weeks. If a person has ulcer, piles, or any internal bleeding condition due to which loss of haemoglobin is notified then in that case recovery may take longer time.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The cost of treatment of iron deficiency anaemia is not so high. It generally ranges between Rs. 500 to Rs 10,000. The total expanses include, cost of medical tests that is to be done for confirmation of the anaemic condition and the prices of medicines and surgery if required any.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The results of treatment are permanent in some of the cases and are temporary in other cases. Patients who have anaemia genetically do not get permanent recovery from this problem. Moreover, some of the cases involving depression in the production of red blood cell, the patient needs to take recommended diet and proper medications for a longer time. In case of persons suffering from ulcers, piles, internal bleeding, and other related cases take more time to recover.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 520 – Rs. 7400

Popular Health Tips

7 Signs to Help You Spot Iron Deficiency!

Dr. Indu Saini 90% (13 ratings)
Ph.D In Food & Nutrition, MSc In Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ajmer
7 Signs to Help You Spot Iron Deficiency!
As per the latest statistics published by the 'center for disease control and prevention', about 9% women suffer from the deficiency of iron. Though the proportion is relatively low, iron deficiency can lead to various diseases, which can be very difficult to cure. So, look out for these telltale signs of iron deficiency and check whether you suffer from any of them. Fatigue: Your internal system uses iron for the production of hemoglobin, which is a component in the red blood cells, responsible for carrying oxygen to all parts of the body. So, when the iron content is low, there is not enough hemoglobin produced and all organs do not receive oxygen in the required quantities, which is bound to make you feel tired at most times. Inability to focus: People with iron deficiency often suffer from alteration in the synthesis of neurotransmitters. This can lead to decreased functionality and focusing abilities. This may also lead to the development of apathy towards all things, including family, friends, books, music or anything that you loved and enjoyed doing. Breathlessness: Without a proper supply of iron, there could be an oxygen crunch in the body, compelling you to feel breathless. This may happen anytime like when you are working out or walking or reading a book. Paleness: Do you think your skin has lost luster and has become pale in the last few days? That s definitely not a good sign and may be a symptom of decreased flow of blood and reduction in the RBC count. Trouble doing your daily chores: Low levels of iron in the body can cause your endurance level to suffer. Thus, you may find it difficult to run up the stairs or catch a vehicle or swim for a while. Soreness of muscles: Even if you could push yourself to reach the gym, you would experience that the burn lasts longer than normal. Lack of required amount of iron prevents your muscles to recover at the right pace. As a result, you are likely to suffer from aches in the muscles. Brittle nails: If there is a recent development of spoon-shaped or concave depression in the nails, it could be a sign that your body is iron deficient. Often people tend to ignore the warning signs that the body gives to indicate the problem that s cropping up. But you can t take your health for granted. So, check for these signs without any delay get help from a doctor in case you notice them. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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Anaemia And Hair Loss - What Should You Do?

Dr. Rohit Shah 89% (370 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Surat
Anaemia And Hair Loss - What Should You Do?
Anemia, as known to many, is a medical condition triggered by low hemoglobin levels. More than often, iron deficiency acts as a catalyst giving rise to anemia. While fatigue, headache, palpitations, skin pallor, and dizziness are characteristic of anemia, many people also suffer from hair loss. Here too, the iron deficiency acts as contributing factor interfering with the healthy growth cycle of the hair. In some cases, the hair loss may mimic the male and female pattern baldness as observed in the case of Alopecia. While anemia and the related hair loss can affect anyone irrespective of their age and sex, women of reproductive age, as well as teenagers, are more susceptible to this. In this article, we will discuss the anemia and iron deficiency induced hair loss in brief and the preventive measures to deal with the situation. Anemia-related Hair Loss In anemia, there is a significant fall in the hemoglobin level. Hemoglobin acts as an oxygen carrier to different body cells and tissues, including those of the hair follicles to ensure healthy cell growth and repairment. Low hemoglobin levels result in inadequate oxygen supply, one of the prime factors responsible for hair loss. Ferritin, a storage protein (cellular protein) for iron contributes significantly towards a healthy growth cycle of the hair (stimulates the anagen or the growth phase). In the case of anemia, to meet the iron requirements of the vital organs such as the heart, the body starts utilizing the ferritin stored in hair bulb and other non-essential tissues. This dip in the ferritin level affects the hair growth. A ferritin blood test often helps in the diagnosis of iron deficiency and anemia. Preventive measures to deal with anemia related hair loss With the iron deficiency and the associated symptoms being taken care of, the anemia triggered hair loss can be controlled and reversed. In addition to the medications and treatment, one also needs to take care of their general health and lead a healthy lifestyle. Never go for self-medication. It will only worsen the situation. Two individuals can have the same medical problem but triggered by different factors. Always consult a doctor before trying any medicines. Follow a healthy diet: People dealing with anemia and iron deficiency should enrich their diet with foods rich in iron such as lean meat, liver, spinach, beetroot, nuts and dry fruits (walnuts, almonds), prunes, parsley, broccoli (the florets), to name a few. Foods rich in vitamin C, almonds, are known to promote hair growth. Avoid drinking tea between meals as this unhealthy practice is known to interfere with the absorption of iron. Maintain a healthy hair care routine Oil massage your hair at least twice a week. Be gentle while combing the hair. Try and use a mild shampoo (or as the doctor recommended). Avoid excessive use of hair styling products and chemicals.
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Iron And Its Efficacy In Human Body

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 95% (2653 ratings)
Homeopath, Delhi
Iron And Its Efficacy In Human Body
IRON: Daily requirement: Children: 10-15 mg/day Adults: 10 mg/day Premenopausal women: 15 mg/day Pregnant women: 30 mg/day Iron is required for i) Formation of haemoglobin in blood. ii) For muscular activity. Sources of Iron: Red meat. Chicken Sea food. Animals products (eggs). Green leafy vegetables. Grains. Nuts. Dry fruits, like dates and raisins. Human milk, which contains about 1 mg/litre Iron deficiency causes: Anaemia. Fatigue. Paleness Dizziness. Irritability. Palpitation. Recurrent infections. Iron in excess causes: Diarrhoea. Constipation. Vomiting Headache Dizziness Stomach cramps.
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Anaemia - Problems It Can Lead To!

Dr. Arunesh Dutt Upadhyay 94% (312 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Aerospace Medicine, Eular Certification in Rheumatology
General Physician, Pune
Anaemia - Problems It Can Lead To!
The lack of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood is termed as Anemia. You may also be diagnosed as anemic is your red blood cells do not have a high enough hemoglobin count. Since hemoglobin is responsible for the amount of oxygen in our blood, being anemic results in a decreased flow of oxygen in the blood. There are 5 different types of anemia. These are: Iron deficiency anemia: When the iron levels of the blood are lower than normal. Sickle cell anemia: When the red blood cells are shaped like a 'sickle' and hence more fragile. This is an inherited condition. Thalassemia: When the body does not produce enough red blood cells or hemoglobin. This is also an inherited condition. Megaloblastic anemia: When the blood does not have enough vitamin B12 and hence cannot transport hemoglobin through the body. Hemolytic anemia: When the red blood cells are rapidly removed from the blood due to an infection, medication or disease. Lack of oxygen can have a serious effect on the organs of the body. Hence the symptoms of anemia are also the effects of the disease. Some of these are: Lack of energy Fatigue Dizziness Chest pain Difficulty breathing Abnormal heartbeat Reduced attention span Numbness of the hands and feet. Anemia can also lead to a number of major health problems such as: Heart disease: Anemia is directly linked to heart disease. When the blood carries less oxygen, the heart needs to work harder to pump it to the rest of the body. Thus, people who are anemic are at a higher risk of having a heart attack than a non anemic person. Anemia can also lead to arrhythmia or a condition where the person suffers from an irregular heartbeat. Pregnancy complications: One of the first and most vital supplements prescribed to a pregnant woman is iron. Iron is essential not only for a healthy baby, but also for your own body. Anemia caused by a lack of iron can result in premature birth and a number of other complications at the time of pregnancy. Increased risk of infections: Lack of oxygen in the blood can affect your immune system by lowering its ability to fight infections. This makes the body vulnerable to diseases. Cognitive damage: Anemia in children can result in a greatly reduced attention span and weaken their memory. Sometimes, even when treated, this can result in permanent scarring and reduced IQ levels. Fighting anemia is not hard. Consult your doctor instantly if you recognize any of its symptoms and start eating food rich in iron to fight this disease.
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Did You Know, Vitamin C Aids in Iron Absorption!

Dr. Prabha Acharya 91% (106 ratings)
PGDM In Cosmetology, Trichology & Weight Managmen, MD, BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Did You Know, Vitamin C Aids in Iron Absorption!
Iron is a major component of hemoglobin that carries oxygen to all parts of the body. Women need more iron than men to makeup for the amount of iron they lose in their menstrual period. Iron deficiency is the most common nutrient deficiency in women. Insufficient iron can lead to anaemia. Common symptoms of anaemia include tiredness and breathlessness. Iron is especially important during pregnancy. Iron absorption can be impaired by alcohol, the tannic acid in tea,etc. Hence avoid drinking tea while consuming any iron source food. Sources of iron: Red meat, chicken and fish, Fortified cereals, nuts, leafy green vegetables. Role of Vitamin C: Drinking citrus juice or eating other foods rich in vitamin C at the same time that you eat high-iron foods, enhances the iron absorption. Vitamin C food sources: Broccoli, Kiwi, Leafy greens,Oranges,Tomatoes, etc.
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Popular Questions & Answers

i have Iron Deficiency how Its Effect On our Body! Please. Give some diet suggestion.

Dr. Jagdish Prasad Mehrotra 92% (1547 ratings)
General Physician, Gurgaon
Iron deficiency results anaemia body looks pael swelling over body weekness breathlessness ultimatly if hb level reduces very much you may have heart att test for cbc iron supplement with drug like fefol z 1 cap daily at 8 pm for 30 days repeat cbc take green leafy vegetables.
1 person found this helpful

What could be the reason behind iron deficiency in my case. What is the urgent thing I need to do. Any additional diagnosis required? To suicide future complications?

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (3640 ratings)
Homeopath, Hooghly
Iron deficiency have Soo many causes like chronic blood loss,, depletion of RBC,,lack of folic acid,, deficiency of iron binding enzymes,,etc ,,

How many nervijen p pills can I take in a day? How long should I wait until I take the next dose?

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 86% (23906 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
How many nervijen p pills can anyone take depends on the condition and your doctor knows it and how long you should take . The daily dose is usually two tablets
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Since last 1.5 year tenure, I am observing hemoglobin deficiency in my body. Due to some of reason like fever, cold, etc I get ill and suddenly weakness observed and above deficiency observed during lab & blood test reports. I want to get rid of this. Please suggest a course of medicine for intake and proper diet plan to maintain good amount of haemoglobin level. Thanks in advance.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (8879 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Hi lybrate-user. It is not possible to mention the course of medicine without consultation. As we require more details to diagnose and give accurate treatment. What you want is blind treatment and it may harm more than good. So better consult and take proper treatment. The diet should be more with green veges, fruits, salads, and pulses. With milk at least once 200 ml.
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I have low ferritin and folate values But my vitamin b12 is normal And hemoglobin is normal My mcv value is slightly increased What shall I do?

Dr. Shashidhar 93% (5491 ratings)
Homeopath, Secunderabad
Start taking lots of fruits and vegetables. (green leafy vegetables have a good source of iron ). Try to eat grains and pulses which are natural (unpolished ). You can also take a few nuts and other dry fruits which can provide various types of vitamins and minerals. If needed you can also take a short course of suppliments (iron and vitamin supplements ). Do exercise everyday to keep yourself fit and energetic. Please revert after a few weeks.
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Health Quizzes

Relation of Dark Circles With Health

Dr. Jolly Shah 90% (1065 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Dark circles actually imply iron deficiencies. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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