The term breast lumps refers to any bulges or growths in the breast tissues. There are many different types of lumps that can form in or on your breasts and depending on the type, they may feel like a hardened mass, a localized swelling, or a sense of fullness in your breasts.
Since all of these lumps mean different things, their treatment varies. It is important to note that all breast lumps do not necessarily mean that you have breast cancer, and it’s vital not to panic,but breast lumps can also be a sign of cancer.
There are various treatment options for breast lumps and they all depend on why the lump has formed in the first place. Have your doctor look at them immediately so that you can begin treatment.
Breast tissue usually differs in their density, the outer part of the breast tissue is relatively stiff than the inner part.
There are two types of benign breast lump are cysts and fibroadenomas:
Yes, Breast lumps are common, and mainly in the case of young women, they are benign.
Yes. Some men might experience breast enlargement due to the formation of a lump beneath the nipple. This noncancerous condition in men is called gynecomastia.
There are various possible causes for breast lump:
Lie down on your back. It makes it easy to assess breast tissue in this position.
Now try another way, keep your arms by your sides and stand in front of a mirror.
Here are the few testing methods to detect the lumps in the breast tissues.
A mammogram is an image of the breast which is obtained post-X-ray, Mammogram helps to observe the changes in the breast tissue. It is used for the diagnosis of breast cancer.
An ultrasound is a diagnostic test that involves high-frequency sound waves to catch live images from beneath the surface of the breast.
In MRI testing, magnetic fields and radioactive waves are given to capture the image of breast tissues.
Fine-Needle Aspiration is a kind of Biopsy technique that involves the insertion of a thin needle in the area of abnormal lump and fluid is extracted. Cyst present in breast tissue moves along with the extracted fluid.
Note - If the extracted fluid appears bloody or cloudy, It needs to be examined in the laboratory for cancer detection.
In biopsy, a tissue sample is taken from the body to check more closely and send it to the laboratory for diagnosis. A breast biopsy can be done using different procedures as:
Nearly 80% of breast lumps turn up to be benign. In some women, a breast lump can turn into cancer if it enters the metastasis stage.
Once the reason for the lumps is diagnosed, the treatment can begin.
If you are currently breast feeding, your lump may be the result of mastitis, which is an infection that occurs in the breast in lactating women.
Breast infections are commonly, especially in women who are lactating or are pregnant. If the breast lumps are a result of an infection, you will be put on a course of antibiotics until the infection clears and the lump goes away.
Ointments that penetrate the skin deeply and work on muscular injuries will be prescribed, along with pain relievers, if necessary.More of than not, these will be over the counter medications, unless your doctor prescribes something with steroids.
Breast lumps can also be a sign of cancer. In this case, the treatment will involve removing the lump or breasts entirely.
Various procedures will be used in the treatment for the breast lump depending on how far the cancer has progressed which includes:
Most breast lumps are not dangerous, but it's important to get checked with your doctor to have them diagnosed properly.
Chemotherapy can cost up to Rs 57,000 – Rs 60,000 per session.
The recovery period depends on the reason behind the lumps occurring. Infections can be cleared within a few days. It can take a minimum of 2 weeks to fully recover from the effects of any surgery on your breasts to help remove cysts or growths. Cancer can take months and years to go into remission and can come back any time.