Here are cause, symptoms , and treatments of Gestational Diabetes
Hello I’m Dr. Neeti Agarwal I’m senior endocrinologist at Indus Health and she is our dietitian Monica Roman.
Gestational diabetes is diabetes which develops during pregnancy. Who is likely to develop gestational diabetes? One who has a family history of diabetes in first-degree relatives, somebody who has had gestational diabetes in previous pregnancy, somebody who has a history of having giving birth to a large size baby or somebody who is obese.
Now why it is important? because of the problems associated with gestational diabetes in both mother and the child the mother is likely to develop hypertension also the mother is likely to have bleeding problems during the delivery. There is increased likelihood of developing suzerain sections and later post-delivery the mother is likely to develop diabetes. The child who was born there is likelihood of developing obesity and diabetes later in life, if the mother has gestational diabetes early in pregnancy . There is likelihood of developing structural abnormalities of the heart and the nervous system in the child so it is very important to diagnose and manage gestational diabetes by the diagnosis which is done by simple blood glucose testing which should be done.
Diet is very important and exercise as advised by the gynecologist is important medication there are very few medications that we can give during pregnancy so therefore our treatment mainly relies on insulin therapy therefore we focus on diet. So to talk about diet during pregnancy, I invite Monica ma’am. Hello friends there are some basic dos and don’ts which we have to keep in our mind. During the gestational diabetes take your meal on time take small and frequent meals eat whole fruit instead of fruit juices include high fiber foods in your diet. Do regular physical activities for 40-45 minutes for day. Choose food with low food with low glycemic index 24 bit low glycemic index. Cut down saturated fats like butter, ghee and cheese from your diet. Monitor your blood sugar levels daily and cut down sugary products and redid drinks.
So if you have gestational diabetes all you need to know or consult regarding gestational diabetes you can reach us on Lybrate.
Here are cause symptoms and treatment of Throat Pain
Hello, I'm Dr. Varun Gupta, a Senior ENT consultant. Dr. Bindu Kumari, our speech language pathologist and Mr. Rajesh, our audiologists. Today we are discussing in brief, a very common clinical condition, on our day to day clinical practice, which is a throat pain.
The common causes of throat pain are viral infections, bacterial infections, acid reflux, smoking and food irritants. It leads to a difficulty in swallowing, irritation and itchiness in the throat. It may lead to a swelling of lymph nodes as well. It is very important to visit your doctor, if you are having some pain in the throat, because it is a very annoying symptom and though it is not a very serious ailment and we can get it control with the use of simple antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, and anti-histamines along with if there's an acid reflux we can start with some anti-acidity medicines also.
Many times in case of throat pain it can lead to hoarseness of voice as well means the voice of the patient also deteriorates. I would like to introduce Bindu Kumari to talk about something about the voice hygiene. When you have throat pain, you need to maintain some vocal hygiene tips, don't clear throat frequently, don't whisper, take adequate amount of voice taste, don’t scream, use some humming relaxation exercises. Throat pain due to viral infection can lead to involvement of ear.
So I will request Mr. Rajesh to mention about this. Viral infection can lead to hearing loss. The symptom can be ringing sound, buzzing sound, blocking in the ear and is also is can be hearing loss. So please do not hesitate to come visit the audiologist and go for the hearing screening. As it can prevent permanent hearing loss. So regarding the management of throat pain, as you have just seen it lead to all kinds of symptoms like voice problem, a throat pain and it can affect the hearing also.
So any clarification if you want you can consult us through Lybrate by any of the methods like text consultation or your video consultation.read more
Doctors in Indus Health
Treatment of Bronchiectasis
Treatment of Asthma
Treatment of Tuberculosis
Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Treatment Of Male Sexual Problems
Treatment of Shortness of Breath
Treatment of Pneumonia
Treatment of Bronchitis
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment of Asphyxia
Cysts Removal Procedure
Treatment of COPD
Treatment of Sleep Apnea
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Treatment of Persistent Cough
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I was in too much pain because of ear pain, but even after consulting a number of doctors, I was not getting any relief. I thought it was something very normal, but then I realised the ear pain is something else. I had lost hope, but the ear pain treatment given by Dr Varun Kumar Gupta has helped me regain my confidence. The facilities available in the Indus Health are very nice. Varun Kumar Gupta (Indus Health) has so much knowledge that for everything my family takes his reference. One of my colleague referred him and my experienced was excellent.
The ear wax problem was increasing day by day. He is one of the best physicians in city. I consulted a number of specialists but the way he treated me was the best. As someone I knew, consulted Dr Varun Kumar Gupta and they referred us. The friendliness of staff is the best in the Indus Health. I am almost my normal self post the treatment, and for that Dr Varun Kumar Gupta (Indus Health) is the reason. Whatever tests Dr Varun Kumar Gupta prescribed, were very correct and gave us an exact idea about my condition.
I was having this hearing loss, but the causes were not very visible. I was quite depressed due to my condition, but Dr Varun Kumar guided me to change my attitude. His guidance has helped me immensely and has helped gain confidence. The Indus Health is designed in such a way that every patient feels at ease. The overall atmosphere in the Indus Health is very soothing.
Dr. Varun Kumar Gupta (Indus Health) provides answers that are caring. Conversation was good but i was casual not professional in conversation casuse by i thought that my friend talking to me, after some time i recognized it's not my friend. Sorry For That. You are Valuable Dr. Thank you.
Diabetes is not an isolated disease but a syndrome. It brings with it a host of issues, affecting almost all organs, and that is the reason it is a dreaded issue. Diabetes is the result of chronic inflammation and this inflammation gradually spreads to all other organs. One of the main organs adversely affected is the kidneys. The kidneys are essential filtration agents, and impaired kidney function can have a series of bad effects on the body.
The good news is that not everybody with diabetes will have diabetic nephropathy. However, risk factors for developing diabetic nephropathy are:
- Severe, uncontrolled diabetes
- Family history
- Prior kidney disease, even chronic infection
- Race or ethnicity (native Americans, African Americans, etc.)
- Preexisting hypertension or high cholesterol levels
If you have these risk factors, then all efforts should be aimed at keeping blood sugar at highly optimal level. Once it reaches beyond a certain level, it is very difficult to get it under control.
There would be no symptoms in the initial stages
- If you suspect that increased sugar levels could be damaging the kidneys, it is imperative to do renal functions annually to test for onset of kidney malfunction
- There could be swelling of the feet and ankles
- Urine tests may indicate increased levels of protein in the body (serum albumin in particular)
The idea is to arrest or stop damage to the kidneys.
- Reduce and maintain blood pressure within the recommended levels. This will depend on the age and overall health status. Using angiotensin converting enzymes or angiotensin receptor blockers is the most effective way to control hypertension and related kidney damage
- Keeping blood sugar within the recommended levels helps reduce or stop damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys and thereby, prevent progression
- Maintain optimal levels of cholesterol, as this only adds to hypertension, which further worsens kidney function.
- Eat a heart-healthy diet and exercise regularly. It is a vicious cycle with components including hypertension, high sugar levels, increased heart disease, which all only continues in a circle nonstop. Breaking this cyclical trend is very important.
- Diet should not be too rich in protein, as the kidney function is impaired and may not be able to handle too much protein. Talk to a nutritionist as to how much protein is required and follow it strictly.
- Reduce salt levels in the diet, and strictly do not add extra salt onto your plate
- If you are a smoker, this is a great reason to quit, as it affects all the above conditions.
- Maintain weight under optimal levels. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist.
What is the Thyroid?
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland situated in the front of the neck below the voice box. It secretes the Thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormone is important for controlling the body's metabolism(heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, growth, etc.) and is required by all cells for their normal functioning.
What are the common disorders of the thyroid gland?
The common disorders of the thyroid gland are:
- Hypothyroidism: Most commonly primary hypothyroidism is due to Hashimoto's Thyroiditis which occurs due to cellular elements called antibodies.
- Hyperthyroidism: The over functioning thyroid gland is less common than Hypothyroidism and is also most commonly due to antibodies.
What are the symptoms of the thyroid disorders?
- Hyperthyroidism: Nervousness, Tremors, Sweating, Mental fogginess, sleeping difficulty, Menstrual irregularities, weakness, aches, pains, palpitations, Weight loss, heat intolerance, sweating.
- Hypothyroidism: Weakness, lethargy, Aches, pains, Menstrual irregularities, Cold intolerance, weight gain, feeling bloated, Lack of concentration, dry hair, dry skin, constipation.
How can I be diagnosed?
You need to do a blood test- T3, T4, TSH
Can we prevent the development of thyroid disorder?
No. They are mostly auto-immune in nature, that is elements of our body act against our own cells. They are not in our control.
What are the precautions to be taken?
No specific food are to be taken or avoided for autoimmune thyroid diseases. In Grave's Disease, intake of De-iodinised salt may help. For Iodine deficiency, goiter food is known as goitrogens (like Cabbage, soya bean, broccoli, cauliflower etc). are being taken in excess.
What is a goiter?
Any enlargement of the thyroid gland is called a goiter. It may be due to hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or iodine deficiency.
If I have a thyroid disease, will I have Goiter?
Not necessary. You have thyroid diseases in a gland which is normal sized or not visibly enlarged.
Can I get pregnant if I have thyroid diseases?
Yes. For best pregnancy outcomes it is desirable to have a planned pregnancy. See your doctor before planning a pregnancy.
What is the treatment?
Treatment for hypothyroidism is hormone replacement in the form of tablets. For hyperthyroidism, there are various treatment options including oral medication, Radioactive iodine therapy, and Surgery.
Will I gain weight due to Hypothyroidism?
Only 2-3 kg of weight can be directly gained due to hypothyroidism. Some are due to slowed metabolism and rest is due to lifestyle. So, even if you attain normal thyroid function, you may lose some weight but will need to put in an effort to normalize your body weight.
Can I develop Cancer?
Yes. There is about 6-8%chances of developing adenoma(tumor) in multi-nodular goiter. But thyroid tumor is usually slow growing and rarely cancerous. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist.
#1 MYTH:People with diabetes need to follow a special diet.
FACT: Diabetes benefits from the same healthy diet that everyone, in general, should follow.
#2 MYTH: Diabetes is not any serious issues.
FACT: Diabetes causes more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. Having diabetes nearly doubles your chances of having a heart attack. The GOOD NEWS is that good diabetes control can reduce your risks for diabetes complications.
#3 MYTH: Diabetes is caused by eating too much sugar.
FACT: Type 1 diabetes is caused by genetics and unknown factors that trigger its onset; type 2 is caused by genetics and lifestyle factors. Being overweight increase your risk for developing type 2, and a diet high in calories from any sources contributes to weight gain.
#4 MYTH: People with type 1 diabetes can't participate in sports.
FACT: They can be tennis players, mountain climbers, weight lifters, basketball stars, crickerters- the sky's the limit.
#5 MYTH: Women with diabetes should not get pregnant.
FACT: Women who manage their diabetes well can have a normal pregnancy and give birth to a healthy baby.
#6 MYTH: Some people can have ''little'' diabetes or '' just'' a touch of diabetes.
FACT: There is no such thing. Everyone who has diabetesruns the risk of serious complications.
#7 MYTH: You have to lose lots of weight to improve diabetes.
FACT: You're eligible to donate blood as long as your diabetes is well-controlled and other medical conditions are met.
#8 MYTH: Diabetes doesn't run in my family. So, i am safe.
FACT: Family history is only one of several risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
#9 MYTH: You'll know if you'll have diabetes by its symptoms.
FACT: Not always!! Type 2 diabetes often goes undiagnosed because it usually has FEWER OR NO SYMPTOMS when it first develops.
#10 MYTH: People with diabetes can't get tattoos.
FACT: It is considered safe as long as your diabetes is well-controlled and adequate hygienes maintained.
#11 MYTH: People with diabetes who need insulin are in serious trouble.
FACT: Type 2 diabetes is a progressive diseases, and most people with it eventually need insulin. By using insulin to keep their diabetes in good control, people with type 2 can often avoid complications
and lead a healthy life.
#12 MYTH: Fruits are healthy food for diabetes. Therefore, it is ok to eat as much of it as you wish.
FACT: Fruits are healthy! They contain fiber and lots of vitamins& minerals. But they also contain carbohydratyes. The amount, frequency and types of fruit to be monitored in diabetes.
#13 MYTH: People with diabetes can't eat sweets or chocolates.
FACT: If eaten as part of a healthy meal plan or combined with exercise, sweet and desserts can be eaten by people with diabetes. The key to sweets is to have a very small portion and save them for special occasions. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can ask a free question.
Dear Sir, I am suffering from lymph nodes tuberculosis, there are two tumour of TB in my neck, I have taken anti-tubercular treatment but there are no changes in tumour size. Please suggest what I do, May go for Surgical treatment or keep continue anti tubercular tablets. Please suggest me.
The body is controlled by chemicals known as hormones. These are produced in minute quantities by minute organs, but have great control on almost all body functions. There are different hormones, each determining different functions like how tall a person will grow, how strong the bones will be, how well a person can react to stress and the reproductive ages. There is also a master gland called the pituitary which is situated somewhere deep in the brain, which controls all these organs. Small variations in the amount of these chemicals in the body produce significant effect on their respective control organ.
Thyroid is one such major gland, which produces a hormone called thyroxine or T4 as it is commonly called. This controls metabolism and emotional health to a large extent. Reduced amounts of T4 is very common in women, and with altered metabolism, there is increased musculoskeletal pain in various joints.
Here are some of the best ways to reduce Joint Pain from Hypothyroidism:
- Step Up to Low-Impact Aerobics: Twenty to 60 minutes of near-daily aerobics — really any exercise that gets your heart pumping — can help speed up your metabolism and counter weight gain, a common hypothyroidism symptom and a contributor to joint pain. But if you have joint or knee pain, choose low-impact aerobics. Swimming is the ideal low-impact aerobic exercise — the water buoys your body and cushions joints.
- Strengthen Your Muscles: Strength- or weight-training exercises build muscle mass, which uses more calories than fat even at rest. That promotes weight loss and can ease the strain on your joints. Stronger muscles also directly help protect nearby joints. For example, strengthening exercises such as squats, lunges, and leg lifts develop the muscles that support the knees. Start slow with 15 repetitions of each exercise. Then build up to three sets of 15 reps each.
- Get Plenty of Sleep: Sleep is the time for muscles and joints to recover. If you're not sleeping well, you are not recovering as fast as you could be. What's more, when you're sleep deprived, you're likely to crave junk and comfort foods that can contribute to weight gain, which adds stress to your joints and increases joint pain. Aim for seven to eight hours of quality sleep each night.
- Stick to a Healthy Diet: Replace the junk food that can lead to weight gain with choices that enhance your health. For example, add fatty fish to your diet. It's a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, known to decrease inflammation, which may be contributing to your muscle and joint pain. Coldwater fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and tuna have some the highest amounts of omega-3s. Also be sure to get lots of fresh fruit and vegetables high in antioxidants, which may counter inflammation, too.
- Practice Yoga: Yoga poses are a great way to provide relief for joint pain while also increasing flexibility. For shoulder pain, look for poses that open your chest, like this simple pose: Sit with your feet flat on the floor. As you inhale, stretch your arms over your head. Clasp your hands together over your head and then turn your palms up toward the ceiling. Drop your shoulders and straighten up as if pushing through your head. Hold for 30 seconds. Release your hands, bringing them down behind you. Next, clasp your hands behind your back and lift your arms. Hold for another 30 seconds.
- Don't Let Fatigue Win: Fatigue is one of the most common hypothyroidism symptoms. Even though you might feel listless, you'll benefit from exercise because it will rev your metabolism and help you maintain flexibility despite muscle and joint pain. If you're too exhausted to complete a full exercise routine, break it up into several short bouts — even 10 minutes done three times a day will be effective. Also, stretching and relaxation exercises within two hours of bedtime may help you sleep better.
- Meditate for Stress Relief: Having a chronic condition such as hypothyroidism can be stressful, and that stress can actually contribute to pain and tension. That's why it's important to find ways to reduce stress, such as the practice of mindfulness meditation. This form of meditation teaches you how to distract yourself from what's bothering you by refocusing your attention, often on your own breathing.
Thyroid hormones help all your organs work well. They control how your body uses food for energy.
What Do Thyroids Do
Thyroid hormones affect your metabolism rate, which means how fast or slow your brain, heart, muscles, liver, and other parts of your body work. If your body works too fast or too slowly, you won’t feel well. For example, if you don’t have enough thyroid hormone, you might feel tired and cold. Or, if you have too much thyroid hormone, you might feel nervous, jumpy, and warm.
What hormones does my thyroid gland produce?
The thyroid gland produces thyroxine (T4), which is a relatively inactive prohormone and lower amounts of the active hormone, triiodothyronine (T3). Collectively, T3 and T4 are referred to as the thyroid hormones. Twenty percent of the body’s triiodothyronine is made by the thyroid gland; the other 80% comes from thyroxine converted by organs such as the liver or kidneys.
The thyroid gland also produces calcitonin from cells called C-cells. Calcitonin is understood to play a role in regulating calcium levels in the body, but its exact function in humans remains unclear. Thyroid hormone is one such chemical which has effect on all organs of the body including the joints. Vague pains may be due to thyroid disorders. They are easy to manage with treatment. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist.
Nosebleed is a condition wherein blood vessels burst in the nasal lining. Nosebleeds are fairly common and it is rarely a serious condition.
- Anterior nosebleed: It is caused by the eruption of a blood vessel at the tip of the nose. Anterior nosebleeds are generally easy to control by yourself or by a doctor.
- Posterior nosebleed: It is a rare type of nosebleed. Posterior nosebleed mostly occurs in older people. It occurs when an artery bursts behind the nose, which causes the blood to flow down the throat. Posterior nosebleeds are, thus, dangerous, and they need immediate medical attention.
- There are numerous causes of nosebleeds. The most common cause of nosebleeds is dry air. Dry climates dehydrate the nasal membranes (internal nasal tissues). This dryness leads to crusting which can cause irritation or itching.
- Also, if you pick or scratch your nose too much, it can start to bleed.
- Decongestants for allergies, sinus infection or cold and antihistamines can make the nasal membranes dry and cause nosebleeds as well.
Some other causes of nosebleeds include:
- Some sort of foreign object stuck in the nasal cavity
- Allergic reactions
- Repeated sneezing
- Nose injuries (For example, car accidents, a punch to the face, etc.)
- Chemical irritants
- Cold air
- Respiratory Infection
- Consuming high doses of aspirin-high dosage thins the blood down, thus triggering nosebleeds
There are other rarer causes as well, such as:
- High blood pressure
- Bleeding disorder
- Blood clotting problems
Treatment: A nosebleed can easily be treated at home. While in a sitting position, close your nostril by squeezing the soft part of your nose. Hold your nose for ten minutes, then lean slightly forward. Inhale and exhale slowly using your mouth.
Never lie down when you are trying to stop a nosebleed, as you will end up swallowing the blood which can upset your stomach. Remove your hand from your nose after 10 minutes and check if the bleeding has stopped. If it has not, repeat the steps all over again.
However, consult a doctor if the bleeding does not stop or if there is a foreign object stuck in your nose.
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.
The inflammatory condition of your sinuses (marked by inflammation of your nasal cavities) caused due to viral, bacterial or fungal infection; any autoimmune disorders or allergic reaction is known as sinusitis. This condition is also referred to as 'rhinosinusitis' as nose inflammation occurs. Sinusitis can be either acute, sub-acute or chronic in nature. Acute sinusitis is generally caused due to the common cold and lasts not more than four weeks. Sub-acute sinusitis is more prolonged in nature and lasts for about eight weeks. Chronic sinusitis is more severe in nature and can last for up to twelve weeks or even more.
The most common symptoms of sinusitis are as follows:
- Severe headaches
- Nose blockage
- Release of yellowish green fluids from your nose.
- Difficulty in breathing
- Painful sensation in your eyes, ears and forehead.
- Post nasal discharge
- Frequent cough
- A sore throat
- Body fatigue
- Neck stiffness
- Tastelessness and anosmia (loss of smell)
The treatment methods available for sinusitis are as follows:
- Intake of painkillers like paracetamol can give you temporary relief from your aches. But consuming too much of these can cause side effects such as loss of appetite and drowsiness.
- Keep yourself hydrated by drinking about 2 to 3 liters of water every day and take proper rest.
- Steam inhalation can give you relief from nasal congestion.
- Using nasal sprays like Oxymetazoline can also give you temporary relief.
- Your doctor may advise you antibiotics like Amoxicillin in your sinusitis is chronic in nature.
- Immunotherapy helps to treat sinusitis if your sinusitis is caused due to allergic reactions.
- Your doctor may also recommend an endoscopic surgery of the sinus if your condition is found to be very severe. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.
When you are suffering from Diabetes, your first concern would be is to keep your sugar level in check. For this, you need to measure your dietary needs and keep your sugar level in control. Carbohydrates are the main source of sugar in your body. While making your diet chart, make sure that you do include carbohydrates, but only those which would not tamper with your sugar levels randomly. There are certain foods which would shoot up your sugar level to an undesired amount. This would in turn cause various other health problems. The question that arises here is, how would you distinguish between good carbohydrates and bad carbohydrates for your body? Well, the easiest way to differentiate is the use of Glycemic Index (GI).
What is Glycemic Index (GI)?
Glycemic index is a measurement of how soon the body changes carbohydrate foods into glucose. It is usually mentioned in the nutritional information segment behind every packaged food. This would help you to understand whether it can be consumed by you or not, keeping in mind your stage of diabetes and other dietary restrictions that your medical practitioner might have asked you to follow. The lower the number is, say fifty and lower, then it is usually safe for consumption as it takes a long time to convert to glucose. But, if the food has a higher number, say, seventy and above, then it becomes difficult for you consume it as it can harm your body. A Glycemic index is important information that you need to check before buying your food in case you suffer from diabetes.
The index can change from individual to individual:
This is an interesting yet unnerving fact that the index may change from person to person. The statistics mentioned on the packaging is just a starting point. Depending on how the food item is later cooked and what ingredients go into it, the Glycemic index may go down or go up. Some of the important factors for the changing index are the time the food is eaten, the way it is prepared as well as other foods that are consumed along with it. Foods break down into chemical compounds within our body. So, it is nothing but a chemical reaction which might increase or decrease depending upon the other variables.
Thus, these are some essential facts that you need to know about the Glycemic index. It is important to check GI, even at a base level, before purchasing your food; so that later on it does not create an imbalance in your diet schedule.
If you hear a constant ringing in your ears without any external stimulus, it is called tinnitus. The sound can also manifest as incessant roaring, hissing, buzzing or clicking. The sound can be loud or soft, low or high pitched. Tinnitus can occur in one ear, or both the ears.
Tinnitus is primarily of two types:
- Subjective tinnitus: This type of tinnitus is very common. In this type, only you are able to hear the ringing, or buzzing. The main cause of subjective tinnitus is ear problems, especially in the inner, middle and outer ear. Problems in the auditory nerves (hearing) or auditory pathways (the part in your brain that changes nerve signals into sound) can also cause subjective tinnitus.
- Objective tinnitus: In this type of tinnitus, the doctor can also hear the sound when he/she performs an examination. This type of tinnitus is rare. Muscles contractions, problems in the blood vessels or conditions in the middle ear bone can cause objective tinnitus.
Tinnitus is not a condition; it is more of a symptom of some other underlying medical condition. Tinnitus can be caused by any of the following complications-
- Hearing loss (This happens mostly among older people)
- Loud noises
- Sinus and ear infections
- Blood vessel or heart problems
- Meniere's disease (The inner ear is affected by unknown causes which lead to deafness)
- Brain tumours
- Hormonal changes(This happens mostly to women)
- Thyroid problem
- Certain medications (antibiotics, cancer medicines, diuretics, quinine medication, some types of antidepressants, aspirin)
The symptoms of tinnitus include
- You hear noises that no one else will be able to hear
- The sound can be depicted as chirping, whistling, screeching, clicking, static, hissing, buzzing, roaring, pulsing, musical or whooshing.
- The sounds can vary greatly in volume and it is most prominent at night or when your surroundings are quiet
- Loss of hearing commonly follows tinnitus. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.
Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which you experience frequent breathing pauses while sleeping. In case of some, the pauses may last for just a few seconds, while for others, it may continue for a few minutes. Sleep apnea is generally chronic in nature. There are three types of sleep apnea, namely Central, Obstructive and Complex sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea occurs if the brain fails to transmit signals to the muscles responsible for your breathing functions. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs due to relaxation of your throat muscles. Complex sleep apnea refers to a combined condition of both central and obstructive sleep apnea.
Some of the possible causes of sleep apnea are as follows:
- Blockage of airway during sleep can cause sleep apnea
- Putting on weight can cause obstructive sleep apnea
- In some cases, large tonsil tissues can lead to obstructive sleep apnea in small children
- Intake of certain medicines like Oxycontin or MS Contin can cause central sleep apnea
- Male people are more prone to sleep apnea
- Smoking is also a potent trigger for sleep apnea
- At times, high blood pressure can induce sleep apnea
- Suffering from sinus can also lead to sleep apnea
- Large neck size (more than 16 inches) may cause sleep apnea
In case of some people, sleep apnea might be an inherited condition.
The most common symptoms of sleep apnea are mentioned below:
- Sometimes, obstructive sleep apnea is accompanied by choking or snorting sounds.
- You may encounter breathing trouble while sleeping, leading to a disruption of your sleep.
- Maximum times, sleep apnea is accompanied by snoring.
- Sleep apnea leads to a dry mouth, which can disturb your sleep.
- You may feel dizzy during daytime. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent specialist.