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Tooth Decay: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Tooth Decay?

Dental caries commonly known as tooth decay. It is a condition that occurs after holes are formed in a tooth due to the cavity. Due to tooth decay person suffering from it could lose his teeth. In scientific words, we can say enamel which is the hard outer layer of teeth, its destruction due to bacteria, plaque and other acids causes tooth decay. A person affected from dental caries could face problems such as bad breath, difficulty in chewing and in worst cases it leads to tooth extraction.

What causes Tooth Decay?

Dental caries or tooth decay doesn’t only mean cavities. It is a bacteria that affects the outer layer of the teeth called enamel. It causes when food containing carbohydrates, sugar and starch remains in teeth, which turns it to bacteria and later due to combination with saliva this acids became plaque which affects enamel of the teeth and decay it. In condition of tooth decay one should avoid foods such as candy, cakes, soda, beverages, breads etc.

What is the treatment of Tooth Decay?

Whenever it comes to treatment of tooth decay it's been better to visit a dentist, he/she will examine you and gives treatment according to the condition of the patient. Its treatment depends upon the condition of the tooth and provides you treatment such as :

  1. Crowns - in case of weak teeth or extensive decay your dentist might suggest you for it. Which could be made of gold, resin, high strength porcelain or other materials.
  2. Root canals - when caries reaches to the pulp and you want to avoid extraction. You can go for root canal, a dentist will replace pulp with filling.
  3. Tooth implant - Sometimes dental caries is too much severe that it is better to remove teeth. In such cases, a patient can go for the dental implant. So that your missed tooth can get replaced.

What are the symptoms of Tooth Decay?

Dental caries also known as tooth decay has no symptoms in beginning, but when it becomes larger you can feel symptoms like toothache, tooth sensitivity, mild to sharp pain due to eating or drinking something cold or hot, pain when you bite some food, black-brown or white staining on any surface of the tooth, bad breath and in some cases an unpleasant taste in mouth could also lead to tooth decay. Which could be caused by bacteria, saliva, acid, food particles, beverages etc.

Is it possible to reverse tooth decay?

There are many process in which you can reverse cavities naturally by following few procedures such as

You need to take care of what you eat - check the food you eat and calculate the amount of sugar and carbs you intake.

  1. Intake of vitamins - make sure you are getting enough vitamins like A, D, E and K.
  2. Intake of minerals - calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus.
  3. Supplements to support teeth - oral probiotics, collagen, vitamin K2, vitamin D3 etc
  4. Don’t over brush your teeth.
  5. Check for an imbalance of hormones.

What happens if you get tooth decay?

Caries also known as decay is a result of high sugar and carbohydrate food. Which later produced a plaque that affects tooth enamel. It could also lead to gum disease or dental abscesses. In a case, If someone is suffering from tooth decay then they could face symptoms such as bad breath, grey, brown or black spots on teeth, toothache, sensitivity and bad taste in mouth as well. In such situation, one must visit their dentist.

How do you get rid of tooth decay?

Tooth decay is caused by the attack of acids and bacteria on enamel. It could be prevented by stopping the cause of decay. People suffering from tooth decay needs to understand the factors of cavities. Which are -

  1. Dry mouth
  2. Medical condition that reduces the amount of saliva in mouth
  3. Bad oral hygiene of the mouth
  4. Bedtime infant feeding
  5. Heartburn
  6. Excessive eating of sugary foods etc are few factors are needed to be understood.

If you want to get rid of tooth decay then you should need to take care of all the factors. Apart from that, you can use alternatives which can help you to get rid of tooth decay are -

  1. Use of sugar-free gum.
  2. Intake of Vitamin D.
  3. Brush with fluoride toothpaste.
  4. Oil pulling once in a month gives a better result.
  5. In case of severe condition, you can take help of dentist who might suggest you few treatments like extractions, crowns, filling, canals etc.

Popular Health Tips

All About Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex

Senior Residency, DNB - Dermatology Venereology & Leprosy , MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai
All About Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex

Epidermolysis bullosa simplex is a genetic disorder that results in the skin turning fragile and blister prone. Any small injury or friction created due to rubbing of the skin might lead to blister formation. In some cases, blisters may occur inside the mouth and on the cheeks. Normally, the cause of the disease is linked to defective genes.The condition is usually inherited and the symptoms start flaring in childhood. In some cases, the symptoms start during the early twenties.

The symptoms of this disease are:

  1. Deformities in the nails of the toes and fingers.
  2. Blisters in the internal organs such as esophagus and vocal chords.
  3. Formation of blisters on the skin of the feet and the hands.
  4. Loss of hair and scarring of the scalp.
  5. Thickening of the skin on the palms and soles of the feet.
  6. Formation of white skin bumps on the skin.
  7. You may experience various dental problems such as tooth decay.
  8. You may have problems in swallowing food.

Epidermolysis bullosa can be classified into:

  1. Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa: This is a severe form of epidermolysis bullosa that usually develops during birth. The condition is characterized by hoarse and unusual crying sounds and scarring in the vocal chords. The genes that attach the epidermis to the basement become defective and thus, cause blister formation.
  2. Kindler Syndrome: This type is characterized by blister formation across all layers of the skin, but its symptoms tend to disappear with time. This condition is known to cause discoloration of the skin when exposed to the sun.
  3. Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa: This is caused by a defect in the gene that causes problems in collagen formation. This results in complications as the skin doesn't join properly.


This disease may cause various complications such as sepsis, skin infection, anemia, constipation and dehydration. An infant, who has a severe form of epidermolysis bullosa, may not be able to survive due to widespread blistering and infections that may drain all the body fluids out drastically. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a geneticist.

4179 people found this helpful

Toothache - Know Homeopathic Medications That Can Do Wonders!

BHMS, MD- Alternative Medicine, Basic Life Support (B.L.S)
Homeopath, Surat
Toothache - Know Homeopathic Medications That Can Do Wonders!

Odontalgia or severe toothache is characterized by extreme pain or inflammation of the tooth and its surrounding areas. The excruciating pain that you might experience may stem as a result of gum infection, tooth decay, infection of the dental pulp, abscess and due to certain other reasons like extraction or filling of the teeth. Another key reason for extreme toothache is the fact that a number of heart problems such as myocardial infarction and angina tend to affect your dental health negatively.  
While some toothaches might occur sporadically, they might pose a danger against your overall well being in the long run if the condition is left untreated. Homeopathy can serve as the perfect antidote to your toothache problems and its effects are noted to be significantly higher when it comes down to the question of long-term consumption.

Here is a list of homeopathic medications that might prove to be a pain alleviator for your dental complications:

Root abscess responds positively to both Hepar Sulph and Silicea. For fever accompanied with occasional chills due to severe toothache, Hepar Sulph is considered to be the perfect remedy and tends to significantly decrease the level of swelling and pain. On the other hand, if your face swells and there is an incidence of gum inflammation, Silicea must be used to numb the effects of root abscess.

2.        PLANTAGO
Plantago is noted to be the most commonly prescribed medicine for toothaches and for treating sensitivity. The pain extending to the ears from the teeth receives maximum relief due to the effects of Plantago. It might have to be taken internally or applied externally depending on the severity of the toothache and its accompanying conditions.

Sensitivity is best taken care of by Staphysagria and resolves the problem of worsening of toothache when any drink or food is consumed. Bleeding gums and excess salivation is also another aspect that is looked after by Staphysagria.

4.        ARNICA
Tooth extraction and filling may often lead to the consequence of nerve-wrecking pain in the gums and the affected area. For this, Arnica is prescribed to assuage the nerve pain and must be taken in along with Hypericum, another homeopathy medicine, for best results.

5.        MERC SOL
Problems of halitosis and excessive salivation that tend to occur simultaneously with toothaches can be solved by a dosage of Merc Sol. Bleeding gums, looseness of teeth and sensitivity are all taken care of by the same medication.

6.        HECLA LAVA
For jaw swells along with toothache, you must always opt for Hecla Lava. The effect is instantaneous and relieves both swelling and pain.

7.        CHAMOMILLA
Chamomilla serves as the best remedial homeopathic medicine for easing heat sensitivity that is likely to worsen the existing toothache. Drinks and food, either hot or cold, can then be consumed easily because of the numbing effect of this medicine.

5277 people found this helpful

Signs And Symptoms Of Root Canal Treatment!

Bachelor of Dental Surgery, PGDEP, MBA (Healthcare Services)
Dentist, Noida
Signs And Symptoms Of Root Canal Treatment!

Root canal therapy is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or infected.

Root canal therapy is performed when the pulp which is composed of nerves and blood vessels in the tooth becomes infected or damaged. 
During root canal therapy, the pulp is removed, and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed.
It's important to understand the signs and symptoms and plan your dental appointment soon.

2 people found this helpful

Early Stages Of Tooth Decay Are Painless!

Bachelor of Dental Surgery, PGDEP, MBA (Healthcare Services)
Dentist, Noida
Early Stages Of Tooth Decay Are Painless!

Decay (or softening of enamel) happens over time and the result is a cavity a defect left in the tooth. Teeth are covered with a hard, protective top layer called enamel. But once the enamel is weakened by acids produced by bacteria, a pit or cavity is formed in or on the tooth surface.
Some forms of tooth decay can be treated by maintaining good oral care habits and regular trips to the dental clinic. The first stages are painless, so you won't know you have early tooth decay. That's where regular dental visits come in giving a chance to spot early signs and stop the rot before it gets out of hand. 

1 person found this helpful

Sensitive Teeth!

Dentist, Mumbai
Sensitive Teeth!

Is the taste of ice cream or a sip of hot coffee sometimes painful experience for you? Does brushing or flossing make you wince occasionally? If so, you may have sensitive teeth.

Possible causes include:

  • Tooth decay (cavities)
  • Fractured teeth
  • Worn fillings
  • Gum disease
  • Worn tooth enamel
  • Exposed tooth root

In healthy teeth, a layer of enamel protects the crowns of your teeth—the part above the gum line. Under the gum line, a layer called cementum protects the tooth root. Underneath both the enamel and the cementum is dentin. 
Dentin is less dense than enamel and cementum and contains microscopic tubules (small hollow tubes or canals). When dentin loses its protective covering of enamel or cementum these tubules allow heat and cold or acidic or sticky foods to reach the nerves and cells inside the tooth. Dentin may also be exposed when gums recede. The result can be hypersensitivity.

Sensitive teeth can be treated. The type of treatment will depend on what is causing the sensitivity. Your dentist may suggest one of a variety of treatments:

  • Desensitizing toothpaste. This contains compounds that help block transmission of sensation from the tooth surface to the nerve, and usually requires several applications before the sensitivity is reduced.
  • Fluoride gel. An in-office technique which strengthens tooth enamel and reduces the transmission of sensations.
  • A crown, inlay or bonding. These may be used to correct a flaw or decay that results in sensitivity.
  • Surgical gum graft. If gum tissue has been lost from the root, this will protect the root and reduce sensitivity.
  • Root canalIf sensitivity is severe and persistent and cannot be treated by other means, your dentist may recommend this treatment to eliminate the problem.

Proper oral hygiene is the key to preventing sensitive-tooth pain. Ask your dentist if you have any questions about your daily oral hygiene routine or concerns about tooth sensitivity.

7 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, Can cavity/decay in tooth be reversed/ healed in 2 years old toddler teeth? Is there any ayurvedic natural means to do so? Or is it necessary to get the filling and surgical procedure done?

BDS, MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Advanced course in maxillofacial sugery
Dentist, Lucknow
Yes. It's necessary to get filling done. Best at earliest as its a progressive disease n can cause many harms if left unattended. Tooth material lost due to caries can not be regrow n by any available procedure by the body as its a blood less tissue.
1 person found this helpful

Plz provide me home remedy for permanent cure of dental abscess that is below my decayed tooth.

BDS, MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Advanced course in maxillofacial sugery
Dentist, Lucknow
Non don't fool your self consult a maxillofacial surgeon abscess has to b drained ofending tooth if not treatable has to b removed.

Table of Content

What is Tooth Decay?

What causes Tooth Decay?

What is the treatment of Tooth Decay?

What are the symptoms of Tooth Decay?

Is it possible to reverse tooth decay?

What happens if you get tooth decay?

How do you get rid of tooth decay?

Play video
Tooth Decay
Detailed description on Tooth decay

Hi I'm Dr. Vikash, an Endodontist and Senior Consultant at Ethical Dental and Health Care, Sector-1004, Noida. Today I'm going to discuss about the most common disease in the world, that is Tooth Decay.

Inside everyone's mouth there is a war going on. Our tooth is under attack by various bacterias. These bacterias grow a layer called plaque. It is an invisible battle because bacterias are of same color as our tooth and they hide in hard to reach areas of our mouth like gum line and between tooth. Plaque bacteria attack on sugary tooth. They turn sugar into acid and acid into enamel. This is where our body fights back thanks to saliva. Saliva is full of minerals that replaces the tooth structures dissolved away by plaque acids. It takes about 20mins for the minerals to get back in balance after a meal. But if more minerals are taken away than replaced then enamel collapses and bacteria can get into tissue below. This causes cavity and the tooth is in trouble.

Bacteria will start rotting the dent in the enamel causing tooth decay. WHen decay hits sensitive area you get tooth decay. By now enamel is completely undermined. Although only a dentist can remove bacteria from cavity but you can play your own part in the battle. If you cut off in between meal snacks and regularly remove bacterias with brush and floss, then by this you will be helping your body win the war against tooth decay.

For more information about dental problems you can contact me on Lybrate or walk into my dental clinic, Ethical Dental and Health Care, Sector-1004, Noida.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice