Dental pain or toothache is a fairly common condition and almost everyone is affected by it at some point in their lives. Despite it being a common occurrence, the treatment methods for dental pain cam vary from simple homemade remedies to drugs and medications as well as simple dental procedures such as a filling, root canal treatment or tooth extraction. Each of these treatment methods focuses on pain management, although the dental procedures aim to remove the cause of the pain so that the patient does not experience any pain in the tooth concerend. The best part about dental pain is that after treatment, patients can avoid a recurrence of the same by taking certain preventive measures. That said, the right treatment option for the patient's toothache will depend on the cause of his/her toothpain, which will be ascertained by the dentist through the analysis of the symptoms as well as by conducting diagnostic tests such as X-rays. Patients should know that dental pain is easily treatable.
The first stage of treatment of dental pain is the administration of drugs. These drugs are mostly NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or aspirin that help in bringing down the pain as well as the associated swelling. These drugs are administered orally and its generally recommended to take it after a meal. In certain cases, such as when the pain is caused by bacterial infections or tooth decay, dentists may prescribe antibiotics too. If the toothace is severe and caused by a cavity, the patient may have to go for a simple procedure known as filling. In this procedure, the dentist simply fills the cavity of the particular tooth or teeth with the help of dental drilling machine and a cotton swab. This procedure is virtually painless. In certain cases, patients may need to resort a more definitive treatment iin order to get rid of dental pain and root canal treatment is one of them. This treatment can be slightly painful, which is why local anesthesia is administered before te dentist can start. In this procedure, the dentist will make an opening in the affected tooth's crown and use tiny instruments to clean the root canal and make space for a filling. After that, the dentist will fill the root canal and make sure it's sealed completely. After that is done, a crown is placed on the tooth to protect it.
Anyone with a toothache can opt for oral drugs to get them treated, and the same holds true for fillings. As for a root canal, it is necessary if the soft tissues in the root canal of the patient become infected or inflamed.
Certain drugs used to treat dental pain can cause allergy in certain people and hence, painkillers are not recommended for them. When talking of root canal, patients who are suffering hypertension, are on prescription blood thinners, have diabetes, have fever or infections and either suffer from osteporosis or automimmune diseases.
The painkillers used to treat dental pain have side effects such as stomach ache, heartburn, stomach ulcers, dizziness, headaches, high blood pressure and more. Side effects of a filling include increased tooth sensitivity to cold, hot, sweet and sour foods. Tingling sensation, pain and numbness can also arise. A root canal carries more or less the same side effects as a filling along with inflammation and/or infection.
Those go through a course of painkillers should make it a point to follow a healthy diet in order to abate the side effects. The post-treatment guidelines for a dental filling include not drinking water or eating for at least a couple of hours after the procedure and avoiding foods and beverages that can cause sensitivity. As for root canal treatment, patients need to follow strict guidelines which include taking antibiotics prescribed, maintaining proper oral hygiene, not eating or drinking anything for a few hours after the procedure, and avoiding hard foods.
Painkillers will have an immediate affect and the dental pain a patient experiences will go down in an hour, which means recovery is speedy althoug one may have to continue having painkillers for 3 to 5 days minimum to get lasting relief. Fillings may need to be changed with time although the recovery is instant, and the same holds true for a root canal.
The cost of a root canal procedure ranges between Rs 3000 and Rs 4500. NSAIDs for dental pain are quite cheap and cost around Rs 9 to Rs 20. Dental filling costs Rs 500 to Rs 1500 per tooth.
Root canal is a permanent solution. Fillings may need to be changed from time to time in order to get relief and painkillers only help in providing symptom relief.
The best alternative to all the treatment methods mentioned is a tooth extraction. However, that's reserved for severe cases when the tooth is beyond repair with the help of fillings or root canal treatment.
When you walk into a dental consult assuming it’ll be just about that tooth which is hurting you’ll be shocked to know that it’s a lot more than just that.Every dentist is meant to evaluate you on a variety of characteristics starting from your mental make up down to your risk assessment. Remember (hangover the line about you’re just a dentist) those movies that talk about dentists not being doctors Well if you read on you’ll know why dentists are doing all the heavy lifting when it comes to your overall health as well.
1. Checking your overall health: It starts from the waiting room where we tend to check your overall appearance rule out any obvious syndromes and diseases. Your body language, breathing rate and sometimes even your gait can be telltale signs of underlying problems that when diagnosed well can medically save you years of treatment. A patient of ours was really tall and had a very oddly pronounced bone structure and we ordered hormone tests turns out he had a growth hormone excess which was due to a tumour which was thankfully removed in time. If you were panting getting to your dentist on the first floor you may want to get a fitness assessment for your heart.
2. Checking your facial profile: Your face shape colour and size has a lot to do with how your smile fits into that frame. Most dentists have a good idea about your teeth size shape and even alignment even before you open your mouth.
3. Profiling your personality: We learn to classify personality types in dental school as this helps us in communicating with you better and also customizing your smiles based on your nature. If you’re a bold female in a corporate job we reckon strong squarish teeth will suit your personality as opposed to round small teeth. If you’re a methodical and detail oriented patient chances are you’re extremely conscious about your dental hygiene as well. If you’re extremely phobic of the entire dental process we have prior assessments for the same to ensure proper treatment approaches suited to your needs.
4. Assessing your genetic propensity: When your dental checkup is happening we also take a family history to understand if you are genetically more prone to cavities and dental problems. These patterns have a tremendous genetic repetition and even if you brush twice a day you may wonder why you end up with cavities it could be because genetically you are more prone. This doesn’t mean all is lost but this means that you will have to protect yourself more than regular hygiene methods like a fluoride treatment annually starting from a young age can help give you extra protection.
5. Checking for any joint problems: Some of us end up getting severe facial pain and problems with our facial joints near the ears. Since this falls between the grey area of an ear,nose,throat physician or a dentist we don’t know who exactly will solve these problems. But many dentists undertake TMJ studies as a specialty in itself since it’s more to do with jaws and teeth than the ears. A normal checkup will entail assessing your joint is healthy as well.
6. Saving you from Cancer: A dentist also must check your gums lips and cheeks to rule out any white patches or growths that may increase your risk to cancer. A routine full mouth panoramic X-ray is actually legally mandatory after each checkup to rule out any hidden bone or jaw growths.
If you are someone who shudders at the sound of the word dentist, read our blog to help you to take the first step.
Due to the hormonal changes that a female undrgoes during pregnancy ,it is mostly likely that any dental problems present will become severe. Hence its always recommended to get your dental treatment done before planning your pregnancy.Incase necessary they can be safely done under precautions during the second trimester.