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Overview

Root Canal Treatment - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Root canal is a term which is used for describing your natural cavity that lies within the center of your tooth. The nerves of the tooth lie in the root canal. When the nerve tissue or the pulp of your tooth gets damaged, it will break down resulting in multiplication of bacteria in the pulp chamber. The presence of bacteria and the decayed debris may cause a tooth infection. It can also cause a swelling that sometimes spreads to the other parts of the neck, face or head.

If you are experiencing pain, tooth discoloration, swelling or a feeling of tenderness in your lymph nodes, there may be a chance that you require a root canal treatment.

A root canal is performed for repairing or saving an infected tooth that has been damaged badly. The procedure is carried out by removing the area of the tooth that is damaged, commonly known as the pulp. After that, the area is cleaned and disinfected before being filled and sealed. Once this initial treatment is performed, you can visit the dentist later who may place a crown on the affected tooth for protection and restore it to function perfectly. A root canal treatment may comprise of one to three visits to the dentist, depending on the severity of the condition.

How is the treatment done?

A root canal involves the following steps:

  • Initially, you have to undergo an x-ray so that your doctor can examine and locate the position of your infected tooth. After it has been located, the dentist will administer local anesthesia for numbing the area around that particular tooth.
  • The doctor then places a rubber sheet around the affected tooth to ensure that the area is dry.
  • A hole is drilled in your tooth to remove the debris and the nerve tissues that have decayed. Suitable files are used to scrape away the decayed portion in the process. Sodium hypochlorite or water is periodically used for flushing away the debris.
  • Once the tooth has been thoroughly cleaned, the doctor seals it. In case there is an infection, your doctor may apply some medicine to cure it before sealing the tooth.
  • If the treatment remains incomplete, the exterior hole of your tooth is given a temporary filling to keep away the food and saliva. The permanent filling is done in the following appointment.
  • The permanent filling is done with a material called gutta-percha (a tough and rigid substance from the latex of some specific trees).
  • The final step is the restoration of your tooth. In this process, a crown is placed on the teeth for protection and safeguarding it from breaking. The crown also makes sure that the affected tooth regains its full functionality.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

You may require a root canal if you suffer from the following conditions:

  • Acute pain in the teeth when you are chewing food or if you are putting pressure in that area
  • Sensitivity when you are consuming any food either hot or cold. Often, the feeling lingers long after you have eaten such foods.
  • Bump on your tooth gums near the area where it is paining
  • Darkening of your tooth
  • Swelling or tenderness in the gums

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person is not eligible for undergoing a root canal if he/she is suffering from:

  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Infections or fever
  • Osteoporosis (the condition wherein the bones become brittle and weak)
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • If he/ she is taking blood thinning medications. In this case, your dentist can advise you to stop taking blood thinners for some days before the treatment commences.

Are there any side effects?

The possible side effects of a root canal procedure can be the following:

  • You may experience a dull pain after the procedure. It generally does not last for more than a week. In case any bacteria remain, the infection can begin once again. So it is better to visit your doctor if you experience a recurring pain.
  • In some cases, there is a formation of a crack at the root of your treated tooth, which can go unnoticed by your doctor. The crack exposes the area to bacterial infection.
  • If the crown comes loose, your treated tooth will get exposed. The seal that has been made will erode which can bring back the infection. You must get your dislodged crown fixed immediately.
  • If the fillers were of defective material, it will eventually erode, thus leading to bacterial infection.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are certain post-treatment guidelines you should adhere to after you have undergone a root canal treatment:

  • Ensure that you take your medicines timely as prescribed by your doctor
  • Regular brushing and flossing your teeth is important. You should pay special attention in maintaining oral hygiene.
  • Do not consume any food or drink for two to three hours after the procedure. You can accidentally bite your teeth or tongue as the area would be numb. As soon as the numbness wears off, you can start eating.
  • It is advisable to avoid crunchy and hard foods for a few days after the treatment
  • If you have had a temporary filling, some of it can wear off in between your scheduled appointments. If you see that your entire filling is wearing off, consult the doctor immediately.
  • A swelling inside the mouth or outside must at once be shown to your doctor.

How long does it take to recover?

Many people do not feel any discomfort after 2 or 3 days, while for some people it may take a little longer. It usually takes seven days to completely recover from a root canal procedure. Once your permanent crown has been placed, you are likely to get accustomed to it within one or two weeks.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In India, a root canal treatment can cost around Rs. 2000 to Rs. 3500. The additional price of the crown could be around Rs. 3000 to Rs. 4000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The result of a root canal treatment is considered to be permanent. If the treatment isn't faulty, the results should last you a lifetime.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative for a root canal procedure is tooth extraction. It is considered to be a much quicker process where the affected tooth will be extracted and removed from its cavity.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Low Price Range: Rs.2000 - Rs. 4000

Popular Health Tips

When to Go for Root Canal

MDS, BDS
Dentist, Gurgaon
When to Go for Root Canal

Not every tooth infection requires a root canal and hence it is essential to know the indication of a root canal. But exactly a root canal procedure is and why is it required?

A root canal means that the pulp or soft tissue inside a tooth has been damaged by bacterial infection. A root canal involves removing the damaged pulp, cleaning the infection and filling in the emptied space.

So, how do you know that you need a root canal. Here are some telltale signs:

  • Gum tenderness: Swelling that indicates the need of root canal treatment can range from being slightly red and inflamed to pronounced lumps on the gums. In some extreme cases, this swelling may extend out of the gums into the face and neck region. Sometimes, a pus filled boil with a pimple like head may also form on the gums. If this head bursts, the patient may notice a foul taste in the mouth. This swelling can come and go as the tooth decay deteriorates and may or may not be accompanied by pain. Teeth may also feel like they have been pushed out of their sockets and are taller than usual.
  • Pain: Discomfort ranging from a dull ache to a sharp pain can be a sign that you need root canal treatment. This type of pain is usually characterized by throbbing and may change as you switch positions. It is usually triggered by chewing, applying pressure on the tooth or eating something cold or hot. In some cases, the patient may not be able to indicate the exact tooth that is hurting but can only identify the painful area.
  • Exposure of the dental nerves: At times during regular dental work, the nerves in the tooth may be exposed. This indicates an exposure of pulp tissue and can trigger pulp degeneration if left untreated. However, all of the above symptoms can be symptoms of other types of dental problems as well and do not necessarily individually indicate the need for a root canal. Only a dentist can properly diagnose a need for root canal treatment after a physical examination and testing.
  • Tooth discolouration: Discolouring of teeth can be a sign of internal tooth damage. This is especially noted if the teeth take on a dark yellow, grey or blackish tint. Tooth discolouration is fairly common in cases where the tooth has undergone trauma such as an accident etc.
7818 people found this helpful

ROOT CANAL TREATMENT

MDS - Periodontics
Dentist, Thane
ROOT CANAL TREATMENT
Sometimes a cavity is just too deep to be fixed and may require a root canal. Root canal procedures are used to treat problems of the tooth's soft core, otherwise known as dental pulp. The pulp contains the blood vessels and the nerves of the tooth, which run like a thread down into the root. The pulp tissue can die when it’s infected or injured. If you don't remove it, your tooth gets infected and you could lose it. During a root canal treatment, the dentist removes the pulp, and the root canal is cleaned and sealed off to protect it. Your dentist may then place a crown over the tooth to help make it stronger and protect it.
27 people found this helpful

Root Canal Treatment

MDS Prosthodontics, B.D.S
Dentist, Kolkata
Root Canal Treatment
Save your teeth by rct (root canal treatment)
63 people found this helpful

Root Canal Treatment

BDS
Dentist, Mumbai
Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment is necessary when the pulp (soft tissue inside your teeth containing blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue) becomes inflamed or diseased. During root canal treatment, your dentist removes the diseased pulp. The pulp chamber and root canal(s) of the tooth are then cleaned and sealed. If the infected pulp is not removed, pain and swelling can result, and your tooth may have to be removed.
Causes of an infected pulp could include:
• a deep cavity
• repeated dental procedures
• a cracked or broken tooth
• injury to the tooth (even if there’s not a visible crack or chip)
If you continue to care for your teeth and gums your restored tooth could last a lifetime. However, regular checkups are necessary; a tooth without its nerve can still develop cavities or gum disease. Most of the time, a root canal is a relatively simple procedure with little or no discomfort involving one to three visits. Best of all, it can save your tooth and your smile.
259 people found this helpful

Root Canal Treatment

MDS
Dentist, Delhi
Root Canal Treatment
While preparing for rct: getting to know from a dentist if consuming an antibiotic medicine is advisable, as it can help in reducing the infection and swelling. 
5 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Dear, Sir. My two teeth is roughly damaged. I'm poor Man, so I want to know How many cost of best rct?

BDS
Dentist, Narnaul
Hi. If you don't have any pain in the tooth and if the infection is not deep then normal filling would be done. They will cost you around 500-1000. But yes if you have pain then the tooth will go for RCT. Charges may vary from 1500-3000 depending upon the clinic and doctor.

10 years before I did routecanal in front tooth and 2 years before only done crown on the same tooth, now again little pain and I felt have septic inside. Is it possible to do again route canal treatment bcoz already routecanal done and crown fixed if we again do then may possible to remove tooth or not, kindly suggest best thing.

Bachelor’s in Dental Surgery
Dentist, Narnaul
Hi. Please make sure that the pain is in the root canal treated teeth. Get an X-ray of the tooth. It will show the condition of the tooth. Yes Crown can be removed and Re-Rct can be done.
1 person found this helpful

Doctor I have done RCT today but after sometime of RCT, I experienced moderate pain. please suggest precaution.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Avoid taking hard food. And take medicine as suggested. If the complaint doesn't resolve then consult the dentist again.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Root Canal Treatment
Root Canal Treatment
Dear friends, I m Dr. Pankaj Dhawan. I m a trained Prosthodontist and Implantologist. I m practicing in Vasant Kunj, New Delhi. Today, I m going to teach you something about root canal treatment.
Our teeth are very precious to us, they are very important for us because we break our food with the help of our teeth. We would not be able to get nutrition from the teeth if we do not break the food in suto. That s why the teeth play a very important role in mastication and breakage of the food to get the nutrition to the body.

Today, I m going to tell you about root canal treatment and how to preserve the teeth. Over a period of time, because of constant use and not keeping proper hygiene, teeth do accumulate little bit of plaque and calculus around them. These are nothing but colonies of bacteria. These bacterial colonies secrete acid at night and this acid attack the calcified structure of the tooth. These cause decalcification of the teeth. This decalcification of the teeth causes the denaturing of the teeth and when this bacterial invasion goes little deeper into the teeth, we have dental cavities, we have dental caries. Dental caries is a microbial infestation of the teeth. When dental caries reaches the pulve or you may say in common words the nerve and the blood vessels of the teeth then, they cause immense pain and the pain of teeth is always unbearable.

Most of our patients in our country access dentist when they are having severe pain and extreme tenderness, therein, we have to do nothing but root canal treatment to save the teeth. Root canal treatment is a mummification of the teeth or in other words, trying to preserve the teeth without taking the juice out of the teeth. What we do is, we take the nerves and blood vessels out of the teeth, and put an inert material like Gutta Percha inside the teeth to preserve the teeth so that the teeth can function normally for rest of the time.

In metros, the root canal treatment can cost approximately 5000 Rs per teeth. In a root canal treatment the infected nerves and blood vessels are taken out with the help of rotary endodontics or hand endodontic instruments and then they are debrided, clean and all the materials which are inside are totally thoroughly clean and then, there are inert materials, used to seal the root canals of the tooth. After the sealing, the tooth is definitely needs to be capped. The capping of the teeth is important because tooth becomes brittle after root canal treatment and the cost of the cap in metro cities would be from 5000 Rs. to 15000 Rs. depending on the material used so, you may say a root canal treatment with the cap can cost you anytime between 10,000 to 15000 rupees for one teeth. It is always better to prevent the root canal by regular cleaning, visiting you dentist every six months and getting scaling and polishing done for the teeth.

For root canal treatment and crown therapy, if you need any further query, or if you need any further knowledge please feel free to contact me on the Lybrate platform.

Play video
Tips on Root Canal Treatments
Root Canal


I m Dr Mehul Chawla, practising, in Gurgaon. I m practising dentistry since 2011. Since inception, I was always into two things, first was root canal treatments and second is dental implants. Both these fields are closer to each other. Root canals help to save the tooth the implants help to replace the tooth that is spoilt. So let me just tell you briefly about root canal treatments. So root canals, a root canal is a procedure of aeronautic and causative department of dentistry. So it is a procedure to save a tooth for a long time that has been decayed due to the past neglect of the person.

In root canals, they clean the canals of the tooth with an instrument so that to make sure there is no microorganism remaining. Finally, the root of the canal is filled with dental filling material. So let's come to implant now. See implants are not very recent procedures. They are in the market for the past 30 years now but these days they are very famous in India now because the implant cost has drastically decreased.

Implants is basically a procedure to replace one or number of teeth with better than before fixed prosthesis. Also, the implants are more promising replacement options than others because it gives a success rate of more than 98%. So replacement of one tooth to the number of teeth is actually possible with the help of dental implants.

So thanks for watching me. If you wish to see me again or wish to know more about dentistry, just put on the Lybrate. You can email me, you can call me. You can go online and do the video chatting with me.

I will be very happy to share my knowledge with you.

Thanks.


Play video
About The Root Canal Treatment
Hello, everybody, I am Dr Priyanka Puri. I am an Implantologist and a cosmetic/ aesthetic specialist. I have been practising for the past 12 years now. Today we are here to discuss some common topics which everybody faces in dental. First, I would like to talk about the root canal.
A root canal is a simple procedure. Basically, in a root canal procedure, we make the tooth non-vital and in the procedure basically, there is 2-3 part of the procedure.

The first part involves the opening of the tooth.
The second part involves cleaning of the tooth nerves and the third part involves filling it with an artificial material which is bio compatible with the tooth structure and facing a cap over it for strengthening it.
And now, with latest technologies, a root canal can be done in single sitting also. When it is single sitting, the important part of single sitting is that your bone should not have any abscess or any pus discharge there. If it all it is there, then you will not probably want to finish it in a single sitting. And apart from that, the patient fears like how long the tooth will be there, how long the treatment will last for me and all those things. If you take good care of your root canal and if you maintain it well, the tooth is going to last you lifelong.

There is no issue that a patient should be facing with a root canal and then you are on your antibiotics and pain killers while you are going for a root canal procedure.

There are some symptoms which are very specific for a root canal like recurrent pain in mouth while eating, while not eating, while sleeping having shooting pain. Lot of pain while eating hot food or hard food probably that side will not be functional for the patient. So, all these symptoms also guide to a large extent that a patient is requiring or a tooth is requiring a root canal treatment.

A simple cavity is very different from a root canal with the symptoms itself. A simple cavity would not have all these symptoms aligned with it and root canal would be having these symptoms aligned with it. So, I should request all the people that you should be aware of the dental hygiene and in your mouth, if you see some cavities starting up, you should always get the preventive treatment done.

You should not wait for the decay to convert it to a root canal. Because then the tooth will be non-vital and will not help you with the preventive treatment.
Play video
What You Must Know Before You Get ROOT CANAL Treatment
What you must know before you get root canal treatment

Root canal treatment also known as endodontics is performed to treat and heal an infected or badly damaged tooth rather than removing it. When your teeth start decaying, you do not feel any pain for a very long time. However, gradually the darkening of your tooth color may become prominent which could mean that the tooth nerve is dying or has died. That's the time you will need root canal treatment which involves cleaning of the canals inside the roots of your tooth.

Why you may need the root canal treatment

Teeth consist of a soft core known as dental pulp. This pulp goes beyond the crown – the noticeable part of your tooth to the root tip inside your jawbone. The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue. So when your tooth is damaged or has a severe cavity, bacteria can easily make their way through the pulp. Symptoms and signs of a sore tooth include a hole in your tooth, a swelling around the regions of your face and neck, gum swelling, tooth pain or a toothache and temperature sensitivity. If it is left untreated, the decaying material and bacteria can cause a tooth abscess or severe infection, resulting in a bone loss, pulp death and even loss of the tooth itself. The root canal treatment is the best way to save the damaged teeth and escaping the painful process of extraction.

What does the treatment involve?

The purpose of the treatment is to free your root canal from every possible infection. The root is then cleaned and filled to avoid any further infection.



Root canal treatment is a skilled procedure which is time-consuming and usually requires from 2-3 visits to your dentist.


In the initial stage, the infected pulp is isolated to drain out abscesses (if any), followed by the cleaning of your root canal which is then prepared for a temporary filling.


Your tooth is then left to settle down.


In the next visit, your tooth is checked to see whether it’s free from all forms of infection so that it can be permanently filled.



If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'.

Related Tip: Only 6 Basics That Beat Bad Breath
Play video
Tooth Pain - Causes and Treatments
Hello, everyone, I am Dr Vaibhav Garg. I m a micro endodontic and oral care expert. Every day we come across patient s that complain of tooth pain. The pain can be excruciating and can give you sleepless nights. Pain usually occurs due to decay or some sort of pathology in the tooth. As we can see here, tooth decay can be of different levels: minimum, medium or maximum. If we see in depth the maximum tooth decay that happens reaches the blood supply of the tooth. This is the actual cause of tooth pain. As we have seen that the decay is large, such teeth are usually treated with root canal therapy to save the tooth for function and aesthetics.

In a root canal therapy, the infected tissue is removed and the permanent material is fit in the canal and the tooth is secured with a crown. Modern root canal therapy is conducted with the latest equipment and safety measures to give the patient a perfect feeling and it will give the patient the best of treatment possible. If you are going through a pain tooth series, episodes of long-term sensitivity or something else anything that includes oral health care, please visit us through lybrate.

You can take consultations online and offline mode. You can always visit us personally. All the details are available on the lybrate website.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice