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Overview

Root Canal Treatment - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Root canal is a term which is used for describing your natural cavity that lies within the center of your tooth. The nerves of the tooth lie in the root canal. When the nerve tissue or the pulp of your tooth gets damaged, it will break down resulting in multiplication of bacteria in the pulp chamber. The presence of bacteria and the decayed debris may cause a tooth infection. It can also cause a swelling that sometimes spreads to the other parts of the neck, face or head.

If you are experiencing pain, tooth discoloration, swelling or a feeling of tenderness in your lymph nodes, there may be a chance that you require a root canal treatment.

A root canal is performed for repairing or saving an infected tooth that has been damaged badly. The procedure is carried out by removing the area of the tooth that is damaged, commonly known as the pulp. After that, the area is cleaned and disinfected before being filled and sealed. Once this initial treatment is performed, you can visit the dentist later who may place a crown on the affected tooth for protection and restore it to function perfectly. A root canal treatment may comprise of one to three visits to the dentist, depending on the severity of the condition.

How is the treatment done?

A root canal involves the following steps:

  • Initially, you have to undergo an x-ray so that your doctor can examine and locate the position of your infected tooth. After it has been located, the dentist will administer local anesthesia for numbing the area around that particular tooth.
  • The doctor then places a rubber sheet around the affected tooth to ensure that the area is dry.
  • A hole is drilled in your tooth to remove the debris and the nerve tissues that have decayed. Suitable files are used to scrape away the decayed portion in the process. Sodium hypochlorite or water is periodically used for flushing away the debris.
  • Once the tooth has been thoroughly cleaned, the doctor seals it. In case there is an infection, your doctor may apply some medicine to cure it before sealing the tooth.
  • If the treatment remains incomplete, the exterior hole of your tooth is given a temporary filling to keep away the food and saliva. The permanent filling is done in the following appointment.
  • The permanent filling is done with a material called gutta-percha (a tough and rigid substance from the latex of some specific trees).
  • The final step is the restoration of your tooth. In this process, a crown is placed on the teeth for protection and safeguarding it from breaking. The crown also makes sure that the affected tooth regains its full functionality.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

You may require a root canal if you suffer from the following conditions:

  • Acute pain in the teeth when you are chewing food or if you are putting pressure in that area
  • Sensitivity when you are consuming any food either hot or cold. Often, the feeling lingers long after you have eaten such foods.
  • Bump on your tooth gums near the area where it is paining
  • Darkening of your tooth
  • Swelling or tenderness in the gums

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person is not eligible for undergoing a root canal if he/she is suffering from:

  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Infections or fever
  • Osteoporosis (the condition wherein the bones become brittle and weak)
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • If he/ she is taking blood thinning medications. In this case, your dentist can advise you to stop taking blood thinners for some days before the treatment commences.

Are there any side effects?

The possible side effects of a root canal procedure can be the following:

  • You may experience a dull pain after the procedure. It generally does not last for more than a week. In case any bacteria remain, the infection can begin once again. So it is better to visit your doctor if you experience a recurring pain.
  • In some cases, there is a formation of a crack at the root of your treated tooth, which can go unnoticed by your doctor. The crack exposes the area to bacterial infection.
  • If the crown comes loose, your treated tooth will get exposed. The seal that has been made will erode which can bring back the infection. You must get your dislodged crown fixed immediately.
  • If the fillers were of defective material, it will eventually erode, thus leading to bacterial infection.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are certain post-treatment guidelines you should adhere to after you have undergone a root canal treatment:

  • Ensure that you take your medicines timely as prescribed by your doctor
  • Regular brushing and flossing your teeth is important. You should pay special attention in maintaining oral hygiene.
  • Do not consume any food or drink for two to three hours after the procedure. You can accidentally bite your teeth or tongue as the area would be numb. As soon as the numbness wears off, you can start eating.
  • It is advisable to avoid crunchy and hard foods for a few days after the treatment
  • If you have had a temporary filling, some of it can wear off in between your scheduled appointments. If you see that your entire filling is wearing off, consult the doctor immediately.
  • A swelling inside the mouth or outside must at once be shown to your doctor.

How long does it take to recover?

Many people do not feel any discomfort after 2 or 3 days, while for some people it may take a little longer. It usually takes seven days to completely recover from a root canal procedure. Once your permanent crown has been placed, you are likely to get accustomed to it within one or two weeks.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In India, a root canal treatment can cost around Rs. 2000 to Rs. 3500. The additional price of the crown could be around Rs. 3000 to Rs. 4000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The result of a root canal treatment is considered to be permanent. If the treatment isn't faulty, the results should last you a lifetime.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative for a root canal procedure is tooth extraction. It is considered to be a much quicker process where the affected tooth will be extracted and removed from its cavity.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Low Price Range: Rs.2000 - Rs. 4000

Popular Health Tips

When to Go for Root Canal

MDS, BDS
Dentist, Gurgaon
When to Go for Root Canal

Not every tooth infection requires a root canal and hence it is essential to know the indication of a root canal. But exactly a root canal procedure is and why is it required?

A root canal means that the pulp or soft tissue inside a tooth has been damaged by bacterial infection. A root canal involves removing the damaged pulp, cleaning the infection and filling in the emptied space.

So, how do you know that you need a root canal. Here are some telltale signs:

  • Gum tenderness: Swelling that indicates the need of root canal treatment can range from being slightly red and inflamed to pronounced lumps on the gums. In some extreme cases, this swelling may extend out of the gums into the face and neck region. Sometimes, a pus filled boil with a pimple like head may also form on the gums. If this head bursts, the patient may notice a foul taste in the mouth. This swelling can come and go as the tooth decay deteriorates and may or may not be accompanied by pain. Teeth may also feel like they have been pushed out of their sockets and are taller than usual.
  • Pain: Discomfort ranging from a dull ache to a sharp pain can be a sign that you need root canal treatment. This type of pain is usually characterized by throbbing and may change as you switch positions. It is usually triggered by chewing, applying pressure on the tooth or eating something cold or hot. In some cases, the patient may not be able to indicate the exact tooth that is hurting but can only identify the painful area.
  • Exposure of the dental nerves: At times during regular dental work, the nerves in the tooth may be exposed. This indicates an exposure of pulp tissue and can trigger pulp degeneration if left untreated. However, all of the above symptoms can be symptoms of other types of dental problems as well and do not necessarily individually indicate the need for a root canal. Only a dentist can properly diagnose a need for root canal treatment after a physical examination and testing.
  • Tooth discolouration: Discolouring of teeth can be a sign of internal tooth damage. This is especially noted if the teeth take on a dark yellow, grey or blackish tint. Tooth discolouration is fairly common in cases where the tooth has undergone trauma such as an accident etc.
7812 people found this helpful

Root Canal Treatment

BDS
Dentist, Varanasi
Root Canal Treatment
Normally root canal treatment needs 5-6 visits to your dentist. Although this may vary and visits may increase depending upon severity of infection.
32 people found this helpful

Root Canal Treatment

MDS Prosthodontics, B.D.S
Dentist, Kolkata
Root Canal Treatment
Save your teeth by rct (root canal treatment)
63 people found this helpful

ROOT CANAL TREATMENT

MDS - Periodontics
Dentist, Thane
ROOT CANAL TREATMENT
Sometimes a cavity is just too deep to be fixed and may require a root canal. Root canal procedures are used to treat problems of the tooth's soft core, otherwise known as dental pulp. The pulp contains the blood vessels and the nerves of the tooth, which run like a thread down into the root. The pulp tissue can die when it’s infected or injured. If you don't remove it, your tooth gets infected and you could lose it. During a root canal treatment, the dentist removes the pulp, and the root canal is cleaned and sealed off to protect it. Your dentist may then place a crown over the tooth to help make it stronger and protect it.
27 people found this helpful

Root Canal Treatment

BDS
Dentist, Mumbai
Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment is necessary when the pulp (soft tissue inside your teeth containing blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue) becomes inflamed or diseased. During root canal treatment, your dentist removes the diseased pulp. The pulp chamber and root canal(s) of the tooth are then cleaned and sealed. If the infected pulp is not removed, pain and swelling can result, and your tooth may have to be removed.
Causes of an infected pulp could include:
• a deep cavity
• repeated dental procedures
• a cracked or broken tooth
• injury to the tooth (even if there’s not a visible crack or chip)
If you continue to care for your teeth and gums your restored tooth could last a lifetime. However, regular checkups are necessary; a tooth without its nerve can still develop cavities or gum disease. Most of the time, a root canal is a relatively simple procedure with little or no discomfort involving one to three visits. Best of all, it can save your tooth and your smile.
259 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am having RCT on my teeth. 1st seat have been completed on 27th april. 2nd seat is on 2nd may. What is done on the 2nd day? And how much will I get on 2nd day?

MDS, BDS
Dentist, Chennai
Hi first sitting they could have cleared your infection ,second sitting they shape the canal and seal it.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, I want to know that what is the R C T treatment. It is possible to do in one visit. I also want to know the total cost of treatment.

BDS
Dentist, Gurgaon
yes its possible ..but depends upon internal situation as well...if there is more problem ... you might need more sittings .. usually two to three visits ..it gets fine ...

What happened if we wont put permanent cap after rct (root canal treatment) torment Is it mandatory?

MPH, BDS
Dentist, Hyderabad
Your tooth will break down if you do not go for a cap. Root canal treated tooth will be brittle as they do not have a nerve supply.
1 person found this helpful

I had done in rct treatment in mumbai after had swelling with blood. I had removed down second wisdom tooth. What should i do?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Zirakpur
Clean your mouth by water pulling mixed with sphatika bhasm (ayurvedic) and smear irimedadi tel for 5 to 10 minutes on gums and affected places.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice