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Family Planning: Methods, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

According to medical statistics about 25% of the population of the world suffer from the condition of bad breath or oral halitosis. Bad breath can be a cause of distress and embarrassment to many as it can gravely hamper their personal or sexual life. Bad breath is commonly caused due to unhygienic oral conditions. Other factors that give rise to bad breath are smoking, dryness of mouth, taking drugs, alcohol consumption and drinking too much caffeine. Children often suffer from halitosis due incorrect and almost no brushing and food particles that continue to remain stuck within the nasal cavity.

Other not so common yet highly plausible reasons for bad breath are crash diets that lead to the build-up of ketones, obstruction with the bowel movement, ketoacidosis and aspiration pneumonia. Aside from tooth decay and gum disease, bad breath is the third reason why more and more people feel the need to visit a dentist. It has been found that about one out of every four people suffer from bad breath every day. Very simple home remedies to rectify the problem of bad breath are regular brushing, drinking sufficient quantity of fluids and flossing. Certain lifestyle tweaking such as quitting smoking also eliminate the problem of bad breath to a great extent.

Sometimes bad breath can be a side effect of another disease such as cancer or liver or kidney disorders, or because of nasal, mouth and throat issues. The most common sign of halitosis is a foul stench originating from the mouth which refuses to go away.

How is the treatment done?

When you first visit the dentist, as a first step towards your treatment, the dentist will try to rate the extent of your condition on a scale of six-point intensity. In order to do this, he/she will scrape the back of the tongue and analyse the scrapings in order to assess the seriousness of the situation. There are a few detectors that can rate the intensity of the odour. These include halimeter, Beta-galactosidase test, BANA test and gas chromatography.

The doctor will likely prescribe you to visit the dentist at least two times in a year. He or she will also ask you to switch to a toothpaste or mouthwash that is imbued with antibacterial properties, if you haven’t already.

In case of presence of gum disorder such as an infection it might be better to seek the help of your dentist in order to remove the build-up of bacterial growth in the region between the gums and your teeth.

if the supervising dentist diagnoses a gum infection, then you may be asked to visit a periodontist or gum specialist. A gum disease will cause your gums to move away from the teeth. This will cause deep pockets to form in the mouth which will get filled with bacteria instead. These bacteria cause gum odour resultantly.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Anyone who is suffering from extreme bad breath or tooth decay or gum diseases or any other disease that may be causing the bad breath as a side effect is eligible for the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Information not available

Are there any side effects?

Information not available

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post-treatment guidelines of bad breath include using a toothpaste or mouthwash enriched with anti-bacterial properties, brushing regularly, at least twice a day; after waking up in the morning and before going to bed. Also, follow up your condition by making it a point to visit your dentist at least twice a year. Also, change your toothbrush every two to three months. When you change your brush, ensure to buy ones with a soft bristle as the other kinds may cause gum bleeding in case of harsh brushing. Prevent your mouth from becoming dry by keeping yourself hydrated and in taking lots of fluids throughout the day. In case you do not have access to water, chew a gum or suck on a sweet in order to stimulate the saliva manufacture.

How long does it take to recover?

Information not available

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of antibacterial toothpastes can range from rupees forty to rupees seven hundred. The cost of anti-bacterial mouthwash ranges from about rupees forty to two-fifty. And the cost of good quality brushes can range from about eighty to about five hundred. Also, there are some electronic toothbrushes in the market that can cost as high as seven thousand rupees.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

If the post-treatment guidelines are strictly adhered to, then the results of the treatment could prove to be permanent in the long run.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Other alternatives to the treatment include lifestyle and home remedies brushing after every meal (if possible), flossing, cleaning the dentures is a must, brush the tongue because often the food particles and dead cells ted to gather and accumulate on the topmost layer of the tongue. In this case using a tongue scraper greatly helps.

Safety: Very High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 40-Rs. 7,000

Popular Health Tips

Bad Breath

Dentist, Dehradun
Bad Breath

Bad breath? Brush your tongue. Cleaning the surface of your tongue can reduce the bacteria that causes bad breath.

Bad Breath

Dentist, Dehradun
Bad Breath

Bad breath? Brush your tongue. Cleaning the surface of your tongue can reduce the bacteria that causes bad breath.

4 people found this helpful

7 Homeopathic Remedies For Bad Breath!

Homeopath, Faridabad
7 Homeopathic Remedies For Bad Breath!

Bad breath is a condition that usually results from poor oral health or digestive problems. Bad breath may also cause social awkwardness and self-esteem issues. The practitioner first carries out a diagnosis to detect the symptoms and prescribes a remedy accordingly.

The various causes of bad breath are

  1. Irregular brushing habits
  2. Tobacco consumption
  3. Consuming certain foods like onion and garlic may result in a foul smell
  4. Yeast infections in the mouth
  5. Dry mouth where saliva production is minimal
  6. Illnesses such as kidney problems may cause bad breath

Homeopathy focuses on providing a holistic treatment rather than a symptom based treatment.
The various homeopathic remedies for bad breath are

  1. Pulsatilla: If you have bad breath along with dry mouth, Pulsatilla can be an effective remedy. Pulsatilla is a very effective treatment for getting rid of bad breath along with dry mouth.
  2. Merc sol: It is very effective in treating bad breath along with increased production of saliva. If your salivary glands are overactive and have a moist mouth, then this remedy is recommended. It is also useful in getting rid of bad breath that occurs from dental cavities.
  3. Carbo veg: If the bad breath results from infections, such as gingivitis and gum bleeding, then you may use this remedy. It is also used in the treatment of pus discharge from the gums.
  4. Carbolic acid: Carbolic acid is used to treat bad breath along with constipation. The symptoms are bloated abdomen, abdominal cramps and nausea.
  5. Kreosote: This remedy is recommended for bad breath that results from dental caries. It may lead to bleeding from your gums due to teeth decay.
  6. Belladonna: Belladonna is a treatment that is recommended for bad breath that results from a throat infection. The throat infection may be accompanied by symptoms of fever.
  7. Nux vomica: Nux vomica is used for treating symptoms of bad breath along with cold. This also relieves symptoms of indigestion and constipation.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4973 people found this helpful

What is Halitosis (Bad Breath)?

Dentist, Gurgaon
What is Halitosis (Bad Breath)?

Halitosis, commonly known as bad breath, is an embarrassing health condition that affects approximately 30% of people around the world. Additional medical terms for this condition include stomatodysodia, fetor oris, and ozostomia. Regardless of the term used, this is the presence of a foul-smelling odor that seems to come from the mouth cavity. According to the Academy of General Dentistry, in more than 90% of cases, the odor originates in the mouth, throat, and tonsils. Although this is something everyone experiences at one time or another, if your case does not improve after brushing, flossing, and rinsing the mouth with an alcohol free mouthwash, it may be chronic.

The foul oral odor is usually caused by a group of anaerobic, sulfur-producing bacteria that breed beneath the surface of the tongue and often in the throat and tonsil area. The term "anaerobic" literally means living without oxygen, and in fact, these bacteria do not require oxygen to live. They occur naturally in the oral environment and are essential because they assist in digestion by breaking down proteins into amino acids. Proteins are commonly found in food, mucus or phlegm, blood, and in diseased oral tissue.

As these bacteria feast on proteins in your mouth, sulfur compounds are released from the back of your tongue and throat. The bacteria excrete waste as hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, and other odorous and bad tasting compounds known as volatile sulfur compounds. As long as the anaerobic bacteria feed on proteins and excrete volatile sulfur compounds unchecked, your breath will become worse and worse.

Four Common Bad Breath Causes

There are many underlying causes of halitosis, but four of them are very common.

1. Dry mouth: Xerostomia, the medical term for dry mouth, provides a perfect environment for anaerobic bacteria reproduction. Long periods of speaking, smoking, drinking alcohol, and snoring are a few common underlying causes. Most people experience foul breath in the morning due to lack of saliva production while they sleep. For healthy individuals, food odors are temporary and normal salivary flow will eliminate them within several minutes. However, those who suffer from dry mouth and lack of saliva find that even minor food odors may lead to long-term issues.

2. Foods: Halitosis can be exacerbated by certain foods such as onions and garlic because they contain smelly sulfur compounds, while dairy, meat, and fish contain dense proteins which are used as a food source by the anaerobic, sulfur-producing bacteria. Refined and processed sugars also provide a food source for bacteria. Coffee and juices can contribute to this problem because they are acidic and provide these bacteria with an ideal breeding environment.

3. Poor dental hygiene: Inadequate oral care causes bacterial buildup on the teeth and gums. Teeth cannot shed their surfaces the way skin can, so microorganisms can easily attach to the teeth and remain there for extended periods. If they are not continuously removed by adequate brushing, these bacteria develop into something called biofilm, commonly known as dental plaque. When plaque is allowed to accumulate near the gumline, it will harden and begin destroying teeth and gum tissues due to intense bacterial activity. This leads to gum disease such as gingivitis and periodontitis, which enable proteins from bleeding gums and diseased oral tissue to fuel odor-causing bacteria. Tooth decay and poorly fitting or dirty dentures can also contribute to this problem.

4. Illness and disease: According to studies, an estimated 10% of all halitosis cases are caused by certain illnesses. Individuals who suffer from diabetes, lung disease, kidney disease, cancer, liver disease, respiratory tract infections, or metabolic disorders often experience chronic foul breath due to dry mouth. Sinusitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, postnasal drip, and polyps affect the airways and may also contribute to the problem. Other common illnesses associated with bad breath include nasal odor and tonsil stones, yeast infections of the mouth, and gum disease. Certain drugs such as antidepressants, high blood pressure medications, and antihistamines can factor into dry mouth because they reduce saliva production.

Please Note: Halitosis is rarely associated with life-threatening diseases. However, it is important that you consult your doctor or dentist as soon as you notice consistent white spots on the tonsils and sores in the mouth with or without a fever. Sometimes bad breath is triggered by severe health conditions such as throat or mouth cancers, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, digestive system disorders, or diabetes – and further, can indicate dehydration or zinc deficiency. Taking proper care of your teeth and visiting the dentist at least twice a year are the easiest ways to avoid these issues.

Halitosis Symptoms

Offensive breath tells us that something is out of balance. In fact, anthropologists have reported that once humans started to kiss each other, the ability to smell one another's breath became a very important way to test a partner's compatibility. If the other person didn't pass the smell test, they were not able to get to the next step towards securing a mate.

Halitosis is a medical condition that lowers self-esteem and affects everyday life and personal relationships. People with chronic or recurring bad breath often lose their self-confidence. It can be difficult to know if you have this problem, because it is often challenging to pick up on one's own scent. Furthermore, family members and colleagues may not feel comfortable telling you. One of the best ways to find out if you have foul breath is to lick the inside of your wrist, wait five seconds, and then take a whiff.

Most symptoms of halitosis depend on the underlying cause. The most common symptoms include postnasal drip, a bitter metallic taste, a white coating on the tongue, and thick saliva. Many individuals who have foul breath associated with dry mouth can experience difficulty speaking or swallowing, a burning sensation in the mouth, or dry eyes. Fever, sore throat, persistent cough, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck indicate respiratory tract infections, which can also be a contributing factor.

Getting a Proper Diagnosis

The best way to truly identify the source of chronic halitosis is to visit a dentist or doctor for a professional diagnosis. When you are ready to tackle this situation, be sure to be open and honest with the healthcare professional performing the examination. It is important for him or her to understand all the health problems you are experiencing in order to determine the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment.

The Halimeter (also known as a portable sulfide gas monitor) is the most commonly used clinical diagnostic instrument utilized in this field. It measures the concentration of hydrogen sulfide in parts per billion (ppb) in mouth air. The Halimeter uses a patented electrochemical voltammetric sensor, which has provided reproducible results to clinicians for the past 20 years.

Getting Proper Treatment

For more than a century, pharmaceutical companies attempted to alleviate halitosis by using mouthwash that contained alcohol. This is the exact opposite of what should be done because alcohol is a drying agent. Clinicians have learned a good deal in the ensuing years, and in most cases, this condition can be successfully treated. Like the symptoms, treatment depends on the underlying cause.

It is important to keep in mind that you cannot eliminate the bacteria from the tongue that cause bad breath. Consequently, scraping or brushing the tongue is a temporary remedy at best, and is typically frustrating for those who believe tongue scraping or tongue brushing is a permanent solution. The bacteria that cause this are part of your normal oral flora and are essential to breaking down proteins, a key step in normal digestion.

A much simpler and clinically-proven method to treat bad breath is to interrupt the bacteria's chemical production of odors by introducing oxygenating compounds to your oral environment. Oxygen is the natural enemy of the bacteria that cause this problem because they are anaerobes and cannot function in the presence of oxygen.

In general, a dentist will recommend mouthwashes and toothpastes that contain oxygenating agents such as chlorine dioxide or sodium chlorite to neutralize volatile sulfur compounds and help control odor causing bacteria found in the mouth.

If you are experiencing mouth dryness, your dentist will recommend a saliva substitute to moisten the mouth throughout the day. Some effective, natural ingredients to look for in oral care products are zinc gluconate, aloe vera, green tea, tea tree oil, xylitol, CoQ10, glycyrrhizic acid and oral probiotics like K12 and M18.

Six Bad Breath Home Remedies

The practice of a few, simple, self-care techniques can help to minimize halitosis. There are several things you can do at home.

  • Advanced oral care products: Use oral care products such as mouthwashes and toothpastes that have been shown to be effective in fighting bad breath.
  • Proper oral care: Brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day. Be sure to get a toothbrush with soft bristles (as to not damage tooth enamel or gums) and also use fluoride toothpaste. Brushing and flossing helps to remove any food and plaque which can be used as a fuel source by the anaerobic, sulfur-producing bacteria that are at the root of this problem.
  • Stimulate your salivary flow: Prevent dry mouth with chewing gum, lozenges, or mints that are sugar free. Look for Xylitol, a non-sucrose sweetener, which in recent years has been shown to have anti-cavity properties.
  • Eat fibrous fruits and vegetables: One of the best ways to remove bacteria in the mouth is to eat an apple a day. It helps moisten the mouth, too.
  • Take a dietary supplement: Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, and Vitamin B are effective at helping your body eliminate excess mucus and toxins naturally.
  • Brush your teeth occasionally with baking soda: The bacteria that cause bad breath thrive in an acidic oral environment. Brushing your teeth with baking soda helps neutralize excess acids found in the oral cavity.

12 Easy Ways to Prevent Bad Breath

Please remember, preventing halitosis is always easier than treating it. By developing the right habits, you can effectively help prevent it.

  • Eat foods rich in fiber: High fiber foods help prevent halitosis. Avoid eating heavily processed foods that contain refined carbohydrates such as cookies, cakes, sweets and ice cream.
  • Use mouthwash: Some mouthwashes or oral rinses are effective at preventing bad breath. However, you should never use alcohol based mouthwashes because the alcohol makes the mouth very dry, which will actually make the problem worse.
  • Drink green and black teas: They contain polyphenols that help eliminate sulfur compounds and reduce oral bacteria.
  • Avoid drying medication: Try not to take antidepressants, diuretics, pain relievers, and antihistamines unless it is absolutely medically necessary. These drugs inhibit saliva flow and can cause chronic dry mouth.
  • Avoid products with sodium lauryl sulfate or alcohol: Do not use any oral hygiene products that contain sodium lauryl sulfate or alcohol because the alcohol makes the mouth very dry, one of the most common causes of bad breath.
  • Clean your mouth after eating meat, fish or dairy products: Practicing consistent and thorough oral hygiene is an effective prevention tool.
  • Stop smoking: Studies have shown that smokers are at higher risk of developing periodontal disease and dry mouth. Furthermore, people who smoke may also engage in other habits that promote this condition such as dieting, drinking alcohol, and suffering from chronic anxiety conditions that require exacerbating prescription medications.
  • Breathe through your nose instead of your mouth: Try to address any snoring or sleep apnea issues that could be affecting your breath and causing dry mouth.
  • Drink water: Keep your mouth moist by drinking plenty of water.
  • Clean your dentures at least once a day: Practice the same, proper oral care that you would with your original teeth.
  • Eliminate dairy products from your diet: Lactose intolerance can be an underlying cause of halitosis.
  • Use an oral probiotic like S. salivarius K12 and M18: Use probiotics to balance the oral cavity and prevent an overgrowth of the odor-causing bacteria involved in halitosis.
6 people found this helpful

General Tips To Fight Bad Breath!

MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
General Tips To Fight Bad Breath!

Bad breath, also known as halitosis medically, is a much bigger problem than just being a cause for social embarrassment. It could be a symptom of an underlying disorder in your body which when corrected, will result in bad breath being resolved as well. However, in most cases, halitosis or bad breath occurs due to gum and teeth problems or due to life style habits such as a bad diet. Ayurveda has cure for both the problems and offers specialized treatment as well as home remedies.

Some general tips to fight bad breath
Bad breath may occur due to a combination of bad diet or digestive problems as well as oral hygiene issues. Some of the common things to follow, which will reduce your bad breath, especially concerning oral hygiene, are mentioned below 
1. Rinse your mouth thoroughly after every meal as it helps clean food particles which may contribute to bad breath
2. Keep yourself hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Dryness of the mouth can often cause bad breath
3. Brush your teeth, preferably at least twice daily and clean your tongue every time you brush your teeth
4. Avoid alcohol, smoking and excessive consumption of caffeine products
5. Use natural breath fresheners such as mint leaves and parsley
6. Don’t use breath mints, mouth fresheners or mouthwashes which have alcohol in them as they may further dry up your mouth, causing bad breath
7. Try and include more of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet as these will keep you hydrated and supply you with the necessary nutrients to keep your digestive system functional and thus reduce bad breath.

Ayurveda for bad breath
Some of the home remedies as well as specialized Ayurvedic medications that can effectively combat bad breath are mentioned below. However, if you have a persistent problem, it is best to consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner who can help you with tailor made combinations specifically suited to your problem.

  1. Fenugreek or ‘methi’ and tea leaves: Methi is known to have many medicinal properties in Ayurveda. Boil methi leaves into a cup of tea and drink it once a day to see quick and lasting results.
  2. Cardamom seeds: This is a quick and effective remedy for bad breath, especially for social occasions. Chew on a few cardamom seeds after a smelly meal and it can definitely take care of your bad breath temporarily.
  3. Honey ginger and lemon combo: If your body has more ‘Kapha’ based symptoms, then this is a very good remedy. Mix equal amounts of honey with ginger juice and lemon juice and use that concoction to slowly gargle your mouth and then rinse.
  4. Some specialized medications: Certain special medications may be prescribed by your Ayurveda practitioner such as:
    • Kushtha, Nagarmotha, Cardamom, and licorice mixtures
    • Dashan Sanskar Churna which is a specially formulated charcoal powder meant for brushing
    • Special mixtures made from ingredients such as Manjishtha, Clove, Khadir, Cardamom, Betel nut, Black Pepper, Mayaphal, Kulinjan, Cumin seeds, Vidang, Bakul, and Camphor among others; either in the form of edible medication or in the form of mouthwashes.
9 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hey I have some white type of object on my both the tonsil and it is from more than 1 month it is of 2 cm and I have bad breath problem also so can you please tell me that these are the symptoms of tonsillitis or tonsil cancer.

ENT Specialist, Bharatpur
Tonsillitis is characterised by sore throat with enlarged tonsils. There can be associated fever and cough. Patient can complain of difficulty in swallowing. In tonsillar cancer there is irregular growth in one or both tonsils usually one. There may be a symptom less period or patient may complain if pain in throat and neck or difficulty in swallowing. In your case it seems to be a tonsillolith due to chronic tonsillitis.
1 person found this helpful

I am 21 and My gums bleed every time I spit and experience very bad breath. I can see a yellow layer at the end of every teeth and at the starting of the gum. What should I do?

MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral And Maxillofacial Surgeon, Parbhani
First visit to your dentist first and undergo scaling and polishing treatment then followed by Daily two time brushing and Warm saline gargle for 5 to 7 time a day.
2 people found this helpful

My nose get clogged (nasal congestion) in the night and I breath by mouth which gives very dry mouth in morning and bad taste also my sleep gets disturbed due to nasal congestion please suggest a suitable medicine I do not have cold but mucous is always there in my nose this happens specially in night when I sleep.

ENT Specialist, Rajkot
It may be due to overweight, nasal blockage, low soft palate or enlarged tonsils. So for proper diagnosis you are requested to send photos of nose and throat .For further help consult me privately. If you are having snoring, you may have also sleep apnea, so you must go for a test called sleep study, by which we can diagnose a disease called sleep apnea. Send me the report of sleep study, so I can guide you further.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Bad Breath
Hi friends, this is Dr Goyal from Mumbai, I am a dentist. I am here to talk about the most complicated topic which is the least discussed topic in dentistry is bad breath.

Studies have shown that more than 50% of people suffer from bad breath at some or the other time in their life. Bad breath as we in our language call Halitosis, can be because of a barrage of reasons there can be a lot of reasons for bad breath something like bacteria which are there in our mouth, they are there in the mouth always. When we feed them with a lot of food stuff which we don t clean from our mouth they eat up that food causing a lot of bad breath, the second can be dry mouth which may happen because of dehydration certain medicines or some other reasons which are not letting you saliva form. Gum disease can form a lot of bad breath. There is certain food stuff which can cause bad breath, something like garlic onions they can give you bad breath, some unhealthy lifestyle habits like smoking, tobacco chewing can cause a lot of trouble. Then there are systemic diseases which can lead to bad breath, the systemic diseases may be something like diabetes, sinusitis or gastro oesophagal reflux which can lead to bad breath.

Now that we know what causes bad breath let us try and understand how we can control this bad breath. First and foremost comes to the healthy habit of keeping our mouth clean after eating anything after consuming anything we need to clean our mouth, brushing after every meal may not be possible it is recommended but not possible many times, at least rinse your mouth forcefully to remove all your food stuff. In case you notice your gums bleeding or any other problem developing in your mouth please visit your dentist who can rectify the problem at the earliest. Get rid of bad habits like smoking tobacco chewing which will cause many other complicated problems other than bad breath. If your dentist finds that your bad breath is not controlled even after you have a healthy mouth he may suggest you a medical opinion where in your systemic problems can be diagnosed and treated by your physicians. Keep the saliva flowing always keep consuming small sips of water throughout the day to stop your mouth from drying, you can consume healthy foods like carrots, cucumbers of and on throughout the day which will help you produce more and more saliva, which will keep your mouth clean and let you avoid bad breath.

I hope this video helps you in taking care of bad breath.

Thank you very much for more information you can contact us via lybrate.

Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice