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Pregnancy Problems: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

Last Updated: Oct 06, 2021

What is the treatment?

Pregnancy is the most auspicious moment in any woman’s life. In addition to all the excitements that a woman enjoys during her on-going pregnancy, she also faces quite a number of problems as well. Some of the common problems faced by most women during their pregnancy are constipation, nausea and vomiting, itchy nipples, sharp groin pain, leaking breasts, vulvar varicose veins, low amniotic fluid, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, ectopic pregnancy, placenta previa, premature labour and birth, miscarriage, having unexplainable dreams, weakness, and others.

It must be kept in mind that pregnancy brings with it a host of physiological and hormonal changes to a woman’s body, and a number of these changes can cause various uncomfortable symptoms. However, the cases of pregnancy for every woman are unique. For most women the symptoms may be normal, whereas others may need medical assistance to cope up with them. It is advisable that women during her pregnancy should discuss about all these symptoms with her doctor, for better relief.

During pregnancy, it is important that a woman should have a healthy and balanced diet and it is advisable that the daily meals should be broken into at least six light meals instead of three heavy meals. In addition to this, she should make sure to drink plenty of water (at least eight to ten glasses per day), fresh fruit juices, tender coconut water, milkshakes and other health drinks as such. Enough sleep and trying out special yoga techniques for pregnant woman can provide much relaxation to such women who are undergoing pregnancy.

The health of a woman during pregnancy should be a prime concern, for giving birth to a healthy baby. It is advisable for a pregnant woman to avoid taking medicines without consulting her doctor because a few medicines can adversely harm the baby growing in her womb.

What are the common problems in Pregnancy?

There are some problems that are common in Pregnancy. These can be identified when you develop the following health issues.

  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTI).
  • Anemia.
  • High Blood Pressure or Hypertension.
  • Weight Gain.
  • Diabetes.
  • Hyperemesis Gravidarum or Morning Sickness.

What are some bad signs during Pregnancy?

Pregnancy can be fun but sometimes things can go wrong, if not paid attention to your body’s needs. This is the stage where you should try to meet your and your baby’s requirements simultaneously. There are bad signs during Pregnancy you should never ignore. Consult immediate help from your medical practitioner, if you have:

  • Persistent Headache.
  • Vaginal Bleeding or Spotting.
  • Unusual swelling on hands and face.
  • Unusual and Rapid weight gain.
  • Itchy skin.
  • Prolonged back pain.
  • High Fever.
  • Blurry Vision.
  • Less baby movement.
  • Spurt of fluid before labor.

What are early Pregnancy complications?

Early Pregnancy can be extremely upsetting for women, specifically if the parents have been eagerly waiting for the Pregnancy. There are some risk factors or complications associated with an early Pregnancy that can give you a serious setback. What are they? Let’s find them out:

  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting
  • Miscarriage
  • Treating miscarriages
  • Ectopic Pregnancy
  • Molar Pregnancy

What stage of Pregnancy is the most critical?

Every stage of Pregnancy is critical but the first three trimesters are extremely crucial in terms of the baby’s overall development. This is the stage when your baby’s body structure and others parts start taking their shapes. Mostly miscarriages or birth defects happen at this stage only. Hence, it is important that you must look after yourself in the first trimester of your Pregnancy.

In the first trimester, your body undergoes several hormonal changes and these changes can cause fatigue, nausea, frequent urination, and breast tenderness. However, these are the common symptoms but every woman has her own journey of Pregnancy and related experiences.

What should you not ignore during Pregnancy?

A pregnant woman experiences several naïve sensations and feelings but there are some symptoms that can be very dangerous. While you are enjoying your maternity period, there are some symptoms you should not ignore. Consult your doctor if:

  • You are experiencing abdominal pain accompanied by bleeding.
  • By bleeding, we mean heavy bleeding.
  • Your baby is not moving in your womb.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Severe headaches.
  • Constant itching.
  • Unusual leg pain.

How is the treatment done?

It is important for a pregnant woman to maintain good health, in order to give birth to a healthy baby. During this time, various physiological and hormonal changes can cause a few uncomfortable symptoms. It is always advisable for pregnant women facing any such problem, to consult their doctor as soon as possible. The symptoms of a few problems like nausea, vomiting, indigestion, headache, leaking breasts, constipation and others are quite common and they do not require much medical help. On the other hand, a few serious problems like gestational diabetes, ectopic pregnancy, placenta previa, premature labour and birth, miscarriage and others require medical assistance as soon as possible. For this reason, it is recommended that a pregnant woman should discuss about her problem in detail with an experienced doctor.

Consumption of eight to nine glasses of water daily and taking nutrient rich health drinks like fresh fruit juices, tender coconut water, milkshakes and other health drinks can help to keep away problems like constipation, nausea, vomiting and others. They should take a healthy and balanced diet and it is advisable that the daily meals should be broken into at least six light meals instead of three heavy meals. This can help to avoid problems of indigestion.

Pregnant women also face a problem of having less sleep and weird dreams during their sleep. This is absolutely normal. The time of pregnancy is accompanied by lot of anxiety and worry about future and this can lead to weird dreams. For pregnant women who have less sleep at night, it is advisable for them to take short naps at any time during the day.

All women during their pregnancy should visit their doctors at regular intervals and make sure to discuss out in details if they face any problems during this period of pregnancy. In serious cases, medical treatment as well as surgery may be necessary.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any woman who is undergoing her period of pregnancy and is facing such problems, are eligible for such treatment. It should be always remembered that medicines should be taken by a pregnant woman only after it is prescribed by her doctor. Taking strong doses of medicines without properly consulting a doctor can adversely affect the growing baby in her womb.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A woman, who is not pregnant and is not facing such problems due to pregnancy, is not eligible for such treatments. It is mandatory to consult a doctor (before the treatment) if a woman faces any kind of problem.

Are there any side effects?

During pregnancy, the health of both the pregnant woman as well as the baby is of prime importance. It is a constant process of about nine months and includes time to time visit to doctor, adjustment of lifestyle and physical changes. The common side effects include nausea, vomiting, frequent urge for urination, headache, weakness, swollen breasts, mood swings, food cravings, slight bleeding and others.

Moreover, it is important to avoid those drugs that can have serious side effects and can cause harm both to the mother as well as the growing baby in her womb. Some drugs like thalidomide and isotretinoin can have serious side-effects and can even lead to birth defects. A pregnant woman should also avoid smoking, drinking and using other abusive drugs in order to avoid complications in pregnancy. Some severe complications can even lead to miscarriage as well.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The period of pregnancy is a constant process for nine months involving regular visiting the doctor for check-ups, adjustment of lifestyle and physical changes. During this time, everal physiological and hormonal changes occur and this causes several problems to arise which are quite normal. The post treatment guidelines include living a healthy lifestyle, drinking plenty of water daily (about eight to nine glasses), having a balanced diet, having complete sleep everyday, avoiding intake of alcohol during pregnancy and avoiding the use of abusive drugs or smoking. Regular visit to the doctor is necessary in order to monitor the health of the growing baby as well as the mother. Such regular check-ups also help to figure out any complications that may occur in the near future. In case, a pregnant woman suffers from any serious problems due pregnancy then she should immediately consult her doctor in order to seek medical help. Taking of medicines apart from the prescribed ones can adversely affect the growing baby in the mother’s womb and this should be avoided.

How long does it take to recover?

The entire period of pregnancy involves a series of hormonal and physiological changes in a woman’s body. This leads to various problems during the period of pregnancy. Serious complications, if found to arise during this time, requires medical and/or surgical help under the supervision of an experienced doctor. However, the other minor problems are quite normal during the period of pregnancy and they heal once the gestation period comes to an end. Such minor problems which are found to occur can be minimised by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of treatment for pregnancy problems vary in different places in India. It also depends on the type of problem faced by the pregnant woman. Usually the price of treatment for such problems ranges from Rs. 650 to Rs. 6500 in India. However, the price for treatment is found to be slightly higher in the metropolitan cities in comparison to the treatment available in other small towns and cities of India.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The entire period of pregnancy is accompanied by a series of hormonal and physiological changes and this leads to a number of problems. The treatment of such problems can bring about temporary relief and they can be minimised by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and balanced diet. However, these problems are found heal once the period of pregnancy is over. It is always advisable to consult a doctor regarding all the symptoms that a woman goes through during her pregnancy in order to monitor the health of both the mother and the growing baby in her womb.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

In order to minimize the problems of pregnancy it is always recommended that the woman maintains a healthy lifestyle, daily balanced diet, drinks plenty of water and nutrient-rich health drinks, gets good sleep throughout the day, and others. The alternative treatments for such problems during pregnancy involve acupuncture, acupressure, vitamin B6 which can provide relief from the feeling of nausea; chiropractic manipulation and massage to provide relief from back pain. Yoga and other exercises have also been found to be a helpful relief from the problems that occur during the period of pregnancy.

Summary: Pregnancy is the happiest phase in every woman’s life. Every woman should enjoy it to the fullest. But there are some factors that no woman should ignore especially if she is in the first trimester of her pregnancy. She should always strive to take care of her health by taking adequate nutrition, keeping herself happy, and staying alert while walking or eating. Immediately reach out to a health care practitioner if you are undergoing any uncommon symptoms.


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Written ByDr. Jayashri S MBBS,MS - Obstetrics and GynaecologyGynaecology
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