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Last Updated: Sep 04, 2019

Polycystic Kidney Disease: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is Polycystic Kidney Disease? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the Polycystic Kidney Disease treatment? Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is Polycystic Kidney Disease?

Polycystic Kidney Disease is a type of disorder that primarily affects the kidneys, a condition where clusters of fluid-filled sacs commonly known as sacs develops in the organ. Due to this, the ability of kidneys to excrete the waste products out of the body is being interfered. These cysts also causes enlargement of kidneys, ultimately lead to kidney failure. Symptoms associated with Polycystic Kidney Disease are visible from the early infancy period or even birth in some cases. Research suggests that mutation in the genes is the key factor behind this disorder.

How is the treatment done?

One of the most common inherited kidney disorder, polycystic kidney leads to the formation of fluid-filled cysts in the kidney. This disease has been ranked the fourth highest fatal disease that leads to kidney failure. If not treated during its early symptoms, there slowly start impairing the kidney and finally leads to failure. However, the symptoms get noticed when the cyst reaches a volume of 0.5 inches or more.

Some of the initial symptoms of polycystic kidney include,

  1. Severe pain in the abdominal area.
  2. A tendency to urinate very often.
  3. A feeling of heaviness and pain at the back of the body.
  4. Skin colour to turn pale.
  5. Blood stains in urine.
  6. Cramping pain in the joints.
  7. Abnormalities noticed on the nails.
  8. Easy bruises on skin and more,

In case of children suffering from the recessive form of the autosomal polycystic disease, they tend to display symptoms like high blood pressure, UTI and frequent urination habits.

Polycystic kidney disorder is of three different types. Autosomal dominant PKD is most common and sums up to 90 percent of the total. This is mostly inherited, like a person whose parent suffer from PKB has a fair chance of inheriting the same trend. However, there are exceptions where poor kidney condition is also a reason for PKD.

Autosomal recessive PKD is inherited from parents. This is not very common and refuses to inherit from one gene. It takes each from one parent, thus together they make ARPKD. For people who develop chronic kidney problem later in life, polycystic kidney in their case is known as ACKD (Acquired cystic kidney disease).

Who is eligible for the Polycystic Kidney Disease treatment?

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of PKD, you should consult a doctor for a diagnosis. The doctor primarily would ask for a detailed family medical history. This is because half of the cases has its cause in inheriting it from their parents.

The doctor will primarily ask the patient to undergo the blood count test. This is to ensure and have a check if the person is suffering from anaemia or any sort of infection. Tests like urinalysis is also recommended by the doctor to get a clear view of the presence of bacteria, blood or any infection in the urine.

Besides, blood and urine test, the common tests conducted to diagnose PKD are Abdominal CT Scan that helps in detecting smaller cysts present in the kidney. Abdominal MRI scan is often suggested to get a clear image of the kidney structure, a proper hunt for a cyst.

The abdominal ultrasound that uses sound waves to locate the cyst in the kidney.

The intravenous pyelogram is a test that uses a dye that highlights your blood vessels in order to get a clear image of X-ray. Based on the outcome of the tests, the doctor determines the treatment procedure. There are several ways to treat PKD. Controlling the blood pressure remains an important criterion in treatment. The doctor usually recommends medicines to control pain. However, it includes several side effects and may lead to kidney failure too.

Added to that, Antibiotics are mostly prescribed by the doctor to treat UTIs. Diuretics are also used to get rid of the extra fluid from the body. Doctors even perform surgery depending on the condition of the patient.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People suffering from symptoms of PKD or is diagnosed to have kidney cysts should undergo this treatment.

Are there any side effects?

If you are not diagnosed to have kidney cyst, you are not eligible for the treatment. In other words, if you do not experience any symptoms that is somewhat similar to PKD, you need not to worry.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are multiple procedures of treatment for treating PKD. If the doctor prescribes painkillers as to reduce the painful suffering of abdominal cramps, these painkillers accompany several side effects. Some of the common side effects of painkiller include feeling nauseous, a tendency of vomiting, constipation, drowsiness, dizziness all throughout the day, feeling of being faint.

On the other hand, antibiotics include several side effects too. Some of these side effects are severe diarrhoea, itching, may lead to allergic reactions in skin, breathing problem, swelling in the lips and white colour patches in the tongue.

How long does it take to recover?

It is suggested to maintain a low-salt diet. This is due to the risk of hypertension and renal failure that is associated with PKD. The person should refrain himself from tiring activities like sports as it may lead to trauma in the abdomen and cause more harm. A doctor prescribed diet must be followed. An advice from a dietician is much recommended during this time. However, a long rest is essential in case if the patient undergoes surgery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Patients suffering from autosomal dominant polycystic disease does not seem to have any cure. The formation of cysts in the kidney cannot be stopped. However, few medicines are prescribed that would keep a control on the growth of kidney cysts.

It is entirely dependent on the severity of the condition of the patient that determines the recovery span.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Cost of treatment is low if the condition is treated with medicines. However, cases that require surgery, costs are naturally high. The surgery cost also does differ with respect to the doctor handling the case and conducting the operation.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

For patients suffering from ADKPD, there is no cure. The growth of formation of cysts is reduced to a certain level.

  • Safety: Disease
  • Effectiveness: High
  • Timeliness: Medium
  • Relative Risk: Medium
  • Side Effects: Medium
  • Time For Recovery: Medium
  • Price Range: Rs 1.000- Rs 50,000

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi doctor, my father is aged 55 and is suffering from diabetes for which he is taking hamdard diabeat and for thyroid he is taking thyronorm 75 mcg. He has got stroke (ischemic stroke) few months back and is recovering. But, he has also been diagnosed with high serum creatinine and blood urea levels. Creatinine was 3.39 in the recent report and blood urea level were 91.21 and blood urea nitrogen is 42.03. Please suggest me some ayurvedic or unani treatment and what type of food to avoid. Thanks a lot.

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Hello, Thanks for the query. Let me clarify that I am not an Ayurvedic doctor. So I am not suggesting that kind of treatment. However, looking his very creatinine, urea and protein levels, I felt like answering the query. These values clearly show...

I am type 1 diabetic patient. Since 10 years I am taking insulin injections. I need too much amount of insulin now. I take h.mixtard (40) thrice a day, 45u-30u-30u. Please suggest a better method to drop insulin requirement.

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Dear Mr. lybrate-user, I note that for a height of 158 cm (5'2") your weight of 82 kg is too much. The ideal weight for your height would be 55-60 kg. If you go on a very strict 1500 calorie diabetic diet and walk for 5-6 km per day your weight wi...
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My creatinine level is 1.4 and egfr reading is 58.73 ml/min/1.73 m2. Last month creatinine was 1.33 and egfr was 62.31 ml/min/1.73m2. I am taking losar 25 mg by a nephrologist. I want answer by a nephrologist if possible as am I going in a right direction as decline in these values are disturbing me. This time doctor has advised to take nefrosave too. Value for hba1c is 5.9. Please suggest.

MBBS, DNB (Internal Medicine), DNB (Nephrology), MNAMS(Medicine), MD - General Medicine
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Hello lybrate-user/ kake, there is a slight increase in creatinine which can be a technical variation. This is too short duration to determine the progression of the disease. Just focus on strict blood pressure control and other diet modifications...

I am 68 years old having type 2 diab for 25 years. Taking galvus met 50/500 and trivolib 2 prescribed by the doctor. Is this combination ok? Taking thrice a day. After meal.

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Sir considering your age, it's important to know your current hba1c. Depending upon hba1c further line of management can be discussed.

I am 52 year old taking kidney treatment from max hospital my creatinine is 1.81 Dr. advice nodosis 1g twice a day will this medicine down the creatinine.

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Urologist, Navi Mumbai
Soda bicarb medicine is generally given to neutralise metabolic acidosis due to kidney failure. If bicarb level in the bloods are low and ph is low then you need to take it as prescribed by your doctor. And it has nothing to do with lowering creat...

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