One of the most common inherited kidney disorder, polycystic kidney leads to the formation of fluid-filled cysts in the kidney. This disease has been ranked the fourth highest fatal disease that leads to kidney failure. If not treated during its early symptoms, there slowly start impairing the kidney and finally leads to failure. However, the symptoms get noticed when the cyst reaches a volume of 0.5 inches or more.
Some of the initial symptoms of polycystic kidney include,
Polycystic kidney disorder is of three different types. Autosomal dominant PKD is most common and sums up to 90 percent of the total. This is mostly inherited, like a person whose parent suffer from PKB has a fair chance of inheriting the same trend. However, there are exceptions where poor kidney condition is also a reason for PKD.
Autosomal recessive PKD is inherited from parents. This is not very common and refuses to inherit from one gene. It takes each from one parent, thus together they make ARPKD. For people who develop chronic kidney problem later in life, polycystic kidney in their case is known as ACKD (Acquired cystic kidney disease).
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of PKD, you should consult a doctor for a diagnosis. The doctor primarily would ask for a detailed family medical history. This is because half of the cases has its cause in inheriting it from their parents.
The doctor will primarily ask the patient to undergo the blood count test. This is to ensure and have a check if the person is suffering from anaemia or any sort of infection. Tests like urinalysis is also recommended by the doctor to get a clear view of the presence of bacteria, blood or any infection in the urine.
Besides, blood and urine test, the common tests conducted to diagnose PKD are Abdominal CT Scan that helps in detecting smaller cysts present in the kidney. Abdominal MRI scan is often suggested to get a clear image of the kidney structure, a proper hunt for a cyst.
The abdominal ultrasound that uses sound waves to locate the cyst in the kidney.
The intravenous pyelogram is a test that uses a dye that highlights your blood vessels in order to get a clear image of X-ray. Based on the outcome of the tests, the doctor determines the treatment procedure. There are several ways to treat PKD. Controlling the blood pressure remains an important criterion in treatment. The doctor usually recommends medicines to control pain. However, it includes several side effects and may lead to kidney failure too.
Added to that, Antibiotics are mostly prescribed by the doctor to treat UTIs. Diuretics are also used to get rid of the extra fluid from the body. Doctors even perform surgery depending on the condition of the patient.
People suffering from symptoms of PKD or is diagnosed to have kidney cysts should undergo this treatment.
If you are not diagnosed to have kidney cyst, you are not eligible for the treatment. In other words, if you do not experience any symptoms that is somewhat similar to PKD, you need not to worry.
There are multiple procedures of treatment for treating PKD. If the doctor prescribes painkillers as to reduce the painful suffering of abdominal cramps, these painkillers accompany several side effects. Some of the common side effects of painkiller include feeling nauseous, a tendency of vomiting, constipation, drowsiness, dizziness all throughout the day, feeling of being faint.
On the other hand, antibiotics include several side effects too. Some of these side effects are severe diarrhoea, itching, may lead to allergic reactions in skin, breathing problem, swelling in the lips and white colour patches in the tongue.
It is suggested to maintain a low-salt diet. This is due to the risk of hypertension and renal failure that is associated with PKD. The person should refrain himself from tiring activities like sports as it may lead to trauma in the abdomen and cause more harm. A doctor prescribed diet must be followed. An advice from a dietician is much recommended during this time. However, a long rest is essential in case if the patient undergoes surgery.
Patients suffering from autosomal dominant polycystic disease does not seem to have any cure. The formation of cysts in the kidney cannot be stopped. However, few medicines are prescribed that would keep a control on the growth of kidney cysts.
It is entirely dependent on the severity of the condition of the patient that determines the recovery span.
Cost of treatment is low if the condition is treated with medicines. However, cases that require surgery, costs are naturally high. The surgery cost also does differ with respect to the doctor handling the case and conducting the operation.
For patients suffering from ADKPD, there is no cure. The growth of formation of cysts is reduced to a certain level.