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Last Updated: Sep 04, 2019

Polycystic Kidney Disease: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is Polycystic Kidney Disease? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the Polycystic Kidney Disease treatment? Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is Polycystic Kidney Disease?

Polycystic Kidney Disease is a type of disorder that primarily affects the kidneys, a condition where clusters of fluid-filled sacs commonly known as sacs develops in the organ. Due to this, the ability of kidneys to excrete the waste products out of the body is being interfered. These cysts also causes enlargement of kidneys, ultimately lead to kidney failure. Symptoms associated with Polycystic Kidney Disease are visible from the early infancy period or even birth in some cases. Research suggests that mutation in the genes is the key factor behind this disorder.

How is the treatment done?

One of the most common inherited kidney disorder, polycystic kidney leads to the formation of fluid-filled cysts in the kidney. This disease has been ranked the fourth highest fatal disease that leads to kidney failure. If not treated during its early symptoms, there slowly start impairing the kidney and finally leads to failure. However, the symptoms get noticed when the cyst reaches a volume of 0.5 inches or more.

Some of the initial symptoms of polycystic kidney include,

  1. Severe pain in the abdominal area.
  2. A tendency to urinate very often.
  3. A feeling of heaviness and pain at the back of the body.
  4. Skin colour to turn pale.
  5. Blood stains in urine.
  6. Cramping pain in the joints.
  7. Abnormalities noticed on the nails.
  8. Easy bruises on skin and more,

In case of children suffering from the recessive form of the autosomal polycystic disease, they tend to display symptoms like high blood pressure, UTI and frequent urination habits.

Polycystic kidney disorder is of three different types. Autosomal dominant PKD is most common and sums up to 90 percent of the total. This is mostly inherited, like a person whose parent suffer from PKB has a fair chance of inheriting the same trend. However, there are exceptions where poor kidney condition is also a reason for PKD.

Autosomal recessive PKD is inherited from parents. This is not very common and refuses to inherit from one gene. It takes each from one parent, thus together they make ARPKD. For people who develop chronic kidney problem later in life, polycystic kidney in their case is known as ACKD (Acquired cystic kidney disease).

Who is eligible for the Polycystic Kidney Disease treatment?

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of PKD, you should consult a doctor for a diagnosis. The doctor primarily would ask for a detailed family medical history. This is because half of the cases has its cause in inheriting it from their parents.

The doctor will primarily ask the patient to undergo the blood count test. This is to ensure and have a check if the person is suffering from anaemia or any sort of infection. Tests like urinalysis is also recommended by the doctor to get a clear view of the presence of bacteria, blood or any infection in the urine.

Besides, blood and urine test, the common tests conducted to diagnose PKD are Abdominal CT Scan that helps in detecting smaller cysts present in the kidney. Abdominal MRI scan is often suggested to get a clear image of the kidney structure, a proper hunt for a cyst.

The abdominal ultrasound that uses sound waves to locate the cyst in the kidney.

The intravenous pyelogram is a test that uses a dye that highlights your blood vessels in order to get a clear image of X-ray. Based on the outcome of the tests, the doctor determines the treatment procedure. There are several ways to treat PKD. Controlling the blood pressure remains an important criterion in treatment. The doctor usually recommends medicines to control pain. However, it includes several side effects and may lead to kidney failure too.

Added to that, Antibiotics are mostly prescribed by the doctor to treat UTIs. Diuretics are also used to get rid of the extra fluid from the body. Doctors even perform surgery depending on the condition of the patient.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People suffering from symptoms of PKD or is diagnosed to have kidney cysts should undergo this treatment.

Are there any side effects?

If you are not diagnosed to have kidney cyst, you are not eligible for the treatment. In other words, if you do not experience any symptoms that is somewhat similar to PKD, you need not to worry.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are multiple procedures of treatment for treating PKD. If the doctor prescribes painkillers as to reduce the painful suffering of abdominal cramps, these painkillers accompany several side effects. Some of the common side effects of painkiller include feeling nauseous, a tendency of vomiting, constipation, drowsiness, dizziness all throughout the day, feeling of being faint.

On the other hand, antibiotics include several side effects too. Some of these side effects are severe diarrhoea, itching, may lead to allergic reactions in skin, breathing problem, swelling in the lips and white colour patches in the tongue.

How long does it take to recover?

It is suggested to maintain a low-salt diet. This is due to the risk of hypertension and renal failure that is associated with PKD. The person should refrain himself from tiring activities like sports as it may lead to trauma in the abdomen and cause more harm. A doctor prescribed diet must be followed. An advice from a dietician is much recommended during this time. However, a long rest is essential in case if the patient undergoes surgery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Patients suffering from autosomal dominant polycystic disease does not seem to have any cure. The formation of cysts in the kidney cannot be stopped. However, few medicines are prescribed that would keep a control on the growth of kidney cysts.

It is entirely dependent on the severity of the condition of the patient that determines the recovery span.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Cost of treatment is low if the condition is treated with medicines. However, cases that require surgery, costs are naturally high. The surgery cost also does differ with respect to the doctor handling the case and conducting the operation.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

For patients suffering from ADKPD, there is no cure. The growth of formation of cysts is reduced to a certain level.

  • Safety: Disease
  • Effectiveness: High
  • Timeliness: Medium
  • Relative Risk: Medium
  • Side Effects: Medium
  • Time For Recovery: Medium
  • Price Range: Rs 1.000- Rs 50,000

Popular Questions & Answers

My mother is 75 years and has been diagnosed with polycystic kidneys. Yesterday the doctor prescribed her nicardia xl 30 (@ 2 times/ day) to replace some others. This is to control her blood pressure. Grateful for your advise. Thanks manish.

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Secunderabad
Nicardia xl is one of the good drugs for bp control. She is already on 3 bp medications. Bp control has a very important role in delaying the progress of the kidney disease. The only issue is nicardia xl is usually prescribed once a day dosage and...
3 people found this helpful

My mom is suffering from CKD and has cyst in her kidneys and haemoglobin 8.2 please give some suggestions to cure or at least some precautions creatinine 3.2 & urea 67.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Genito Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ludhiana
Kidney cyst does not require any treatment. High creatinine needs a nephrologist opinion who will give both medical and dietary advices.

GB is partially distended and shows presence of single calculus of size 11 mm within its lumen. Thickness 3 mm. Right kidney shows cyst of size 15*15 mm in upper pole. Left kidney shoes a calculus of size 2.7 mm in middle calyx. Imp. Chronic cholecystitis with cholelithiasis.

MBBS, DNB (General Surgery), Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS)
General Surgeon, Faridabad
For gall stones. Plan your surgery electively. It is usually routine laparoscopic surgery with 1 day stay in hospital and recovery in 5 to 7 days if you r working. Should get it done whenever you have the time and as complications are not good. Fo...
1 person found this helpful

Dr. Has prescribed me Tolvaptan 15 mg BID to continue life long. I have poly cystic kidney disease, my mom also have such cysts since long, she is now 62 years old. Please advise how long to continue. Is it safe. It is very expensive medication. I had done my sonography as well.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Gurgaon
Best shall be to consult a nephrologist. The research are yet to conclude. They say it slows the decline of kidney function in polycystic kidney disease.
1 person found this helpful

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