Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Change Language

Heart Attack: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Heart attack occurs when flow of blood to the heart gets blocked. It may be due to build up of fat, cholesterol and other substances in the arteries. You will feel extreme sensation or ache in your chest or arms, nausea and shortness of breath. One must always rush for medical help as soon as the slightest of these symptoms are felt. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is done to record the electric activities of your heart along with a blood test. The immediate medications given during heart attack are aspirin, thrombolytics, antiplatelet agents, morphine and nitroglycerin. There are surgeries like coronary angioplasty and stenting and coronary artery bypass.

How is the treatment done?

Aspirin helps in maintaining blood flow through a narrowed artery by reducing blood clotting. Thrombolytics dissolve the blood clot that’s blocking blood flow to your heart. Consumption of this drug in time increases your chances of surviving the heart attack. Antiplatelet agents prevent existing blood clots from becoming larger and also stop the formation of new clots. Morphine helps you deal with the pain and discomfort. Nitroglycerin widens the blood vessels thus, improving the blood flow to the heart. Medications are not enough to deal with a heart attack. In addition to medications, you may have to undergo surgeries. Coronary angioplasty and stenting is done immediately after a heart attack. A long thin tube called catheter is passed through an artery in your leg or groin to a blocked artery in your heart. To restore blood flow to the heart, a metal mesh stent is inserted into the artery to keep it open. In some cases, one may need to go for bypass surgery. Veins and arteries are sewed in a place away from blocked or narrowed coronary artery. This allows the blood to bypass the narrowed section and reach the heart. You may remain in the hospital for several days if you have a bypass surgery.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you are going through acute chest pain, strange tightness in arms, shoulders and legs, sudden and huge amount of sweating, shortness of breath or light headedness; you must rush for medical help.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the most common reason for chest pains. Do not confuse these pains with heart attack.

Are there any side effects?

Surgeries may have side effects like mild weakness and pain in body for a few days.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must stay away from alcohol and tobacco. Control your blood and sugar levels. Make sure that your diet is very healthy consisting of proteins, whole grains, fish and beans. Make regular appointments with your doctor to keep a check on your improvement. Maintain your body weight and exercise regularly.

How long does it take to recover?

You may have to remain in the hospital for 5-7 days. It may take a few weeks for you to resume your routine activities to the fullest.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of a bypass surgery ranges from ₹150000- ₹400000. Coronary angioplasty and stenting can cost ₹100000- ₹300000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent if proper care is taken.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to the treatment.

Popular Questions & Answers

Doctor I am 22 years old I recently started betablocker propranolol (inderal 40 mg) for social anxiety one tablet once a day can I join the gym and do heavy bodybuilding exercises?

M.A.(H)Psychology, PG Diploma in Child Guidance and Family Therapy
Psychologist, Noida
Do heavy breathing when ever you feel anxious. This thing has changed my life I used have ocd and other types of anxieties and I got away from them by using this technique.(*) practice small talks with random people. If you have habit of watching ...

I am taking beta blocker, calcium blocker, enapril & clopidogrel as I am having mvp. I am in my 50 age. Can I take tadalafil 2.5 mg to have better erection?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Kurukshetra
The erection difficulty is due to side effect of beta blocker and calcium channel blocker. Here these medications are important to take, and alongwith your condition of mvp can cause extra load on your heart during sex. Better ask a physician pers...

I am suffering from high blood pressure, ihd (ischemic heart disease) blockage 30%in one nali. But at no my problem is headache, gas, constipation and yesterday when I went for treatment my blood pressure was 90/150 I am already taking tab eritel 80ch, uniaz16,cardivas 3.125, nikostar 5, deplatt a 150, rozat 10 pls help me is headache is due to high bp? I need to increase blood pressure medication? Help me for constipation cremaffin plus causing cramp and heart burn in stomach.

DM - Cardiology, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS, Training Course In Emergency Medicine
Cardiologist, Secunderabad
Hi Gaurav your BP seems uncontrolled..you need to adjust your BP medication..I will be in position to suggest your the required change in your BP medicine after knowing the pattern of your BP check 2 times( morning and evening) for atleast 3 day.....
1 person found this helpful

I am 16 year old male. I am suffering from anxiety almost everyday. My symptoms are shortness of breath, panic attacks, pain in heart and heart palpitation. How can I treat it? Am I at risk for heart attack? This has been happening for the last 3 months. I was totally fine last year. But during the location, I did lots of intense cardio exercise, and weight lifting (with 5 kgs and 7.5 kgs dumbbell). I didn't have any routine to do it. I was over training myself. And just recently I found out online that over training like this can cause anxiety. Will I need any medications to treat me or can I get treated by myself?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user, nervousness or anxiety disorders are a category of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear, where anxiety is a worry about future events and fear is a reaction to current events. These feelings may cause physical ...

Popular Health Tips

Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty - What Should You Know?

MD - Medicine, DNB Medicine, DNB - Cardiology (Gold Medalist)
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad
Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty - What Should You Know?
Angioplasty is a medical procedure used to restore blood flow in the arteries. It allows the blood to flow easily by treating the blocked arteries. Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty or PTCA is used to unblock coronary arteries and to ...
1558 people found this helpful

Diagnostic Tests In Cardiology - Know About Them!

MD - Medicine, DNB Medicine, DNB - Cardiology (Gold Medalist)
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad
Diagnostic Tests In Cardiology - Know About Them!
Advancement in science and technology has largely contributed to the field of medicine. The methods of diagnosis for some of the very serious conditions have become readily available for the masses. Furthermore, there are a number of diagnostic te...
1629 people found this helpful

Pulmonary Embolism - How To Detect It?

MD - Medicine, DNB Medicine, DNB - Cardiology (Gold Medalist)
Cardiologist, Ahmedabad
Pulmonary Embolism - How To Detect It?
Pulmonary Embolism is a blood clot in the Pulmonary arteries that usually travels from a deep vein in the legs to the lungs. This clot blocks the lungs and creates a life-threatening situation for the patient. With prompt medication and treatment,...
2921 people found this helpful

Pleural Effusion - What Is It?

MBBS, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), AFIH
Pulmonologist, Navi Mumbai
Pleural Effusion - What Is It?
During breathing activity, chest wall moves out & in, lungs expand & relax. For the smooth movement of the lungs inside the chest cavity, they are lined by pleura. Pleura includes two thin linings, the layer lining lungs is called visceral pleura ...
2601 people found this helpful

ECG - Can It Diagnose All Heart Attacks?

DM - Cardiology, MD - Internal Medicine
Cardiologist, Agra
ECG - Can It Diagnose All Heart Attacks?
An ECG, or electrocardiograph, is a procedure to detect abnormalities in your heart by looking for unusual electrical signals from it. It is performed with the help of a machine called the electrocardiogram. This process is usually painless, and w...
3180 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MD - Internal Medicine,MBBS,DM - Cardiology,Fellow European Society of Cardiology
Cardiology
Play video
Valvular Heart Disease
Hello, I am doctor Krishna Prasad cardiothoracic surgeon practicing in Mumbai. I would like to discuss with you all about valvular heart disease, so heart has four valves and valves can get affected by various diseases, especially rheumatic heart ...
Play video
What Is Menopause?
Hello friends, I am Dr. Jayanti Kamat, IVF consultant, obstetrician and gynecologist. Today's women have a lot of challenges and they work continuously to strike a balance between home, life and career responsibilities. Healthcare or self care see...
Play video
Obesity - Things You Should Know About It
Hello, I am Doctor Bishwanath Gouda. Laparoscopic GI Surgeon. Today I would like to talk to you about obesity. obesity is a big problem in India. we go out to the malls, we go out in the streets we see it, everyone is driving fast, running a fast ...
Play video
Advancement Of Heart Valve Disease
Hello friends, I am Doctor Rajiv Agarwal. today I am going to talk to you about some advances which are there in the treatment of valvular heart disease and I think the general public should also be aware of this that what new facilities are now a...
Play video
Swine Flu - How To Prevent It?
Hello everyone, I am Dr. Shweta Gupta, main child specialist hoon. Mai aaj swine flu ke baare mein aap sabse kuch baatein karna chahti hoon. Jaise ki hum sab jante hain ki Delhi mein is time swine flu kafi faila hua hai aur papers mein padhte hai ...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice