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Heart Attack: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Heart attack occurs when flow of blood to the heart gets blocked. It may be due to build up of fat, cholesterol and other substances in the arteries. You will feel extreme sensation or ache in your chest or arms, nausea and shortness of breath. One must always rush for medical help as soon as the slightest of these symptoms are felt. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is done to record the electric activities of your heart along with a blood test. The immediate medications given during heart attack are aspirin, thrombolytics, antiplatelet agents, morphine and nitroglycerin. There are surgeries like coronary angioplasty and stenting and coronary artery bypass.

How is the treatment done?

Aspirin helps in maintaining blood flow through a narrowed artery by reducing blood clotting. Thrombolytics dissolve the blood clot that’s blocking blood flow to your heart. Consumption of this drug in time increases your chances of surviving the heart attack. Antiplatelet agents prevent existing blood clots from becoming larger and also stop the formation of new clots. Morphine helps you deal with the pain and discomfort. Nitroglycerin widens the blood vessels thus, improving the blood flow to the heart. Medications are not enough to deal with a heart attack. In addition to medications, you may have to undergo surgeries. Coronary angioplasty and stenting is done immediately after a heart attack. A long thin tube called catheter is passed through an artery in your leg or groin to a blocked artery in your heart. To restore blood flow to the heart, a metal mesh stent is inserted into the artery to keep it open. In some cases, one may need to go for bypass surgery. Veins and arteries are sewed in a place away from blocked or narrowed coronary artery. This allows the blood to bypass the narrowed section and reach the heart. You may remain in the hospital for several days if you have a bypass surgery.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you are going through acute chest pain, strange tightness in arms, shoulders and legs, sudden and huge amount of sweating, shortness of breath or light headedness; you must rush for medical help.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the most common reason for chest pains. Do not confuse these pains with heart attack.

Are there any side effects?

Surgeries may have side effects like mild weakness and pain in body for a few days.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must stay away from alcohol and tobacco. Control your blood and sugar levels. Make sure that your diet is very healthy consisting of proteins, whole grains, fish and beans. Make regular appointments with your doctor to keep a check on your improvement. Maintain your body weight and exercise regularly.

How long does it take to recover?

You may have to remain in the hospital for 5-7 days. It may take a few weeks for you to resume your routine activities to the fullest.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of a bypass surgery ranges from ₹150000- ₹400000. Coronary angioplasty and stenting can cost ₹100000- ₹300000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent if proper care is taken.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to the treatment.

Popular Questions & Answers

सर मैंने मार्च 2019 मै एंजियोग्राफी करवाई थी जो की नार्मल रिपोर्ट आयी है और ct angiogram bhi karwaya normal hai 2017 मै tmt test 2 bar करवाया तथा 2d echo 4बार करवा लिया कई बार ecg trop t test xray करवा लिया सब की रिपोर्ट्स नार्मल डोक्टोर्स मुझे pentoc or clonazepam देते है फिर भी मेरी चेस्ट मै हल्का दर्द बना रहता है कभी ठीक होता फिर होने लगता है और आजकल तेज चलने मै भी चाहती के बीच मै दर्द हो रहा है सर एंजियोग्राफी के एक साल बाद ब्लॉक बन सकता है blockage बनने मै कितना समय लगता है or sir ये दर्द कैसे ठीक होगा क्या सर्वाइकल से ये दर्द होता है मुझे सर्वाइकल की प्रॉब्लम है

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
Ayurvedic Doctor, Ghaziabad
lybrate-user g, very less possibility hi ki cervical rediculopathy jo ki cervical spondylosis ka complication hi jismay pain gardan say haath aur peeth may radiate karti hi bahut kam possibility hoti hi ki wo diapharam ko effect kary so pain uski ...
1 person found this helpful

Sir, my mother have heart problem, every month she goes to hospital for monthly checkup but last two months she didn't checkup. She's continuing same tablets using third month. If anything happens wrong? I want a small advise from you sir. This tablets continuing taking third month good are not? Please sir, I am requesting you very thankful to you. 1. Pantocid dsr 2. Dytor plus 10 mg 3. Cardivas 3.125 twice a daily 4. Roseday gold 20/75/75 5. nurokind lc 6. Ferium xt.

BHMS, certificate course in yoga , Master in psychology
Homeopathy Doctor, Delhi
You should be check up frequently and ask your Dr. Should be cont. Or not because Dr. is decided doses of drugs as per her requirment. And yoga and breathing exercise is more affective for her and arjun tea is more beneficial for her beacause that...
1 person found this helpful

What are the precautions for heart patient, for their daily food related ,what should they eat or not? The patient have diabetes and hypertension also.

MD, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Bangalore
1] avoid oily, spicy food 2] avoid brisk walk, over exercise 3] avoid day sleep 4] avoid late night dinner and late night sleep.

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