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Last Updated: Apr 18, 2020
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Vitamin B Deficiency: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

About Symptoms Health Issues Treatment Procedure Side effects Post-treatment guidelines Recovery Cost Results Alternatives

What Is Vitamin B Deficiency?

When the body lacks vitamin B, particularly vitamin B12 or B9 (also known as folate), the condition is known as vitamin B deficiency. Under this condition, a patient body produces extremely large red blood cells that fail to function normally.

Typically, red blood cells are responsible for the transportation of oxygen throughout the body with the help of haemoglobin. Vitamin B deficiency can also lead to anemia as the body produces fewer red blood cells or red blood cells with low haemoglobin. However, anaemia is not just caused by vitamin B deficiency but also if you are iron-deficient.

Treating vitamin B deficiency is fairly easy irrespective of the cause (which range from lack of vitamins in one diet to deficiency induced by certain medications such as anticonvulsants). The treatment process usually involves administering injections or giving supplements to the patient so to increase the levels of vitamin B.

Symptoms Of Vitamin B Deficiency

You need to look for these signs and symptoms that indicate the deficiency of vitamin B. Symptoms of vitamin B deficiency include:

  • Fatigue
  • Lack of energy
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Sore tongue
  • Depression
  • Confusion
  • Memory problems, etc

Health Issues Due To Vitamin B Deficiency

Treatment for vitamin B deficiency is necessary or it can lead to complications and various other health issues such as:

How Vitamin B Deficiency Is Treated?

Vitamin B deficiency is generally caused by a lack of this nutrient in a person diet, hence include food rich in vitamin B in the dietary regime such as meat, milk, fish, cheese, and eggs. Besides this, having vitamin B12 supplements orally can be helpful.

The dosage, frequency and duration of these supplements will be specified by the doctor along with other instructions. In most cases, patients need to be on vitamin B medications for at least 4 months. Both these treatment methods are highly effective and help restore vitamin B levels in the patient body.

How Is The Treatment Done?

The best treatment for any patient is to eat a balanced diet and include food that is rich in vitamin B. Other than this, vitamin B supplement can be taken orally. However, the treatment process of vitamin B deficiency is usually dependent on what caused it.

For example, if the deficiency is caused by pernicious anaemia, which means that the patient body is not able fully to absorb vitamin B after consumption, then shots of vitamin B12 have to be administered. In order to get these shots, the patient will have to visit a doctor’s clinic where a professional will inject a dose of this vitamin. The patient will need to take these shots regularly.

Who Is Eligible For The Treatment?

Individuals who suffer from vitamin B12 or B9 deficiency are advised to take the appropriate treatment. Slightly low levels can be easily managed with the help of supplements. However, those who suffer from extremely low levels of vitamin B might need vitamin shots during the treatment.

Who Is Not Eligible For The Treatment?

Those who have a normal level of vitamin B should not take vitamin B supplements or any other kind of treatment. You must always consult your doctor before taking medications to avoid the risk of allergic reactions or side effects.

Are There Any Side Effects?

High doses for any type of vitamin B can lead to a host of side effects. However, the side effects are generally mild and usually go away on their own. Side effects are listed below:

What Are The Post-treatment Guidelines?

Once the patient is off supplements or is done with their course of vitamin B shots, he or she needs to maintain optimum vitamin B levels in the body with the help of diet post-treatment.

How Long Does It Take To Recover?

Generally, a course of vitamin B supplements lasts for about four months. However, during the course, patients lead a normal life without any restrictions on activities. Dietary changes may be prescribed to ensure the patient gets the vitamin B needed by his or her body through food.

What Is The Price Of The Treatment In India?

Depending on the brand and the dosage, supplements of vitamin B can cost anywhere between Rs 50 to Rs 2000. To know about the price of the vitamin shots, patients should contact their local clinic.

Are The Results Of The Treatment Permanent?

Most of the times, taking supplements for a duration prescribed by the doctor is usually enough to cure vitamin B deficiency permanently. However, the deficiency can recur if the patient does not maintain the right diet and consequently fails to meet ideal vitamin B requirements.

What Are The Alternatives To The Treatment?

If the vitamin B deficiency is not severe, patients can opt for dietary changes as an alternative method of treatment to supplements and injections. Foods that are rich in vitamin B include dairy products, eggs, fish, meat and yeast extracts. Options for vegetarians include wholegrain cereals, soya beans, and mushrooms.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi Sir, I am a 44 years old female from south africa, joburg and I am suffering from a condition called peripheral neuropathy due to vitamin b12 deficiency. I have been on treatment of monthly vitamin b12 shots for 2 years now and amitriptyline but there's no improvement at all, now am wheelchair bound and in pains 24/7.

Mch neurosurgery, M S surgery
Neurosurgeon, Udaipur
Hi. Vitamin b 12 deficiency is very common in india. Usually it reverse a lot with proper treatment with adequate dosing. It is usually supplemented with vitamin d3 and calcium. To comment on exact nature of treatment in your case I need to examin...
1 person found this helpful

I am having a severe leg pain and vitamin d, vitamin b16 and calcium deficiency. Currently I am taking caldikind d plus tablet and arachitol injection earlier I was taking vitcofol injection is it ok.

Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha, Nagpur, Ms- Ortho, Fellowship in Complex Trauma And Limb Reconstruction, FELLOW IN JOINT REPLACEMENT AND ARTHOSCOPY SURGERY
Orthopedist, Pune
Hi lybrate-user, your complains of leg pain and numbness might be due to some nerve compression due to a slipped disc. These are not related to vit or calcium deficiency. I will need some more info to tell you what is the reason for your leg pain....
1 person found this helpful

I am from bangalore. I have symptoms for deficiency of B12. B1.b3 most of them. Past some years I have drinking habit. I also wanted to know is neurobion advisable and if yes many many tablets is safe to take. I searched the net and found the above but want to know its true and also want you to advise me. And also I am little high for diabetes fasting 130.

MBBS, MD
Endocrinologist, Delhi
You should be evaluated for alcohol related problems and if still taking it or not. Fating 130 is in the diabetic range. Needs repeat fasting, pp,HbA1c test done. Consult a Physician with reports.
1 person found this helpful

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