When the body lacks in vitamin B, particularly in vitamin B12 or B9 (also known as folate), vitamin B deficiency anemia takes place. In this condition, the patient's body produces extremely large red blood cells that fail to function normally. Typically, red blood cells are responsible for the transportation of oxygen throughout the body with the help of hemoglobin. It is when the body produces fewer red blood cells or red blood cells with low hemoglobin is when anemia takes place. With that said, anemia is not just caused by vitamin B deficiency but also by iron deficiency and can be of many types. Symptoms of vitamin B deficiency include fatigue, lack of energy, mouth ulcers, sore tongue, depression, confusion and memory provlems among others. Treatment for vitamin B deficiency is necessary or it can lead to complicatipn such as nervous system problems, temporary infertility, heart problems, complications during pregnancy as well as birth defects. The good news is treating vitamin B deficiency is fairly easy irrespective of the cause (which range from lack of vitamins in one's diet to deficiency induced by certain medications such as anticonvulsants). The treatment process usually involves the administering of injections or the giving supplements to the patient so that levels of vitamin B can be increased in the body of the patient.
The treatment process of vitamin B deficiency is dependent on what caused it. However, none of the treatment processes are complicated and can be easily carried out without much trouble. For example, if the deficiency caused by pernicious anemia, which means that patient's body is not able full absorb the vitamin B it consumes, shots of vitamin B12 have to be administered. In order to get these shots, the patient will have to visit his or her local clinic where a professional will inject a high dose of this vitamin with the help of a needle. The patient will need to take these shots regularly or include a high dosage supplement in his or her diet or have this vitamin nasally. For vitamin B deficiency caused by a lack of the nutrient in a person's diet, simply having vitamin B12 supplements orally is enough. The dosage, frequency and duration will be specified by the doctor along with instructions on when the paitent should have the medicine. In most cases, patients need to be on vitamin B medications for at least 4 months. In any case, both of these treatments are highly effective and help restore vitamin B levels in the patients body.
Individuals who suffer from vitamin B12 or B9 deficiency are eligible. Those who suffer from very low levels of vitamin B need shots as a treatment method. Slightly low levels can be easily managed with the help of supplements.
People who have normal levels of vitamin B are not eligible for this treatment method. With that said, those who do lack in vitamin B should let their doctor know about other medications they take so that they are no reactions or side effects.
High doses of any type of vitamin B can lead to a host of side effects such as acne, rashes, high blood pressure, stomach pain, nausea, black stool, constipation and frequent urination to name a few. However, the side effects are generally mild and go away on their own.
Once the patient is off supplements or is done with their course of vitamin B shots, he or she needs to maintain optimum vitamin B levels in the body with the help of diet.
Generally, a course of vitamin B supplements lasts four months. However, during the course patients can lead a normal life without any restrictions on activities. Dietary restrictions maybe prescribed to ensure the patient meets the vitamin B requirements needed by his or her body.
Depending on the brand and the dosage of the vitamin, supplements of vitamin B can cost anywhere between Rs 50 to Rs 2000. To know about the price of the shots, patients should contact their local clinic.
Most of the times, being on supplements is enough to cure vitamin B deficiency. However, the deficiency can recur if the patient does not maintain the right diet and consequently fails to meet ideal vitamin B requirements.
If the vitamin B deficiency is not severe, patients can opt for dietary changes as an alternative remedy to supplements and injections. Foods that are rich in vitamin B include dairy products, eggs, fish, meat and yeast extracts. Options for vegetarians include wholegrain cereals, soya beans, and mushrooms.
Rs 50 to Rs 2,000