Pilonidal sinus is a dent in the skin that looks like a hole and usually occurs above the cleft of the buttocks, that is, the portion of the skin under which the tail bone exists. When that area gets infected, pilonidal cyst(s) formulates. It is a condition that occurs mostly in adult men whose work involves a lot of sitting or post-pubescent young male adults undergoing hormonal changes which entails hair growth.
When the hair forming around the dent gets driven into the burrow due to friction the chances of infection increase as the body considers these bodies to be foreign and thus reacts against it, resulting into cysts or abscesses developing around the hair. The cyst or abscess may be filled with fluid, pus, blood or refuse, the cleaning of which forms the primary aspect of (infected) pilonidal sinus treatment.
Pilonidal sinus can be treated at an early stage with simply antibiotics. This will reduce the chances of infection. Obnoxious smelling cyst containing pus or dirt can be treated by cleansing the area and closing the lesion after doing so. Injecting antiseptic into the area is another process; however, this treatment is usually avoided. Surgery is the best option for those who contain multiple sinus tracts.
Despite the availability of various cures, the pilonidal sinus can develop cyst even after treatment. Therefore, maintaining hygiene and shaving the area from time to time is recommended to those who have a tendency of developing boils or pus.
Pilonidal Sinus is basically the dent in the skin existing right above the buttocks. Treatment is usually sought when the area gets infected causing severe discomfort besides emitting an obnoxious smell.
There are many ways by which this condition can be treated. But there is one significant thing that patients should keep in mind, and that is, the condition can recur and to avoid that maintaining hygiene is of paramount importance.
The easiest method of treating pilonidal cyst involves cleansing, wherein the doctor removes the dirt and pus collected in the infected area and closes the area with a particular kind of absorbing glue. The infected sinus tract can also be cleansed off debris by cutting the area open using local anesthesia; after which the patient is fit to be discharged.
However, many people suffering from multiple pilonidal cysts might have to undergo wide excision surgery to get relief from this agonizing discomfiture. Here the wound is opened extensively to perform surgery. After the completion of the operation the patient needs to get the wound dressed regularly for a few months.
One of the surgery methods includes the cutting off of the infected skin before closing the lesion. This process brings about quick recovery, but increases the chances of recurrence. Surgeries involving midline incision are considered to be a better option when it comes to the treating of pilonidal cyst.
A person suffering from infected pilonidal sinus is fit to seek the help of doctors. An individual should immediately visit the doctor when he/she feels pain around the area or finds the cyst to be swollen or red. If blood or pus is discharged from the tract one should address the doctor. Other symptoms of infection include multiple dents in the skin or profuse hair growth around the sinus.
The existence of pilonidal sinus, or the little hole in the skin under which the tail bone is placed, is not an uncommon factor. But a person having pilonidal sinus may not seek treatment until and unless it is infected and develops into a pus-filled cyst or abscess.
There are very few side effects of pilonidal sinus treatment, except for the fact that post-operation the patient might feel some agony which can be easily tackled by pain killers that a doctor might prescribe.
Other than that in rare cases pilonidal sinus infection might recur even after surgery.
The surgeon might prescribe pain killers to a patient who has undergone surgery to reduce the amount of post-operation discomfort. Other than that, depending on the intensity of the ailment, a patient could be asked to stay away from cumbersome activities for a few weeks.
Patients with dressed wound should clean the area daily and those who have received stitches shall avoid bathing for a few days. (In this case a doctor’s advice should be taken). A damp dressing should always be replaced by a dry one. An individual should wash the area gently, and keep it dry. Talcum powder or harsh soaps shall not be used. Patients should wear airy undergarments. Eating food rich in fiber is also recommended for people who tend to develop pilonidal cyst.
A patient can recover within 4 weeks from treatment or might take more than 10 weeks to recuperate, based on the type of treatment and the intensity of the ailment.
In India the cost for pilonidal cyst surgery starts from Rs 35,000 and can go up to Rs 90,000 based on the facility and the treatment required.
Wide excision pilonidal sinus (infected) surgery has higher success rates than other procedures. If the patient maintains proper hygiene after surgery the chances of recurrence decrease, but in some cases the condition can develop again.
There are people who do not wish to face the difficulties of surgery. For this lot homeopathy medicines are available; other than that patients can also opt for home remedies like warm compress three to four times a day. Natural remedies include application of garlic, neem, (Indian lilac) turmeric or aloe vera paste on the affected area. Apple cider vinegar (which could be either consumed or applied) and castor oil are other natural components containing anti-inflammatory properties that can heal the affected area.