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Overview

Physiotherapy - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Physiotherapy helps to restore mobility and normalcy in a patient's life after he/she is affected by any injury, disease or disability, in general.

Components of a physiotherapy session include manual therapy, advising and educating the patient. Physiotherapy can help a patient of any age to manage further pain and prevent subsequent injuries or diseases. In a nutshell, physiotherapy helps a patient improve and maximize his/her physical strength, functioning and general well-being while taking care of the underlying issues.

It adopts a more holistic approach to a patient's treatment process by taking into consideration his/her lifestyle and other dimensions of their lives.

Physiotherapy helps prevent disability and injury, manages chronic as well as acute health conditions, manages and betters physical performance of the patient, provides rehabilitation from the injury and educates patients on how to prevent any further recurrence.

How is the treatment done?

A physiotherapist may employ a variety of techniques, determined by the nature of the injury sustained and the particular problem that is being treated. The commonest of them are:

  • Manual manipulation: Moving the soft tissues and the joints betters circulation, flushes excess fluids from the body and relaxes overtly tight muscles and spasms.
  • Electrical stimulation of the nerves: Delivering electric currents in controlled intensity to the affected part helps to contain the pain signals, thus preventing them from reaching the brain.
  • Acupuncture: This is a great way of stimulating the CNS while dulling the pain and relaxing tight muscles.
  • Demonstration: Teaching and demonstrating proper movement patterns to the patient help them to recuperate on their own.
  • Functional testing: This involves examining the patient with regards to their physical movements to better assess his/her condition.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Few conditions that can benefit from physical therapy are:

  • Cardio-pulmonary conditions such as COPD, myocardial infarction and cystic fibrosis
  • Hand therapy in conditions such as trigger finger and CTS (Carpal tunnel syndrome)
  • Tears in the rotator cuff, lower or upper back pain and TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Disorders)
  • Injuries to the spinal cord, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, trauma to the brain and vestibular dysfunction
  • Cerebral Palsy and other developmental disorders in children
  • Tennis elbow and other injuries related to sports
  • Urinary incontinence

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

There is nothing as a non-eligibility criterion for physiotherapy. Anybody who has sustained an injury, disease or has been rendered disabled from a trauma can go for physiotherapy for improved functioning and mobility, obviously after due consultation with the doctor in charge.

Are there any side effects?

Yes, there are a few side effects associated with physiotherapy. It is absolutely essential to address these by talking it out with the physiotherapist. Some of the common side effects are:

  • Pain: It may happen that your pain increases while you recuperate and recover. To address such pain, oral pain medicines might be administered prior to a session of physical therapy. Heat/cold therapy or other topical methods can work as well.
  • Swelling: This is very common; it's because of the fact that the tissues, muscles and ligaments are stretched in order to strengthen them. This can result in swelling and further pain because of it. What are the post-treatment guidelines? The basic guideline here is to stick to the course and complete it. While there might not be fool-proof guarantee of outcome or resolution of the pain post physiotherapy, getting demotivated because of this and discontinuing the course prematurely can have adverse effects on the body. This can result in further pain and absolute non-resolution of the condition whatsoever. It is best to talk to the concerned physiotherapist and tell him/her precisely about your own personal objectives. The physio can then tailor the treatment plan according to your objectives and recommend you to make certain lifestyle modifications for quicker recovery. How long does it take to recover? It is important to keep in mind that every problem is different and the rate at which individuals recover will always vary. Physiotherapy may take longer to bring results in case the problem being dealt with is severe and on the other hand, may require a much shorter downtime if the patient had only sustained a minor injury. Typically, the body's softer tissues take about 6-7 weeks to heal completely; hence, physiotherapy will last for that time period. What is the price of the treatment in India? The cost of physiotherapy in India ranges from Rs.250- Rs.1500 per session. Are the results of the treatment permanent? While there is no fool-proof guarantee of results, physiotherapy is very important for holistic recovery of the patient post injury or disability of any kind. If stuck to the entire treatment course and done with diligence, physiotherapy usually helps the patient in ways more than one. To put it simply, the effects of physiotherapy are permanent, given the patient is clear about his/her personal goals and expectations and lets the physiotherapist know about the same as well. What are the alternatives to the treatment? The alternatives to physiotherapy are:
    • The intake of carbs should be kept in check as increased consumption of carbs results in inflammation because of spiked blood sugar levels.
    • Oils that are rich in LDL should be avoided. Also, foods rich in trans-fats and saturated fats should be cut out from the diet.
    • Eat more of plant-based foods and items rich in anti-inflammatory properties such as green tea, onion, garlic, lemon, mustard, horseradish, parsley, celery, etc.
    • Acupuncture
    • Acupressure
Safety: Very High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: Rs.250 - Rs.1500 per session.

Popular Health Tips

How Can Physical Therapy Help Fibromyalgia?

Dr. Rajesh Pal 88% (55 ratings)
BPTH/BPT, MPTH/MPT-Orthopedic Physiotherapy, Post Graduate Diploma In Ergonomics (PGDHSC - Ergonomics)
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
How Can Physical Therapy Help Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia causes pain in the muscles of the body and weakens them gradually. Patients with fibromyalgia have a number of "delicate points" on the body and are very sensitive to different things that are not typically painful or unpleasant. They can encounter increased the tenderness and weakness which may lead to problems in movement and even proper sleep. Physiotherapy concentrates on the treatment, and healing of injuries. Standard exercise based physiotherapy methods may help you gain control of your fibromyalgia as you concentrate on lifestyle changes instead of persistent pain, stiffness and fatigue. Physiotherapists can demonstrate generally accepted methods to get rid of the side effects of pain and solidness in everyday life. They show patients how to build strength and enhance their scope of movement. They show them ways to get rid of the everyday pain. In case you have fibromyalgia, your physiotherapist creates particular extending and stretching programs to meet your individual needs. While there is no known cure for fibromyalgia, physiotherapy might help you get rid of the pain. It can reduce the stiffness. Strengthening muscles and increasing flexibility through a number of exercises are two vital ways physical therapists decrease fibromyalgia pain and make life more manageable. These include: Stretching: By increasing your flexibility through stretching, the hardened muscles loosen up giving fibromyalgia help. Your physiotherapist can teach you the correct approach to stretch your muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Various stretching exercises will also be suggested depending upon the condition or type of pain you have in what part of your body. The combination of these stretching exercises might need a stretching band or other accessories like a compression ball or a rubber band. Aerobic exercises: Low speed and low affect exercises are ideal. Stationary cycles and circular machines are typically less pressurizing on the joints. Aerobic exercises are also a great option for fast recovery, but the intensity depends on your condition. Aqua treatment: Swimming and other water activities are very good for fibromyalgia patients. The lightness of the water can decrease weight on muscles and joints and enhance adaptability. A warmed pool might be particularly useful because of the warmth that can calm sore muscles. Massage: Massage can help pain alleviation and joint stiffness. Joint movement: It can improve movement in the tightened muscles, delicate spots and joint stiffness. Dry Needling: This treatment for fibromyalgia known as dry needling reduces pain stemming from trigger points and increases spinal mobility, according to a clinical study. The technique uses needles to affect sensitive points in the muscle, which cause pain in seemingly unrelated body parts. Physiotherapy is a lifestyle remedy for such conditions but must have to be patient as the results will be gradual.

Treatment of Heel Spur Through Physiotherapy

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (14829 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Treatment of Heel Spur Through Physiotherapy
Heel spur occurs when there is a growth or a hook formation under the heel. This is formed by calcium deposits. This process is a long drawn process and it takes time for calcium deposits to cause a heel spur in a person. In fact, such a condition can also be triggered by a sprain or a tear in the ligament. Heel spurs are very common in athletes who regularly run, jog or kick using their heel strength a lot. Heel spurs can be treated with the help of physiotherapy. With sports injuries, the first form of treatment which is tried out is physiotherapy. Though it heals and is very much treatable, the healing period might be a long one and the process might be painful for some. Symptoms of a Heel Spur: Interestingly, the excessive calcium growth itself does not cause any pain in the individual suffering from this disease. It is in fact, the inflammation caused in the muscle due to the heel spur, which makes a person experience tremendous pain during this period. One also feels constant irritation along with pain. It has been noticed that the pain is not constant, but rather irregular. It might pain in the morning and subside throughout the day, if less stress is put on the heel. Then again, it might increase when you walk, run or jog for a long time. Treatments For Heel Spur: To treat a heel spur, the specific cause and origins need to be known to the medical practitioners of the physiotherapists. Also, if medicines need to be prescribed, then a medical history of the patient including any specific long-term medications or allergies are taken special note of. Most importantly, an X-Ray is taken to rule out all other forms of diseases and to confirm that it is indeed a heel spur. After properly confirming the cause and the disease, specific treatment is started on the individual. Treatments would include reducing the inflammation to reduce pain, strapping of the heel to reduce movement and pressure, thereby giving time to heal and even prolonged periods of rest with exercises. Insoles are also tried out to provide relief to the heels and make the extra growth diminish its presence. Slow mobilisation of the patient is an absolute must, but care is taken that it does not cause too much stress on the feet.
2 people found this helpful

Chiropractic and Physiotherapy Advice for Lumbar Disc Pain

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (14829 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Chiropractic and Physiotherapy Advice for Lumbar Disc Pain
Sitting Sitting, places a great deal of pressure on the discs of the lower back. Sitting with a slight recline (backward lean) reduces disc pressure for most people. Lumbar supports, adjustable arm rests, and foot stools are also beneficial for reducing pressure on discs. Experiment with different sitting positions until you find one that is most comfortable. Changing positions periodically is also a good idea for reducing discomfort associated with sitting. Sitting with a slight recline. An ergonomic footstool. Lying Down Comfortable sleeping positions vary. One position that may provide comfort for a time is lying with a cushion under the knees. Another comfortable position is side-lying while straddling a body pillow or buttress.
1 person found this helpful

Chiropractic and Physiotherapy Advice for Prolapsed Intevertebral Disc!

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (14829 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Chiropractic and Physiotherapy Advice for Prolapsed Intevertebral Disc!
Bending over the sink to shave, wash your face, or brush your teeth can put tremendous pressure on the lumbar discs, especially for the first hour and a half after rising. Shaving in the shower helps to limit bending at the waist. An inexpensive mirror placed in the shower can help reduce disc irritation. Also, remember that the first hour and a half in the morning is the most dangerous time to bend forward at the waist. Always limit bending at the waist, but especially early in the day. Shaving in the shower will protect the lumbar disc by eliminating the need to bend over the sink. You may avoid early morning flexion by also brushing your teeth in the shower. To prevent injury while shaving or brushing your teeth at the sink, use a foot stool for one leg and pivot at the hips. Use your free hand to provide additional support on the countertop. Utilizing a foot stool may also help to reduce pressure on the lower back.You may avoid early morning flexion by also brushing your teeth in the shower. To prevent injury while shaving or brushing your teeth at the sink, use a foot stool for one leg and pivot at the hips. Use your free hand to provide additional support on the countertop.
2 people found this helpful

Role of Physiotherapy

Dr. Rahul Tyagi 89% (38 ratings)
MPTh/MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Greater Noida
Role of Physiotherapy
Role of a physical therapist Physical therapists (pts) are health care professionals who diagnose and treat individuals of all ages, from newborns to the very oldest, who have medical problems or other health-related conditions that limit their abilities to move and perform functional activities in their daily lives. Pts examine each individual and develop a plan using treatment techniques to promote the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. In addition, pts work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness- and wellness-oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles. Physical therapists provide care for people in a variety of settings, including hospitals, private practices, outpatient clinics, home health agencies, schools, sports and fitness facilities, work settings, and nursing homes. State licensure is required in each state in which a physical therapist practices.

Popular Questions & Answers

My mother's age is 48. She used to feel pain in her left leg whenever she sat down or while in the bathroom since a few weeks. We did an MRI scan. It showed that the disc L4-L5 & L3-L4 (a bit less) is suppressing the nerve which goes to left leg. The doctor (Neurologist) had given her medicines-season, esoflam, pantosec-d, neurobion temporarily and suggested her to get admitted in hospital for 7 days during which she will be treated on injections and medicines. He said there isn't any need for any operation. Now my mother has stopped bending forward since 10 days. She feels a bit of pain in left leg continuously now and more pain while sitting in toilet. So can physiotherapy treatment help her to get relieved of the pain PERMANENTLY & can it help in freeing the nerve which is suppressed. What treatment should be best for her right now- Physiotherapy or Getting Admitted. Or should she go with Physiotherapy now and if she still feels pain then get admitted? And what kind of treatment should she follow in physiotherapy? Thanks a lot for taking time out and going through the query.

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (14829 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Apply Hot Fomentation twice daily. Avoid bending in front. Postural Correction- Sit Tall, Walk Tall. Extension Exercises x 15 times x twice daily - lying on tummy, take left arm up for 3 seconds, then bring it down, right arm up for 3 seconds, bring down. Bring right leg up, hold for 3 seconds, bring it down. Then right leg up and hold for 3 seconds and bring it down. Repeat twice a day- 10 times
1 person found this helpful

Can anybody please mention a list of Main physiotherapy exercises to be done after ACL SURGERY.

Dr. Nikita Paprunia 90% (171 ratings)
Physiotherapist, Latur
Icing and elevation to reduce swelling Use of knee brace and crutch to strengthen hams and quads. after 5 weeks start with mobilization
1 person found this helpful

I've grade 1 spondylolisthesis (anterior displacement of l5 over s1, having physiotherapy for last 20 days but no relief. What should I do now.

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (14829 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Core Strengthening Exercises- Straight Leg Raised With Toes Turned Outward, repeat 10 times, twice a day. Back Stretching- lie flat, pull one of the knee forward to chest, hold for 3 seconds, then bring the other knee forward to the chest and again hold for 3 seconds. Then pull both knees towards the chest and hold for 3 seconds. Repeat 10 times each exercise twice a day.
1 person found this helpful

Required a physiotherapy for bell's palsy. There is facial twist on left side of face. From one month.

Dr. (Mrs.) Saroj Das 90% (5522 ratings)
D.A.M.S( A. M.), D.AC/B.E.M.S
Acupressurist, Mumbai
You should take Acupressure therapy and take Biochemic Kali phos 200x + Calc phos 200x . 4 tab each thrice a day with warm water and take it 5 days and consult private online.

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