Foot infections are of several types - ranging from toenail infections to athlete's foot and foot abscess to cellulits. Diabetic foot infection is also another type that only plagues who suffer from diabetes. Each of these different types of infections can be very painful due to the swelling and redness they cause. The causes of the different types of foot infections vary, and unfortunately, they can occur even when a person maintains proper foot care. Common causes puncture wounds in the foot (which gives rise to bacterial infection), ingrown toenails, sweaty shoes and socks, diabetes or a poor circulation. Just like the causes of common foot infections, even the treatment of the different types varies. While some can be simply cured with the over the counter creams and ointments, some other types may involve more complex treatment solutions such as surgical draining of absscesses. In certan other cases, patients may also have to go through a course of oral medications. However, this is typically restricted to very severe cases that do not heal with the help of ointments and creams. Irrespective of the treatment type prescribed by the doctor or chosen by the patient, most foot infections can be successfully treated without much hassle.
As mentioned before the treatment options will vary depending on the type of foot infection one has, and so will the way the treatment is carried out. Here are commonest ways- In case of a toenail infection, the treatment method employed is the application of topical creams on the affected area. After clenaing the affected area, the patient should gently rub the anti-bacterial ointment on that spot. This will need to be for a couple of weeks in order heal the infection. Soaking one's feet in solution of lukewarm water and epsom salt is also an option.For Athlete's foot, the application of an antifungal cream or spray on the affected area is enough. However, severe cases will require the ingestion of oral medications for at least two to six months.Foot abscesses are harder to treat than the other foot infections, and involve a two-step treatment process. The patient will have to take antibiotics orally after a meal, and will also have to visit their local clinic to get abscess professionally drained by a medical expert. In this process, an incision is made around the abscess and it is drained with the help of surgical equipment. Lastly, to treat cellulitis, a 14-day long course of antibiotics taken orally is necessary. However, in severe cases intravenous therapy maybe needed, which involves the insertion of a drip into one's veins.
Individuals who are sufferung from any one of the types of the foot infections mentioned are eligible for the treatment options given here. This is irrespective of the severity of the case.
If the case of the foot infection one suffers from is very severe and medication has failed to control it, surgical intervention maybe required. Pregnant women may not be eligible for certain anitibiotics as well as oral antifungal medications prescribed for foot infections. In such casesm it's best to consult with one's doctor.
The antibiotics prescribed can cause side effects such as vomiting, bloating, nausea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and more. As for the antifungal drugs, side effects of these include flatulance, feeling sick, headache, rashes and diarrhea among others. Abscess drainage has side effects too such as bleeding, pain in the area and recurrence of the infection.
In case the infection was cured by simply with the help of medications such as oral drugs and topical ointments, patients do not have to follow any post-treatment guidelines as such. However, if the abscess drainage was the treatment, then the patient maybe barred from wearing socks of certain materials, will have to keep the area clean and free of infection, and may even be asked to wear closed or tight shoes. The same holds true for intravenous therapy.
Some foot infections can take a long time to heal. Patients can expect to fully recover from minor foot infections within a couple of weeks and from major ones, anywhere between two to six months.
The price of antibiotics can range from Rs. 50 to Rs 150, while that of topical ointments hovers around Rs 36 to Rs 78. To know about the price of abscess drainage, one should contact their local clinic.
The results of the treatments mentioned here for foot infections are permanent. However, infections can recur if one is exposed to the common causes of such infections.
Homeopathy is a viable alternative to the allopathic treatment options mentioned here. Homeopathy treatment for foot infections can be carried out in the form of oral medications as well as topical medications. Patients should keep in mind that homeopathic treatments can take more time to show results.