A black eye often results from injury to the face or the head, and is caused when blood and other fluids collect in the space around the eye. Swelling and dark discoloration result in a black eye. Most black eyes are relatively minor injuries. Many heal on their own in a few days, but they may signify a more serious injury. Despite the name black eye, the eye itself is not usually injured. The tissues around the eye may be significantly discolored and swollen without any injury to the eye itself, like a bruise (ecchymosis) around the eye.
The skin around the eye is very loose, with mostly fat underneath it and fluid accumulates easily in this area. The skin around the eye is one of the first places to swell when the facial area is injured. Depending on the location and type of injury, one or both eyes may be affected. Injuries to the eyebrow, nose, and forehead area often result in black eyes because gravity pulls the blood and inflammatory fluid into the soft tissues under and around the eyes. As a black eye heals, the swelling around the eye decreases, and the bruise gradually fades away. The bruising will usually start out a very dark purple, and as it fades, it may change to light purple, then greenish, then yellow before disappearing.
Home remedies for black eye include rest and ice applied early after the injury help to decrease swelling and pain. Subsequently, he treatment prescribed by health care professionals is similar to home treatment, including icing of the eyes, rest, and pain medications.
Any blunt force trauma to the eye socket or areas around it can damage small blood vessels under the skin and cause them to leak, leading to the development of a black eye Because the facial skin around the eye socket is relatively thin and transparent, even a slight pooling of blood can result in a very noticeable discoloration. Also, since the tissue in this area is relatively loose, fluid leaking from blood vessels easily accumulates around the eye, resulting in a puffy black eye.
In most cases, a black eye is like any other bruise and is not a cause for extreme concern. To care for minor black eyes at home, apply a cold compress as soon as possible following the injury. A bag of frozen peas works better than ice cubes, because it conforms more easily to the face. Another option is to chill a metal spoon in the refrigerator, then gently apply the back of the spoon to different parts of the bruised area. Cold compresses can be applied for about 15 to 20 minutes at a time and can be reapplied every hour. This will help constrict blood vessels and limit the amount of swelling.
To treat the pain, over-the-counter medications can help. However, Aspirin should be avoided, as it is a blood thinner, and therefore might make your black eye look worse.
If you do consult a doctor for a black eye, the treatments include the same as home remedies – icing the injury and OTC medications. For more complicated injuries, the patient may be referred to an appropriate specialist; such as an ophthalmologist, who can treat the patient's injuries to the eye itself, or an otorhinolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat [ENT]), or an oral/maxillofacial surgeon for fractures to the face.
Most black eyes are minor injuries that heal on their own in a few days with ice and over-the-counter pain medications. You should consult a doctor only if you experience changes in vision, have swelling around the eyes that does not go away even after a week, experience signs of infection such as fever and pus, and nausea or vomiting.
Simple black eyes go away on their own in a few days, so if you don’t experience any problems with vision, or don’t develop any infection around the eye area, then there is no need to consult a doctor or go in for a black eye treatment.
Treating a black eye is a very simple and easy procedure, and it does not have any side effects at all.
Within a few days of getting a black eye, the swelling starts to decrease, and the discoloration becomes lighter. The dark colors gradually fade after a few days, from dark blue, violet, or black, to a yellowish-green. A black eye normally disappears within 1 to 2 weeks.
Most black eyes are treated at home, so there is no cost involved if you treat a black eye at home. Visits to the doctor entail only the money charged for consultation, and for buying OTC medications. In case any serious injuries are involved, then it is followed up by sending the patient to an ophthalmologist, who will check the patient for symptoms and treat them accordingly. Even if the patient has to visit a specialist, the entire procedure will be done under Rs. 5000.
Once a black eye has been treated properly with ice, it goes away on its own in 1-2 weeks. Unless there is any further injury to the face, the tissues around the eye go back to their normal state.
Most black eyes go away on their own in a week or two, so there is no need to consult a doctor for getting treatment for a black eye. Icing the wound at home is more than enough.
Rs 100 - Rs. 5000
Macular Degeneration is an age-related macular degeneration incurable eye disease, which might result in blurred vision or no vision in the centre of the vision field, which might lead to visual distortions, reduced central vision, decreased intensity of the colours and can make it difficult for the patient to recognize faces, read, drive and to perform other activities.
Types of Macular Degeneration
1. Dry Macular Degeneration: It is characterized by the presence of drusen and thinning of macula because of a breakdown or thinning of the layer of retinal pigment epithelial cells in the macula.
2. Wet macular degeneration: In this type of AMD, there is an excessive growth of blood vessels, which causes bleeding, leakage, as well as scaring under the retina, which results in a rapid and severe loss of the central vision and might become permanent if not treated.
Causes of Age-related Macular Degeneration:
This is caused due to a problem related to the part of eye known as Macula, which is a spot at the centre of the retina of the eye. The focus point of the incoming ray of light is on Macula, which is responsible for see the things direct in front of us, especially reading and writing.
Treatment of Age-related Macular Degeneration
1. Anti-VEGF Drugs: The dry macular degeneration cannot be cured while the wet macular degeneration can be stabilized and maintained with a number of medical treatments to be injected into the eye, such as Lucentis, Avastin and Eylea. These are not long procedures and continued monitoring of the vision to maintain or improve the vision.
2. Laser photocoagulation: It consists of a concentrated beam of high energy thermal light that is directed towards the retina to obliterate and seal leaking blood vessels. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ophthalmologist.
A rhinoplasty can effectively change the size and width of the nose to complement the facial balance. It also helps improve nasal symmetry efficiently enhancing your facial features.
How is the surgery performed?
You can opt for either general anesthesia or local anesthesia for the surgery. The surgery is generally an outpatient procedure, but occasionally patients are asked to stay in the hospital overnight post the surgery.
The operation involves an incision which is made for easy access to the cartilage and bones of the nose. These incisions are generally placed inside the nose, so that they do not appear as scar marks after the surgery is done. Removal or replacement of the bone or cartilage depends on the demands of the restructuring of the nose. Once the reshaping of the nose is done, the nose tissue is put back into place and a splint is temporarily placed to support the new structure of the nose. The splint is removed once the nose heals.
Precautions to take after a nose surgery
After a nose surgery, the area around your nose will stay swollen and bruised for a considerable period of time. Thus you have to ensure that-
1. You get ample amount of rest
2. Use cold compresses over the swollen nose area, this will reduce the swelling and ease the pain
3. Do not indulge in relatively vigorous physical activity for sometime
4. Take you medicines regularly
Risks of nose surgery
Every surgery or medical procedure involves certain risks, and so does rhinoplasty. Along with some puffiness and bruising around the eye and nose region, you may also experience-
1. Some amount of bleeding
2. Injury to the septum area
3. Irritation of the skin and skin problems
5. Nasal blockage due to swelling in the inner nasal area
6. Complications resulting from anesthesia
Although there are certain risks to rhinoplasty, the surgery is considerably safe and the results are quite permanent. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cosmetic-plastic-surgeon.
Are you an athlete looking for an effective remedy for sports injuries and accidents? You should opt for homeopathy for treating sports injury of several kinds. In case of athletes, injuries of acute and chronic forms are quite common, and homeopathy offers a completely natural treatment without any side effects on your body that may affect your performance. Homeopathy provides you effective and rapid healing, and promotes natural healing of your injuries. Using homeopathic medicines for treating your sports injuries at the right time allows you to stay away from undergoing surgeries, which are inevitable in the case of serious injuries that progress over time.
Here is a list of the top homeopathic medicines that are beneficial for athletes who suffer from sports injuries of various forms:
It is recommended for you to consult a homeopathic practitioner before starting to take homeopathic medicines for treating sports injuries on your own. A doctor will be able to prescribe you the best medicines based on your condition and symptoms.
A broken nose, often referred to as a fractured nose or a nasal fracture, it is a crack or break in the bones of your nose. The bone that is more prone to getting fractured is the one over the bridge of the nose.
There can be a lot of reasons for a broken nose. Common causes include falling down on your face or the nose being hit by a blunt object. Your nose may look twisted and you might have trouble breathing. A nasal fracture can cause pain in the nose and is usually accompanied by bruising and inflammation around the nose.
Any activity that tends to increase the possibility of facial injuries can also increase the possibility of a nasal fracture. The common risk factors include playing contact sports like soccer or rugby without proper face protection. Riding a two wheeler without a helmet or not using seat belt in a four wheeler can cause a nasal fracture if the vehicle meets with an accident. Physical fights can also result in a broken nose.
Symptoms and complications:
The common symptoms of a nasal fracture are:
There can be a lot of complications that can occur due to a broken nose. The complications may vary according to the nature of injury.
The common complications are: