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Overview

Black eye: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A black eye often results from injury to the face or the head, and is caused when blood and other fluids collect in the space around the eye. Swelling and dark discoloration result in a black eye. Most black eyes are relatively minor injuries. Many heal on their own in a few days, but they may signify a more serious injury. Despite the name black eye, the eye itself is not usually injured. The tissues around the eye may be significantly discolored and swollen without any injury to the eye itself, like a bruise (ecchymosis) around the eye.

The skin around the eye is very loose, with mostly fat underneath it and fluid accumulates easily in this area. The skin around the eye is one of the first places to swell when the facial area is injured. Depending on the location and type of injury, one or both eyes may be affected. Injuries to the eyebrow, nose, and forehead area often result in black eyes because gravity pulls the blood and inflammatory fluid into the soft tissues under and around the eyes. As a black eye heals, the swelling around the eye decreases, and the bruise gradually fades away. The bruising will usually start out a very dark purple, and as it fades, it may change to light purple, then greenish, then yellow before disappearing.

Home remedies for black eye include rest and ice applied early after the injury help to decrease swelling and pain. Subsequently, he treatment prescribed by health care professionals is similar to home treatment, including icing of the eyes, rest, and pain medications.

How is the treatment done?

Any blunt force trauma to the eye socket or areas around it can damage small blood vessels under the skin and cause them to leak, leading to the development of a black eye Because the facial skin around the eye socket is relatively thin and transparent, even a slight pooling of blood can result in a very noticeable discoloration. Also, since the tissue in this area is relatively loose, fluid leaking from blood vessels easily accumulates around the eye, resulting in a puffy black eye.

In most cases, a black eye is like any other bruise and is not a cause for extreme concern. To care for minor black eyes at home, apply a cold compress as soon as possible following the injury. A bag of frozen peas works better than ice cubes, because it conforms more easily to the face. Another option is to chill a metal spoon in the refrigerator, then gently apply the back of the spoon to different parts of the bruised area. Cold compresses can be applied for about 15 to 20 minutes at a time and can be reapplied every hour. This will help constrict blood vessels and limit the amount of swelling.

To treat the pain, over-the-counter medications can help. However, Aspirin should be avoided, as it is a blood thinner, and therefore might make your black eye look worse.

If you do consult a doctor for a black eye, the treatments include the same as home remedies – icing the injury and OTC medications. For more complicated injuries, the patient may be referred to an appropriate specialist; such as an ophthalmologist, who can treat the patient's injuries to the eye itself, or an otorhinolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat [ENT]), or an oral/maxillofacial surgeon for fractures to the face.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Most black eyes are minor injuries that heal on their own in a few days with ice and over-the-counter pain medications. You should consult a doctor only if you experience changes in vision, have swelling around the eyes that does not go away even after a week, experience signs of infection such as fever and pus, and nausea or vomiting.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Simple black eyes go away on their own in a few days, so if you don’t experience any problems with vision, or don’t develop any infection around the eye area, then there is no need to consult a doctor or go in for a black eye treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Treating a black eye is a very simple and easy procedure, and it does not have any side effects at all.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Info Not Available

How long does it take to recover?

Within a few days of getting a black eye, the swelling starts to decrease, and the discoloration becomes lighter. The dark colors gradually fade after a few days, from dark blue, violet, or black, to a yellowish-green. A black eye normally disappears within 1 to 2 weeks.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Most black eyes are treated at home, so there is no cost involved if you treat a black eye at home. Visits to the doctor entail only the money charged for consultation, and for buying OTC medications. In case any serious injuries are involved, then it is followed up by sending the patient to an ophthalmologist, who will check the patient for symptoms and treat them accordingly. Even if the patient has to visit a specialist, the entire procedure will be done under Rs. 5000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Once a black eye has been treated properly with ice, it goes away on its own in 1-2 weeks. Unless there is any further injury to the face, the tissues around the eye go back to their normal state.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Most black eyes go away on their own in a week or two, so there is no need to consult a doctor for getting treatment for a black eye. Icing the wound at home is more than enough.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Very Low Time For Recovery: Very Low Price Range:

Rs 100 - Rs. 5000

Popular Health Tips

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) - 8 Common Causes

Ophthalmologist
Ophthalmologist, Thane
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) - 8 Common Causes

Macular Degeneration is an age-related macular degeneration incurable eye disease, which might result in blurred vision or no vision in the centre of the vision field, which might lead to visual distortions, reduced central vision, decreased intensity of the colours and can make it difficult for the patient to recognize faces, read, drive and to perform other activities.

Types of Macular Degeneration
1. Dry Macular Degeneration: It is characterized by the presence of drusen and thinning of macula because of a breakdown or thinning of the layer of retinal pigment epithelial cells in the macula.

2. Wet macular degeneration: In this type of AMD, there is an excessive growth of blood vessels, which causes bleeding, leakage, as well as scaring under the retina, which results in a rapid and severe loss of the central vision and might become permanent if not treated.

Causes of Age-related Macular Degeneration:
This is caused due to a problem related to the part of eye known as Macula, which is a spot at the centre of the retina of the eye. The focus point of the incoming ray of light is on Macula, which is responsible for see the things direct in front of us, especially reading and writing.

  1. Age: As the age increases, the probability of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration also increases significantly. The degree of the macular degeneration might vary person to person, but ageing is a major cause of suffering from age-related macular degeneration.
  2. Smoking: Smoking increases the chances of developing the disease in comparison to someone who does not smoke. The longer you have smoked, the more are the chances of developing it.
  3. Family History: The risk of developing the Age-related Macular Degeneration increases if it runs in your family, i.e. if your parents and siblings are suffering from it, then your chances of developing it are quite high as compared to the ones who do not have any family history.
  4. Obesity: The obese people have the higher chances of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration.
  5. Alcohol: Higher alcohol consumption also puts you at the risk of AMD, which is why one should always take alcohol in limited quantity only.
  6. Sunlight: As going out in sunlight without sunscreen is harmful to your skin, the same is harmful to your eyes for longer duration, and one should always wear UV-absorbing sunglasses to protect his eyes from AMD.
  7. Ethnicity: The white and Chinese are more prone to developing AMD as compared to the black people.
  8. Cardiovascular disease: The persons who have suffered diseases that affect the heart and other blood vessel are at higher risk of macular degeneration.

Treatment of Age-related Macular Degeneration
1. Anti-VEGF Drugs: The dry macular degeneration cannot be cured while the wet macular degeneration can be stabilized and maintained with a number of medical treatments to be injected into the eye, such as Lucentis, Avastin and Eylea. These are not long procedures and continued monitoring of the vision to maintain or improve the vision.

2. Laser photocoagulation: It consists of a concentrated beam of high energy thermal light that is directed towards the retina to obliterate and seal leaking blood vessels. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ophthalmologist.

4051 people found this helpful

All about rhinoplasty

DNB, MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - Plastic Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
All about rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty, more commonly known as nose surgery, is a cosmetic form of operation designed to change the shape and size of the nose. 


A rhinoplasty can effectively change the size and width of the nose to complement the facial balance. It also helps improve nasal symmetry efficiently enhancing your facial features.
How is the surgery performed?
You can opt for either general anesthesia or local anesthesia for the surgery. The surgery is generally an outpatient procedure, but occasionally patients are asked to stay in the hospital overnight post the surgery.


The operation involves an incision which is made for easy access to the cartilage and bones of the nose. These incisions are generally placed inside the nose, so that they do not appear as scar marks after the surgery is done. Removal or replacement of the bone or cartilage depends on the demands of the restructuring of the nose. Once the reshaping of the nose is done, the nose tissue is put back into place and a splint is temporarily placed to support the new structure of the nose. The splint is removed once the nose heals. 


Precautions to take after a nose surgery


After a nose surgery, the area around your nose will stay swollen and bruised for a considerable period of time. Thus you have to ensure that-


1.  You get ample amount of rest 
2.  Use cold compresses over the swollen nose area, this will reduce the swelling and ease the pain
3.  Do not indulge in relatively vigorous physical activity for sometime 
4.  Take you medicines regularly


Risks of nose surgery


Every surgery or medical procedure involves certain risks, and so does rhinoplasty. Along with some puffiness and bruising around the eye and nose region, you may also experience-


1.  Some amount of bleeding 
2.  Injury to the septum area
3.  Irritation of the skin and skin problems 
4.  Infections 
5.  Nasal blockage due to swelling in the inner nasal area 
6.  Complications resulting from anesthesia 
Although there are certain risks to rhinoplasty, the surgery is considerably safe and the results are quite permanent. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cosmetic-plastic-surgeon.

3632 people found this helpful

Sports Injury in Athletes - How Homeopathy Can Help You?

MD, BHMS
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Sports Injury in Athletes - How Homeopathy Can Help You?

Are you an athlete looking for an effective remedy for sports injuries and accidents? You should opt for homeopathy for treating sports injury of several kinds. In case of athletes, injuries of acute and chronic forms are quite common, and homeopathy offers a completely natural treatment without any side effects on your body that may affect your performance. Homeopathy provides you effective and rapid healing, and promotes natural healing of your injuries. Using homeopathic medicines for treating your sports injuries at the right time allows you to stay away from undergoing surgeries, which are inevitable in the case of serious injuries that progress over time.

Here is a list of the top homeopathic medicines that are beneficial for athletes who suffer from sports injuries of various forms:

  1. Arnica
    • This is one of the most popular and common homeopathic medicines that is used for treating sports injuries.
    • It is a part of all first aid kits at football grounds, at games of all levels.
    • Arnica is very effective when taken immediately after an injury. It is a legal medicine that can be taken by athletes and players after being inflicted with an injury in the field.
    • This medicine is ideal for dealing with bruising pain, that is a part of several sports and helps athletes in keeping fit for their upcoming events .
  2. Calcaera carbonica
    • This homeopathic medicine derived from calcium carbonate is used in case of long standing injuries, in which weakness lasts for more than two weeks in an affected athlete.
    • The medicine is effective for eliminating weakness and stiffness.
  3. Hypericum perforatum
    • This homeopathic medicine is useful in case you get your nerves crushed on account of injuries, such as dropping a heavy barbell on your toe.
    • In such cases, you should take Arnica first, and then take this medicine. It is beneficial for soothing nerve pain.
    • Such pains are common when your spine is injured.
  4. Ledem palustre
    • This is another effective homeopathic medicine for treating sports injuries in athletes.
    • It is used for curing puncture wounds and insect bites.
    • It is also used for treating a black eye and other injuries that are cold to touch. It is ideally used after taking Arnica first.
  5. Rhus toxidodendron
    • This homeopathic medicine is important for treating ligament and tendon injuries that cause intense pain, stiffness, as also when a person experiences strains and sprains.

It is recommended for you to consult a homeopathic practitioner before starting to take homeopathic medicines for treating sports injuries on your own. A doctor will be able to prescribe you the best medicines based on your condition and symptoms.

5373 people found this helpful

Causes and Symptoms of Broken Nose

DNB (ENT), MBBS
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
Causes and Symptoms of Broken Nose

A broken nose, often referred to as a fractured nose or a nasal fracture, it is a crack or break in the bones of your nose. The bone that is more prone to getting fractured is the one over the bridge of the nose.

Causes:
There can be a lot of reasons for a broken nose. Common causes include falling down on your face or the nose being hit by a blunt object. Your nose may look twisted and you might have trouble breathing. A nasal fracture can cause pain in the nose and is usually accompanied by bruising and inflammation around the nose.
Any activity that tends to increase the possibility of facial injuries can also increase the possibility of a nasal fracture. The common risk factors include playing contact sports like soccer or rugby without proper face protection. Riding a two wheeler without a helmet or not using seat belt in a four wheeler can cause a nasal fracture if the vehicle meets with an accident. Physical fights can also result in a broken nose.

Symptoms and complications:
The common symptoms of a nasal fracture are:

  1. Pain in the nasal region. You may feel pain just by touching your nose.
  2. Swelling around the nasal region can also be observed.
  3. Your nose and the region below the eyes may be bruised.
  4. Sometimes you may experience breathing problems as well, since your nasal passage can be blocked due to a nasal fracture. 
  5. Loss of shape of your nose along with bleeding and discharge of mucus from it are common signs of a nasal fracture.

There can be a lot of complications that can occur due to a broken nose. The complications may vary according to the nature of injury. 

The common complications are:

  1. Clotting and collection of blood. Due to a heavy injury to your nose, the blood tends to clot in large quantities and sometimes can cause blockages in the nostrils. This condition is specifically referred to as septal hematoma and needs a quick surgical procedure to prevent any sort of breathing problems.
  2. Another complication that can result due to a nasal fractures nasal cartilage fracture or a deviation in the septum. 
  3. Sometimes the impact of the blow, which has caused a fracture in the nose can also result in a neck injury. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
2550 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Skin tanning is increasing day by day I am suffering from black head black under eyes pls help me to detan my face and toxify it pls provide some home remedies too.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Use avarta under eye cream twice daily, along with the following medicine. Contact me or send photos on direct private online consultation for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Dear Sir / Madam, I have black skin on my face for last 2 year its in side of my eyes and forehead I applied lemon with aloevera sugar paste but no results please advice.

MCh Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello, There are various treatment for pigmentation. From creams containing hydroquinone to milder ones of Kojic acid, niacinamide, arbutin. There is options of glutathione injections to oral tablets with vitamin C, also laser toning also gives good results. Laser toning using Q switch Nd Yag laser is an option but results variable. You may need 6-8 sessions at 3 weeks gap. Consult a dermatologist.
2 people found this helpful

I am 18 years old and I am suffering from black circle below my eye. Too much black below my eye. Help me to fix it. Plzzz.

Master IN - Cosmetology
Cosmetic Physician, Trivandrum
Hello Lybrate user. I advise you to take proper sleep, avoid using mobile phones in dimlights. Drink 15 glass of water daily.
5 people found this helpful

I use mobile phone for the maximum time of the day and nowadays I feel my eyes inching and also there are black circles around my eyes. Can you prefer glasses for me so that my eyes are protected. I also feel depressed all the time.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Continuous use of mobile phone can damage your eye sight because of its brightness and color combination. Secondly, while using mobile, you usually forget to blink often and this causes lack of aqua inside eyes which causes irritation and dryness. I suggest reduce use of mobile phone. Take care.
2 people found this helpful

I Am suffering from black dark circles under eyes for last 3years, please suggest how it can reduced.

MD - (Dermatology & STD)
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Good sleep, healthy diet. Under eye cream for 4-6 months, regular use of sunscreen. Check your thyroid hormone levels n hemoglobin.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Blocked Nose or Stuffy Nose
Here are cause, symptoms, and treatments of Blocked Nose or Stuffy Nose

Hello, I am Dr. B. B. Khatri. I am an ENT consultant. I am going to tell you about blocked stuffy nose.

Stuffy nose or blocked nose is a very common problem and usually it is caused by swelling and congestion of the tissues in the nose due to inflamed blood vessels. Sometimes it is accompanied by nasal discharge and other symptoms. The common causes of blocked nose are Deviated Nasal Septum, Allergic Rhinitis, Common Cold, Flu and Nasal Polyps. There can be enlargement of Adenoid Tissue which is situated behind the nose and sometimes traumatic swelling. It is also common during pregnancy and other factors like humidification, temperature change etc. To diagnose the disease or cause of the stuffy blocked nose we have to examine the nose and see if there are any polyps congested turbinate selling of tissues, discharge and throat and other examinations. Then we may have to do certain investigations like CT scan, X-Ray, PNS and Allergic tests.

The common household remedies are usually Steam Inhalation, Well Hydration. The hydration makes the mucous clear and liquefied. Also elevation of the head may be a cure. Some saline sprays are also helpful for the home remedies. Doctor usually treats it with anti-allergic tablets and nasal spray which also have anti allergic action. The nasal sprays are acting locally. Depending upon the cause, there are polyps and adenoids to be removed surgically and deviation of nasal septum that is also corrected by surgery. Depending on other causes, certain specific treatments are also there.

Warning signals should be kept in mind whenever there is stuffy nose with nasal discharge which is yellow or greenish in nature or one sided discharge along with fever or severe headache or swelling of face, nose, eyes and the doctor should be immediately contacted. Head injury followed by nasal discharge, if there is cough that is lasting for more than 10 days along with yellowish or greenish discharge then we need to immediately contact the doctor.

If the symptoms do not respond to home remedies then you can consult me.
Play video
Cardiac Problems
Hi, I am Ashok K Gupta. I am a Cardiac surgeon. I would like to tell you all about Cardiac problem.

By 2020, the cardiac problem has become a big hazard for our country. This is associated with Diabetes, blood pressure, smoking, over weight, lack of exercise etc. So, we have to take care of this and avoid such harmful things.

Prevention is better than Cure!

So, it will be better if we are stopping the problem so that you will noe end up with the disease.

ONce we have the problem, we have to go for proper investigation. We have to consult a doctor and proper investigation has to be done like ECG, TMT, CtNgo, Cholangiography. The modality of the treatment is going to be decided after the Angiography, that is the gold standard. Doodh ka doodh aur paani ka paani keval Angiography se he hota hai.

So, after getting this, if you have single block, discrete block, tube block, the treatment modality is Angioplasty.

And if you have multiple block, long block in many vessels and it is associated with the diabetes then we should go for the Bypass Surgery.

Thank you very much.
Play video
Stroke: Causes & Symptoms
Strokes are brain attacks. They occur when the blood supply to the brain becomes blocked. Its actually a medical emergency that requires immediate attention , as the brain does not get enough oxygen or nutrients, and brain cells start to die.
Play video
Liver Cirrhosis
For cirrhosis to develop, long-term, continuous damage to the liver needs to occur. When healthy liver tissue is destroyed and replaced by scar tissue, the condition becomes serious, because it can start blocking the flow of blood through the liver.
Play video
Ayurvedic Treatment Of Sinusitis
Sinusitis is the swelling or inflammation of the tissues that layer the sinuses. Typically, sinuses are filled with air. However, when mucus fills up and blocks the sinuses, it can cause viruses, bacteria, and fungi to grow and cause infection. Ayurveda plays a vital role in treating the same.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice