Whether a patient has an acute infection or not can be determined by the fact if he/she is suddenly suffering from a number of diseases at the same time. The symptoms of these diseases are few and last for a short duration of time. During this time infectious virions are manufactured and other infections are eliminated by the body immunity. Such acute form of infections is generally seen with pathogens such as rhinovirus and influenza virus. Ebola hemorrhagic fever is an example of an acute infection. This disease is an extremely severe one.
Poliovirus infection is an example of an infection that has almost no sign of any symptoms. Acute infections usually start with an incubation time. During this time the genomes multiply and the imbedded defence mechanism of the host immune system is initiated. Symptoms such as fever, malaise, pains, nausea and aches are brought on about by the cytokines that had been manufactured by the infection in the early stages.
Certain incubation stages last for as little as only one day. Examples of such infectious diseases are influenza and rhinovirus. This indicates that the symptoms had been produced very close to the entry point of the infection. Acute infections or acute viral infections are the ones responsible behind the spread of epidemics in the world. For many viral diseases caused by acute infections there are still no antiviral class of drugs.
All those who are suffering from shortness of breath and fevers lasting for more than five days at a stretch should go and get a thorough health check-up done from the nearest health care provider. Also, you should immediately contact your physician if; you are down with a temperature that is more than 106.7 degrees Fahrenheit; you can see red spots or rashes developing on your skin and if your symptoms get worse day by day.
Acute infections give rise to a disease on the outside. Therefore, the treatment for acute infections is based on the disease that the patient is suffering from. By itself acute infections do not have any side effects.
For example if a person is receiving treatment for typhoid fever they are likely to experience side effects such as headaches, fever, nausea, vomiting, rashes and diarrhoea. Similarly, patients suffering from hepatitis B are likely to suffer from hair fall, fever and headaches. Side effects commonly seen for influenza treatment include dizziness, diarrhoea, a runny or stuffy nose and headaches.
Usually, depending upon the viral infection and the severity of the disease caused the time taken for recovery varies from a few days to a few weeks at the least.
The permanency of the viral infection treatment depends upon the disease that the patient is suffering from. Diseases like viral fever or the flu have the possibility of recurrence in the future.
Certain acute infections or viral infections are treatable at home with the help of natural remedies. Take ample amounts of rest; take a hot or lukewarm shower. You can consider wearing a pair of wet woollen sock which is an old naturopathic method- wearing wet socks at night improves the body circulation and the body generates more amount of heat in order to dry the socks. This method works as an insulation and can be also used to treat chest congestion. Have light, healthy and wholesome meals like a chicken soup or vegetable stew with some rice. Have yoghurt or foods rich in vitamin c or zinc. And lastly drink plenty of water or rehydration solutions.