Indomethacin is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug which works by reducing hormones responsible for pain, fever, stiffness, swelling and inflammation in the body. It is used to treat moderate to severe gouty arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis. It also treats shoulder pain caused by tendinitis or bursitis.
If you have a heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, or if you smoke, do not use this medicine. Before using this medicine inform your doctor if you have a history of heart attack, stroke, blood clot, stomach ulcers, liver or kidney disease, asthma or fluid retention. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using Indomethacin. You should not breast-feed while using this medicine. It is also not recommended for use by anyone younger than 14 years old.
This medicine can cause a few side effects including changes in your vision, shortness of breath, swelling or rapid weight gain, skin rash, bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds, liver problems, kidney problems, anemia or severe skin reaction.
This medicine comes in regular capsules, liquid form, extended-release capsules and suppositories. A typical dose for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis is 75 mg, taken two or three times a day.
Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Orthopedist before using this medicine.
Spondyloarthritis (also known as spondyloarthropathy) is the term which describes the connective tissue diseases. It is the group of inflammatory diseases, including arthritis of the peripheral joints and spine (sacroiliitis or spondylitis); including the area where ligaments and tendons attach to bones (enthesitis or enthesopathy). These diseases cause pain or stiffness in the leg or arm joints, spine, ligaments and tendons become inflamed. Skin rashes, eye, and intestinal problems may also be able to occur.￼
There are five types of spondyloarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis or bechterew disease: it is the type of arthritis that affects the spine. Symptoms include pain and stiffness in the lower back and in the neck. Spine bones fuse together and it will become rigid spine and it leads to stoope over posture.
￼Psoriatic arthritis: psoriatic arthritis is the form of arthritis that affects the people who have psoriasis. Most people diagnosed with psoriasis and later diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis. It may affect any part of the body such as fingertips and spine. The main symptoms are joint pain, stiffness, and swelling.
Reactive arthritis: it occurs due to the infection by certain bacteria. Often the bacteria’s from genitals (chlamydia trachomatis) or bowel (campylobacter, salmonella, shigella, and yersinia). It usually targets your knees and joints of ankles or feet.
Undifferentiated arthritis: undifferentiated inflammatory arthritis does not conform to any of the recognized inflammatory arthritis types. It may include monoarthritis of a single joint; oligoarthritis, which is usually when four or fewer joints are involved; or polyarthritis, which usually involves many small joints.
Risk factors may be higher due to following reasons:
Symptoms and complications of spondyloarthritis
The first and major symptoms of all types of spondyloarthritis are severe low back pain, swelling of arms, stiffness, and fatigue. The different types of spondyloarthritis can be manifested by the following signs and symptoms.
Diagnosis and testing
First a doctor may ask for patient’s medical history, physical exam and may suspects for symptoms of spondyloarthritis. To confirm doctor may perform the following diagnosis and tests.
Treatment of spondyloarthritis.
Prevention and control measures