Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the best blood test that measures the level of kidney function and also determines the stage of kidney disease. The kidneys have small filters called glomeruli which help in removing the waste from the blood. The GFR is the rate at which the blood is filtered each minute. The test measures how much the blood passes each minute through the glomeruli. The GFR can be estimated with greater accuracy from the results of another blood creatinine test, or other factors like age, gender or body weight. The test helps the doctor to plan for further treatment regarding kidney. Low GFR will result in the improper working of the kidney.
As such no special preparation is required for Glomeruli filtration rate test. The doctor may ask you to temporarily stop certain medicines which may affect the test results. The medicine which may harm includes stomach acid and antibiotics medicines. You should also inform the doctor about your diet and other medical conditions that may be required to be changed before the test. The doctor should know about all the vitamins, herbs, and other supplements you are taking. You may also be asked by the doctor to fast overnight or to refrain from eating cooked meat. Some studies have shown that consuming cooked meat might affect the creatinine level.
Glomeruli filtration rate test helps to indicate how well the kidneys are functioning. The test is often ordered by the doctor if he finds symptoms related to kidney disease or if he wants to test the effectiveness of a particular treatment. The test is vital in preventing further kidney damage. The test is recommended if you are taking a certain medication that is affecting the kidney or you are suffering from conditions like hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, recurring urinary tract infections, difficulty with urination, kidney failure, kidney stones, blood in urine, or polycystic kidney disease.
For Glomeruli filtration rate test, a blood sample is required. The blood sample is collected by drawing blood from the arm. A nurse or the doctor will inject a needle into the vein of the arm and will collect the blood in the tube which is attached to the needle. After the tube gets filled with blood, the needle is removed and some pressure is applied to stop the bleeding. You also need to provide your age, race, sex, weight, and height because the specific formula is used to calculate Glomeruli filtration rate. The collected sample is then sent to the lab for testing.
Glomerular Filtration Rate 24 Hour Urine
All age groups
> 90ml/min/1.73 metre square
Glucose is the primary ingredient within the body which is turned into an energy source. This is what we use when we move, walk or make the slightest movements. To metabolize glucose into energy, your body needs insulin, which is a hormone produced within the pancreas. However, if the body doesn't react to the insulin or the pancreas is unable to produce enough, glucose cannot be converted into energy and thus results in type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
Causes of Type 2 diabetes
Some of the most common causes of Type 2 diabetes could be:
There three major factors that can help you prevent and reverse pre- and type II diabetes: proper diet and appropriate nutritional and herbal supplementation, exercise, and weight management.
1) Diabetes is curable :
Diabetes is mainly due deficiency of Insulin (hormone produced by Beta cells of pancreas), plus resistance to action of insulin, overweightor obesity and inactivity. Therefore, to treat diabetes we need drugs that initiate insulin secretion, reduce insulin resistance. In some cases insulin itself. Plus dietary control and regular exercise to maintain normal weight or reduce excess weight. Hence it can only be effectively controlled. Cure is not possible.
2) Eating Sugar or Sweets causes Diabetes :
It is incorrect to say that eating sweets and / or sugar causes diabetes. Basically excess food intake will lead to excess production of glucose. That puts excess load on insulin producing cells in pancreas due glucotoxicity. Also due to central obesity the fat around internal organs causes lipotoxicity affecting the beta cells. Therefore, excess food intake in general and weight gain are the reasons for diabetes.
3) Jaggery is better or safe in diabetes :
Jaggery and sugar both are essentially same. Both contain sucrose, as they are prepared from sugar cane juice. Hence eating either of these will increase blood glucose considerably. In jaggery there are some vitamins and a few antioxidants. But both are bad for a diabetic person.
4) Rice should not be eaten in diabetes :
Not really true. Because in south India this is the major or at times only main food. Rice has a high glycemic index so gets converted to glucose rapidly. So polished rice is not good. Brown rice is better. Quantity should be regulated. All other cereals also are converted glucose after digestion.
5)Allopathic Medications Damage Kidneys, so go for either Ayurvedic or Homeopathic Drugs :
In fact diabetes itself affects kidney, particularly the filtering membrane of glomerulurous (a filtering unit in the kidney). Even when diabetes fairly well controlled, kidney does get affected. The drugs used to treat diabetes help in overcoming kidney damage. Therefore it is wrong to think that modern drugs cause kidney damage. In fact some of the other drugs contain heavy metals (Bhasmas), which can be harmful to the kidney.
6) Sugar intake is essential for body :
Some people keep asking that eating sugar is very necessary for getting energy for the body tissues. This is not at all true. Because all the cereals like rice, jowar, wheat, ragi, bajra and other millets, contain starch as the main ingredient. Hence intake of each of these foods provides glucose after digestion. So there is no separate need for taking sugar.
Few things to be remembered and practiced are :
Getting through an ugly divorce is quite a difficult thing, no matter what the reason might be. Your world can turn upside down after a divorce and you have to make a fresh new start in life.
Here are some tips you should follow to get through an ugly divorce:
A divorce is extremely difficult to cope with, as one has never faced or felt such a situation before. With proper support and measures, you can get over a divorce much more easily. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychologist.
DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. It is an eating plan that is based on research studies sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). These studies showed that DASH lowers high blood pressure and improves levels of cholesterol. This reduces your risk of getting heart disease.
The DASH Diet
Along with DASH, other lifestyle changes can help lower your blood pressure. They include staying at a healthy weight, exercising, and not smoking.
If you have diabetes, your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Over time, this can damage your nerves or blood vessels. Nerve damage from diabetes can cause you to lose feeling in your feet. You may not feel a cut, a blister or a sore. Foot injuries such as these can cause ulcers and infections. Serious cases may even lead to amputation. Damage to the blood vessels can also mean that your feet do not get enough blood and oxygen. It is harder for your foot to heal, if you do get a sore or infection.
You can help avoid foot problems. First, control your blood sugar levels. Good foot hygiene is also crucial: