There is no treatment for tinnitus itself, as the disorder is an indication of an underlying condition. Doctors will recommend a complete physical examination to determine the cause for the tinnitus. If this test does not reveal the issue, you may be sent to ear specialists and audiologists. These doctors will check the functioning of the nerves in the ear. An audiogram may also be performed. Furthermore, MRIs and CT scans may also be needed to determine what is causing the tinnitus.
If the Tinnitus is caused due to an underlying health condition, doctors will treat that condition in order to reduce the effects. However, the same disorder may also be caused due to persistent levels of noise. In such cases, the patient must stay away from such noise in order to reduce the effects of Tinnitus.
Often, the tinnitus goes away on its own without needing any treatment, while at other times there is essentially no way to treat the condition completely. In such cases, the patient can seek out counseling groups so that they can better cope with the disorder. Certain drugs have also proven to have beneficial effects in keeping the condition in check.
Since the tinnitus is caused due an underlying condition, doctors follow different treatment depending on the condition affecting the patient. For instance, if the tinnitus is caused due to excessive earwax formation, doctors will clear out the ear using a specialized tool called curette. This sucks out the dirt trapped inside. The same can also be performed using an ear flush with warm water.
The tinnitus may also be caused due to a dental disorder known as temporomandibular joint syndrome. If you are suffering from this disorder, you will be referred to an orthodontist.
In rare cases, surgery may also be required to treat the underlying condition causing tinnitus. A tumor or cyst could be behind the disorder and in such instances, surgery may be the only option.
Medication may also prove useful against the disorder. For some patients, treatment with antidepressants can be quite effective.
Several therapies have also been devised that can provide relief for people experiencing chronic tinnitus. These therapies may take a long time to prove useful, but are great ways of managing the discomfort.
Anyone who faces persistent ringing in the ears is eligible for receiving the treatment for tinnitus. Some may also be experiencing hearing loss alongside the effects of the condition. However, prior to any of the treatments, patients must list out the medication he/she is currently on if any. Some tinnitus drugs may not be compatible with other medication.
Individuals who do not experience the ringing sensation in their ears are not eligible for receiving the tinnitus treatments. Even people who experience the symptoms from time to time but do not face the problems persistently need not seek out treatment. For these people, the ringing may go away automatically after a few days.
While the other forms of treatment for tinnitus does not result in perceivable side effects, use of certain medications, namely the antidepressants may result in some side effects. These effects include dry mouth, heart ailments and blurry vision. Other stress management drugs prescribed for tinnitus may also cause nausea and drowsiness.
There are no such post-treatment guidelines for tinnitus. However, if the condition is caused due to loud noises, the patients are advised to stay away from such noise. Using a hearing aid at all times may also be necessary to keep the effects at bay. Depression, anxiety and stress must be managed as well to ensure that the symptoms of tinnitus are not magnified.
The recovery rate depends on the underlying condition, which caused the disorder. For instance, if the tinnitus was caused due to excessive ear wax, the symptoms may disappear as soon as the ears are cleared out. However, if the tinnitus is caused due to loud noises or tumors, it may take longer to be cured. In some cases, the condition cannot be cured at all and can only be controlled or managed using medication and other tools.
The cost of treatment varies according to the underlying condition. In case of a trivial cause, one visit to the doctor may be enough to cure the symptoms. While in more serious cases, several visits may be needed along with other medical costs.
The treatment does not permanently cure tinnitus. Loud noises and other such disturbances to the ear may cause the condition to make a comeback.
People looking to find a solution outside of conventional medicine can try out cognitive therapy. This therapy teaches the patient to accept the ringing sound that is a result of the disorder. It also modifies the reaction to the tinnitus in the patient. Biofeedback methods can also be used to relieve the stress associated with tinnitus. This in turn helps to manage the symptoms of the condition.
Rs. 50-Rs. 1,000
For someone suffering from Tinnitus, a perpetual sense of ringing in the ears is the main complaint. It’s annoying, to say the least. But more importantly, it is a sign of hearing loss. This is why people need to see an audiologist if he/she has a sense of tinnitus for some time. An audiologist can treat this problem in different ways.
The first step in treating tinnitus like any other disease involves determining the cause. The doctor may perform different tests such as-Hearing:
During this test, one needs to sit in a soundproof room and wear earphones. Specific sounds will be played into the ears, one at a time, through these earphones. People have to indicate when they hear different intensities of sound. The results are compared with empirical results for comparable age. This helps the audiologist identify possible or rule out specific causes.
One may need to clench the jaw, move the eyes or neck, or even move the arms and legs as part of the test. If tinnitus symptoms get better or worse at any of these postures, the audiologist can identify the underlying disorder.
The doctor may suggest an MRI or CT depending on his suspicions.
Treatment involves identifying an underlying problem, if any. If the tinnitus symptoms are due to some health conditions, the audiologist may take the following steps:
Clearing the Earwax
Impacted earwax can cause a variety of problems, including tinnitus symptoms. An audiologist can remove the ear wax.
Treating Vascular Conditions
Underlying vascular problems that require surgery or any other treatment may treat the condition.
Tinnitus can also be a side effect of medication. If the doctor suspects that he may recommend reducing or stopping the drug completely. He may also recommend a different medication.
If there is no underlying health condition or medication responsible for tinnitus, the doctor may take recourse to noise suppression. The patient may need to wear an electronic noise suppression device. These devices include:
White Noise Devices
These machines produce simulated sounds such as those of ocean waves, falling rain etc. This is often found to be effective in treating tinnitus. He may also recommend using pillow speakers, fans, dehumidifiers, air conditioners and humidifiers to suppress internal noise at night.
If a hearing problem is associated with tinnitus, the audiologist may prescribe hearing aid.
Such devices mask the internal sounds of tinnitus and are worn in the ear in a similar fashion as hearing aids.
This device delivers programmed music to mask the sound of tinnitus. This technique usually helps the patient get accustomed to the sound of tinnitus.
Depending on diagnosis and findings, audiologists may also recommend medicines. Audiologists use medicines usually for severe tinnitus only, since these may have side effects. It may also help reduce symptoms.
A patient suffering from tinnitus will experience a sensation of ringing in the ears. However, during this time they may also hear certain sounds such as whistling, clicking or hissing sounds. These sounds can keep either be episodic or regular. There isn’t any cure for the condition of tinnitus but the symptoms can be managed. Most people get used to the ringing sensation over a period of time. For many others tinnitus can cause insomnia, can make concentrating troublesome and can also lead to depression and or anxiety.
The noise that is heard in tinnitus by the patient is generally exclusive. Patient suffering with tinnitus will hear either low or high-pitched ringing noise. This is indicative of a severe condition. The volume keeps fluctuating and most likely affects a person during the night. In severe cases, a person can even lose his ability to hear.
Tinnitus involves disturbance within the auditory system and is resistant to a range of treatments. Tinnitus can be quite difficult to treat and therefore, counselling can be a way of dealing with it. This is because those who suffer from tinnitus can experience extreme levels of emotional imbalance, trouble sleeping, trouble concentrating, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and disruption of one’s social life.
How can counselling help?
Counselling aids in lowering the negative effects of the condition and enables the patients to comprehend their situation better. By coming to terms with their condition, it can markedly lower the disturbance levels.
Counselling is very important for treating tinnitus. The counselling method makes use of sessions that involve advising, empowering and informing the patients who are in need of support. The main aim of helping a tinnitus patient with counselling is either to reduce the severity of condition itself or to help a patient deal with his or her annoyance that arises out of suffering from the condition.
You should consult a trained psychologist if you think you are suffer from the condition. The degree of counselling is also dependent on the environment. A tinnitus management therapy primarily aims to reduce the stress caused on the patient’s life. These include psycho-educational approach that can be either carried out in single sessions or in groups. The psycho-education approach comprises maintaining sleeping hygiene, relaxation techniques and providing training for controlling attention.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
If you hear a constant ringing in your ears without any external stimulus, it is called tinnitus. The sound can also manifest as incessant roaring, hissing, buzzing or clicking. The sound can be loud or soft, low or high pitched. Tinnitus can occur in one ear, or both the ears.
Tinnitus is primarily of two types:
Tinnitus is not a condition; it is more of a symptom of some other underlying medical condition. Tinnitus can be caused by any of the following complications-
The symptoms of tinnitus include
Tinnitus is a disorder which is characterized by a constant perception of a ringing noise in the ears. This is not the condition in itself, rather it signals some other underlying condition such as an ear injury or age related hearing loss. It is not a serious condition, although the symptoms can worsen with age. If you are affected by this disorder, you might experience or ‘hear’ a constant ringing sensation in the ears, even if there are no external sources of noise. These sounds could range from being a buzzing, ringing, to a hissing sound. This condition has mighty chances of interfering with your daily routine.
It is classified into two types:
The causes of this disorder are:
Certain factors such as smoking, age, sex (men are prone to this disorder) and heart related disorders increase the risks of being affected by this condition.
The treatment of this condition begins with the identification of the underlying condition, if any. The various treatment options are –
Acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor that occurs in the primary nerve between the brain and the ear. The tumor progresses very slowly and can influence your balance and hearing. In certain cases, if the tumor becomes very large, then it may also impair vital functions of the body.
The symptoms of acoustic neuroma tend to develop when the tumor starts to press on the nerve and its adjoining branches. The symptoms of this disorder are –
You may experience hearing loss on one side which might worsen gradually.
You may have problems in balancing yourself.
A continuous ringing sound in the ears.
If the tumor is large and presses on the nearby nerves, then you may experience numbness of the facial muscles.
In some cases, it may impair the vital functions of the body.
This disorder is caused by a malfunctioning gene. There is no documented reason as to why the gene malfunctions.
The treatment options for this disorder are
Constant Monitoring: These tumors tend to grow very slowly but might spurt in some cases. In order to prevent damage to your body, they need to be monitored on a regular basis. Imaging tests are recommended on a periodic basis to determine the growth of the tumor.
Radiosurgery: Stereotactic radiosurgery is done to treat acoustic neuroma that is small in size. In this surgery, radiation is directed at the tumor without creating any incision. It is done to limit the growth of the tumor and preserve your hearing.
Surgery: The tumor can be removed by using surgical procedures. It involves administering general anesthesia, followed by removing the tumor through an incision on the skull or the inner ear. Surgery is used to remove the tumor and preserve your hearing abilities. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a oncologist and ask a free question.