Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Testicular Cancer: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Testicles or testes are male reproductive organs found in the human body that are contained within a pouch like structure called the Scrotum which is an extension of the abdominal wall. An adult human testicle is about 2 inches long. The testicles produce sperm cells and testosterone in the human body.

Testicular cancer is a disease that develops in the testicles. Certain symptoms like lump in the testicle, or swelling and pain, low back pain in the scrotum indicate that a person may be suffering from this disease. Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum is another symptom of this disease. There are various causes for the occurrence of testicular cancer like undescended testicles or cryptorchidism, inguinal hernia, mumps orchitis, epididymitis, varicocele, haematocele, prostatitis, cystitis, nephritis, benign tumours of the testicles, or Klinefelter syndrome. Lifestyle that doesn’t involve too much physical activity or early appearance of male characteristics in a child is also associated with testicular cancer.

Types of cancer are germ cell tumours which are classified into seminomas and non-seminomas. Sex-cord stromal tumours, Teratoma, Yolk sack tumour, Trophoblastic tumours and lymphomas are other types of testicular cancer.

The primary method of measuring testicular cancer is diagnosing a lump inside the testes. Also, if a young adult has one enlarged testes, painful or not is definitely having symptoms of this disease and should consult a doctor. Any lump found in the testes is treated with scrotal ultrasound, and the extent of the cancer is located by CT scans. There is differential diagnosis that is used to treat testicular cancer. Also, blood tests are used to determine tumours.

How is the treatment done?

The most common way of treatment is removal of the affected testes which is known as orchiectomy. Here, the one good testis is left for the purpose of reproduction, and affected one is operated.

At the stage one of this cancer, surgery may be done on the para-aortic lymph nodes to determine in which stage the cancer is and to reduce the risk of the spreading of cancer to the lymph nodes from the malignant testicles, which usually happens at the later stages of this particular cancer. This surgery is known as retroperitoneal lymph node dissection.

Also, patients opt for adjuvant treatment which is a form of chemotherapy which kills the cancer cells residing outside the affected testicle. In case the cancer has not spread too further, patients are also asked to carry out blood tests and CT scans.

Radiation therapy is used to treat stage2 cancers. For non-seminoma cancer, chemotherapy is mainly used in higher levels of the disease, and three to four rounds of chemotherapy is provided, as required by the patient. The type of chemotherapy that is provided to the testicular cancer patients are Bleomycin-Etoposide-Cisplatin (BEP). Also, Etoposide-Cisplatin (EP) is effective to treat this cancer. In the case of seminoma cancer, two doses of carboplatin, provided after three weeks is also recommended.

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation is the transplantation of multipotent hematopoietic stem cells derived from bone marrow, umbilical cord blood or peripheral blood. This treatment is also used to cure testicular cancer.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

No such eligibility is there for the treatment of testicular cancer. It is to be noted that any male, who is having symptoms of this disease, irrespective of their age, social background and economic constraints should consult a doctor so that the disease can be diagnosed as quickly as possible so as to check the spread of it in other parts of the body.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who is not suffering from any of the symptoms of testicular cancer is not eligible for treatment and no consultation of doctors is required. He is perfectly fit in this matter.

Are there any side effects?

There are no such side effects of the various treatment methods that are being used, except for the fact that the heavy chemotherapy and radiotherapy that are provided to the affected people may have a tendency to sterilise them. If both the testicles are removed in this procedure, then there is definitely no chance of him to reproduce any further. However, sperm banks are always available from where healthy and cancer free sperm is always readily available.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After the treatment has been completed, regular blood tests, CT scans and X-rays are to be performed. In certain cases, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is also performed. The tests that are required to be executed, depend on the level of risk and the stage of cancer the patient has been diagnosed with and the chances of the cancer to return.

How long does it take to recover?

The time of recovery varies according to the stage at which the cancer is being treated and also on the method of treatment. If chemotherapy is provided at regular intervals then it is obvious that it would take a longer time than removal of the affected testicle. Also, the amount of post treatment surveillance differs from one patient to another. In many cases, chances of the cancer to come back are very high. In that case, complete recovery takes a lot of time and care. Regular tests should be performed in order to check the health conditions.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of treatment of testicular cancer in India is as high as up to 30 lakhs rupees in certain hospitals. In others, the cost varies around 4 lakhs rupees as well.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of treatment are not always permanent in the case of testicular cancer treatment. The treatment provided for some people may have a very good impact, while for others, the case may be different – the disease might return. The black males have a greater tendency to suffer from this disease than the Europeans and Asians, therefore the treatments will affect the Blacks differently from the others. Also, there are certain side effects that will not affect every patient in the same way. So, it is pretty hard to say whether everyone will get the same results, after the treatment has been provided.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternative treatments to testicular cancer. However there are various ways to prevent it from entering the body. There are certain anti-carcinogenic diet food like vegetables and herbs that act as alternatives to cancer treatment. Also, proper sleep and regular physical exercise can help to prevent cancer in the testicles.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 4,00,000 - Rs 5,00,000

Popular Health Tips

Retroperitoneal Lymph Mode Excision - Things You Need To Be Aware Of!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Diploma In Minimal Access Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Retroperitoneal Lymph Mode Excision - Things You Need To Be Aware Of!
Testicular cancer is one of the most common cancers seen in men in the age group 20 to 38 years. The cause of this cancer is not known, but there are treatments available to treat it and prevent. Symptoms of testicular cancer include pain or swell...
2169 people found this helpful

Testicular Cancer And Its Treatment!

MBBS, MD - Oncology, DNB - Super Speciality, Immuno Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Testicular Cancer And Its Treatment!
Cancer that starts in the testicles is called testicular cancer. Testicular cancer is commonly seen in men who are 25 to 40 years of age. It is generally of two types. Seminomas: These grow and spread slowly and respond to radiation therapy. Non-s...
3960 people found this helpful

A Detailed Discussion About Testicular Cancer!

MBBS, MD, DM - Oncology
Oncologist, Pune
A Detailed Discussion About Testicular Cancer!
Testicular cancer is a rare and serious disease in which malignant or cancer cells form in one or both tissues of testicles. It is the most common type of cancer in the males aged between 20 to 30 years. Testosterone and sperms are produced in the...
1911 people found this helpful

Penile Cancer - Know Everything About It!

M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Guwahati
Penile Cancer - Know Everything About It!
Penile cancer occurs when cancerous cells form on tissues of the penis. If caught early, penile cancer is treatable. In early stages, a cancerous tumour can be removed with little or no damage to the penis. But if it is diagnosed late, a man may l...
2019 people found this helpful

Testicular Cancer - Everything You Want To Know About It

MBBS, MD - Oncology, DNB - Super Speciality, Immuno Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Testicular Cancer - Everything You Want To Know About It
Testicular cancer is mostly witnessed among young adults in the age range of 24 35. It results from the growth of abnormal cells in the testes. It is not the most common type of cancer found in the body, but can pose a serious threat to an individ...
3679 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My father is 82 years old, yesterday I arrange a FNCR test AND FOUND THROAT CANCER. I WANT TO KNOW WHAT STAGE OF CANCER & HOW WHICH TEST AND ANY TREATMENT TO IMPROVE HIM REGARD.

M.B.B.S, MS ENT, MRCS Ed ENT, Fellowship Golf
ENT Specialist, Delhi
You need to bring your father for thorough examination clinically as well as radiology investigation to know staging and start the treatment at earliest. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Testicular Cancer
Symptoms and treatment of Testicular cancer
Play video
Know More About Cancer
Symptoms of various Cancers
Play video
Know More About Cancer
What You Need To Know About Cancer?
Play video
Know More About Cancer
Homeopathy Treatment for Cancer
Play video
Cancer Of Cervix (Cervical Cancer)
Hello friends, I am Dr. Jayanti Kamat, director of Srishti Fertility Care Centre and Women's Clinic I am an IVF Consultant, an obstetrician and gynecologist practicing for the last 20 years. So today I will be talking about Cancer of the cervix, C...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice