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Overview

Spondylosis - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Spondylitis is a chronic condition that causes severe back pain, damages the nerves and can even lead to degenerative neurological symptoms. Doctors rarely resort to surgery for the treatment of spondylitis. But in certain cases, spinal surgery for spondylitis becomes essential. Some of the symptoms of spondylitis include chronic back pain, leg pain and in some cases, difficulty in walking.

If other methods of treatment such as injections, physical therapy, and medications have been proven ineffective, then the doctor will suggest surgery. There are many types of surgeries for the treatment of spondylitis. The two main types of surgery are for decompression and stabilization. The decompression method involves removal of the tissue that is causing the pain while the stabilizing surgery fuses the spinal cord in order to grant more control over movement.

The surgery procedures that are available for the treatment of spondylitis include; laminectomy, facetectomy, foraminotomy, discectomy and many others.

The main surgery that is used in the treatment of spondylitis is called a laminectomy. The procedure involves removal of nerves and bones from the spine in order to enlarge the spinal column. This relieves the pressure and also helps to alleviate the pain.

Laminectomy decreases the pressure from the spinal cord by removing some part of the lamina. The lamina is the bony plate that covers the spinal canal and cord. In spondylitis, the lamina could be pressing against the spine, and this pressure leads to severe pain and other symptoms.

How is the treatment done?

A laminectomy is one of the most common surgeries performed on the spine. It is a decompression surgery that helps create space in the spinal canal. The doctor might ask you to avoid eating or drinking for a few hours before the surgery.

For the procedure of laminectomy, the surgeon will administer the patient with general anesthesia. This ensures that the patient is unconscious during the procedure and does not feel the pain. The patient will be able to breathe with the help of a breathing machine.

First, the surgeon will make an opening in the back to expose the spine. The surgeon will then remove parts of the spinal cord such as the vertebra, lamina, and ligaments that are causing the compression of the spine. Once the surgeon creates this space, the spinal canal will be enlarged allowing the process of decompression.

In some cases, the surgeon may have to remove a herniated disc or fuse the spine together using a special implant. This fusion process enables stabilization of the spine and involves widening the openings in the spinal canal for the nerves to exit. However, this is only required for some patients.

Once this process is completed, the surgeon stitches the incision over the spine and closes the wound. When the surgery is over, the anesthesia is switched off and the breathing machine is removed.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People who are eligible for a laminectomy would include:

  • People who suffer from arthritis of the spine which can lead to spondylosis.
  • Patients who have a herniated disc in the vertebrae.
  • People who have severe back pain and find it difficult to walk due to the condition of spondylosis.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People who might not be eligible for a laminectomy surgery could be:

  • People who suffer from other severe health conditions such as diabetes or hypertension; therefore, it is advisable for them not to undergo this surgery unless it is absolutely essential.
  • Patients who are older might not be eligible for this surgery since it can lead to several health complications.

Are there any side effects?

There are a few health complications and risks that could result from a spinal surgery like a laminectomy. However, some of these side effects might not affect all patients. The possible side effects are as follows:

  • Bleeding and infection
  • Trouble while urinating
  • Swelling of the veins in the leg
  • Nerve damage and spinal cord damage
  • Herniated disc
  • Heart attack or stroke
  • Quadriplegia or paraplegia
  • The condition does not improve

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are certain guidelines that a patient should follow after the spinal surgery. After the surgery, the patient is kept under observation for a period of 1 to 5 days. The vitals of the patient are monitored, and any improvement or deterioration is observed.

The patient will experience pain in the back and the affected area for some time. The doctor will prescribe certain medication to relieve this pain. These medications are strong. Hence, it is advisable not to undertake any activity like driving a vehicle, traveling in a plane or riding a bike for a few weeks after the laminectomy.

The patient should keep the incision wound clean and go for a follow up two weeks after the surgery. The doctor will then remove the stitches.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery process for spinal surgeries is slow; it is better to be patient and wait for your body to heal. Rushing the recovery process might aggravate the condition. It might take a few weeks or even up to several months to fully recover. The patient might not feel any improvement just after the operation. The wound from the incision will take a week or two to heal.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The treatment for spinal surgery in India is very affordable. The price for a laminectomy surgery in India would range from Rs 5,500 to Rs 10,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

In most cases, the patient does get relief from the chronic back pain. The symptoms of spondylosis are alleviated. However, the symptoms may recur after a period of time. There are some cases in which the condition does not improve and can even deteriorate. The results and improvement are discernible only six weeks after the treatment.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative procedures to a laminectomy are cervical laminoplasty, cervical disc replacement surgery or laser spine surgery.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: High Relative Risk: High Side Effects: High Recovery Time: High Price Range: Rs. 5,500 - Rs. 10,000

Popular Health Tips

Cervical Spondylosis - Top 3 Ayurvedic Herbs To Treat It!

Dr. Pronab Haldar 87% (83 ratings)
MD Ayurveda, PhD Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Indore
Cervical Spondylosis - Top 3 Ayurvedic Herbs To Treat It!
Ageing is a process which is not always kind to people. One of the things which occurs along with ageing is cervical spondylosis, which causes extreme pain and stiffness of muscles. Although it may be an excruciating thing to have, it really does not mean that it cannot be treated, especially with herbal medicine. In a lot of cases, cervical spondylosis (sometimes referred to as neck arthritis or cervical osteoarthritis) ends up being related to a neck injury that was suffered by a person and it gets progressively worse as he or she gets older. It is a condition in which there is a degradation of the joints of either two or more vertebrae. To say that herbal remedies can go a long way when it comes to an issue such as cervical spondylosis is an understatement. Take a look at Ayurveda, the ancient, yet super effective body of medicine. Triphla: To start with, there is triphala, which is a herb. Take triphala powder, mix it in a glass of milk and have it. Do ensure that the milk is warm as triphala may not have its intended effect, if the case is otherwise. Gugglu: Simbananda Guggulu, which is the resin extract of the Guggulu plant, is considered an effective medicine. Aloe vera: Aloe Vera or Kumari Saar, as referred to in the Ayurvedic terms, is known to be a wonder plant and there is a good set of reasons as to why it has earned this reputation for itself. One of the reasons is surely the potential of its juice to help with treating cervical spondylosis. Ayurveda requires general changes in a person s diet and the way he or she lives life, as well. For this reason, when a person is looking to get rid of cervical spondylosis, it is important to stay away from eating fried food or food that is either sour or bitter. Relief from cervical spondylosis can be as easy as popping a medicine in capsule form a few times a day! Make sure you visit a qualified doctor before you consume any of these medicines. It is to be kept in mind that a doctor should prescribe the dosage of medicines and the duration of the treatment for cervical spondylosis and only after this is done should you undergo the treatment. Soon you can look forward to living a higher quality of life with lesser pain. Ayurveda provides permanent cure for this ailment. The treatment includes external therapies like greeva basti, abhyangam, kizhi etc. Along with some therapeutic diet and regimen and internal medication. Therefore, cervical spondylitis is completely curable with ayurveda.
2 people found this helpful

2 Best Stretches for Neck Pain/cervical Spondylosis

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 93% (18162 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
2 Best Stretches for Neck Pain/cervical Spondylosis
Neck Extension It s easy to relax into a forward head tilt when you re sitting at your desk reading a book for a short period of time. If the muscles that extend the neck aren t properly engaged, they may be weak and inflexible. This is a great stretch to counteract this imbalance. You can perform the stretch either seated or standing. 1. Start in a seated position with your feet flat on the floor and hands resting on your thighs, with your neck straight and eyes looking forward. 2. Begin by pulling your chin up toward the ceiling, while keeping your shoulders relaxed. Return to the start position before repeating the stretch. Neck Flexion You can gain flexibility of the neck through a variety of stretches. To increase range of motion in a downward direction, use this exercise as a gentle stretch to improve flexion. You can perform this stretch either seated or standing. 1. Begin in a seated position with your feet flat on the floor and hands resting on your thighs. Start with your neck straight and eyes looking forward. 2. Using your core muscles to keep your back straight for the duration of the stretch, begin the movement by tucking your chin downward toward your chest. Keep your shoulders relaxed. Hold and return to the start position to relax the stretch.
1 person found this helpful

3 Best Stretches/exercises for Low Back Pain/lumbar Spondylosis

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 93% (18162 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
3 Best Stretches/exercises for Low Back Pain/lumbar Spondylosis
I Low Back Foam Roll Lower back pain is one of the leading reasons people visit a doctor or chiropractor. This foam rolling technique releases tension in the lower back,strengthens the muscles, and improves flexibility. Low Back Foam Roll LOWER BACK 1. Lie on your back with your knees bent and feet on the floor. Place the foam roller in the middle of your back and relax your arms out to the sides. 2.Roll up and down the mid- to lower part of your back. If you feel a spot that s tender or tight,spend more time working that particular area. Perform the rolling movement for 15 to 30 seconds II Cat and Camel Whether your issue is neck stiffness, low back pain, trouble squatting, or struggling to stand tall, all of these can be improved by increasing flexibility in your spine. This stretch targets the entire length of the spine Cat and Camel. 1. Begin in a table top position with your back flat, knees on the floor, and hands positioned directly under your shoulders. Your neck should align with your spine. 2.Slowly arch your spine downward by releasing your hips. Press down as far as is comfortable as you exhale. 3.Arch your back upward by rounding your shoulders at the top. Rise up as far as is comfortable as you inhale. Repeat this sequence 5 to 10 times. III Spinal Rotation Low back pain is one of the most common reasons for missed work, but it can be relieved or even prevented with proper stretching. The spinal rotation is great for alleviating low back pain as it allows the spine to elongate and relax,releasing tension and tightness in the area. 1. Lie flat on your back with your legs bent and feet flat on the floor. Use your abdominal muscles to push the small of the back into the floor. Extend your arms in line with your shoulders with palms down. 2.Keeping your shoulders and arms flat on the floor, drop both knees toward the left side as far as is comfortable. Hold the stretch in this position for 15 seconds and repeat on the opposite side. CHALLENGING: For a more extensive stretch, raise your feet off the ground with knees bent at a 90-degree angle. Challenge yourself even more by fully extending your legs throughout the stretch.

Cervical Spondylitis

DNB
Orthopedist, Zirakpur
Cervical Spondylitis
Cervical spondylosis is a general term for age-related wear and tear affecting the spinal disks in your neck Symptoms of cervical spondylosis neck stiffness and pain headache that may originate in the neck pain in the shoulder or arms inability to fully turn the head or bend the neck, sometimes interfering with driving grinding noise or sensation when the neck is turned.

Cervical Spondylosis - Top 3 Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Faridabad
Cervical Spondylosis - Top 3 Ayurvedic Remedies For It!
Ageing is a process which is not always kind to people. One of the things which occurs along with ageing is cervical spondylosis, which causes extreme pain and stiffness of muscles. Although it may be an excruciating thing to have, it really does not mean that it cannot be treated, especially with herbal medicine. In a lot of cases, cervical spondylosis (sometimes referred to as neck arthritis or cervical osteoarthritis) ends up being related to a neck injury that was suffered by a person and it gets progressively worse as he or she gets older. It is a condition in which there is a degradation of the joints of either two or more vertebrae. To say that herbal remedies can go a long way when it comes to an issue such as cervical spondylosis is an understatement. Take a look at Ayurveda, the ancient, yet super effective body of medicine. Triphla: To start with, there is triphala, which is a herb. Take triphala powder, mix it in a glass of milk and have it. Do ensure that the milk is warm as triphala may not have its intended effect, if the case is otherwise. Gugglu: Simbananda Guggulu, which is the resin extract of the Guggulu plant, is considered an effective medicine. Aloe vera: Aloe Vera or Kumari Saar, as referred to in the Ayurvedic terms, is known to be a wonder plant and there is a good set of reasons as to why it has earned this reputation for itself. One of the reasons is surely the potential of its juice to help with treating cervical spondylosis. Ayurveda requires general changes in a person s diet and the way he or she lives life, as well. For this reason, when a person is looking to get rid of cervical spondylosis, it is important to stay away from eating fried food or food that is either sour or bitter. Relief from cervical spondylosis can be as easy as popping a medicine in capsule form a few times a day! Make sure you visit a qualified doctor before you consume any of these medicines. It is to be kept in mind that a doctor should prescribe the dosage of medicines and the duration of the treatment for cervical spondylosis and only after this is done should you undergo the treatment. Soon you can look forward to living a higher quality of life with lesser pain. Ayurveda provides permanent cure for this ailment. The treatment includes external therapies like greeva basti, abhyangam, kizhi etc. Along with some therapeutic diet and regimen and internal medication. Therefore, cervical spondylitis is completely curable with ayurveda.
2963 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Good morning sir. Impression of my Cervical Scan report: 1. Degenerative changes in all cervical inter vertebral disc. 2. Posterior disc bulge disc indenting anterior thecal sac at C3-C4-C5- C6 and C6-C7 levels. 3. Focal tear in posterior annulus of C5-C6 disc. I am going to physiotherapy for the past 4 days. So I am suffering from neck pain. How much time will take for my recovery. Thank you sir.

Dr. B.S. Taneja 92% (30 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture
Acupuncturist, Noida
Acupuncture Therapy is the only treatment which gives cure to all patients suffering from Cervical Spondylosis The occupational strain resulting from intensity and duration of working hours is taking a toll on the health of youths. Cervical spondylosis is afflicting the working class in the age group of 18 to 40 years, especially those in the IT sector. Percentage of such patients is increasing due to stress, pressure at work place and unhealthy food habits. With the rise in number of professionals like those at the call centre who remain confined to the desk or in front of computer for hours together in one posture, the number of people suffering from cervical spondylosis is on the rise. Neck pain can be caused by an injury, muscular problem or by a trapped nerve between vertebrae. Besides, inappropriate working or sleeping posture may also be responsible. It is a clinical syndrome resulting from degeneration of the intervertebral disc and consequent pressure on the cervical nerve roots or the cervical cord. An x-ray reveals the formation of osteophytes and loss of normal lordosis or forwards curve. This is essentially an extension of degenerative changes in the body as a whole. It is a degenerative disorder of the neck bones due to abnormal wear of the bone cartilage. This might lead to gradual compression of one or more than one nerve roots. It results in changes in sensation in arm, pain in neck and arm and weakness of upper limb muscles. Causes: Injury and muscular problem cause abnormal tear of joints, ligaments and the structures surrounding the joints. Trapped nerve between vertebrae. Long hour of reading or working on computer Watching TV and driving for long hours Bad posture Poor skeletal setup in the neck predisposes abnormal tear of the neck joints. Improper sleeping posture Symptoms: Headache Pain, stiffness in the neck, which may spread to other body parts, like shoulder and arm. Irritable, restless and fatigued, disturbed sleep and impaired work ability Numbness & weakness may appear in arms, hands, fingers and legs Pain at the back of the neck region, causing headache, altered sensation while combing hair Precaution: Do not bend neck for long duration while working in front of computer Avoid large thick pillow while sleeping Avoid sudden twisting of the neck Do neck-muscle building exercises Professionals who spend hours doing desk work or in front off the computers should take small breaks in between. Advice for patients: Avoid violent massage with deep pressure No manipulations by bone setters Exercise daily Drink milk and opt for calcium intake Anti-inflammatory medication, muscle relaxants Neck collar Physiotherapy, neck traction and diathermy. Please share all the investigation reports like X -Rays, CT-Scans, MRI, Laboratory Reports, Surgical Reports, Discharge Summaries and other medical documents to guide you well.
2 people found this helpful

Good afternoon sir. Impression of my Cervical Scan report: 1. Degenerative changes in all cervical inter vertebral disc. 2. Posterior disc bulge disc indenting anterior thecal sac at C3-C4-C5- C6 and C6-C7 levels. 3. Focal tear in posterior annulus of C5-C6 disc. I am going to physiotherapy for the past 4 days. Apart from this can I take Ayurveda treatment. Please suggest me sir. Thank you sir.

MD Anaesthesiology, MBBS
Anesthesiologist, Kochi
Thanks a lot for your query. 1.First of all you should be very care ful in moving your neck. 2.Use an ortho pillow. 3 When driving or not taking rest better to use a soft cervical collar. 4.Have you got any numbness, tingling in any of your hands, if so ,or otherwise better to consult a neurosurgeon immediately. 5.Don't go for Ayurvedi trt. Now. 6.Do some exercises daily as per the video I am sending, start the exercise slowly without any sudden jerk to the neck.
1 person found this helpful

I am 35 year old female and have cervical spondylosis c3 and c4, I have giddiness since a week back. What are the precautions I have to take. Is it recoverable?

Dr. B.S. Taneja 92% (30 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture
Acupuncturist, Noida
Acupuncture Therapy is the only treatment which gives cure to all patients suffering from Cervical Spondylosis The occupational strain resulting from intensity and duration of working hours is taking a toll on the health of youths. Cervical spondylosis is afflicting the working class in the age group of 18 to 40 years, especially those in the IT sector. Percentage of such patients is increasing due to stress, pressure at work place and unhealthy food habits. With the rise in number of professionals like those at the call centre who remain confined to the desk or in front of computer for hours together in one posture, the number of people suffering from cervical spondylosis is on the rise. Neck pain can be caused by an injury, muscular problem or by a trapped nerve between vertebrae. Besides, inappropriate working or sleeping posture may also be responsible. It is a clinical syndrome resulting from degeneration of the intervertebral disc and consequent pressure on the cervical nerve roots or the cervical cord. An x-ray reveals the formation of osteophytes and loss of normal lordosis or forwards curve. This is essentially an extension of degenerative changes in the body as a whole. It is a degenerative disorder of the neck bones due to abnormal wear of the bone cartilage. This might lead to gradual compression of one or more than one nerve roots. It results in changes in sensation in arm, pain in neck and arm and weakness of upper limb muscles. Causes: Injury and muscular problem cause abnormal tear of joints, ligaments and the structures surrounding the joints. Trapped nerve between vertebrae. Long hour of reading or working on computer Watching TV and driving for long hours Bad posture Poor skeletal setup in the neck predisposes abnormal tear of the neck joints. Improper sleeping posture Symptoms: Headache Pain, stiffness in the neck, which may spread to other body parts, like shoulder and arm. Irritable, restless and fatigued, disturbed sleep and impaired work ability Numbness & weakness may appear in arms, hands, fingers and legs Pain at the back of the neck region, causing headache, altered sensation while combing hair Precaution: Do not bend neck for long duration while working in front of computer Avoid large thick pillow while sleeping Avoid sudden twisting of the neck Do neck-muscle building exercises Professionals who spend hours doing desk work or in front off the computers should take small breaks in between. Advice for patients: Avoid violent massage with deep pressure No manipulations by bone setters Exercise daily Drink milk and opt for calcium intake Anti-inflammatory medication, muscle relaxants Neck collar Physiotherapy, neck traction and diathermy. Note:- Prior Appointment is necessary for consultation.

What is cervical spondylitis? Is this dangerous. Can we cure without medication. Any home remedy?

Dr. Anuradha Sharma 92% (14589 ratings)
MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Physiotherapy treatment and stretching exercises and strength exercises best option. Yes its dangerous so don't ignore meet physiotherapist.
2 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

How To Deal With Cervical Spondylosis?

Dr. Shriganesh Diliprao Deshmukh 94% (1881 ratings)
International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Homeopathic medicine is not effective in treating cervical spondylosis stemming from an injury. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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24 people took this quiz

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