Common Specialities
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Overview

Spinal Surgery - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Spinal surgery, also known as lumbar surgery, concerns any kind of surgery conducted on the lower back. There are two types of lumbar surgery: lumbar fusion and lumbar decompression.

The main objective of a lumbar decompression surgery is to ease the pain caused due to neural impingement (pinched nerve). This pain is referred to as sciatica or radiculopathy. This involves removing a tiny part of the bone above the root of the nerve to address the pinching of the nerves. The commonest types of a lumbar decompression surgery include discectomy and microdiscectomy.

Lumbar fusion concerns itself with easing the pain at a particular portion in the individual’s lower back. Mostly, this type of a surgery is carried out in the case of any disability or pain from spondylolisthesis or a lumbar degenerative disc condition. This technique uses a bone graft to thwart any type of movement in the painful part of the vertebra that in turn takes care of the pain that was caused due to the movement. Bone stimulators, bone grafts, and other medical devices are used in this surgery.

How is the treatment done?

A Lumbar Microdiscectomy is one of the most important minimally invasive surgical procedures carried out to ease pain from pinched nerves. Firstly, a minor incision is made in the patient’s lower back and the affected part (that is in contact with the pinched nerve root) is removed. It has a pretty high success rate (of about 90-95%) in alleviating pain. Often times, the patient experiences instant relief from pain. However, for some, the symptoms might not resolve completely.

A Lumbar laminectomy, on the other hand, is performed to address lower back stenosis symptoms. In this technique, the lamina (the bone that is present at the back of one’s vertebra) at one or multiple segments is taken out that in turn prevents any further pressure to be put on the nerves in the spine.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Spinal surgery is carried out because:

  • Spinal fusion can be performed independently or in combination with the surgery to remedy tissues and bones which might be narrowing down the spine canal and thus squeezing the nerves of the spine or the spinal cord in itself.
  • It can also be done as part of a follow-up post any surgery to address conditions such as herniated disc, spinal stenosis, infection, tumors, and injuries.
  • Can be performed to treat problems such as fractures.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

There is no non-eligibility criterion as such. If the patient experiences pain from a pinched nerve or spinal instability, he/she should consult a spine surgeon and consider the decision of a spinal surgery. However, if any evidence of an anatomic cause isn’t detected through a CT scan or an MRI scan, then spinal surgery should be avoided. In a nutshell, there must be some anatomical lesion that can be considered to be the reason behind such a pain. At the end of the day, however, it is completely the patient’s discretion whether or not to go for spinal surgery.

Are there any side effects?

The possible side effects and complications depend on the patient’s age, the overall state of health, the type of procedure opted for and the problem that is being treated. Some of the possible side effects are:

  • Pain emanating from the site of the bone graft
  • Breakage of the metal implants and/or weakening of the fusion
  • Blood clots that could result in pulmonary embolism
  • Injury to the nerves
  • Infection
  • Rejection of the bone graft by the body

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After the spinal surgery, the patient will be kept under supervision for a few days. If the patient is recuperating at home, bed rest would not be required. A back brace might be prescribed by the doctor for you so as to speed up the recovery process. Rehabilitation post-surgery can take its own time. Usually walking, swimming and riding a static cycle are some of the activities that constitute the rehabilitation program.

How long does it take to recover?

Post spinal surgery, recovery can take about 4 months’ time. This is because the bones take the time to heal completely and the healing process may continue over a period of one year. In the case of a spinal fusion, the doctor will recommend one to be off work and other activities for about a month or even more (approximately 4-5 weeks); especially if the patient is young and is in otherwise good physical shape.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of spinal surgery in India lies in the range of approximately Rs.4, 22,500- Rs.6, 17,500.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Spinal surgery is important to render stability to the spine after any trauma, accident or injury. However, there isn’t sufficient research about whether it works as effectively for other problems of the spine as well. Studies have failed to come up with stark differences in the way this surgery and intense rehabilitation would work for chronic problems. Though it does provide relief from quite a few problems with the back, it will always be wise to consult with the doctor regarding the risks and benefits, given that it is a costly surgery and entails its fair share of side effects.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The possible alternatives include:

  • IDET
  • Posterior dynamic stabilization
  • Artificial disc
  • Disc regeneration
Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: Rs. 4,22,500 - Rs. 6,17,500

Popular Health Tips

Spinal Fusion Surgery - Know Its Surgical Procedure!

MBBS, MCh, MS
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
Spinal Fusion Surgery - Know Its Surgical Procedure!

Spinal fusion surgery is also known as spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis. It is a surgical procedure in which two or more vertebrae are permanently joined into one solid bone with no space between them. The procedure aims at preventing the movement between two bones and prevents back pain. It can be performed at any level in the spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar).

Indications

  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Lumbar spondylolisthesis ( a condition where one vertebra slips onto the vertebra below it causing severe pain)
  • Fractures
  • Unstable spinal column
  • Tumors
  • Severe arthritis Infections
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Scoliosis (curvature of the spine)
  • Kyphosis (abnormal rounding of the upper spine)

When Does An Individual Need This Surgery?

Spinal fusion surgery is required if medicines, physical therapy, and other treatments (like steroid injections) do not relieve the back pain.

Types of Spinal Fusion

  1. Anterior spinal fusion
  2. Posterior spinal fusion
  3. Vertebral interbody fusion

Preparation for Spinal Fusion Surgery

  1. Preoperative preparation
  2. Preoperatively, 8-hour fasting is required. All the routine investigations, including blood tests, and X- rays are done.

Surgical procedure

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. A bone graft (ie, a synthetic bone or a small piece of the patient’s pelvic bone) is prepared to fuse the two vertebrae. Depending on the location of fusion, the graft is placed accordingly between the affected vertebras to join them. Once the graft is put in place; plates, screws, and rods are used to keep the spine from moving. This maneuver is called internal fixation. It provides stability and helps the spine to heal faster with a higher rate of success.

Postoperative

Postoperatively, the patient may need to wear a brace to keep the spine in proper alignment. Fusing may take up to 6 weeks or longer, after which normal activities can be resumed. Physical rehabilitation is required to strengthen the back and learn ways to move safely. Complete recovery takes about 3-6 months.

Complications

  • Infections causing inflammation of the affected parts
  • Poor healing causing pain
  • Pain at the site of the fused area, especially nerve pain
  • Heart attack or stroke during a spinal surgery
  • Reactions to medications or anesthesia
  • Respiratory problems
  • Damage to a spinal nerve leading to weakness, pain, bowel, or bladder problems
  • Blood clots in the legs that can be life-threatening if they travel to the lungs
  • Blood loss
  • Pseudoarthrosis (nonunion between fused bone segments)

Warning Signs of Infection

  1. Swelling, redness, or discharge from the operated site
  2. Fever above 100 0F
  3. Shaking chills
  4. Increased pain 

Safe and faster recovery from spinal surgery is suggested through physical therapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2639 people found this helpful

Spinal Cord Injury - Tips To Help You Recover!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Mch - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Spinal Cord Injury - Tips To Help You Recover!

A spinal cord injury involves damage to the spinal cord either from trauma, loss of the normal blood supply, or compression caused by a tumor or infection. These injuries can either be complete; wherein there is a complete loss of sensation and muscle function in the body, below the level of the injury or incomplete; wherein there is some remaining function below the level of the injury. In most cases, both sides of the body are affected equally.

Classification of the spinal cord injuries

  • High-cervical: It involves the topmost vertebrae in the spinal column, which can result in partial or full paralysis if the spinal cord is severed.
  • Low-cervical: Damage to this area can affect the function of the upper limbs.
  • Thoracic: It involves the center of the spinal column; damage to this area can impact the muscles and nerves of the trunk.
  • Lumbar: It is the commonest site of lower back pain; damage to this area can affect the lower back and limbs.
  • Sacral: Any trauma to the tailbone can cause damage to the nerves in the sacral part of the spine.

Several cases of spinal cord injury are treated with surgery. The two major goals of surgery involve relieving the pressure on the spinal cord and stabilizing the spine.

Quick recovery from spinal cord injuries

Damage to the spinal cord often causes inflammation of the surrounding tissues. A smooth and quick recovery can be achieved by promptly addressing the inflammation post-injury. Following tips can help regain a normal range of motion, promote fast healing, and eliminate pain:

  • Cold therapy: One of the best ways to treat inflammation is with cold application. The lower temperature causes constriction of blood vessels, which reduces the flow of blood to the injured area and helps control swelling. Additionally, a reduced body temperature around an injury slows down cellular metabolism and cell death, minimizing the amount of tissue repair required. Also, pain reduction by a brief deadening of nerve endings and lessening sensation in the affected area is achieved with cold application.
  • Ample rest: Overexertion has to be avoided during the recovery period to ensure that the body gets a lot of rest. Adequate rest needs to be supplemented with a healthy diet to provide the body with all the nutrients it needs for healing.
  • Physical therapy: Physical therapy is an important component of fast recovery in a spinal cord injury. Gentle strengthening and stretching exercises will help an individual regain range of motion, improve flexibility, and build the surrounding muscles to support the spine. It is advised to work closely with a physical therapist and follow their instructions for better results.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3084 people found this helpful

Spinal Cord Tumors - 5 Things You Must Know!

MBBS, DNB, Fellowship In Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Kolkata
Spinal Cord Tumors - 5 Things You Must Know!

There is hardly any individual who hasn't suffered from back pain at some point or the other, and lower back pain is considered one of the prime factors for which people might want to miss a day of work. The source of the pain could range from herniated disk to muscle spasm to osteoarthritis. What’s worse, it could be benign or cancerous spine tumor. Even though spinal cord tumors are quite rare, when it occurs, it could be life-threatening. If caught early, it is possible to treat spine disorders effectively and therefore, it pays to know a few important facts about spinal cord tumors.

  1. Back pain is the most common symptom: When it comes to spine tumors, regardless of whether they are cancerous or non-cancerous, you cannot afford to ignore back pain. This is because the tumor causes pain by pressing against the spinal cord or destroying the bone. It is crucial to note that such type of back pain tend to linger even while you are resting at night.
  2. Pain that radiates to other parts of the body as well: When spine tumors are the culprit for back pain, it can radiate towards the arms or lower back rather than improving with time.
  3. Spinal cord tumors can lead to other symptoms: There is no reason to believe that when you have spinal cord tumors, then you will only suffer from a debilitating back pain. You may also suffer from reduced sensitivity to pain, difficulty in walking, loss of sensation and muscle weakness. You may also notice that you have a decreased sensation to heat and cold as well.
  4. People who have previously suffered from cancer are at a high risk: Individuals who had cancer particularly, breast, lung, kidney, prostate, and thyroid should be extra careful about their health in general. You should regularly monitor the symptoms of spine tumors since you are at a higher risk of developing it. It is found that in about 60 to 70 percent of the cases, cancer occurring in other parts of the body either metastasizes or spreads to the spinal cord.
  5. There are ways other than surgery to remove spinal tumors: A biopsy would be able to tell whether the tumor is malignant or benign. A biopsy is a process which involves removal of a small tissue sample and also examining it with the help of a microscope. But it is important to note here that all spinal tumors do not require an immediate removal through surgery. Sometimes, all you will need is a regular monitoring for detecting if there is any change. This is commonly chosen when the spinal tumors are small and benign.

Not always your back pain is a sign of spinal cord tumor. However, in the case of a persistent back pain along with other symptoms, a doctor’s opinion must be sought. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3577 people found this helpful

Spinal Compression Fracture - How It Can Be Treated?

Spine and Pain Management
Pain Management Specialist, Hyderabad
Spinal Compression Fracture - How It Can Be Treated?

What is spinal compression fracture?
Spinal compression fractures are getting frequent due to the many lifestyle changes which we undergo. The body should not be made to be put use in a certain way like posture, lifting heavy weights, etc. However, prolonged and repeated usage affects the spine directly and results in compression fractures. Though the condition looks, gratifying, modern science has advanced to levels where the fractures can be addressed very effectively, and the pain symptoms can be eradicated almost completely. Let us have a summary about the treatment methods.

The treatment
The treatment plan of any spinal compression fracture should effectively highlight the pain, the factors leading to the pain and lastly the fracture itself. Our body has been designed in such a way that the spine can withstand an amount of pressure and force. As a result of it, it is one of the strongest parts of the human body. Hence most the fractures heal with pain medications and strength exercises. These activities can be embraced as a permanent one- thus eradicating the pain altogether.

Pain killers are administered gradually for a few weeks along with rest and once the pain subsidises strength exercises are imparted as a part of the treatment plan. In few cases, anti-inflammatory drugs and antidepressants can also help in relieving the nerve related pain. A back brace like an easily removable cast can also be put when doing the usual activities. This, directly stiffness the spine and provides it with support. The pressure to the spine can be greatly relieved due to the back brace.


Surgery for Spinal compression fractures
As stated, most of the spinal pain can go away with certain lifestyle changes and medications. However, in some extreme cases even after putting all the effort the pain does not go, then a surgical treatment has to be performed to correct the fractures. There are two minimally invasive procedures namely Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty and one complicated procedure known medically as the Spinal fusion surgery. In vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, bone cement is spread across in layers to the affected region.

These blocks of cement have a tendency to get strong in a matter of minutes, thus relieving the pressure immediately. Spinal fusion surgery is done in extremely rare cases where two or more vertebras are connected together using metal screws. Sometimes even a bone graft is affixed to provide support to the fractured region. Doctors, however, do not go for it usually as the procedure causes extreme inconvenience even after the treatment.

Prevention
Spinal compressions are a frequent occurrence nowadays, and as good physician would suggest prevention is better than cure. Making the much-needed changes to life and the activities we perform can drastically reduce the chances of getting a spinal compression fracture.

8 people found this helpful

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery - Understanding the Benefits!

DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma in Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery - Understanding the Benefits!

Humans are prone to much more complex and extensive experiences in life than any other animal species, this is because we also enjoy highly developed cognition and mental abilities in comparison to the other species. However, our cognitive abilities also mean that we are more prone to bad experiences and health issues that may require intensive treatment or even at times surgeries.

Having to undergo a surgery may sound like an exceptionally difficult or painful prospect, but with the help of modern medical practices and the use of state of the art technology and equipment, there are times when patents are able to get excellent results. One among many such advanced practices is the use of minimally invasive spine surgeries.

There may be times when we may injure ourselves or may develop health issues that make it difficult for us to go about our daily lives and at such times a surgery on the spine may be required. It is however, risky to carry out a full-fledged surgery on the spine because of the fact that our movements in general and the central nervous system may be put at great risk when the spine is tweaked or worked with. This is one of the biggest reasons why modern medical practitioners suggest and prefer carrying out the minimally invasive surgery.

Understanding the practice:
In order to be able to develop a conviction for the practice, it is important to make sure that you understand the practice in general. As the name suggests, the surgery is done in a manner in which large incisions are not made on the spinal region and the procedure is done only by the creation of a small hole. The surgery is carried out with the use of non-conventional tools that can be manoeuvred through smaller openings and the process is carried out with the help of a small incision around the spinal region.

Advantages of the minimally invasive surgery:
As opposed to the regular open surgery, there are a lot of advantages for the patients that opt to undergo the minimal surgical procedure.

  1. The biggest advantage is that the patients are able to recover much sooner and the pain is also cut down to a minimal level because of the surgical opening being so small.
  2. The muscles that get affected due to the surgery heal much faster and they do not have any long term side-effects which is much more common in a conventional surgical procedure.
  3. The chances of damage to the spine are cut down to a great extent because it is minimally exposed during the surgery.
  4. Finally, the time taken for the procedure and the after care is also brought down because of the simplicity of the surgical procedure.

As we step into an era of advanced medical practices, it may be important to quickly adopt and adapt to the new age practices so that a better future for patients may be carved out and established all across the world. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an orthopedist.

4212 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

79 years has been diagnosed with Lung cancer (NSCLC) Adenocarcinoma & Metastatic Spinal Compression too for D9 & D10 vertebrae. Please advise whether Chemotherapy is to be given to him first or Surgery for Spinal Compression is to be done first? He is bedridden currently due to severe pain in the spine. His Spinal MRI & Lung scans are attached for your ready reference in this app under X-ray. Kindly advise asap.

Registrar In Surgical Oncology, Fellowship In Gynaecologic Oncology, Masters In Advanced Oncology, Fellowship In advanced laparoscopy and robotic surgery, Fellowship In Gastrointestinal Oncology, Fellowship In CRS and HIPEC, Fellowship In PIPAC
Oncologist, Mumbai
If the spinal compression is causing symptoms like weakness of arms and legs, then surgery is needed first as failing that the paralysis will worsen. Once he recovers from that, we can immediately start the chemo. For adenocarcinoma we also have lot of targeted chemotherapy oral medicines which can be given, so ask you Oncologist to do tests for those if not already done.
2 people found this helpful

After my spinal surgery (Interlaminar micro-lumber disectomy) two month back. I was feeling tingling in left arm, I had enquired with my doctor and he said spinal surgery has nothing to do with left hand tingling. Now tingling has gone but I feel numbness and sometimes weakness. Please advise if its a temporary and can be treated at home?

MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho)
Orthopedist, Lucknow
Hi You are on right medicine.just try some local massage, vivaran gel application of affected area and neck, hot fomentation and neurobion forte once daily
2 people found this helpful

I am 36 years old women completed Bariatric surgery and abdominal surgery seven months back now I am suffering from Back pain in the spinal cord.

Fellowship in Shoulder and Knee Surgeries, DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Nagpur
It is because of Weight and probably calcium deficiency. You need to do some back exercises, some medicines. You will do fine
1 person found this helpful

Hi, I am 25 years old and have backache for last 2 months, what should I do, in 2006 I got surgery and anesthetic has given at spinal cord.

Dip. SICOT (Belgium), MNAMS, DNB (Orthopedics), MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Hi thanks for your query and welcome to lybrate. I am Dr. Akshay from fortis hospital, new delhi. You are very young to actually have persistent back pains. Can you mention what surgery was done, normally spinal needle for injection should not be a cause of pain. If you have localized back pain with no other symptoms like radiating leg pain, neurological symptoms like numbness, weakness, paresthesias etc, then you can start with following recommendations for initial period of 2-3 weeks: - to maintain proper posture of your back while working and sleeping - if pain is more then you can take a short course of an anti-inflammatory medication like tab etoshine or paracetamol or one which suits you - physical therapy initially under supervision of a trained physiotherapist and then to continue at home - adequate calcium & vitamin d intake if levels are low in body - ice packs can applied if your pain is acute, then hot fomentation can be done at home - analgesic spray for local application can be used and is easily available. - avoid lifting heavyweight/ acute forward bending in mornings etc we will observe you for next 2-3 weeks how you respond to this conservative management protocol. If you are not feeling better, then we will have to get some investigations like, dynamic x rays of lower back and few blood tests for evaluation. Do not hesitate to contact me if you need any further assistance. You can also discuss your case and treatment plans with me in a greater detail in a private consultation.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Muscular and Spinal Problems
Ayurvedic Treatment for Muscular and Spinal Problems
Play video
Spinal Cord Injuries
Hello, I am Dr Gaurav. I am senior Physiotherapist and HOD in Anaath Clinic. I have worked in different multi speciality Hospitals and and clinic before. I have around 10 years of experience. I this time, I have seen many kinds of cases. Today, I will discuss Spinal cord injury.

In Spinal cord Injury, patients generally do not go to Physiotherapist for a longer duration or they just go for few days in the starting injury phase. At that time they are not able to walk or depending upon their level of injury and everything. They might not able to take care of themselves also. But here we try to make them independent as much as they can to help them move their body accordingly. We try to make them stand. We try to focus on their sitting and their walking also. So, it will be more of the confidence increasing for those kinds of patients.

We generally prescribe patients to do movements and increase their strength and motivations. In this condition, if they do not move, there might be different kinds of serious problems like bed su, the stiffness of the joints which will again lead to major issues which will hinder their improvement and progress. So, we prescribe our patients to move as much as they can to help them and gain their mobility soon.

In our clinic, we are just not focusing to maintain the range of motion in their body. We focus to make them motivated, to help gain them the confidence so that they will be able to do their own work.

For any query or treatment, you can contact me through Lybrate.
Play video
Hand Surgery
Here are tips related to Hand Surgery

Hi, I am Dr. Vipul Sud working in the field of plastic surgery for the last 25 years. I have been trained from PGI Chandigarh following which I took further training in US and UK and was a consultant there. Before and I did my fellowship in hand surgery, microsurgery and complex wound care. Following which I came back to India and have been practicing in Batra Hospital for the last 14 years. My specialty apart from doing routine plastic surgery things which we are all aware of like cleft palate, cleft lips and congenital surgeries and reconstructive surgeries related to plastic surgery.

I have been dealing with cosmetic surgery, operations regarding the same, and abdominoplasties, breast reduction, face lifts, brow lifts and so on and so forth. But my forte is hand surgery where I deal with any complex problems in hand surgery. They may be the congenital nature, or maybe related to trauma or maybe related to metabolic problems. They can be as simple as a tendon injury which has been ignored for long or a joint problem in the hand or it may be as complex as Brachial Plexus problem which may be congenital or traumatic. The hand is an important part of the body and although we don t realize but often it is important as far as function is concerned and we need to take care of it and make sure that it is functional and my job is to keep that hand functional as long as possible and in the best possible way.

If you have any problem related to hand you can always contact me through Lybrate and meet me at Batra Hospital or see me at my clinic in Greater Kailash-II, South City Clinic S77. Thank you.
Play video
Cataract Surgery
Here are types, procedures, and benefits of cataract surgery

Hi! I am Dr. S. Bharti, founder and chairman of Bhartiya Foundation and Hospital, which is having two centers, one in East Patel Nagar and the other one is in Greater Kailash and both our centers are NABH accredited. So we are maintaining a very high standard of eye care services in all the super specialty branches of ophthalmology. I am more of an entire segment surgeon and doing more of Cataract surgery including the Laser Cataract Surgery and the Lasik, more of the bladeless. The advantage of Bladeless Cataract Surgery over a normal Phacoemulsification or Phaco Cataract Surgery is that it gives you very precise results along with very quick healing and very early recovery.

The accuracy of the results is much superior as compared to the Phaco Cataract surgery as also the other associated complication and especially it is better in all those cases where Phaco Cataract surgery can create complications like very hard cataracts and very highly mature cataracts or all those kinds of complicated cataracts like subluxated cabinets where Phaco sometimes is not possible.

Similarly, Lasik is a technology to remove glasses for young people and I have been doing Lasik for last 30 years. Over a period of time Lasik has evolved a lot and the new technology, the Bleed Blade free Lasik is the way to go now because it gives similarly it gives a very accurate results and also good quality or superior quality vision as compared to original early Lasik and now with the advent of the ablation profiles Lasik has become sometimes it gives you a superior quality vision as compared to contact lenses or glasses.

Thank you very much and you can get in touch with me on lybrate.com
Play video
Aesthetic Surgery
In the earlier video, I mentioned a few things about the dramatic reconstruction that is the constriction in trauma. Now I will be discussing few procedures in aesthetic surgery. So as I said the basic are reconstructed from bringing the abnormal to the normal. Now from the normal to be a little above, the normal are rather super normal. So, as I mentioned a few or many of us are born with a minor deformity that is noticeable or unnoticeable for example nose, our ears or anything for example ear's small curvature. You might have seen many people with the different types of curvatures of the ear. These are correctable nowadays. If it is very minor definitely people do not consider or rather consider for surgery, whereas, if it is gross then definite comes under correction that is reconstruction. So the aesthetic part in the aesthetic.

Also, we take we can divide into three zones which are a face, body that is just part and the remaining body. In the face, so many Corrections can be done starting from the hair transplantation to the nosejob that is, rhinoplasty in some people are born with the small noses. We can increase them depending on our to their reasonable extent or decrease them when the noses are very large or when they are crooked definitely they're correctable as in after trauma or by birth deforms which they are crooked definitely they can correctable. So this is Rhinoplasty then comes a facelift. A facelift is as we keep ageing what happens is the tissues sag down unfolds start appearing and then the fat also deposits which used to be in the upper part then slowly migrated downwards causing lumps in these zones. In facelifts, what we do is we take the position that is we take it back and we bring your shape back to your that is atleast to 10 to 15 years back chronologically. So we try to make you look at it 10 to 15 years younger than me what you are now.

We cut the skin in this zone we enter. We lift entire face redistribute the fat tighten the muscles and finally close the skin so like this face is lift.

Then comes the chest. Some people have small breasts. We increase them by augmentation rhinoplasty by placing some implants and nowadays the latest method is implanting your own fat. Transfer the fat from your own somewhere elsewhere it is more and then place it in the area where it is less that is fat auto transfer. One of the latest and the best methods it is considered especially for minor defects for example sunken cheeks we corrected with the fat then comes the other parts. For example, liposuction, where we take out the excess fat from the belly region or tight region or the lifts that is tummy lift or tummy tucks the excess part of the tummy that is our speciality.

After delivery, females face significant sagging of the skin. Why?

When the babies were there inside the skin tries to accommodate it by sagging. It may not contract back to the same extent as it has sag so after certain time that is six months to one year after delivery if the skin does not contract we try to take out the excess skin like this we try to correct a rather improve the appearance of for various minor are rather unnoticeable deformities especially in the form of aesthetic surgery and then we try to make the patient look better and indirectly we make them feel better also. Many times we try to achieve perfection sometimes we may not be able to achieve the perfection in the first sitting. Those thing in minor correction are usually passable in the secondary corrections. For every problem there

For every problem there is solutions and we can make the patient look definitely better plastic and aesthetic surgery.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice