Sciatica is the pain that occurs in the large sciatic nerve that runs from our lower back down through the back of the legs. It’s a disease that causes severe and debilitating pain. Sciatica pain that originates in the lower back moves down and travels through our buttocks along the path of the sciatic nerve, behind our legs causing numbness, tingling sensation or weakness.
Anatomically speaking, this nerve is the largest single nerve in our body and constitutes individual nerve roots that start by spreading out from our spine in the lower back and then assimilate to form the ‘sciatic nerve’. The symptoms of this disease arise, when this large nerve gets compressed or irritated at or near its point of origin.
There are four types of sciatica and each of the types requires a different kind of treatment.
When the sciatic nerve is irritated by compression, it will lead to sciatica that causes severe pain. The pain ranges from mild to severe depending on the level of compression. Usually, a compressed nerve in the lower spine causes sciatic pain.
The longest and widest nerve in the human body is the sciatic nerve. It runs through the buttocks, and legs and ends just below the knee. Sensation to the skin of the foot and lower part of the legs, along with several muscles are controlled by sciatica.
The most common symptoms of sciatica include:
Sciatica pain reasons:
The following 6 lower back medical issues are the most common causes of sciatica:
In addition to the above stated 6 most common causes, a number of other conditions can also cause sciatica, which includes:
When you go with pain, the physician will do a physical examination to check your muscle strength and reflexes. During some activities such as lying on the back, and rising from a squatting position, the sciatica pain might suit up. If the pain does not improve even after taking medicines, you will be recommended to go for an X-Ray, CT/MRI, and Electromyography.
The last test will decide whether the nerve compression is caused by a herniated disc or spinal stenosis. The Myelogram is another test to find if a disc or vertebra is causing the pain and it is done by injecting dye between the vertebrae. After seeing all the reports, the physician will decide the underlying cause or major cause of the sciatic pain.
Dealing with sciatica can be difficult. During daily life work, one often forgets the small things that need to be considered to prevent the sciatic nerve. Below mentioned are some of the measures that can help you in dealing with sciatica:
Summary: Dealing with discomfort in the sciatic nerve can be difficult. But with the help of daily exercise, medication, and compress, one can very well manage sciatica.
Patients suffering from sciatica pain are rarely aged below 20. This disease is commonplace in middle age people who are between the ages of 40-50. While sciatica pain is often loosely used to describe all kinds of leg pains, researchers estimate that up to 43 percent of the global population gets affected by this disease, at some time in their lives.
Although pain from a pinched nerve can be debilitating, most patients suffering from sciatica, find themselves feeling better with medication, within a few weeks or months. Sciatica is a condition that seldom occurs because of a particular injury, but rather this painful condition develops over time.
Medical conditions associated with nerves and bones can get worse with normal lifestyle actions. Here are some of the things that need to be avoided to ensure relief in sciatica:
Summary: There are many things that can put pressure on your sciatic nerve and make your condition worse. Avoid repeating some daily life activities bending, sitting for a longer period of time, and inappropriate sleeping position.
Sciatica can be treated both surgically and non-surgically. There are a wide range of options that are available for nonsurgical sciatica treatment, such as, ice and heat compression on the affected site, ingesting over-the-counter pain medications and injecting epidural steroid injection for relieving acute pain.
Usually all these treatments are prescribed in conjunction with specific exercises. In addition, these common medical treatments, a wide number of alternative treatments have also proved effective for many patients for alleviating this pain. Some of the most accepted forms of alternate care for treating sciatica includes acupuncture therapy, chiropractic manipulation, massage and cognitive behavior therapy.
Since the medical condition is concentrated on physical pain, the treatment and prevention will also deal with the same. Here are some physical activities that should be strictly avoided to protect oneself from extensive pain and damage during sciatica:
Summary: To keep the nerve pain-free, one needs to take care of many things. These daily based actions need to be avoided for effective treatment.
The complications of sciatica arise when the problem is not cured and the following impediments are generally experienced by the victims.
It is important for an individual to have a certain amount of physical activity in order to maintain their physical and mental health. Walking is good for your body, however, walking in the wrong position can put pressure on your sciatic nerve resulting in worsening sciatica.
Take shorter steps by landing your feet with the toe side first. Also, keep the feet landing between the midfoot and heel to decrease the pressure on your sciatic nerve.
Summary: Walking is good for your body, but in the case of sciatica, walking right is important. Incorrect walking can flare up the pain in the sciatic nerve.
Some simple stretching exercises have the capacity to reduce sciatica pain and they are:
Fruit is an essential part of our diet and it is important to look out for what we eat to maintain a well functioning healthy body. Before choosing fruits for your sciatica diet, you must be sure about the presence of the following nutrients:
Summary: Fruits are an essential part of our diet. They help us enrich our daily mineral value. Taking a sufficient amount of magnesium, vitamin b12, omega 3 fatty acids, and fiber can help you soothe the painful nerve.
Some of the effective home remedies for sciatica pain are as follows:
Summary: Sciatica can be described as radiating pain that emits from the Sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve connects your lower back, hips, and buttocks to your lower legs. Some of the common causes of sciatica may include herniated disc or bone spur in the spine which puts pressure on the nerve. There is no permanent treatment for the condition however, one can go for physiotherapy and therapeutics.