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Spinal Surgery - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Spinal surgery, also known as lumbar surgery, concerns any kind of surgery conducted on the lower back. There are two types of lumbar surgery: lumbar fusion and lumbar decompression.

The main objective of a lumbar decompression surgery is to ease the pain caused due to neural impingement (pinched nerve). This pain is referred to as sciatica or radiculopathy. This involves removing a tiny part of the bone above the root of the nerve to address the pinching of the nerves. The commonest types of a lumbar decompression surgery include discectomy and microdiscectomy.

Lumbar fusion concerns itself with easing the pain at a particular portion in the individual’s lower back. Mostly, this type of a surgery is carried out in the case of any disability or pain from spondylolisthesis or a lumbar degenerative disc condition. This technique uses a bone graft to thwart any type of movement in the painful part of the vertebra that in turn takes care of the pain that was caused due to the movement. Bone stimulators, bone grafts, and other medical devices are used in this surgery.

How is the treatment done?

A Lumbar Microdiscectomy is one of the most important minimally invasive surgical procedures carried out to ease pain from pinched nerves. Firstly, a minor incision is made in the patient’s lower back and the affected part (that is in contact with the pinched nerve root) is removed. It has a pretty high success rate (of about 90-95%) in alleviating pain. Often times, the patient experiences instant relief from pain. However, for some, the symptoms might not resolve completely.

A Lumbar laminectomy, on the other hand, is performed to address lower back stenosis symptoms. In this technique, the lamina (the bone that is present at the back of one’s vertebra) at one or multiple segments is taken out that in turn prevents any further pressure to be put on the nerves in the spine.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Spinal surgery is carried out because:

  • Spinal fusion can be performed independently or in combination with the surgery to remedy tissues and bones which might be narrowing down the spine canal and thus squeezing the nerves of the spine or the spinal cord in itself.
  • It can also be done as part of a follow-up post any surgery to address conditions such as herniated disc, spinal stenosis, infection, tumors, and injuries.
  • Can be performed to treat problems such as fractures.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

There is no non-eligibility criterion as such. If the patient experiences pain from a pinched nerve or spinal instability, he/she should consult a spine surgeon and consider the decision of a spinal surgery. However, if any evidence of an anatomic cause isn’t detected through a CT scan or an MRI scan, then spinal surgery should be avoided. In a nutshell, there must be some anatomical lesion that can be considered to be the reason behind such a pain. At the end of the day, however, it is completely the patient’s discretion whether or not to go for spinal surgery.

Are there any side effects?

The possible side effects and complications depend on the patient’s age, the overall state of health, the type of procedure opted for and the problem that is being treated. Some of the possible side effects are:

  • Pain emanating from the site of the bone graft
  • Breakage of the metal implants and/or weakening of the fusion
  • Blood clots that could result in pulmonary embolism
  • Injury to the nerves
  • Infection
  • Rejection of the bone graft by the body

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After the spinal surgery, the patient will be kept under supervision for a few days. If the patient is recuperating at home, bed rest would not be required. A back brace might be prescribed by the doctor for you so as to speed up the recovery process. Rehabilitation post-surgery can take its own time. Usually walking, swimming and riding a static cycle are some of the activities that constitute the rehabilitation program.

How long does it take to recover?

Post spinal surgery, recovery can take about 4 months’ time. This is because the bones take the time to heal completely and the healing process may continue over a period of one year. In the case of a spinal fusion, the doctor will recommend one to be off work and other activities for about a month or even more (approximately 4-5 weeks); especially if the patient is young and is in otherwise good physical shape.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of spinal surgery in India lies in the range of approximately Rs.4, 22,500- Rs.6, 17,500.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Spinal surgery is important to render stability to the spine after any trauma, accident or injury. However, there isn’t sufficient research about whether it works as effectively for other problems of the spine as well. Studies have failed to come up with stark differences in the way this surgery and intense rehabilitation would work for chronic problems. Though it does provide relief from quite a few problems with the back, it will always be wise to consult with the doctor regarding the risks and benefits, given that it is a costly surgery and entails its fair share of side effects.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The possible alternatives include:

  • IDET
  • Posterior dynamic stabilization
  • Artificial disc
  • Disc regeneration

Popular Questions & Answers

I had cabg 18 months ago but I am still taking same medicine as follow. clopidogrel 75 mg ascard 75 mg rosuvastatin 10 mg atenolol 50 mg should I continue both clopidogrel and ascard?

MCh (CTVS), MS (Gen. Surgery), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery,
Yes please continue both clopidogrel and ascard 75 mg. These are blood thinners required lifelong after cabg surgery. If discontinued then the risk of graft blockage is high.

Cad (awmi) heart disease main treatment kon kon se h..operations is necessary or medicine se cure ho zayga. age 47 weight- 65 approximately no sugar.

B.H.M.S, DNHE, MA Psychology & Traning Counselling
Homeopathy Doctor, Kolkata
Hello, in case of coronary artery disease? Anterior wall myocardial infarction, your doctor may recommend you surgery procedures or medicines to restore the blood flow to your heart muscles: surgery options may include: angioplasty and stenting. i...

Had heart attack 2 years before .now some days before doctor did stress ecco. Every thing is normal but my doctor told me while walking your heart achank tej dhadakne lagta hai iska kya matlb hua aur kaise cure kare pls suggest.

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
Angina is a type of chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart. Angina (an-jie-nuh or an-juh-nuh) is a symptom of coronary artery disease. Angina, which may also be called angina pectoris, is often described as squeezing, pressure, heavi...

Hi Sir, My mother has a problem of angina and she is taking 10-11 medicine for that. So I am worried that it does not effect her body. Please suggest me least medicine which could treat her well.

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
Angina is a type of chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart. Angina (an-jie-nuh or an-juh-nuh) is a symptom of coronary artery disease. Angina, which may also be called angina pectoris, is often described as squeezing, pressure, heavi...

HI, What are the steps to follow immediately after open-heart surgery? Like food, exercise etc.

MCh (CTVS), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery, Noida
Hello. My suggestion are you should take whatever healthy food for 1 month post surgery if you are non diabetic for your body to recover from major surgery. Exercises usually are respiratory like incentive spirometer and active limbs exercises. Ta...
1 person found this helpful

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