Pulmonary Hypertension is a kind of high blood pressure which affects the functioning of the arteries in your lungs along with the right side of your heart. In a certain kind of pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary arterioles and capillaries get narrowed down, blocked or destroyed completely which makes it extremely difficult for blood to flow through your lungs. Simultaneously, this raises pressure within your lungs’ arteries and causes the pressure to build in the right ventricle. The pressure build compels the blood to pump harder through the lungs resulting in the heart muscle to weaken which can eventually lead to heart fail as well
Pulmonary Hypertension is extremely dangerous. However, treatment at the right time can help you lead a healthier and better life with the disease. Doctors are often not able to find the reason for high blood pressure in the lungs. Sometimes, genes also play a role in inheriting this disease. In case you are affected with diseases like emphysema, a heart defect which you were born with, sleep apnea, HIV, autoimmune diseases, drug use, congestive heart failure or blood clots in the lung, then you are more prone to having the disease.
Pulmonary Hypertension varies from person to person, therefore, the treatment for every individual can be different. Firstly, the cause of the disease is identified by the doctor and then the cause is treated to cure Pulmonary Hypertension. Oxygen therapy is suggested to improve breathing problems. Blood thinners are recommended to people who have blood clotting issues. Other medications are also used to improve the working of the heart and to keep the fluids from building in the body.
Calcium channel blockers are suggested by doctors in case of severe pulmonary hypertension. These medicines help in lowering the blood pressure in the lungs and help rest the body. In extremely severe cases when the medications do not suffice, doctors recommend the patients to opt for a lung transplant or a procedure called atrial septostomy. However, this surgery can cause severe side effects as well.
Individuals who are already affected by diseases like HIV, sleep apnea, clotting of blood among others are suggested to get tested and treated for pulmonary hypertension. Other symptoms like chest pain, fatigue, swelling of ankles and legs and passing out should not be ignored by individuals with threat of pulmonary hypertension disease.
Pulmonary hypertension is an extremely dangerous disease therefore, without a proper checkup and diagnoses, one should not get the treatment. A medical practitioner should be approached before taking any serious step.
Certain medications can have severe side effects. For an instance, Epoprostenol needs continuous infusion into the heart and this needs the catheter to be surgically implanted to the chest. Patients have to wear a pump around the waist to ensure the delivery of the drug to the catheter. Epoprostenol has some severe side effects like pump malfunction, blood clotting, and catheter infections. The side effects of the drug induce can be diarrhea, joint pains and rashes. Sudden weight gain, irregular heartbeats, blurred vision or fainting, swelling of the arms, ankles and legs are few of the side effects to various other medications. The process of atrial septostomy can cause complications like tearing of the cardiac tissue, arrhythmias and in rare cases, it can be fatal as well.
Patients need to be very careful about their post treatment choices as the disease cannot be cured. Therefore, individuals need to be extremely mindful about following a healthy diet and giving up on the habit of smoking. Keeping your body engaged by doing physical activities on a regular basis is mandatory for individuals affected by pulmonary hypertension.
Pulmonary Hypertension is an incurable disease. The disease keeps progressing throughout the patient’s life. However, with proper medications and treatments, patients can still live a healthy life and slower the progression of the disease.
Since pulmonary hypertension cannot be cured completely, patients need to be very careful about being regular with their medications and their timely visits to the doctor. The medications and treatment given can help individuals lead a longer and healthier life.
Most families refer to their newborn baby as their 'bundle of joy'. The news of a child being born brings immense joy to the entire family. However, due to various reasons, a child could be born with some medical abnormalities, which would be known as congenital abnormalities. There are several different types of heart defects that can be congenital. These usually manifest themselves either immediately after birth or in the early years of life. In some cases, the abnormality could be detected on prenatal ultrasounds. In others, it may not be and the family could be caught off guard about the condition. This causes a lot of stress, both for the child, who does not receive regular postnatal care and for the parents immediately after the delivery process.
If the baby has the following symptoms within the first few hours of life, there could be a serious underlying condition, which requires medical attention. The presence and severity of the symptoms would depend on the actual abnormality.
In some children, symptoms manifest only during the teenage years or early adulthood. These conditions are not very severe and the symptoms include:
Some or more of these symptoms should trigger a warning to get the child tested for congenital heart disease. While some would just require a monitoring until severe symptoms develop, severe conditions like holes, abnormal valves, narrowed arteries, and blood vessel abnormalities might require immediate intervention. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.
Pulmonary hypertension mainly occurs due to narrowing of the arteries of the lungs as a result of which the flow of blood is restricted. In this kind of condition, blood fails to carry oxygen to your heart and thus your heart gets adversely affected. The blood pressure of your body will get increased to a great extent if this situation remains untreated, thus leading to bdreadful consequenses, specifically situation like heart failure, serious pulmonary diseases, blood clots in lungs and congenial heart defects, etc.
There are certain forms of pulmonary hypertension, which are serious in nature and worsen with time, so much so that they are even fatal at times. It also includes forms which are non curable in nature, however, in order to improve the quality of life, symptoms can be reduced with proper treatment. The treatment for pulmonary hypertension is often complex and it takes some time to find the most appropriate treatment and requires extensive follow-up care. Your doctor might also need to change your treatment if it's no longer effective. However, when pulmonary hypertension is caused by another condition, your doctor will treat the underlying cause whenever possible.
Common Treatments for pulmonary hypertension:
Pulmonary hypertension refers to a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs and the heart. Some forms of pulmonary hypertension can be more dangerous than others as they can block the arteries and thus keep the blood from flowing freely through the lungs. All types of pulmonary hypertension are not curable but with treatment, the patient’s quality of life can improve and symptoms can be managed.
Pulmonary hypertension is caused by changes in the cells lining the pulmonary arteries. This can stiffen the artery walls and make them thicker than normal. Extra tissue may also form within the arteries. As this worsens, the space available for blood to flow within the arteries is reduced. This, in turn, causes high blood pressure. Pulmonary hypertension can be categorized into 4 categories on the basis of the factors triggering the condition:
Other Types of Pulmonary Hypertension-
In many cases, patients may not notice any symptoms of pulmonary hypertension in its early stages. In some cases, this can last for years. Symptoms typically worsen as the disease progresses. Common symptoms associated with this condition include:
Treatment for pulmonary hypertension takes the form of medication or surgery. Common types of medication prescribed include Oxygen, diuretics, anticoagulants, calcium channel blockers, and blood vessel dilators. If the condition does not improve with medication, surgery may be advised. This can take the form of an open-heart surgery to create an opening in the atria to relieve the pressure inside the heart or to conduct a lung/heart-lung transplant.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a type of chronic lung disease characterized by a progressive and irreversible decline in lung function. Symptoms typically include gradual onset of shortness of breath and a dry cough. Other changes may include feeling tired and nail clubbing. Complications may include pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, pneumonia, or pulmonary embolism.
Pulmonary hypertension is a medical condition that arises when the blood pressure remains consistently high in the vessels of the lungs. This condition can develop from a completely unrelated medical condition and is more prevalent among women.
Pulmonary Hypertension can be a hard disease to diagnose. While it has no permanent cure, the medication depends on how far the disease has advanced. From group 1 PAH to group 5 PAH, pulmonary hypertension has 5 stages of advancement.