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Obesity - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Obesity? What causes obesity? How to treat obesity?

What is Obesity?

Obesity is a term used to describe excessive body fat. This weight can come from body water, fat, bone and muscle. Obesity occurs when you start consuming more calories than your body uses. Many factors can affect your weight such as not being physically active, consuming high fat foods and genetic makeup. Being obese can have a lot of complications on your health such as the risk of cancer, arthritis, stroke, heart disease and diabetes.

What causes obesity?

  • Consuming excessive calories- Nowadays people eat more food than in the previous generation. This used to happen in the developed nations, but now this trend has spread across the world. People also consume a lot of sweetened drinks which leads to the formation of carbohydrates. Fast food can also increase weight to a great extent.
  • Leading a stationary lifestyle- With the arrival of dishwashers, washing machines, remote controls, video games, computers and televisions, people have become less active and refuse to do their work on their own. The lesser active you are, the fewer calories you tend to burn. Engaging in physical activities is also beneficial for you as it keeps your insulin levels stable. This prevents you from developing diabetes.
  • Not sleeping- Studies suggest that if you don’t sleep enough, you can get obese. Both children and adults face this risk. Studies show that sleep deprivation can lead to obesity due to increased appetite as a result of changes in hormones. Lack of sleep also makes your body produce less amount of Leptin (a hormone which reduces appetite).
  • Medications- Some medications which make people put on excessive body weight. People who are already overweight should select some alternative therapy to avoid getting obese.

How to treat obesity?

  • Dietary changes- It is recommended to reduce the intake of whole grains, vegetables and fruits. It is important to reduce the consumption of fats, refined carbohydrates and sugar. A low calorie diet is usually prescribed by a dietitian or a healthcare professional.
  • Physical activity- It is advisable to engage in physical activities like walking, jogging, playing outdoor sports to lose weight.
  • Prescription medications- These medications should be considered as the last resort if the patients find it very difficult to lose weight.
  • Weight loss surgery- This is also known as Bariatric Surgery. This procedure is recommended for only morbidly obese people.

Popular Questions & Answers

Was using melacare and it cleared all the dark patches but after stopping the patches came back even darker, what's the problem?

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Hi! pigmentation can be due to multiple causes, like nutritional deficiencies like b12 deficiency, ferritin deficiency, hormonal imbalances like thyroid, pcod, sensitive skin, genetic factors, obesity etc .we should examine and find out the cause ...

I am type 1 diabetic patient. I take regular h mixtard insulin thrice a day as 50u-25u-25u. My current sugar level is fasting-110&pp 210. Sometimes in morning I feel hypoglycemia and I behave like a mad. Is this is due to hypoglycemia? Also want to know that how men with type 1 diabetic plan for child. How much is chance of getting baby diabetic. How diabetic affects pregnancy.

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Hello, thanks for the query. Some times with insulin occasionally hypoglycemia does occur. When glucose levels go below 70 mg then some patients show different kinds of behavior. So if you have to take care and see that glucose levels do not go to...
1 person found this helpful

Hi I am 25 year old. I having hypothyroid since 2 year. I am taking 50 mcg thyrox .still I am not reducing weight. Having period problems also. My tsh level is 3.32 .weight 80 kg. Height 5" 5 inch.will I increase my lt4 to 100 mcg. For reducing weight. I have tried diet and all. Nothing works. Help me.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
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Hdello, thanks for the query. Madam your tsh now is with in the specified limit with current dosage of levothyroxine (50 mcg). The recommended range is 0.5 to 4.5 or 5 mu/l. Usually at 3 to 4 mu/l level all the symptoms are in check and even effor...
1 person found this helpful

Sir I am 34 years old female. I am 5.3 ft tall and I weigh 120 kgs. I have been diagnosed with thyroid and I am taking thyronorm 100 mcg regularly. My periods cycle is also haywire and I have developed facial hair on chin and on upper thighs. I feel extremely lethargic all the time. I am on a very good n healthy diet since long and have been working out off n on since 2 yrs. Nothing seems to work. please help.

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First of all you should change your eating habits like 1. Don't take tea empty stomach. Eat something like a banana (if you are not diabetic) or any seasonal fruit or soaked almonds and a glass of water first thing in the morning (within 10 mins o...
1 person found this helpful

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